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Full text of "The Catawba soldier of the civil war"

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'r THE 



Catawba Soldier 

OF THE 

CIVIL WAR 



A sketch of every soldier from Catawba county, North Carolina, with 

the photograph, biographical sketch, and reminiscence of 

many of them, together with a sketch of Catawba 

county from 1 860 to 191 1 — a complete 

history of these valiant men, 

m war and peace 



Edited and compiled by 

PROF. GEO. W. HAHN 

HICKORY. N. C. 



19 11 

CLAY PRINTING CO. 

H ICKORY. N. C. 



OS'S 



// 

''History nuiketh a young man to he old with- 
out either wrinkles or gray hairs; privileging him 
'with the experience of age, without either the in- 
firmities or inconveniencies thereof." 



To my Ining comrades, 

to the Nsidow? of those who have departed. 

to our noble mothers and sisters, to our descendants 

who cherish a lastins veneration for their ancestors, and 

to the young men of Catawba count}', and the state at large, who 

would draw lessons of wisdom, patriotism, endurance, fortitude 

and inspiration from the examples herein 

described, this volume is most 

affectionately dedicated by 

THE AUTHOR 



PREFACE 

More than forty-five years have passed since the tattered flag of 
the lost cause was furled to be forever held as a sacred memento of the 
daring deeds of Catawba's true and gallant sons, who so willingly and 
obediently offered their services when they saw that war was inevitable. 
No flag ever waved over braver boys, and none who wore the grey 
showed more willingness or promptness than did the heroic sons of 
Catawba. 

They can leave their children and posterity no richer nor more 
enduring monument than a record of their achievements as contained in 
this book. 

Had this book been written thirty-five years ago, much valuable 
history could have been preserved; acting, therefore, under the old adage 
"It is never too late to do good," this book is sent forth to preserve that 
remnant of history which is yet remembered by the old soldiers living. 

The author has spent nearly two years in the execution of this 
work, during which time he has spared neither money nor pains to make 
it as authentic as possible. 

The book is not the author's ideal owing to the fact that the 
Veterans and their descendants failed to co-operate with him by fur- 
nishing him with photos, biographical sketches, and reminiscences in 
which the book should abound. 

Since the author has gone to the expense and pains of sending 
forth to the State, and to the South as well, Catawba county's record 
will he be unjust in demanding a similiar effort on the part of each 
county in the State? The author desires to state "Here is what Ca- 
tawba has done. What have the other counties done?" 

What a field from which future historians might glean, if all the 
other counties would publish such a book! 

But while this book is not the author's ideal, he is proud to 
present to the state and to the South, as well, specimens of the pioneer 
manhood of Catawba county, together with a record of their achieve- 
ments for the past fifty years. 

This book claims no literary merit; indeed it would be folly for a 
soldier to attempt it. Hence, this is written by old soldiers, compiled 
and edited by an old soldier, and is, therefore, a plain, simple narration 
of facts in an effort to give the man behind the gun the honors that 
past historians have failed to accord him. 

This book is intended to be placed in every home in the county as 
a monument to every old soldier, far more enduring than metal, and is 
the last opportunity the Author has in laying his tribute to a generation 
perhaps superior to any that ever has or ever will adorn the pages of 
Catawba's history. He bespeaks aid in placing this tribute in the homes 
of the poor unable to pay. He is willing to make more than his share 
of the donation. 

THE AUTHOR. 
Hickory, N. C, July 1st, 1911. 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 
THE CIVIL WAR. 



CATAWBA COUNTY 

This county was formed from Lincoln County in 1842; it 
derives its name from "Catawba River, " which forms its 
eastern and northern boundaries. The name "Catawba" was 
taken from the tribe of Indians of that name who at one 
time inhabited this section. The Catawba River is the boun- 
dary line between Catawba and the following counties, viz: 
Alexander, Caldwell and Iredell. On the North, West and 
South; Catawba is bounded by Burke, Cleveland and Lincoln 
counties. Our county is located in the North Western por- 
tion of the State, 175 miles from the Capital of North Car- 
olina, and we think Catawba is one of the very best counties 
in this or any other State. The county wafe settled in the 
main by what was called "Pennsylvania Dutch", a better, 
more honest, and patriotic people would be hard to find; the 
lower or South-eastern portion of the county, was settled by 
the English, with a small mixture of "French Huguenots", a 
splendid people. The lands of Catawba are productive, and 
for diversified crops, cannot be excelled. Our people can raise 
anything from rice and peanuts up to "King Cotton." Some 
sections cannot be excelled for corn, cotton, oats, rye, wheat 
etc., and for fruits of all kinds including "huckleberries" we 
are in the front rank; bee culture, stock raising and the 
dairy business Catawba is in the lead; and it is a fact that 
the greatest improvements have taken place since the war of 
1861-5, and much of it has been done by the old "Confederate 
Soldiers" and their sons and daughters. The nursery busi- 
ness in our county was projected by Confederate soldiers. 
In 1842, the population was as follows: 

White Population 7272 

Free Negroes 21 

Negro Slaves 1569 

Total 8862 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



In 1860, the year before the great war, 


the popi 


was as follows. 




White Females 


4703 


White Males 


4330 


Free Negroes 


32 


Negro Slaves 


1664 



Total 10729 

In 1890 the population was 18,689, and in 1900 the total 
population of Catawba was 22,133. In 1910 the census 
figures gave us 27,918. 

The people of Catawba County were a conservative people, 
and in 1861 when South Carolina and other States, and even 
parts of North Carolina, were excited and agitated, our county 
was calm and cool, but when Mr. Lincoln called on North 
Carolina for her quota of troops, then it was that the young 
men of Catawba County were stirred up; and when Gov. 
Ellis called for troops, it was astonishing how^ the young men 
of the county responded. They were encouraged by the 
patriotic women to do their duty. What the good wcmen 
endured and suffered during the four years that fol- 
lowed, no pen or tongue can tell. It is sad to think how 
many of the brave men who went to the front never lived to 
return; peace to their ashes. 

The advancement of every interest in Catawba County 
since the close of the war in 1865, has been almost pheno- 
minal, and Catawba has not been behind in education either; 
her schools bear witness to this. An old Confederate soldier 
said to the writer: "The old soldiers helped to make our 
county what it is. " That is so, and no truer soldier ever 
carried a gun than the boys from Catawba, and they were 
cheered on by as brave and patriotic women as ever waved 
a banner. When going into battle during the war, we es- 
teemed it a privilege when we were supported by soldiers 
from Catawba County. In the soldiers furnished to the 
cause, those from Catawba could not be excelled for courage, 
loyalty, and devotion; they left home well dressed and well 
fed; they returned ragged and many of them emaciated. 
The heroic women cheered them as they were going to the 
front; the same patriotic women received them back with 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 9 

joy and gladness, and went to work carding and spinning 
and weaving cloth with which to clothe them. It would be 
hard to convince the people now of what our good women 
did for our soldiers in 1865-66. 

She furnished about 1500 soldiers, about 1200 returned. 

M. 0. Sherrill. 
Raleigh, N. C. 



10 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

THE GERMAN ELEMENT IN CATAWBA'S 
POPULATION. 

The current of German immigration from Pennsylvania 
into the Piedmont section of North Carolina began to move 
in this direction about the beginning of the Eighteenth 
Century, and 'vas at full tide about the middle of that cen- 
tury. These Germans were largely families springing from 
the enterprising Pennsylvania Germans, who had years be- 
fore settled in Montgomery, Berks, Lancaster, and York 
counties, and, who later pressed towards the southwest 
frontier of their state; and then followed the Cumberland 
Valley down into Maryland; and then on further down still 
southward into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia; and then 
still further on down across the Blue Ridge into the fertile 
valleys of the Yadkin and the Catawba in North Carolina, 
These people settled in the territory now embraced by Ran- 
dolph, Davidson, Rowan, Cabarrus, Mecklenburg, Lincoln, 
Gaston, Catawba, and Iredell counties. To these Penn- 
sylvania Germans were added immigrants directly frcm 
Germany, and a few from other European Countries. They 
came for various reasons: some, to seek new homes, as an 
outlet for the overcrowded population of the Fatherland; 
some, to enjoy the liberty in this land of the free; some, as 
political refugees; some, to escape the military services de- 
manded of all young men in Germany; some, to escape 
religious persecutions — as the Palestines from the Rhine, 
persecuted by Louis XIV in the War of the Spanish Succes- 
sion, and the Salzburgers from the Alpine Districts of 
Austria; and no doubt, some came as fugitives from justice — 
who "left their country for their country's good." 

These German settlers were industrious, economical, 
and thrifty farmers, not afraid nor ashamed of hard work, 
and were soon blessed with an abundance of everything 
which the fertile soil and temperate climate of this section 
could furnish them. As they were farmers, they avoided the 
towns, and mostly settled in rural districts. They were un- 
informed in the ways of the world, ignorant of the English 
language, and unacquainted with the shrewdness of the 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 11 

business man. yet they were well informed in their own 
language and well read in their Bibles and devotional Ger- 
man books. There were few manufactories, and fewer 
centers of commerce where supplies could be obtained, so 
that these early settlers had to go to Charleston, Fayetteville 
or Columbia in long trips by wagons, occupying several weeks 
to procure the common necessities of life, and regarded 
many things as useless luxuries that are now regarded 
as common necessities. These conditions compelled each 
family to manufacture its own clothing and farming tools. 
Thus the loom, the blacksmith's shop, the tannery, and 
shoe-shop became necessary adjuncts of nearly every home. 
And every member of the family was engaged in useful 
industry. 

These Germans manifested certain traits of character 
peculiar to them. Of course, there were exceptions to these 
general traits, but it was true of them as a whole. They 
were retiring and peaceful citizens, opposed to riot and 
contention, and patiently suffered wrong for a time, 
yet they were unwilling to submit to oppression when 
persistently pressed upon them. They could be led. their 
minds were open to conviction; but they simply could not be 
driven, and determindly resisted all attempts to deprive 
them of their inalienable rights. They were persevering, 
never abandoning their undertakings unless compelled to do 
so by force of circumstances. They were slow in making- 
changes, and tenaciously held to the practices and habits and 
modes of thought practiced by their ancestors, when often 
more modern ways were much better. They were very slow 
to yield their native language, especially where they lived 
in settlements of their own, and for this reason they retained 
for a long time their peculiar traits of character, their re- 
ligious, social, and moral life, and for this reason also they 
lost prestige and standing in the professions and official 
life. Honesty and uprightness of life were marked char- 
acteristics of the Germans. An anecdote will illustrate 
this: Two Germans. Hans and Fritz, lived side by side, far 
away from the world's deceit and tricks. One day Hans 
bought a horse, but lacked part of the money; so he called 
on Fritz for a loan. Fritz readilv consented and handed 



12 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

over the required amount, remarking: "Berhaps it was bed- 
d3Y ve mike us a nota. " The note was drawn up in their 
primitive way: "I, Hans, gets from Fritz feefty tollars to- 
day," Then the question arose who should hold the note. 
"You geeps dot", says Fritz, "Und den you will know dot 
you owes me dot money, " Hans says: "Dot ish so. " After 
a month Hans pays the note and the question was now who 
should keep the note. "I geeps dot now, aind't it?" says 
Fritz, "den you see I always remembers you paid dot to 
me." Says Hans "Yah dot ish so," "Nowis ishall soblain, 
I knows what to do ven I porrows again". 

Th333 German? had strong attachm3ntsfor their home 
and its comforts; and were slow to leave the place they had 
once secured as their own. There are farms in this section 
today that have never been sold—have never been out of the 
family, but have descended through generation after gener- 
ation from the original grants made in colonial t'mes. 

Thus these Germans came into this County of Catawba, 
from various quarters and for various reasons, and settled 
among others from other countries, and by privations and 
hard labor wrested this fair land from the savage and the 
wild beast, and turned it into a veritable garden. In order 
to understand the age in which we live, it is important that 
we know the history of the past. The different epochs of 
history are not disjointed parts, but all have a close relation 
to the past and to the future. The sturdy Germans and their 
high moral qualities have stamped their impress upon this 
generation, and they will continue to be felt in the ages to 
come. From this hardy race the Catawba soldier of the Civil 
War came, and his heroism at Gettysburg, and many other 
fields were the astonishment of the world. The Germans 
are not foreigners in this country, any more than those who 
came from England and Scotland and Ireland and France, 
They are among the charter members of this great 
Country. And since the shackles of the language have 
been shaken off, the descendants of the Germans are fast 
taking first places in the wonderful strides this country is 
making in all industrial, commercial, and educational pro- 
gress. The present is but a development of the past, it is 
the offspring of the parent that has stamped upon it the 



OF THL CIVIL WAR 13 

character of the early settlers of this county. And what- 
ever is noble and worthy in the citizenship of Catawba Coun- 
ty in har Civil War histjry, and her progress and achieve- 
ments today, a pai-t and a large part of that honor belongs 
to the German element of her citizens. 

Rev, R, a. Yoder, D, D. 

Lincolnton, N. C. 
Jan, 20, 1911, 



14 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



THE GREAT AWAKENING. 

This earth is a place of j»reat resources. It teems with 
minerals. Its soil, its rivers, its mountains, its clouds, its 
sunshine, all conspire to make it wonderful. It is the abode 
of a race of beings made in the image of God. Adam, our 
first parent, was given the command to dress and keep it. 
Imagine the face of the earth, under the care of a race of 
perfect beings like Adam was, with perfect human strength 
and perfect human intelligence, all laboring together to 
develop the resources of the earth, understanding each other, 
and realizing with one purpose, their duty and obligations. 
Can you picture the fairy scenes that would meet the eye on 
every hand? A whole race dwelling together, in unity of spirit 
and a union of strength. What a Utopia! But it is a dream 
only. It is not possible under merely human conditons. 
The curse of human depravity has spread over the earth, 
and wrought devastation everywhere. Men are the natural 
enemies of each other, like the savage beasts of the jungle. 
War, oppression, monopoly, tyranny, slavery, villainy, mur- 
der, and passion, have blasted the once fair earth, and fam- 
ine, disease, and poverty have stalked in their train, count- 
less millions of the weak have perished to give the brutal 
place. Human philosophy has sought to alleviate the con- 
ditions, but ambition, greed, force, deceit, have all conspired 
to defeat it. No true altering power has ever entered the 
field but the gospel of the Man of Gallilee. From the dark- 
ness of those three hours of Calvary, where He died, has 
sprung, as from the womb of Time, a destiny for the race. 
Let us change the figure, and call it a tree that was born 
there. A root out of the dry ground, it was, at first, watered 
with tears and blood of many martyrs. But it grew, and 
soon its stripling height measured far above all other re- 
ligions. But it was not destined to become the sturdy oak 
too soon. It must wave in many a wintry blast, and wither 
in many a summer's drought. But branch after branch has 
grown stronger by the trial. An open Bible, religious and 
civil liberty, universal brotherhood, education of the masses, 
world-wide commerce and travel, world evangelism— all 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 15 

have grown from this tree. It has lived to see war reduced, 
slavery abolished, tyranny dethroned, illiteracy discounted. 
And lo! with the disappearance of these great evils, and the 
coming of these great blessings, the inventive powers of 
man have seemed to spring into new activity. Kept back 
by human ignorance and superstition until now, they are 
like hounds whose leashs have been loosed, and they are 
bounding to the chase of discovery and invention. Earth, 
air, sky, and sea are being searched and explored, and are 
yielding their secrets in amazing numbers. And the most 
of these things have happened in the last century, many in 
the last fifty years. What is the meaning of it all? Shall 
we look for a continuous development of the world along 
these same lines, till this is an ideal world, and man an ideal 
neighbor and friend? No, the book which tells us of the 
great author of these things, Jesus Christ, tells us that there 
is an end to it. There is "one far off divine event to which 
all creation moves." God has evidently designed to control 
this world's history in great dispensations. We see them 
marked in the Bible. Their limits are very clear. The first 
one extended from man's creation to his fall. The second, 
is from the fall to the flood. The third, from the flood to 
Pentecost. The fourth, is the time of the Gentiles till Christ's 
second coming. The last great period is the Millennium. 
The question is, are we nearing this last period? The Bible 
indicates that this will be the golden era of man's history. 
The world will be untrammelled by Satan, man will be 
obedient to God in great measure, and earth's resources and 
man's powers will reach their highest development. Do all 
these recent advancements indicate that we are reaching 
this ideal period? Then may God speed the day, for it 
means glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, and good- 
will among men. 

Rev. J. G. Garth. 
Hickory, N. C. 



16 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



AGRICULTURAL PROGRESS FROM 1861 to 19n. 

BY M, A. ABERNETHY, FARM DEMONSTRATOR FOR 
CATAWBA COUNTY. 

The farm implements of Catawba were simple, and in- 
deed, crude in l[61-5. The wooden plow stock with the 
shovel twister, bull tongue, or gopher made the list for plows. 
Nearly all of these were one horse plows. Occasionally, 
among the better class of people was found a two horse plow 
with iron mold board to break the fallow ground for wheat. 
But with few exceptions, the one horse plow was used for 
all purposes. Beside the common wooden tooth harrow, the 
better class used iron tooth harrows for pulverizirg land for 
the small grains. The advent of the wheat drill had not yet 
been made. The first time the writer saw wheat being plant- 
ed in rows was on that memorable march to Gettysburg and 
near that place. The hoe, was the tool for ridding the crops 
of grass and weeds. These were all home made, manufac- 
tured from flat iron or worn out slab saws. This clumsy, 
dull, heavy tool made a boy wish he were somewhere else 
besides the farm. But the boys of those days were more 
persistent than the boys of today. 

With the above implements the farmer tock four to six 
furrows to the row and the boys and women followed with 
the hoes, making potato hills to the corn. This required 
three, four, or five hands to the plow, depending on the 
amount of grass and weeds. Thus the crop was worked on an 
average of three times, the last being the happy ' 'laying by. " 

About the year 1866, some advancement was made, the 
double foot plow came into use. This was regarded as a 
labor saver, since it required only half the time to plow an 
acre. The same irons that were used on the single foot plow 
were used on the double, and were home made. The writer 
has carried many a piece of iron far away to the blacksmith- 
shop to have a new one made or an old one sharpened. These 
were the crude implements for working the corn. The wheat 
was harvested with a cradle. No reapers and binders had 
come yet. It was not an uncommon thing to see six to ten 



OP THE CIVIL WAR 17 

men swinging- their cradles in the harvest field [end es rrany 
women, men and boys following in their wake binding and 
shocking the golden sheaves! 

The thresher was an old hcise power mrd ire with glcut 
as many men as horses to operate it. A wind mill winnowed 
the chaff from the grain. It would be rn using to our 
farmer boys now to see a man standing in the center of t n 
old horse power, with his long limber whip in his hand, and 
now and then whirling it over their backs, as he cried out, 
"You, Jim" "Pete", Git up." and the whip would crack 
like a rifla. But those "good old days" are gone and the 
msnkilling tools, and land impovarishing methods are gone 
with them. Gradually came the labor saving implements, 
such as cultivators, disc harrows, iron frames andiron tooth- 
section harrows, grain drills, reapers, with binding attach- 
ments, separators hauled from place to place, and so on. 
Then later came the two-horse riding cultivator, the cottcn 
and corn planters, and later stib the improved binders and 
reapers, corn harvesters, rrowers, hay rakes, and so forth till 
now one man and two or three w-ell trained horses can do 
the same amount of work in one day that formerly it took 
four and six men to do with the old antiquated tools. 

Along with these improvements came the steam traction 
engine, and hooked up to a threshing outfit complete with the 
straw-stacking attachment, not only separating the grain 
from the straw and the chaff, but actually pulling the whole 
concern, with all hands riding from place to place over our 
country roads and through our farmers' fields to thresh his 
grain. Then the disc plow and the subsoiler came in place 
of the old side shovel or twisters, and where men orce plov - 
ed three or four inches deep, skimming and skinning their 
land, preparing the soil to waste away with the first heavy 
rails, nD'A^ vvsflid the land bro'cen from eight to 3ixt33'% ni 
in soma cases eighteen to twenty-one inches deep, thus mak- 
ing a soil that is capable of holding moistui'e sufficient for 
the average growing crop for the greater portion of the 
growing season, especially if this soil be well supplied with 
humus, that is, decomposed vegetable matter. And further 
more, this deeply broken soil not only holds the moisture in 
reserve for the growing plants, but it makes it almost im- 



18 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

possible for it to wash away with the heaviest continued 
rains. 

Such demonstrations have actuated farmers to put moi"e 
thought into farming and to practice better methods. And 
the results are that where we once reaped only ten to fifteen 
bushels of corn to the acre and from three to six hundred 
pounds of seed cotton, we are now gathering, on the same 
land, fifty, sixty and seventy bushels of corn, and twelve 
hundred to two thousands pounds of seed cotton per acre. 

Farmers are making corn, wheat, oats, and cotton at 
considerably less cost under the improved methods, than with 
the old tools and methods. 

Before the days of the civil war, and for some years 
after, it was hard to find enough seed sweet potatoes in the 
spring of the year to plant for next season at one dollar, and 
a dollar and a half a bushel. Now, and for ten years past, 
it has been a problem for our Catawba farmers to get their 
sweet potatoes on the market by the first of May. Some are 
actually harvesting and housing from twenty-five to thirty- 
six hundred bushels of sweet potatoes each season. One 
man in the fall of 1908, told the writer that he had raised on 
a small plot of ground, over six hundred bushels to the acre. 

There has been a marked improvement and wonderful de- 
velopm2nt along all lines of agriculture in even the last three 
decades, and for all this we are proud and truly grateful. 
But our aspirations are for something better still, and for far 
greater development, and we should never cease while such 
great possibilities lie within our reach. Look at what has 
been done through the demonstration work under the super- 
vision of Dr. S. A. Knapp, of the U. S. department of Agri- 
culture at Washington and his sub-agents in the south, and 
catch a vision of a better day for agriculture. As one of 
those agents, the writer knows, that under the methods of 
this department the increase over the old methods has been 
from three hundred to four hundred per cent. It is the 
writer's conviction that the Piedmont section is just in its in- 
fancy in agriculture. I believe we have here in Catawba 
county as good a place to live, enjoy health and be happy as 
any where in the wide world if, each one will only do his 
part in making it so. 



OP THE CIVIL WAR 19 

Now if I should fail to mention the progress made in 
methods of transporation from the days before the civil war to 
the present, I would fall short of the task I have undertaken. 
When the writer was a boy, there were no cars running near- 
er this county than Charlotte. I well remember the first 
train of cars I ever saw. It was a train running into 
Charlotte when I was a lad twelve years old, and had gone a 
trip with a neighbor of my father's. 

There were some home made, one horse, two horse, j^and 
three and four horse wagons, of course, on the farms of the 
best to-do farmers, but the sled with runneis made of sour- 
wood trees well shaped for the purpose was an essential 
vehicle on many farms. It was used for hauling up the fire 
wood in winter and the crops in the fall. I knew of one old 
gentleman who owned a good river farm in Catawba county 
and kept two good farm horses and often more, whose grand- 
son relates that the old man never possessed a wagon in his 
life. You could never have convinced that man that his son's 
son would ba riding in an automobile in less than forty years 
from his death. Look at our present facilities for travel. 
Wagons of any size are made to order, and one of the best 
and largest wagon shops in the United States is located in 
Hickory, Catawba county, namely, the Piedmont Wagon 
Works. Also as fine a buggy as is made in this country is 
made by the Jerome Bolick and Sons Co., Conover, N. C, 
All farmers have their buggies, surries, spring wagons, and 
two horse wagons, hauling their products to market, and 
their families to town or to church. 

The difference in communication is striking also. When 
the writer came from the war, he had to go seven miles to the 
post office. About once a week was all the time he could 
spare to go for his mail. With our rural mail deliveiy, the 
mail comes daily to his door. Then who of our neighbors or 
yours would have believed that we could stand in our 
front halls and talk to our friends miles away? 

In no department of our farm life is greater growth seen 
than in our live stock. In the days before the stock law this 
was impossible. Wandering stock made out of the question 
to grade our cattle up to a standard, which was also true of 
hogs. It is not usual to see pigs under eight months old 



20 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

weighing over two hundred pounds. Today people will not 
buy scrubby stock of hogs to raise from, because it will not 
pay. Some of the finest hogs in the country are to be found 
right here in our county. All this is true of cattle as well. 
The writer remembers how frequently some neighbor would 
come to my father's house to get him to help prize a milk 
cow or a yearling out of the mire on the edge of some swamp. 
The cattle were at large, with the sheep and the goats, and 
if they chanced to find their way home at night, they would 
probably find a hamper basket of shucks awaiting them, in 
the fence corners, if the hogs had not already rooted them 
around in search of a stray ear of corn. No wonder the 
cattle were scrubs, and no wonder some had to be prized 
out of the mud. 

What an amazing difference is to be seen in the cattle to- 
day and that of those days gone by. Exhibited in the fairs at 
Hickory last year and the year before was as fine cattle as one 
wants to see. Some of the milk cows are record breakers. 

As a splendid adjunct to the dairy business, we have the 
creamery located in Hickory. It is doing a fine business and 
is well equipped in every way. The Live Stock Association 
in the county also means great things for cattle. The scrub 
will be bound to disappear. 

With all these lines of progress as have been indicated in 
this sketch, before us, it is well asked. What shall the future 
be? Certainly it mean still further development. Now, to the 
rising generation, who are to take the places of their pro- 
gressive fathers, the veterans who had the energy, the busi- 
ness tact, to bring about this day of advancement, let me 
say, you are highly favored. Compare the conditions now 
with those that confronted your fathers when they came out 
of the civil war, the blank, impoverished lands, grown up 
with brush or washed way, scarcely a good horse or mule to 
be found, no cattle or hogs except scrubs. These, men start- 
ing from the stump have done well, you say. And they have 
indeed done well. You, their sons, cannot afford to let things 
lag, or take a backward step. Your fathers, now resting 
from their labors, look upon you in the heritage they left 
you. They will not be disappointed, for they believe you to 
be worthy sons of their sires. But the question is new 
What are you going to do? 



OP THE CIVIL WAR 21 



COMMUNICATION 

In 1861, there was scattered over Catawba County, a 
post office here and there, at the most prominent cross roads 
in the County, perhaps as many as a dozen, to which mails 
were brought once a week from the four points on the 
Western North CaroHna raih-oad— Newton, Hickory, 
Catawba, and Conover. Many citizens had to go eight or 
ten miles for their weekly mail. As the years went by, 
more and more offices were established by the Post Office 
Department, but more offices did not facilitate nor make 
more frequent the rural mails. At the railroad offices, how- 
ever, daily mails were given to the towns and stations for a 
number of years. In recent years, the Government has 
established Rural free delivery, and thus the country dis- 
tricts are supplied with daily mails. There is still yet star 
routes to be found in sparely settled and remote communities. 

Recently, the Government has established City Delivery 
^n towns with a population of five thousand; hence, Catawba 
County has one town, or city, (Hickory), which has mail 
delivered twice daily. We can now write a letter early in 
the morning and reach almost every family in the County 
on the same day by means of R. F. D. ; but in recent years, 
by means of Dr. Alexander Graham Bell's Telephone inven- 
tion, we can communicate to parts of the County where 
lines have been established by progressive citizens, in a few 
moments, as though we were under the same roof. In a 
few more years, the citizens of Catawba will be practically 
brought together by means of this grand invention. A 
mighty change from 1861 to 1911 in reference to exchange 
of thought. 

Another recent discovery is what is called "Wireless 
Telegraphy." In a few more years, this will supplant, in a 
measure, all other means of communication. 



22 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



TRANSPORTATION 

E lually startling, is tlie change made in transportation 
as was made in communication. The slide, the trucks, the 
wagons, — drawn by the ox, horse or mule. —seldom did you 
find in ]861, a carriage or buggy; and perchance you did at 
some great gathering, it was owned by the more wealthy of 
the community as wealth was regarded in 1861. 

The marketing of the surplus of produce of that day 
was taken to Charleston, Columbia, Chester, or Yorkville, 
S. C, and, sometimes to Eastern North Carolina towns,— 
Charlotte and Fayetteville. We regarded it a treat to be 
permitted as boys to go on these trips. The wagons were 
generally loaded with flour, brandy and whiskey, bacon, 
and corn. These articles were exchanged for salt, coffee, 
sugar, molasses and seldom shoes and clothing. 

Not until 1859 or 1860, did a railroad enter our county — 
the Western North Carolina railroad- leading now from 
Salisbury to Asheville. Never will the old soldier forget the 
depot, still yet standing, in the town of Newton, where they 
took their departure for the field of carnage. Thus the 
steam method has supplanted the wagon in the main. Now, 
we have, in 1911, two well-equipped railroads running 
through the county — the Western North Carolina Division of 
the Southern, running East and West; the other the Carolina 
and Northwestern, running North and South- a county now 
very fortunate in her transportation facilities. 

Seldom do you find, now, wagons transporting anything 
to any other place save the nearest railroad station; and un- 
til our citizenship wake up to the necessity of better roads, 
graded and macademized, they will have to make four loads 
instead of one, and impoverish their stock to the amount of 
parts of their load, time and energy sacrificed for fear of a 
little tax to construct better roads. Fifty years ago, when 
we made our trips through the country to Scuth Carolina in 
wagons, we were generally on the road three weeks. Note 
the great change that the railway has made possible ! We 
can jump on the train and in less than four hours we have 
made our trip to almost any point in South Carolina. Who 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 23 

would want to go faster ? In contrast to 1861, go to any 
gathering in the rural district, town or city, and in lieu of 
cart or wagon to convey the family there, you will find bug- 
gies of the most improved kind, surreys, phaetons, bicycles 
and the automobile — it being the greatest fad for travelling. 
We believe the quickest and safest way is now being 
perfected— the aeroplane. We believe that some school boy 
of Catawba county, who shall have lived out the next half 
century, and who shall write Volume II of the series started 
of Catawba County history, will give credit to the aeroplane 
and aerocar as being the then safest, cheapest and quickest 
mode of travel. Catawba will have this method soon as she 
keeps always abreast of the times. 



24 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



THE CATAWBA VETERAN AS A CHURCHMAN. 

War does not stimulate religious activity. However 
true this may be in general, the Catawba veteran has shown 
a devotion to the cause of religion as great as that mani- 
fested in the cause of the Southern Confederacy. Before 
joining the army, many of them united with the church and 
became soldiers of the Lord and marched away from home 
with musket on the shoulder and the Bible in the pocket. 

Returning from the field of battle, or some Federal 
prison, the Catawba veteran found the cause of religion lan- 
guishing and the fires upon the altar of devotion burning 
feebly. Like Nehemiah, he went to work to rebuild the 
waste places of Zion. The religious conditions as found in 
Catawba county in 1865 and as found in the same county in 
1911, show a wonderful progress, and in almost every case 
the moving force was an "old soldier." 

The religious forces in this county are Protestant, and 
not Catholic. Among the Protestant denominations are 
found the Lutheran, Reformed, Methodist, Baptist, Presby- 
terian and Episcopalian, with a few Seventh Day Adventists. 
The population being of German extraction, the Lutheran 
and Reformed churches are the oldest congregations in the 
county, and the older churches were "Union churches," be- 
ing used by both these denominations. 

Efforts have been made to secure the statistics of each 
denomination in the county, showing the strength of each 
denomination in 1865 and the gain since that time, but these 
efforts have proven futile, and being unable to give all it is 
thought best, to serve the purposes of this book, to give none. 

The Lutheran denomination, as might be expected, has 
made wonderful progress in this county in the years follow- 
ing the Civil war. In 1865 there was no school of that de- 
nomination, but now there are two: Concordia at Conover, 
and Lenoir at Hickory. Old churches have been rebuilt, 
new congregations have been organized and parsonages have 
been established in almost every community in this county. 
Who have been most active in bringing about this changed 
condition ? The veterans— the Smyres, Rabbs, Arndts, 
Smiths, Anthonies, Lohrs, Yoders, Seitzs, Hahns and many 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 25 

others who could be named. 

The same can be said of the Reformed church. It has 
been the veterans who have carried forward the work of the 
Master in this church. Prominent are the Ramsaurs, Wil- 
fongs, Shufords, Rowes, McCorkles, Reinhardts, Bellingers, 
Bollingers, Mahaffeys, Coulters, Whiteners, Setzers, Car- 
penters: and thus it is that the bravest of Lee's followers 
become the truest soldiers in the army of the Lord. 

The Baptist denomination has a fine constituency in 
Catawba county. In addition to the many churches estab- 
lished in almost every part of the county, a denominational 
school has been established, and the South Fork Institute at 
Maiden is doing excellent work. The gain of this denoniin- 
ation has not been secured. 

The zeal of Methodism in Catawba has equaled the zeal 
of that church in other counties, and the Catawba veteran 
who adhered to that denomination has been active in plant- 
ing a church in almost every community in the county, and 
the following statistics show the wonderful hold Methodism 
has in the county: Six pastoral charges with a membership 
of 3,416; 27 Sunday Schools with 2,037 Sunday School pupils. 
These congregations made an annual contribution of $11,678, 
and the value of their church property is ^'57,775. 

The Presbyterian denomination has three congregations 
in the county, and the progress of the church has been com- 
mendable. 

Although the Episcopal church has but one congregation 
in the county, and this one not very large, it is doubtless as 
closely identified with the veterans of the county as any 
other denomination in the county by reason of the fact that 
the Rev. James A. Weston, rector of the church for so many 
year?, was a soldier and a Confederate soldier brave and 
true. He was chaplain of the veterans and his prayers and 
addresses at the reunions of the veterans are remembered still. 

Perhaps the town of Hickory has made the most remark- 
able progress religiously of any part of the county. This 
town has 17 churches for white people, and five of these are 
fine structures, modern in every respect, having large pipe 
organs; with all modern improvements; and in bringing 
about this condition of affairs the Catatuba veteran has been 
most prominent. 



26 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

EDUCATION IN CATAWBA COUNTY. 

At the outbreak of the war, there were in Catawba 
county about forty-five school districts as compared with 
ninety-five today. In that day, only one teacher could be 
found in a school, while today as many as three may be 
found in some of the public schools of the county, v^ith as 
high as ten in some of the graded schools. At that time the 
children were required to walk long distances to school in a 
log hut containing only one room and heated by a large fire- 
place fed with large logs. Today the child has a school 
within a reasonable distance in a modern building containing 
from two to eight rooms, and in soma instances, heated by 
steam. The windows in the school buildings of those days 
were made by cutting away a portion of two logs and insert- 
ing therein panes of glass. The light from these windows 
were insufficient, and on cloudy days, the eyes of the pupils 
were strained to study. To-day the school building is well 
lighted by large modern windows and the children are able 
to study in comfort. The building of war times contained 
but one door through which all the children entered and left 
in a disorderly manner like bees from a hive. To-day the 
building contains a number of doors through which the child- 
ren enter and pass out in ease and military order. The 
children then were given but one recess during the day — 
one hour at twelve o'clock. The children were called together 
at eight in the morning and were held until twelve when 
they were given the noon intermission. Call bells were un- 
known then and the children were called to ''books" by 
beating on the house with a stick. Study was resumed again 
at one o'clock and continued until four. Now the tediousness 
of study is tempered with three recesses and a shorter da}^ 
The seating accomodations of the old-time school-house con- 
sisted of slabs from some near-by saw mill with four sticks 
for supports, the ends of which some times extended two or 
three inches above the flat side. Not so to-day. We have 
the latest model patent desk in many of our school rooms 
which enable the children to study in comfort. 

Usually about four lessons were recited daily, the text 
books consisting of Webster's Old Blue Back for a speller and 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



27 



the Testament for a reader. Soon, however, the Saunder's, 
McDuffy's, and others readers were introduced. The Pike's 
and Fowler's arithmetics were used, being replaced, however, 
by Davie's and Saunder's. Grammars or geographies were 
rarely found in the schools, but Bullion's, Murray's and other 
grammars ware soon introduced. Mitchell's, and other old 
time geographies, soon came into use and answered the pu - 
pose in those days. Nowadays the student goes to the school 
room literally loaded down with text books. Reader, spell- 




GRACE ACADEMY, JACOBS FORK TOWNSHIP 

ing book, arithmetic, grammar, geography, history, civics, 
physiology, agriculture, botany, algebra, latin, etc., are to be 
found among the present day school boy's belongings. 

The amusements of those days were simpler, and perhaps 
more varied, than those of today. Then bull-pen, town-ball, 
hDly-roly, cat-ball, and marbles furnished sufficient entertain- 
ment for the boys and girls at play-time. Today it is base- 
ball, foot-ball and other more strenuous games. 

Locking the teacher out was a common pastime in those 
days. The children would go to the school house ahead of 
the teachers a day or two before Christmas and would secure- 



28 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



ly bind the door against tiie teacher and keep him on the 
outside until he promised a treat with appks crc£rc\. II 1 e 
stubbornly refused, the laiger, boys would carry him to the 
nearest pool and duck him repeatedly until the desired treat 
was promised. Sometime, however, the teacher would anti- 
cipate a "pen-out" and would go prepared with a quantity 
of red pepper. On finding the door closed against him, he 
would climb to the chimney top and drop the pepper down 




ABERNETHY SCHOOL HOUSE, FIVE MILES SOUTH OF HICKORY 

into the fire and place something over the chimney top and 
await results. He w^ould not have long to wait,as the smoke 
from the pepper was too much for the boys. The door would 
fly open and the boys would rush out for fresh air when the 
teacher would enter and all would settle down to a hard day's 
work. Spelling aloud was the method of study then and the 
students could often be heard for a quarter of a mile distance. 
Things are changed now, and absolute quiet reigns in the 
school room during study hours. 

But from the day of small things, we have advanced to 
an age of activity in public school work. The Catawba Soldier 
and his descendants have implanted the seeds of progress. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



29 



and they are springing up and bringing forth an hundred 
fold. This is another evidence of the fact that the Confede- 
rate Soldier has displayed as much zeal and patriotism in 
time of peace as in time of war. And in fact, these noble 
sons of the South have won their greatest victories since the 
close of that unhappy period which deluged this nation in 
blood. Returning home after the war, he found his country 
desolate and his habitation destroyed. 

Nothing daunted, he set his face to the task of bringing 




SWEET WATER SCHOOL HOUSE, TWO MILES EAST OF HICKORY 



order out of chaos and making the waste places blossom as 
the rose. How well he succeeded may be determined by 
noting the present prosperous conditions of his native land. 
The following report of our present county Superintendant 
of Public Instruction will enable us to see the progress of the 
cause of education in Catawba county: 

"There are in this county today ninty-six districts, twenty- 
four of which have voted local tax. The total length of 
school term in the local tax districts is 110 days; the average 
length in other districts being 86 days. There are in the 
county 33 libraries, containing nearly 1900 volumes; there 



30 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

are 111 teachers with a total enrollment of 4,828 students, 
and an average attendance of 3,425. The county has school 
property to the total value of $35,150, and an available school 
fund of $30,499, or a per capita fund of $1.73." 

We herewith give an idea of our progress in the way of 
buildings for school purposes. The Abernethy School house 
here presented with its sketch, is south of Hickory 5 miles. 
The Sweet water school is just below Hickory, and is the 
third building since the war; the Lohr, or Grace School, is 
southwest of Newton and is the fourth building since the 
war. The Monbo School is southeast of Catawba 8 miles and 
is a model neighborhood enterprise. These are scattered 
samples of the Catawba spirit to educate the masses. Thus 
hath the masses, the old soldier ever to the front, wrought 
wonderfully in the development of education in the county. 
These ninety odd buildings scattered in every community to- 
gether with our four chartered institutions leaves no excuse 
for any boy or girl to gro^^ Aip un^itpred. , ^ 

The old soldier has any ays recognized tlie lawmakers dis- 
crimination against th^ pimple's schools, by giving what is 
left, after making ample provisions. |pr her three favorites, 
University, A. & M., and Normal & Industrial College. Let 
the cry increase unjust, unjust, unjust "till the battlements 
fall, and then, and not till then, will the masses get what 
is justly due them educationly." 

The soldier pities the lawmakers who have not learned 
this one patent fact, that as you educate the masses, the 
wealth producers, you increase his productive capacity, and 
thus fill the coffers of other occupations:— The merchant 
has a larger trade; the bankers greater deposits; the 
manufacturers greater trade; the doctor more practice; the 
preacher and teacher a living salary — in fact, every thing 
takes on new life by infusing into our schools the spirit of 
this strenuous age. Let the watch-w^ord be just and equal 
apportionment of the school fund to the peoples' schools and 
to the class schools. 

Of the schools of the county the remaining soldiers are 
proud, feeling as they do that these are the products of their 
sacrifice. "He hath done what he could," in every depart- 
ment of life. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 31 

THE HOMES AND HOME LIFE OF CATAWBA 
COUNTY 1865-1911. 

The great change and development that has swept the 
Southern States in the few decades since the War has not 
been manifested more strikingly in any department of life 
than in the homes and the home life of the people of the 
South. The strides and bounds with which every phase and 
line of business, trade and manufacture has gone forward in 
that short time cannot command more amazement than the 
complete revolution that the Southern home and home life 
has undergone. This change which touched North Carolina 
no less than other States, can be pointed out in vivid manner 
here in this very section— in the homes of the people of Ca- 
tawba County. These Western North Carolinians have un- 
doubtedly seen the years sweep away so much of the old 
regime and manner of life that to our young people of today 
such depicting of the life around here of forty-odd years ago 
seems more a "Tale of long ago" than so short a space back 
in time that the older people of this country can easily recall 
such events and scenes. Small wonder that the younger 
generation is surprised when in drawing a picture of life in 
the old homesteads we show the contrast between the home 
to which the Confederate Soldier returned and those which 
the good people of Catawba County now occupy. 

The period after the war was a period characterized by 
hard poverty in every walk of life, but especially in the home. 
The Confederate Soldier returned to labor and to work. The 
mothers, wives, and daughters, servantless and poor, took 
upon their shoulders uncomplainingly the drudgery of the 
household tasks. Truly it may be said of them that by the 
"Sweat of the brow did they eat bread. " The daily round 
of household duties was varied and never-ending, a thousand 
tasks arose to be completed with every sun. Whatever of 
clothing, light and food they obtained, whatever of comfort 
and cheer surrounding them in their homes, was only pro- 
duced by labor, thrift and saving care. 

Looking back upon this picture of hard toil we see its 



32 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

setting and frame- work in the typical home of Catawba 
County as it was then. These houses were small and un- 
pretentious looking, but were made lovely in gi:m,mer by 
vines and the beloved old-fashioned flowers that grew in 
every "Grand-mother's Garden." The bordered path led 
up to the door, and here one entered into the general living 
room, warm, cheery and bright with it's glowing open fire in 
winter and it's shadowed cool in summer. Here ihe family 
gathered together when the day was over, about the solitary 
little candle that so bravely strove to light the depths of 
gloom. Here the friendly neighbors who cameover to spend 
the day, sat working on their half-completed quilts, their 
knitting or sewing, never idle, but talking of "the days be- 
fore the War" or the present news while they worked. Here 
the social gatherings were held, no fear of boisterous young 
people doing harm to the rag carpets, the home spun cur- 
tains or the split-bottomed chairs with which the room was 
furnished. Without doubt these rooms contained many 
pleasant memories of happy scenes despite "hard times." 

Certainly there could be no greater contrast to this 
cheery room than the gloomy dark "best room" or parlor. 
With its better furnishing of carpet and chairs carefully 
guarded, its shades drawn down and the few pictures hung 
precisely on the wall and the few books placed precisely on 
the table, this sacred precinct was always kept closed and 
generally locked. Only on such occasions as weddings or 
funerals was its dark domain invaded and used. 

Passing by the bed rooms with their high four-posted 
beds, the pretty crazy quilts and the old furniture that had 
been handed down from mother to daughter, we find the 
old-time kitchen, the most important and interesting place of 
all. Here was the great open fire-place with its two swing- 
ing rods, one on each side, fitted out with hooks on which 
were hung the many-sized pots over the glowing coals. 
Sometimes there was an old-time stove; but, if so, this was 
only used for special occasions such as the baking of all the 
weekly pies and bread on a Saturday, or the huge cakes for 
the Christmas season. Generally the daily supply of vege- 
tables and meat was prepared by boiling everthing over the 
open fire. Apples, sweet and Irish potatoes were baked in 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 33 

the hot ashes: chestnuts were roasted and pop-corn often 
popped over a bed of coals. The dutch oven, a round cover- 
ed pan in which biscuits were baked, was often set on these 
coals with its layer of coals on top. Strings of beef and 
sausage, dipped in brine and hung over the stove or aiound 
the room to dry out, were frequent ornaments of the kitchen. 
Bunches of red-repper also made a cheerful spot. The ad- 
joining pantry was, of course, the realm of delicacies and 
stacks on stacks of good things. Here was sweet-pickle and 
preserves made from every kind of fruit, row on row of 
dried apples, pears and peaches, fresh tomatoes and fruit 
saved far into the Fall, not to mention the weekly supplies 
of delicious pies and pastry. 

Frequently there was a cellar to the house where winter 
provisions of potatoes, vegetables and apples were stored. 
Down in its depths was the place for the shelves of peanuts 
and the barrels of saur kraut, which during the Fall was 
made by filling in alternate layers of cabbage and salt, with 
the whole pressed down by large rocks. Fruit and melons 
were often placed in wheat bran in the cellar for preserva- 
tion and it was a great achievement if some could be saved 
long enough to grace the Christmas festivities. 

Almost all of the food was raised on or near the home 
place. Every household had a garden where the vegetables 
were raised and fruit trees around the place, if not a regular 
orchard, while as for meat, chickens were an important ar- 
ticle and during the Winter great supplies lasted over from 
hog-killing time. Outside the kitchen in the back yard a 
low brick oven was generally built, where the baking was 
done when the kitchen held no stove. Molasses was used a 
great deal to take the place of the more expensive brown 
sugar, and once or twice a year a general stock of salt, sugar 
coffee and commodities of that sort which could not be 
"home-made" or home-grown were laid in. Water in the 
kitchen or elsewhere was not used so lavishly as at present, 
because often every bucketful had to be carried from the 
spring which might be quite a distance from the house. 

If these houses could not boast of beauty, they were 
nevertheless cheery and home-like. The walls were plaster- 
ed or sealed without paper and the few pictures on the walls 



34 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

with occasional portraits of wood cuts for which the car- 
penter had sawed out and painted a frame. Books there 
were but few outside the family Bible, but those favored 
persons who had small libraries were usually generous 
enough to lend reading material around to friends and neigh- 
bors. The novel rag carpets were manufactured at home 
from scraps which had been saved for that purpose. The 
candles by which light was insured during the long winter 
evenings were made by dozens and half-dozens, by pouring 
the hot tallow into the moulds, after the wick had been fixed, 
in place. Curtains at the windows gave a touch of prettiness 
and comfort. These, hanging over the figured paper shades, 
were of a certain material which lasted — as did most things 
of that day— year in and year out. 

As for clothing, forty-odd years ago the styles did not 
change every season as they do now. Clothing which 
had been ones mother's or grand-mother's was handed 
on down. Woolen dresses when obtained were worn every 
winter till in rags. Stockings were knitted at home and 
other clothing when the weaver had finished his job was put 
together entirely by hand. Men's suits were usually home- 
spun. Shoes were made by the cobbler of the community 
and one or two pairs a year were considered sufficient. Hats 
were used season after season and every piece of trimming 
or pretty bit of ribbon was carefully treasured. At social 
gatherings the young man who wore a "Northern" or ready- 
made suit was considered a dude and a dandy. Hair-dress- 
ing in that time was rather severe, the hair being drawn back 
over the ears into a coil behind. In the case of young girls, 
curls were preferred, and their few party dresses were made 
short waisted or empire in style. 

The most pleasant side of this picture is the social life 
of that time. Neighbors were very friendly--often one good 
house-wife would bring her work and spend the day with 
another — then a good old country dinner would be prepared — 
no fancy dishes but plenty to eat. The young people had 
social gatherings at each other's homes, quiltings and 
sewing bees and husking parties in the fall. Usually the 
old people did the work while the young folks played the 
good old-fashioned sports of "Drop-the-handkerchief" and 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 35 

others. At dances the square dances were only engaged in 
and the Virginia Reel was the most popular. In the summer 
Camp Meetings were frequently attended and these were a 
great event in most people's lives, since at these times the 
country people saw friends and exchanged news and enjoyed 
social intercourse that was usually denied them. Church 
during the year was well attended. Whenever an opportun- 
ity was afforded as the minister went the rounds of his seve- 
ral charges, the people would drive in for miles around. 
This was the social side, but nowhere one could look at the 
people gathered together or in their homes but what one saw 
traces of home labor and toil. From the food they ate to the 
clothing that kept the body warm one could discern cease- 
less industry in the thousand lines of household work. 

It would be of little use to go into details concerning the 
multitude of conveniences and luxuries that have been in- 
vented — especially in the last decade — to make the present 
day homes of Catawba County so different from those they 
have superceded. It is only necessary to look about one and 
consider the most important of the changes — how the elec- 
tric light has taken the place of the single little candle; in- 
stead of the bucketful of spring water we can depend upon 
an unlimited supply from a river, from fixtures in our homes; 
and the simmering pot over an open fire has been replaced 
by a huge kitchen range with every kind of implement and 
utensil for cooking that the mind could imagine. When 
one thinks of the convenience of the telephone, of the 
well-stocked grocery store that will deliver any kind of 
commodity at your door, of the deluge of books, magazines 
and papers for us to read, how one can be supplied with 
everything in the way of comfort and luxury from kitchen to 
parlor — furniture, carpets and pictures to make beautiful the 
home, and every invention to make the home-work easy, it 
is no wonder that we hardly realize there was a time of 
privation and inconvenience and hardship just a comparative- 
ly few years ago when all these things were unknown, and 
what we now consider necessities of living, were to them 
unthought of luxuries. 

Now that the home work has been so lightened, that the 
mothers, wives, and daughters have time for other things, 



36 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

the social side of the community has increased according-ly. 
In the towns numerous clubs of civic improvement, of reading 
and study and of pleasure have sprung up. In the country 
homes the telephone, the delivery wagons and the daily ar- 
rival of the mail at one's door have overcome the barrier of 
the miles, and we are all brought in close contact with the 
big outside world and its movements by the daily newspaper. 
These changes have certainly brought a different life to 
the people of Catawba County, and it seems to me that this 
fuller life, this wider range of interest- more education- 
more Hterature, would tend to raise us higher, to advance us 
farther, to make us a more liberal and broad-minded people 
since along these lines the progress of the world has been 
made. 

Mary Shuford. 
Hickory, N. C. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 37 

THE POULTRY INDUSTRY OF CATAWBA 
COUNTY. 

The publication of this history, without making mention 
of the poultry, would not only be injustice to the readers of 
the same, but to the hen also. We would not have you 
think she is the old barnyard hen which has helped to fill many 
a long felt want, but the modern hen of to-day, which fur- 
nishes more than the wheat and cotton crops of our broad 
land. There has nothing advanced more than the poultry 
industry. Tv/enty years ago hens sold at 25 cents each, no 
matter what they weighed, and to-day they sell from 50 
cents on up to the price of a good cow, and some specimens 
even more. Twenty years ago, or say fifteen, eggs sold at 
5 cents per dozen; to-day they sell from 15c to $15.00 per doz. 
owing to the quality. These high priced eggs are not layed 
by the old long ago or any sort of old hen, but by the im- 
proved hen, such as the Leghorn, Minorca, Barred Rock, 
Rhode Island Rsd, Wyandotte, Orpington, Houdan and many 
others. 

The following will give you an idea of what is being 
done in Catawba County in poultry: 

Geo. E. Bisanar breeds single comb White Leghorns, 
having some of the finest birds in the south. If you think 
he is giving them away, write him. 

Piedmont Poultry Yards, under the management of J. 
M. and W. A. Hawn, are breeding single comb Buff Leg- 
horns, Crystal White Orpingtons, single comb Rhode Island 
Reds and Indian Runner Ducks. They say they have 
chickens of quality, and are here to stay. When you ccme 
to Hickory, N. C, you are invited to their yards. 

C. M. Shuford breeds Barred Rocks and White Wyan- 
dottes and finds it almost as profitable as the drug business. 
J. M. Shuford breeds White Wyandottes. D. K. Fry breeds 
White Wyandottes, Black Minorcas and Brown Leghorns, 
J. T. Yoder breeds fifteen different varieties. J. S. and J. 
T. Setzer breed eleven or twelve different varieties. J. A, 
Lentz breeds Barred Rocks, White Orpingtons and Columbian 



38 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Wyandottes; J. C. Williams breeds Rhode Island Reds; Edgar 
Yoder breeds White Orpingtons, and, they say, has invested 
several hundred dollars in the business; C. E, Bumgarner 
breeds White Wyandottes and Black Minorcas; J. A. Peter- 
son breeds White Orpingtons and R. I. Reds; J. C. Deitz 
breeds Game; A, H. Keever breeds White Wyandottes and 
Leghorns; Jones W. Shufordand Sons are also in the poultry 
business; W. L. Boatright has been in the business a long 
time and he says he likes it. He breeds Black Minorcas. W. 
J. Shuford, the seed man, breeds White Wyandottes and 
Turkeys, and his partner, R. 0. Abernethy, has gone into 
the business very extensively. He is going to equip an egg 
farm with White Leghorns and White Orpingtons. Lloyd 
Whitener breeds Buff Rocks; S. L. Whitener breeds White 
Wyandottes; Auston Wood breeds R. L Reds; Geo. Lyerly 
breeds several varieties; Chas. Bolick breeds Indian Runner 
Ducks. E. L. Whitener and J. M. Hawn have a new breed 
which they have named the Catawba Whites. Editor Banks, 
of the Hickory Democrat, is also a fancier of the feathered 
tribe for both pleasure and profit. L. H. Phillips breeds 
several varieties. There are many others of whom the 
writer has no knowledge, breeding fancy poultry, both for 
pleasure and profit. 

What has been said has no reference to the chickens 
bought and sold and shipped to the northern markets for 
table consumption. The amount realized from the last 
named is immense. 

In the spring of 1910, in sixty days, there was shipped 
out of Hickory alone thirteen cars of eggs. 

Annually, sometime in the fall, the Catawba County 
people have at Hickory, N. C. what is known as "A Free 
Street Fair." At this fair is exhibited all of the farm pro- 
ducts, and it has been said by people who have been around 
and have seen, that it is a credit to any county or state. At 
this fair is a poultry show which has been organized as the 
Catawba Poultry Association. And there you will see some 
of as fine birds as ever graced a show room, and the number 
exhibited is not a few. At the last show there was on 
exhibit five hundred, all the leading varieties being rep- 
resented. The show is wide open. Let everybody come. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 39 

The time is past for you to send out of the state for fancy 
poultry of any variety. You can get quality right here and 
in a few more years you can also get quantity. 

J. Morgan Hawn. 
Hickory, N. C, June 20, 1911. 



40 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

MANUFACTURING IN CATAWBA COUNTY 

Among all the industries of the county none have made 
greater strides than the manufacturing industries. In 1£61 
there were perhaps as many as six carders in the county, 
manufacturing wool into rolls to be spun on the "big" and 
"little" wheels, then to be woven into cloth on the loom, 
specimens of which may be found yet in the plunder rooms 
of 3Dn3 fanilias. 1331 foaad a few CDtton gins also. Now 
there are many of the most improved kinds. Then the 
county could claim but one little cotton manufacturing mill, 
now she levies taxes on eleven, some of which are not re- 
coned small. Then we found at many cross-roads, wagon 
and blacksmith shops, the work all done by hand. Now we 
find the Piedmont Wagon Co., at Hickory doing all the work 
by machinery, and turning out wagons at the rate of ten 
thousand per day— and the Bolick buggy shops at Conover, 
doing a wholesale business in the building of buggies. Then 
we had many little tanneries^ — taking twelve months to tan a 
hide. Now we have large tanneries doing the work by ma- 
chinery, and on short notice. In 1861 for the manufacture 
of lumber there were a few old sash saws, the limit of which 
was six or seven hundred feet per day. Now the improved 
mills saw thousands of feet per day. In 1861 the prepar- 
ation of this poorly sawed lumber for building was done by 
hand with the plane — now it is done wholly by machinery, 
nearly all mills running a planer and so on ad infinitum. 
Nothing in a material sense was done then as now. Look 
to the town history for information on the subject of manu- 
facturing, as well as other progress in other lines. One 
more, please. In 1861 there were few bricks made in the 
county. We will never forget the day when a boy, ten years 
old, Father wanted brick to build a chimney, and none to be 
had. He made a circle about twelve feet in diameter, dug a 
circle about two feet wide around to the sub-soil. Into this 
we threw red clay sub-soil, which came out of a cellar near 
by. Upon this we poured water obtained from a well, and 
prepared this for the moulds by riding horses around. This 
seems a little humiliating, but nevertheless true. Some of 
these bricks, though not good— may yet be seen on the old 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 41 

homestead today — 60 years old. Many other devices were 
resorted to by the then citizens, that seem impossible to the 
boys and girls of today. But we have given some to show 
the contrast of periods in which the "old soldier" lived. If 
the same advances are made in the next half century that 
have been made during the past fifty years, we wot not what 
will be. It has not its parallel in history. More progress 
in the arts, sciences, inventions, discoveries have been made 
in the past fifty years than since God said, "Let there be 
light" or Biblically 6000 years, or Geologically 30, COO or 
shall we conclude from this that there is in the world's history 
a great event just in sight? To the author, it portends some- 
thing, let that something be the "end of time"— the Milen- 
nium"- or what we know not— we have had the honor of 
having lived in the most remarkable age of the world's 
history. 



rw 



wrW' 




THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 43 



THE CITY OF HICKORY 

As the mind of the reader lingers loving'ly over the 
reminiscences of long ago recorded in this took, it is but 
natural that we should think in a retrospective Vvay of 
Hickory Tavern, then Hickory Station, and now the City of 
Hickory. A glance at the picture of the little old log cabin 
known as Hickory Tavern will enable the younger rtadtrs 
of this book to realize the conditions here when, in 1858, the 
deed for the first town lot sold in Hickory was made to 
Henry W. Link. In the spring of 1859 Mr. Link had the 
lumber on the lot, and in the fall of 1860, the first house in 
Hickory was completed by the contractor, Mr. Jackson J. 
Sigmon. It was a combination dwelling and store house. 
Henry Link and family moved in in the fall of 1860. The 
firm of Ellis, Link & Co. was organized, composed of Dr. J. 
R. Ellis, Henry Link and Wm. H. Ellis. Goods were bought 
in Philadelphia, and the first store was opened for business. 
Within the following year stores were opened by Levi Elias 
and Dr. A. D. Lindsay. There was no building done from 
1861 to 1865 on account of ths Civil war, except four com- 
missary buildings, built by the Confederate Government for 
packing and storing meats and grain for the Army. These 
buildings were very large, affording every facility for pack- 
ing and shipping. These were burned by Maj. E. M. Todd, 
C. S. A., in April, 1865, just before the Federal tioops 
entered the town. One hundred and forty barrels of 
whiskey, temporarily stored in one of the buildings, were 
burned; also, large quantities of corn and wheat, which had 
been collected as tithe. The payment of the tenth of every 
thing produced in the country by the women and children 
was a great sacrifice to the cause of the South. This tithe 
included wheat, corn, meats, hay, etc. The return of Con- 
federate soldiers in the spring of 1865 enabled them to plant 
for a crop. Anything that could be hitched to a plow was 
used, and the result was the best crop in years. In 1S60 
there were two stage lines, —one to Asheville, N. C, and 
one to Abingdon, Va. The Abingdon line was discon- 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



45 



tinued in 1861. The Ashe \^ille line was moved to the ter- 
minus of the Western N. C. railroad, a few miles West of 
Icard (now Connelly Springs), at which place "Camp 
Vance" was located. The first manufacturing plant estab- 
lished at Hickory Tavern, was the Piedmont Wagon Co. 
The manufacture of these wagons began at the Catawba 
Toll Bridge by Ramseur and Bonniwell. The plant was 
afterwards moved to Hickory Tavern, assuming its present 
name. From 1865 to 1870, the town became a good trade 
centre — especially for mountain produce. It was not unusual 




A BUSINESS BLOCK IN HICKORY 

in the latter part of the year to see forty to fifty wagons 
from Watauga and Caldwell counties, loaded with cabbage, 
apples, butter, cheese, beans, etc., on the streets. 

Having given in the above paragraph a few reminis- 
cences from Mr. A. C. Link, we cannot refrain from quoting 
from another of Hickory's prominent pioneers, Mr. A. A. 
Shuford: 

"If Mrs. Shuford were here, I wouldn't dare say what I 
am going to say. Thirty-one years ago I lived in a three- 
room house; but we added a room for every baby that came. 
Now we live in a fourteen-room house. This is typical of 
the towns growth. Thirty-one years ago the old Presby- 



46 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



terian church was the best church building- in town. Now 
all denominations have fine buildings. At that time there 
wasn't a brick building in town. Neither were there any 
street lights nor electric lights for the homes. Thirty-one 
years ago we hadn't heard of a telephone. The manager of 
our exchange here tells me they give between 3000 and 4000 
connections a day. Thirty-one years ago the pay-roll for 
labor here was about $4,000.00 per month. Now it is about 
$500,000.00 per year. Now we have two strong banking- 
institutions doing a big banking business. Then you may 
say there was no banking done. What little was done was 
done in Charlotte. Thirty years ago there wasn't a manu- 
facturing enterprise here worth mentioning. Now, our 
varied manufactured goods are shipped to every quarter of 
the globe." 

This little gl'mpse into the past, with the mental vision 
of pioneer work, closely followed by the dark days of the 
civil war, and the hardships and privations that followed, 
bring out in striking contrast the City of Hickory to-day. 
Bristling with activity, it has all the ear-marks of Western 
progressiveness. This feature is the first thing noticed by 
the new comer: the city is going ahead and planning for the 
future. And well it may. Nature has been lavish in many 
ways in supplying Catawba county with an abundance of 
natural resources, and the Hickory people are not burying 
any of their talents. The glorious climate alone is every 




'^if^ftsa^i 



BROOKFORD COTTON MILLS, NEAR HICKORY 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



47 




HICKORY MANUFACTURING CO., HICKORY 

year appealing more and more to people north, east and 
west, and the lure is irresistible. 

MANUFACTURING 



Hickory was cradled in a wagon bed. In 1880 it was 
selected as the site of an unpretentious shop, which was 
reorganized in 1889 and which has developed into the im- 
mense Piedmont wagon plant. Here the famous 
Piedmont and Hickory wagons are built direct 
from the forest. The plant covers 15 acres of ground and 
has a capacity of 10,000 wagons a year. 

Hickory, having thus been set a-going on wheels, has 
been rolling onward in a manufacturing career ever since. 
Lumber of every description floats this way in the seething 
flume of business, and it is not surprising to find the city a 
large woodworking centre. The Hickory Manufacturing 
Company, Hutton & Bourbonnais, and the Hickory Novelty 
Company, manufacture every kind of building material from 
the raw product into the finest of finish for mansion and 
cottage, and do a large domestic and foreign business. 
Everything needed for building may be had right here. 

There are three large cotton mills. The Brookford Cot- 
ton Mills manufacture sateens and scrim curtains. The Ivey 



48 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Mill Co. makes a high grade sateen, which goes almost ex- 
clusively into the lining of men's tailor-made coats. Tl e A. 
A. Sijford Mill Co, manufacture coarse yarns. 

The industries of the city are further diversified with 
the C. & N. W. R. R shops, two furniture factories, a pump 
factory, two tanneries, a collar factory, a harness factory, a 
ca'.i'.i:!r fa2tory, an ice plant, a foundry and machine shop, 
two hDsiary mills, a pickerstick and school desk factory, 
.'^team laundry and two roller mills. The money value of 




HICKORY NOVKLTY CO., HK^KOKY 

these factories is $1,850,000 and the annual output amounts 
to $2,250,030. Thay furnish employment to a large number 
of people. 

ELECTRICITY AND WATER POWERS 

H'ckory is on ths northwestern edge of a vast loop of 
th J electric transmission lines of the Southern Power Co. 
Mmy of the mills and factories use this power, handled 
locally by the Thornton Light and Power Co., the company 



50 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



which furnishes the city with its ample electric lights. In 
addition to this power which comes from the lower reaches 
of the Catawba, another development of 8000 Horse Power 
at Lookout Shoals, on the same river near Hickory, is under 
way. There are enough undeveloped water powers on the 
Catawba river within a few miles of the city to furnish 
power for scores of years to come. Industries are attracted 
by water powers as iron filings by a magnet, and che develop- 



^ f*^ ^J^ > 




iiiiiiaiiiiiimitififwiiftr ~ 



FIRST NATIONAL BANK, HICKORY 



ment of these powers is being definitely planned, assuring 
likewise local and interurban trolley lines in the near future. 

BUSINESS HOUSES 

Hickory is well supplied with business houses, including 
groceries, dry goods, hardware, furniture, stationery, mil- 
linery, restaurants and the like. Three finely equipped 
drug stores would do credit to a large city. Besides a neat 
opera house there is an auditorium capable of seating 1500 
people. Hickory is a large jobbing center with three whole- 
sale grocery houses and a grain and provision company. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 
BUILDING & LOAN 



51 



Th3 First Building and Loan Association in its 21sl year 
(1910 had 500,000 shares in force with loans of $115,(00. It 
pays 6 \)^r cent, compounded annually and free Ox taxes. A 



'^ofEL'HUFFRY 

H/CHO/fXN.C. 











larger percentage of people own their homes in Hickory, it 
is said, than in any other place for its size in the country, 
which confirms the fact that the building and loan associa- 
tion has don 9 more to build up the homes of the city than 
any other agancy. 

HOTELS 

The new Hotel Huffry stands almost on the site of the 



TEE OLD 
HICKORY 
TAVERN 




HICKORY S 

FIRST 
BUILDING 



old Hickory Tavern. A glance at the pictures of e?ch will 
illustrate the transformation which has taken place and 
which applies as well to almost every other departmicnt of 



52 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



the city's life. The Huffry is thoroughly equipped with 
modern eonveniencies and offers first-class accommodaticn 
to the tourist and the traveling public. 

The Marshall Hotel has been remodelled and makes a 
comfortable stopping place. Many good boarding places are 
to be found. 

BANKS 

Hickory has two banks. The First National has a capital 
and surplus of .^235,000 and is conservatively managed by 
men of ability and experience. It is one of the oldest insti- 
tutions in Western North Carolina, and has a tremendous 




HICKORY GRADED SCHOOLS 

business throughout this Piedmont section. 

The Hickory Banking & Trust Co is a State bank of $35,- 
000 capital stock and is a well managed institution, promising 
to play an important part in the development of the city. 

EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES 

Besides an excellent public school system noted for its 
insistence on thoroughness in fundamentals, Hickory has 
two higher institutions of learning. Claremont College is 
the institution for the higher education of women of the 
German Reformed Church, offering superior advantages and 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



53 



having a far-reaching reputation as a college home and for 
its splendid course in music. Lenoir College, Lutheran, 
with a high standard, a flexible curriculum, and an able aud 
finely trained faculty, is an institution where co-education 
is conducted under the best possible conditions. Itsdiplom.a 
is recognized by the leading colleges and uriversities of the 
country. All of these institutions have modern buildirgs 
situated on beautiful wooded campuses. 

In Hickory, education is possible under ideal conditions. 
The healthful and invigorating air is conducive to clearthink- 




FIRST METHODIST CHURCH, HICKORY 

ing, bringing out all there is in the student, while in low 
climates where malaria and miasma prevail, men and women 
are not capable of doing their best work. 

CHURCHES 

The Lutheran, German Reformed, Methodist, Baptist, 
Presbyterian and Episcopal Churches are all represented by 
strong congregations and most of them have beautiful houses 
of worship. 

RAILROADS 

The Southern Railway divides the city in halves and may 
well be said to be the mother of the town. The date of ccm- 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




i I i' ' jHifc 



PRESBYTERIAxX CHURCH, HICKORY 

pletion of the railroad to this place some 50 years ago is also 
the data of the birth of the town, which grew up under the 
fostering influence of this great artery of trade. From two mix- 
ed trains a day the number of passenger trains has ircreased 
to six and the freights to almost a continual stream of load- 
ed cars. 

This road running east and west climbs the mountairs, 
winding around and doubling back on itself about the coves 
and peaks of Round Knob, until, nearirg the top, it tunnels 




FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH, HICKORY 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



55 



the Blue R'dge and finds itself perched high on theAsheville 
plateau. This piece of railroad engineering has for years 
been the admiration of all travelers and this scenery the de- 
light of every lover of the beautiful. 

The rapid increase in traffic within the last eight years 
has necessitated the change of the Carolina & Northwestern 
from a narrow gauge to a standard gauge system of impor- 
tance in the Carolinas, Coming up from the South, with 4 




GERMAN REFORMED CHURCH, HICKORY 

passenger trains (making 10 passenger trains daily on both 
roads) it pierces to the very heart of the Blue Ridge, afford- 
ing easy access to the Switzerland of America, whose scenery 
is unsurpassed in this or foreign country. 

STREETS AND GOOD ROADS 

The principal streets of Hickory are laid in tarred ma- 
cadam and the county roads are worked according to m.cdern 
methods. The general awakening of the whole country to 
the importance of good roads finds a responsive echo here. 



56 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



Under the leadership of a progressive good road asssociation, 
the county commissioners in 1910 levied a special road tax 
for road working purposes. Hickory is in the path of the 
Salisbury to Asheville Highway, a proposed automobile route 
paralleling the Southern Railway and branching off at Salis- 
bury from the great North and South Highway between 
New York and Atlanta. 




HOLY TRINITY LUTHERAN CHURCH, HICKORY 

At Hickory there is another branch leading to the Blow- 
ing Rock and Linville section, before mentioned, where fine 
pikes are already the delight of the autoist. 

CLIMATE 

The mild climate, free from extremes, and the high 
altitude make this place peculiarly healthful. It is free alike 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



57 



from irritating cold and depressing heat; from chille-blains 
on the one hand and malaria on the other. The porous, 
sandy soil gives fine drainage and causes quick drying of 
the surface. 

Thus located there is nothing to hinder the developm.ent 
of the best energies of him who would do things. Here the 
weak grow strong in breathing the healthful ozone of a pure 
and invigorating atmosphere. Of this many can testify. 
This book might easily be filled with enthusiastic testimonials. 

WATER SUPPLY 

Hickory has a remarkably pure water supply, brought 
in the first place from a mountain stream and then filtered 




PARK SCENE, HICKORY 

in one of the most modern and complete filtering plants. 
The water is analyzed every 3D days and no case of sickness 
has ever been traced to it. The State chemist invariably says 
in his report "good water." 

The best of fire protection, guided by a well trained 
volunteer department, is afforded. The city is also supplied 
with an up-to-date sewer system. 

THE CREAMERY AND THE BACK COUNTRY 

Dairying is one of the most profitable industries of the 
south, and the back country surrounding Hickory is well 
adapted for this purpose. The ne-v Creamery here solves 
the problem of market. Their route wagons gather up the 
cream from the individual farmers and an expert converts 



58 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

the butter fat into a gilt edged butter that finds a ready sale 
at a high price. It is the aim of the U. S. Agricultural De- 
partment to have one Creamery in the United States upon 
whose product they can put their seal of approval as being 
absolutely free from tuberculosis germs. The Hickory Cream- 
ery has been selected, and before this reaches the eye of the 
reader, the Hickory Creamery butter will have a name and 
fame that will mean an excess of demand over the supply. 

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 

And now a word about the Chamber of Commerce, com- 
posed, as it is, of the leading men of the city. There are 



L^ « 


BK^ 


BbIP^ ^^^^jObB^H 


^^■ElH 


■mH 


IMUII^H 




P 





CATAWBA RIVER, NEAR HICKORY 



about 200 members of this organization, each man with his 
coat off working for the upbuilding of Hickory. They are 
imbued, too, with the same whole-hearted spirit of comba- 
tiveness that the rank and file of the Confederate army were 
noted for. They believe in Hickory and its future, and they 
are not at all slow in letting you know their belief. It is 
composed of men from the north, south, east and west— old 
residents and new comers — all working for the same goal, a 
Greater Hickory. The opening banquet scene at the last 
annual meeting of the Chamber of Commerce, is perhaps, 
indicative of the Hickory motive, when the entire assembly 
rose to their feet and sang "Hickory's Booster Song" (com- 
posed by A. K. Joy for the occasion) to the inspiring air 
of "Dixie." 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 59 

Old Hickory's the best in the Old North State, 
There's room for you if you're not too late, 
Come along! come along! come along! come along! 
There's no use talking, we set the pace; 
We're sure enough winners in the friendly race. 
Come along! come along! come along! come along! 

CHORUS 

Then three times three for Hickory, Hurrah! Hurrah! 
Then three times three for Hickory, 

We never say die in Hickory. 
Come along, come along, come along with us to Hick'ry. 
Come along, come along, come along with us to Hick'ry. 

We point with pride to nineteen ten. 

We'll never be classed as a "might-have-been." 

Come along! come along! come along! come along! 

So, we'll all join hands for the years to come, 

Resolved to make our old town hum. 

Come along! come along! come along! come along! 



60 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



NEWTON, N. C. 

When the last Yankee rode out of Newton in April, 
1865, the now prosperous and growing county seat of 
Catawba was but a straggling village, with two or three 
"stores" and few dwellings. The untouched forests en- 
croached closely on the town, and where today are homes, 
business hou3es,and busy factories, there stood thick growth 





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CATAWBA COUNTY COURT HOUSE, NEWTON, N. C. 



of pine and oak. The town was established in 1843, when 
the county was erected out of Lincoln county. It is there- 
fore 68 years old. 

Newton has had slow growth, but substantial progress 
has been made f .'om year to year, until now, the community 
has reached that point where more rapid development may 
be expected. The census of 1911 gives the town 2,316 popu- 
lation. The census came at an inopportune time for Newton, 
because many people had left during the business depression 
which stopped the factories and created dull times. Nor- 
mally, Newton has 3,000 people. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



61 



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.\.„.HODIST CHURCH, NEWTON, N. C. 

All these people are industrious, law-abiding- citizens. 
Thare are few loafers. They are engaged in manufacturing 
chiefly, but there are the usual other departments of activity. 




GERMAN REFORMED CHURCH, NEWTON, N. C. 



62 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

The main industries are three cotton mills, two making- yarn 
exclusively, and one making both yarn and cloth. Over 300 
operatives find employment and the product of the mills runs 
into the hundreds of thousands annually. Another very 
valuable industry is a hosiery mill, which employs about 100 
operatives at good wages. Besides these industries there 
are flouring mills, wood-working plants, machine shops, a 
recently organized cotton seed oil mill, with $20,000 capital, 
cotton gins, laundry, bakery, ice plant, etc. 

The manufacturing plants enjoy the modern blessing of 




PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, NEWTON, N. C. 

unlimited electric power, furnished by the Southern Power 
Company, which has a sub-station here, and which furnishes 
lights for the city, streets, etc. Coupled with this advantage 
are the excellent railway facilities furnished by the Southern 
Railway and the Carolina & Northwestern Railroad. Cheap 
power, good shipping facilities, abundant labor of the best 
class, low taxes, and plenty of suitable sites for plants, com- 
bine to make the town a very attractive point for manufac- 
turers. 

In addition to the manufacturing interests, the town 
contains a large number of substantial and prosperous busi- 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



63 




LUTHERAN CHURCH, NEWTON, N. C. 

ness establishments. There is a constantly growing whole- 
sale grosery, up-to-date furnishing stores, dry goods, hard- 
ware, drug stores, etc, ; two strong banks with ample capital. 




GKADE1> SCHOOL, NLVVTON, N. C. 



64 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



and thousands of deposits; three tip-top hotels, two news- 
papers, and all those various odds and ends that go to make 
up a complete, modern town. 

The town in the recent past built granolithic pavements 
and improved its streets, constructed a water system, get- 
ting water from wells; built a sewer system, established a 
fine graded school and perfected an electric light system that 




BAPTIST CHURCH, NEWTON, N. C. 

is as good as that of any city. And, notwithstanding all these 
imDrovemBnts, the tax rate of the town is without question 
lowar than in any other town in the state where modern im- 
provements have been made. 

The location of the town is admirable. Situated upon a 
high ridge, there is natural drainage, hence public health is 
exceptionally good. For miles around the town in every 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 65 

direction stretch fertile farm lands peopled by progressive 
farmsrs, who raise abundant crops of everything that grows 
in the wonderful Piedmont section of North Carolina; and 
thus the town has an opulent "back country" from which 
to draw business. 

In developing all these varied resources, Newton has not 
neglected other phases of life. The leading denominations 
all have attractive church structures and large membership. 
The ministry of the town is exceptionally strong, and is liber- 
ally supported. Catawba College, whose history covers over 
a half century of inestimable service, is located here, and has 
had great influence on the life of the community. The moral 
standard of the community is high, and many of those evils 
which exist in the towns of today are conspicious only be- 
cause they are absent. There is a strong sentiment for the 
enforcement of law and the maintenance of order and de- 
cency. 

The social side of life has not been neglected. There are 
women's clubs and various societies. Fraternal orders, that 
include all the leading organizations,have large membership. 
A commercial body, after the pattern of a chamber of com- 
merce, or board of trade, has done much for the development 
of the business interests, and an outgrowth of that is a club 
with attractive quarters, which has for its object social en- 
joyment and recreation. 

While the great number of the people are possessed of 
only moderate property, they all live well. There are no 
paupers, and the community numbers among its citizens seve- 
ral that are quite wealthy, so that Newton is able to finance 
almost any commercial undertaking that may come up. All 
welcome the stranger, the home-seeker, the investor; 
and will lend themselves to inducing such to cast their lot 
with Newtonians. 



66 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



MAIDEN 



Maiden had its genesis in the building of the Chester and 
Lenoir Narrow Gauge R. R. (Now the C. & N. W.) About 
the time rails were begun to be laid north of Lincolnton, the 
Carpenters began the building of a cotton mill. It was this 
cotton mill which formed the neuclus for the town. From 
the few families gathered together to furnish operatives for 
this first cotton mill, the town has grown until now it num- 
bers about 1500 inhabitants. 

The cotton mill industry, one of the principal industries 
of the town, has grown from one mill to three (One of the 
three being located just outside the town limits) and in addi- 
tion, the town has a splendid flour mill, two cotton gins, two 
lumber finishing plants, two blacksmith shops, two barber 
shops, printing office, drug store, hardware store, furniture 
store and undertaker's establishment, bank and eight general 
merchandise stores. The town's growth has never been spas- 
modic. The past two years have evidenced marked internal 
improvements. 

The Baptist, Methodist, Lutheran and Reformed denomi- 
nations have Churches, each with a resident pastor, though 
neither congregation supports a pastor for full time. 

South Fork Institute, the school of the South Fork Bap- 
tist Association, is located here. This school not only at- 
tracts students from a number of counties in this State, but 
other States are also represented in its student body. Dur- 
ing the past year, a splendid modern four-room public school 
building was erected, and the future will no doubt reveal an 
increased interest and enthusiasm in public education. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 67 



LENOIR COLLEGE, HICKORY, N. C. 

In the year 1875, theLutheransof the Tennessee Synod— 
especially those in Catawba County, N. C. began to agitate 
the question of establishing a school. In July, 1877, they 
inaugurated Concordia High School at Conover, N. C. This 
Institution, which was converted into acollege and chaitered 
in 1881, was under the control of an association of Lutheran 
pastors and congregations in connection with theE. L. Tenn- 
essee Synod. In 1883, this Synod took Concordia College 
under its fostering care, and it remained nominally in this 
relation till 1892. 

In the year 1890, the beautiful and valuable site now 
occupied by Lenoir College was offered to the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod by Col. J. G. Hall, Trustee. This 
offer was rejected in a called session of Synod held in St. 
James Church near Newton, N. C, December 26—27, 1890. 

In 1891, the Rev. R. A. Yoder, D. D., J. C. Moser, D. D., 
W. P. Cline and A. L. Crouse, backed by certain laymen, ac- 
cepted from Col. J. G. Hall, Trustee, the site now occupied 
by Lenoir College, and obligated themselves under bond to 
expend not less than $10,000 in the establishment of acollege 
on said site. The Institution was opened September 1, 1891, 
in the old academy building under the title of Highland Col- 
lege, the Rev. R. A. Yoder, D. D., President. January 4, 
1892, it was chartered under the laws of the State of North 
Carolina as Lenoir College, this name being chosen in honor 
of Col. Walter W. Lenoir, the honored of the spLndid college 
site and the grounds adjoining. 

In 1895, the E. L. Tennessee Synod adopted Lenoir Col- 
lege as its own Institution; and, in 1899, assumed the financial 
obligation for the current expenses of the College. All the 
college property belongs to the Synod and is under the man- 
agement of a board of Trustees who hold the property in 
trust for the Synod. Lenoir College is Concordia College 
transferred, continued, and enlarged. 

The Administration Building was erected in 1892, at a 
cost of $20,000. 




LENOIR COLLEGE, HICKORY, N. C. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 69 

In 1891, President Yoder having resigned, the Rev. R. 
L. Fritz, Professor of Mathematics and Physics in Elizabeth 
College, Charlotte, N. C, v^^as elected President. 

In 1902, Oakview Hall, the dormitory for young women, 
was built at a cost of $6,000; and, in 1906, Highland Hall, 
the new dormitory for young men, was erected at a cost of 
$17,000. 

In 1910, the congregation, assisted by the Synod com- 
pleted St. Andrews Church, the fourth building on the Cam- 
pus, at a cost of $8,000. 

A conservative estimate of the present value of the en- 
tire college plant is $100,000. 

The location of Lenoir College is most fortunate— near 
the mountains, 1200 feet above sea-level and free from Ma- 
laria — ^in a fine College Park on the eastern border of the 
beautiful, progressive City of Hickory. 

Whilst founded and operated by the Lutherans, Lenoir 
College is non-sectarian, and is designed to afford to all who 
seek if a liberal culture upon Christian principles and under 
Christian influences. 

Lenoir College is a high-grade, positive church institu- 
tion with courses of study as comprehensive and thorough 
as those of the best schools in our country doing similar 
work. A. B. graduates of Lenoir College are admitted to 
Graduate Work in the University of North Carolina without 
examination, and complete M. A. Courses in one year. 

Lenoir College offers two courses— the Classical and the 
Scientific — with electives, leading to the A. B. degree. 

The following Departments with full four year courses, 
under able teachers are maintained: The Lenoir College Con- 
servatory of Music— piano- forte. Violin, Voice, orchestra, 
chorus— , the Art Department, and the Expression Depart- 
ment. 

The Hickory Business College is operated in connection 
with the College, and a Preparatory Department offering two 
years of work below the Freshman year is maintained. 

The Faculty numbers 15. Each teacher must be a 
graduate of a first-class college and must have had successful 
teaching experience and ample post-graduate work in one 



70 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

or more of our leading Universities in the subjects taught 
by him. 

The average enrollment for the last ten years was 205. 
These young men and young women came from the best 
families in our towns and country and constitute a student 
personel of which the College is justly proud. Through 
them the college exerts a great influence and has a large part 
in the development and upbuilding of our section. 

Merit measures success and deteimines standirg at 
Lenoir College. Work, thorough work and right living is the 
ideal. 

The Institution is under the supervision of the Beard of 
Trustees. The students in all departments are governed by 
the Faculty. A high estimate of character and love of the 
right is inculcated. Good order and thorough work are main- 
tained. 

The principal of student self-government has been prac- 
ticed successfully at Lenoir College for three years. 

A Student Commission composed of a representative 
elected from each College Class, and a President and Secre- 
tary chosen by the entire student body, constitute the lower 
court of our system of government. The Superintendent of 
Highland Hall is ex-officio member of the Student Commission. 
This Commission is recognized by the Faculty and Board as 
part of the College Executive, and its findings stand, unless 
reversed on appeal to the Faculty or Board. 

The College has only $3, 000 endowment; but, when neces- 
sary, it is assisted by appropriations from the E. L. Tennessee 
Synod for current expenses. 

The College has nine Ministerial Student Scholarships 
which are awarded by the Board of Trustees, and there are 
ten Private Individual Scholarships. 

Lenoir College is an educational institution- not a money- 
making enterprise. She offers her advantages at cost. She 
is the College of the "average man". The average student 
cannot pay profits on his educational advantages. No true 
school pays money dividends. Here every dollar procures a 
full hundred cents worth of teaching ability and equipment; 
and every student is given the most possible in return for 
his time and money. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 71 

Board is given at cost on a hi^'hly successful co-operative 
plan. The dormitories are among the best in the South, hav- 
ing electric lights, steam heat, and city water and sewerage. 
The average cost of partly furnished room, board, heat, light, 
etc., is, in Oakview Hall, $8.50 a month, and in Highland Hall, 
$9.50 a month. 

Tuition for the nine months session is, for the regular 
College Courses or the complete Business Course, $40, and 
for Music, Art or Expression, $27. 

There is an Incidental Fee of $3 a session, a matricula- 
tion Fee of $1., and a Contingent Deposit of $2.00. 

The present outlook for Lenoir College is the brightest 
in her history. The Synod to which she belongs is more in- 
terested and active than ever before. The Board of Trustees 
is most capable and progressive. A high standing and a good 
name have been achieved. Far reaching plans for immediate 
development are being prosecuted. 

The Rev. C. Luther Miller, the College Field Secretary, 
is busy gathering the Synodical Endowment of $100,000. The 
consolidation of the Lutheran Educational interests in North 
Carolina is in fair way of consummation. Plans showing pro- 
posed improvements of the College Campus, and locations for 
seven new buildings have been submitted by a landscape 
architict. It is expected that the Science Building will be 
erected and many other much needed improvements made 
during the vacation of 1911. 

The forces are lining up, interest and enthusiasm deep- 
en, the march is on, the watchword. Greater Lenoir College 
in this Generation! 

It is a significant fact that five of the members of the 
first Board of Trustees of Lenoir College were Confederate 
Veterans— Col. J. G. Hall, S. E. Killian, Esq., Jacob S. Lipe, 
John M. Arndt, and Hon. George W. Rabb, the last two hav- 
ing lost each a leg on the field of battle. These men have 
been large contributors to the development of the College, 
the largest bequest yet received being that of the J. S. Lipe 
estate amounting to about $8,000. 

Lenoir College is by and of and for Confederate Veterans, 
their children and children's children. 

March 29, 1911. R. L. Fritz. 



72 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



HISTORICAL SKETCH OF CATAWBA COLLEGE 

Catawba College, situated at Newton, N. C, was the 
offspring of an impelling necessity that existed in the Re- 
formed Church in the South in the early days of our national 
life. She came into being during the fierce struggle for 
denominational existence, and for sixty years has rendered 
invaluable services to the cause of religion, of education, and 
of civic righteousness. 

As a denominational institution, founded by descendants 
of Reformed people from the North, her relation to the Church 
at large has been close and intimate. The immigration into 
Western North Carolina from Pennsylvania of Reformed 
families, together with Lutherans, Moravians, Quakers and 
Presbyterians, began about 1745. In 1775, these families 
constituted a strong element in the population of the state on 
a line from Hillsboro to Morganton. Numerous large Ger- 
man Bibles, prayer books, hymn books, volumes of sermons, 
catechisms, old churches, deeds for church sites and old 
church registers, bear ample testimony to their piety and to 
their loyality to the faith of their fathers. Indeed, their per- 
sistent devotion is wonderful. For about one hundred years 
they kept the fire burning on the altar with only now and 
then a minister from the Coetus of mother Synod, with no 
school in which to educate their young people, and with no 
classical tie to bind them together. The earnest appeals from 
elders sent frohn individual congregations, or from several 
combined, to the Synod in Pennsylvania brought several 
godly missionaries from the North during these years, but 
the supply at home was inadoquate and few could be spared 
for this missionary field. Often the congregations had no 
pastoral care for many years at a time. 

In 1831, the scattered congregations in the state were 
gathered into charges and the classis of North Carolina was 
organized with three pastors and two elders. From this time 
forth the churches grew and multiplied, but as they did so, 
the need of an institution of learning became more and more 
imperative. In 1849, at an annual meeting at St. Matthew's 



74 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Church in Lincoln county, the managers of the "Loretz Bene- 
ficiary fund", named in honor of the Rev. Andrew Loretz 
who hgiLendeared himself to the churches in North Carolina, 
jcussed the difficulties of travel on the part of our ycurg 
men to our schools in Pennsylvania, where upon the late 
Judge M. L. McCorkle suggested: "Why not found a college 
of our own in our midst?" This was the birth of Catawba 
College. 

The idea was inspiring, and in the fall of 1851 Catawba 
College opened in the "Old Academy Building" in Newton. 
On December 17, 1852, the college was formally chartered by 
the state legislature. Professor Charles H. Albert, the first 
president and Prof. H. H. Smith, father of Governor Hoke 
Smith of Georgia, the former from Pennsylvania, the latter 
from New Hampshire, took charge and soon a large body of 
noble young men made Newton a lively village. 

In a few years, buildings were erected and a library and 
some apparatus procured. But the scholarship plan on which 
the school was started failed to furnish sufficient funds, and 
after graduating one student-Daniel Wilfong — the curriculum 
was suspended and the school was continued by private en- 
terprise until 1859, when Rev. A. S. Vaughan was elected 
president, and the late Rev. J. C. Clapp, D. D., professor of 
languages. Tradition says that pledges for an endowment 
of $30,000 were secured and another prosperous beginning 
was made in the Fall of 1860. All went well until the war 
clouds came in 1861 when the young men went to the tented 
field, and ruined fortunes swept away the promised endow- 
ment, thus remanding the school once more to private enter- 
prise. A successful Academy was, however, maintained 
during the war and a commanding High School followed 
immediately after the war, which, for about twenty ye? is 
sustained the reputation of the palmy days of the beginning. 
In 1885, the curriculum was resumed and classes of young 
men and young women have been regularly graduated ever 
since, the institution having become co-educaticnal in 1889. 

The success of the college since that time and the value 
of her services to church and state are amply attested by the 
long list of graduates who have gone into the ministry in our 
own and in sister denominations, and by the numerous pro- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 75 

fessional and business men who have attained to eminence 
and achieved success. Among these are two State Superin- 
tendents of Public Instruction, one Congressman, Judge of 
the Superior Court of North Carolina, two College Presidents 
and a large number of physicians, lawyers and teachers of 
both sexes in pulpit, private and church institutions, 

PRESIDENTS 

The following have served as Principal or President of 
Catawba College: 

C. H. Albert, A. B.. of Marshall College, 1851-1852. 

H. H. Smith, A. B., of Bowdoin, 1852-i855. 

C. W. Smythe, A. B., of Bowdoin. 1855-1859. 

A. S. Vaughn, of Franklin & Marshall. 1859-1861. 

J. C. Clapp, A. B., of Amherst. 1861-1900. 

C. H. Mebane. A. B.. of Catawba College, 1900-1904. 

G. A. Snyder, A. B., of Heidleberg University. 1904-1908. 

W. R. Weaver, A. M.. of Franklin & Marshall, Pro. 
Tern. (Dean), 1910. 



76 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



CLAREMONT COLLEGE 

Claremont College had its conception in a desire of the 
Reformed congregation of Hickory to provide a school in 
which the girls of the church might be educated. Prior to 
this time no ample provision had been made by the church 
in North Carolina for the education of the girls. 

A meeting to consider the establishment of such a school 
was held in the home of Mrs. John Wllfong on April 24th, 
1880. At this meeting definite action was taken and it was 
decided to start such a school and in order to execute the 
plans it was daterminsd to secure from H. W. Robinson an 
aiiitional lot on which a chirc'i c^ild b3 erested and to use 
the building then occupied by the Reformed congregation 
for school purposes. 

Subsequent meetings were held in which the principal 
movers were: Dr. Jeremiah Ingold, J. F. Murrill, W. P. 
Reinhardt, A. C. Link, A. D. Shuford, A. A. Shuford, F. D. 
Ingold and Mrs. Wilfong. Many of these meetings were 
held in the office of F. D. Ingold. 

About this time the Rev. Samuel R. Fisher, D. D., Edi- 
tor of the Reformed Church Messenger, visited Dr. Ingold. 
The purpose of establishing such a school was called to the 
attention of Dr. Fisher, who on his return to Philadelphia, 
wrote several articles about his trip South and mentioned 
Hickory as a desirable place for such a school as the church 
had decided to establish. 

These articles attracted the attention of the Rev. A. S. 
Vaughn, who had formerly been president of Catawba Col- 
lege, Newton, North Carolina. After some correspondence* 
Mr. Vaughn came south and met the trustees on July 10th, 
1880. Mr. Vaughn was enthusiastic, if not visionary, and 
prevailed upon the prime movers to enlarge their plans and 
establish a school which would comprehend in its patronage 
this entire section of country. To do this it must be unde- 
nominational. Lending themselves to Mr. Vaughn's idea, 
the interested parties solicited the co-operation of the entire 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 77 

town of Hickory in the new enterprise, however reserving 
one saving clause for the church in the charter, and that 
was that a majority of the trustees must be members of the 
Reformed church. All might be, but a majority must be. 

The entire community became interested in the school, 
and among the most active, in addition to those mentioned 
above, were Messrs. J. G. Hall, R. B. Davis, N. M. Seagle, 
and all the denominations having congregations in Hickory 
were represented on the board of trustees. 

A tract of land was secured from H. W. Robinson. 
Two deeds were made by Mr. Robinson. The first deed 
stipulated that the consideration should be the education of 
the daughters of John W. Robinson, grand-daughter of H. 
W. Robinson. This deed was made in 1880. Another deed 
was made a year later and the amount paid was about the 
price land was selling for at that time and this is a straight 
quick claim deed. There can be no question about the title 
to the property. 

The school was organized and formerly opened in the 
fall of 1880 with Mr. Vaughn as president. Mr. Vaughn 
had associated with him a most excellent faculty. 

The school from the standpoint of efficiency of work 
was a decided success, but the ideals were not realized. Mr. 
Vaughn resigned and the policy of the trustees was to lease 
the school to any worthy party whom they could secure. 
This brought to the school some most worthy men, and a 
degree of success, but the school lacked stability and per- 
manency. 

Finally in 1907, the trustees tendered the property to 
the Classis of North Carolina, Reformed Church in the 
United States, and after due consideration the church 
accepted the school. To harmonize with the change, the 
charter was amended by the legislature of 1908-09 so that 
the Classis of North Carolina elects two-thirds of the 
trustees and this two-thirds elects the other third. Should 
the Classis fail to maintain the school, then the property 
reverts to Corinth Reformed Congregation of Hickory, which 
congregation would elect trustees who would manage the 
school. 

The location of the school is ideal. The campus consists 



78 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

at present of seventeen acres of land shaded by native 
trees. The buildings are large and well adapted to schcol 
purposes. 

The school stands for the education of the girls separate 
and distinct from the boys. The founders believed that it 
vv^as best not to have co-education. In harmony with that 
view the school is run today, and the course of study is 
arranged especially for the girls. 

The departments of study usually found in schools of 
this class are maintained. Much stress is laid upon the 
study of the English language. 

Claremont has always maintained a high standard in 
music, and that standard was never higher than at the 
present time. 

The faculty is always selected with care, as the manage- 
ment believes that the faculty makes the school. 

At present the Rev. Joseph L. Murphy, D. D., is presi- 
dent. Other teachers are Rev. J. H. Keller and wife. Miss 
Margaret Hoffman. Miss Frankie Self, Miss Grace Wrren, 
Miss Elizabeth Bost and Signor D'Anna and wife. 

The girls board in the building and enjoy the comforts 
of a well established home. The cost is far less than at most 
schools of this character. 

The success of the present year would indicate a career 
of usefulness and an era of orosperity for Claremont College. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 79 



CONCORDIA COLLEGE AND CONOVER, N. C. 

When it comes to a recital of the facts concerning the 
founding and growth of a school and the village in wl ich it is 
situated, proneness to say too much, and the fault of not say- 
ing enough, are far from being pleasant companions of a pen 
having a disposition to be fair. However, to relate the plain, 
simple facts as they have occurred from year to year, and 
that without bias or exaggeration, is a happy middle-ground 
for the narrator. So then, with that intention, it is with 
pleasure that we give the following sketch of a quiet village 
— Conover— a Catawba hamlet, inhabited by a very quiet 
people. 

Loeatai upon a "bench" nearly in the center of Catawba 
ounty, in the celebrated Piedmontsectionof North Carolina, 
and in Newton Township, is Conover, a village of about five 
hundreds inhabitants. This place had its beginnings in the 
year 1871, when Mr. Francis Smyer, of Catawba county, 
purchased of Mr. Pink Spencer a lot situated at the "Y, " 
that is, at the point where the trains on the Southern Rail- 
way had a branch line leading over to Newton. The "Y" 
of course served as a turn-table for trains going either north 
or south. Mr. Spencer had obtained his lands from a large 
tract owned by the Hermans, who lived at or near by the 
present site of Conover. Then Mr. J. Q. Sietz, a builder of 
railway cars at Columbia, S. C, acquired a large tract of the 
HBrmai lands, a portion of which he improved. 

Mr. Francis Smyre's house situated as it was, at the 
"Y, " soon acquired popularity because of the accommoda- 
tions it afforded for travelers who preferred to rest at the 
"Y" while their train backed over to Newton, three miles 
away and returned. 

To Mrs. Wheisiger, of Morganton, a lady of good pre- 
sence and ideals, is given the credit of changing the name 
of the "Y," or the "Junction," to the name "Conover," 
after the name of a family residing somewhere in the North, 
probably in Ohio. Mrs. Wheisiger was ably sustained in her 



80 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

choice of a name for the new town by Mrs. A. D. Hollar and 
Mrs. J. Q. Sietz, and their choice prevailed. 

The little hotel and boarding-house of Mr. and Mrs. 
Smyer soon sug-gested to a number of persons living in the 
neighborhood that at the "Y, " or at Conovei', as it was now 
beginning to be called, would be a good location for a general 
store, and, accordingly, a building was erected and a stock 
of goods procured by Messrs. Townsend, McCreery and Fin- 
ger. This undertaking meeting with success others in a 
little while came up from the surrounding country and open- 
ed shops or stores, and so such firms arose as Henkel, Lippard 
& Reitzel; Cline, Roseman & Co.; Smith, Hunsucker & Co. 
(later. Smith Bros,); Smith, Yount&Co., who manufactured 
sash, doors and blinds, dressed lumber, and built a number 
of houses in Conover. 

There were others connected with these enterprises 
but space forbids mentioning them. Among the first to erect 
dwellings were J. S. Schell, Geo. Brady, J. Q. Rowe, Alex 
McCreery, Noah Townsend and "Doc" Davis, by trade a 
carpenter. The stores and shops were for the most part 
built close by the boarding-house, and all fronted upon the 
Oxford Ford road which led to Newton. Sometimes the 
store buildings served for dwellings, but in no great while 
the merchants and factory men built dwellings near their 
stores, or wherever they could obtain building lots near by. 
However, from the beginning, lots were difficult to obtain, 
the owners of the Herman lands, as well as those who came 
into possession of the Sietz estate, not being disposed to 
sell; and we are told that this has been the chief reason why 
Conover has never been able to grow — to expand, for not 
every new town is able to build in the air after the sky- 
scraper method of expansion. 

Along with the several enterprises mentioned, followed 
the building of a burr mill near the "Junction." The rail- 
road company had already built a depot and the mill was 
placed but a few yards below it, leaving a public drive- way 
between. The proprietors of this mill were Messrs, M. J. 
Rowe and S. G. Schell. Later, in addition to flour, meal 
etc., the company manufactured lumber and ginned cotton. 
In 1897 Messrs. Schell & Herman sold out to a company, the 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 81 

head of which is the present proprietor, Mr. S. S. Re we. 
New machinery for making a high grade product was install- 
ed, and today Conover flour enjoys a wide distribution and 
sale. 

Another enterprise which has done much toward im- 
proving Conover is the Picker Stick and Handle factory, 
owned and run by Mr. Jonas Hunsucker, a leading farmer 
and formerly a merchant in Conover. Large quantities of 
hickory timber are annually worked up in this mill and the 
finished product sent to northern markets where it finds a 
ready sale. 

Conover has had a post ofl^ce for years, the first post- 
master being Noah Townsend. The town was also incorpor- 
ated in 1877 and Captain Peter F. Smith was elected the first 
Mayor. A small jail, constructed of wood, stands near by 
the site of the old depot, but happy to relate the lock is piti- 
fully rusty and the threshold unworn. A constable, (and 
this completes the list of officers), is responsible for order 
in the town, and he is also the tax collector. The present 
postmaster is Mr. J. L. Isenhower, and Capt. P. F. Smith 
is the Mayor, while the office of Constable and tax-collector 
is held by another Civil War veteran, Mr. J. P. Spencer. 

Early in the 80's, after a lively fight in the Legislature, 
Newton succeeded in having the railroad moved so as to pass 
by that town. This change necessitated the moving of the 
track from the eastern to the western side of Conover, the 
location it now occupies, and here a new depot was built at 
once. The change appears not to have injured Conover in 
any way only it cut ofi" the fond hopes of a number who had 
longed to see Conover become the County seat- a hope and 
desire that was but natural in view of a number of consider- 
ations which were patent to all. The new depot was built 
in 1889. The old depot formerly erected on the east side, 
after weathering the elements for many years, was finally 
torn down in 1908. 

The blacksmith shop was one of the early enterprises be- 
gun in Conover, and it has remained, that of Mr. Elkana 
Eckard being one of the first and most important. 

T'a3 shops of M3S3rs Jarom? B:)lick & Sons are located just 
without the limits of Conover, upon the Newton road, Mr. 



82 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Bolick is the inventor of the Conover spring steel wheel for 
buggies, pony carts, and carriages. The firm is widely ad- 
vertised. 

Near the Conover Roller Mills is the plant of Messrs. 
Yount and Schell, established about ten years ago. This firm 
has installed equipment for ginning cotton, for sawing and 
dressing lumber, for the manufacture of shingles, and also 
for the manufacture of cane sorghum. 

A number of the early business enterprises have long 
since been discontinued. Besides those mentioned, the chief 
business houses now are those of Messrs. P. E. Isenhower 
& Son, J. A. Yount, Hunsucker & Simmons, for general 
merchandise; L. F. Hunsucker, hardware, and the groceries 
of E. A, Herman and A. L. Barger. Dr. D. McD. Yount's 
drug store was established years ago and has proved a valu- 
able necessity and convenience both for Dr. Yount in his 
practice, and for the town and community in general. The 
office of Dr. F. L. Herman, a leading physician of Catawba 
county, is located at his home in Conover. 

From the beginning, Conover appears to have been alei t 
to the needs of education and educational facilities. At the 
beginning of the 70's we find Rev. Adolphus Yount and Rev. 
J. M. Smith teaching a small school in the little dwelling, 
still to be seen just beyond the limits of Conover, on the Ox- 
ford Ford road, and near Poplar springs. Soon after, about 
the year 1873, the school was moved within what are now 
the limits of the town, being located at or near where the 
dwelling of Mr. B. A. He'vitt stands, and we are told was 
taught by John Moser, Rev. R. A. Yoder and others for 
several years. Dr. P. C. Henkel also took an interest in the 
work though being unable to give his time to the school as 
teacher. Thus from these beginnings came the larger and 
greater idea about the year 1875, from congregations of the 
Lutheran church of the Tennessee Synod, to establish a high 
school in the central part of the county. Delegates then 
from those congregations desiring the school held meetings, 
and at last decided that it was the wish of all interested to 
found such a school at Conover, and the people there showed 
their appreciation of the decision by subscribing nearly $2,- 
500 for the school buildings. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 83 

By 1877 the contract for the college had been let (to 
Messrs. J. P. Cline and Alfred Huffman) and completed 
ready for occupancy soon thereafter. Dr. P. C. Henkel, the 
leader in the Tennessee Lutheran church in North Carolina, 
was made its first president and teacher of theology. Associ- 
ated with him in the work then, and for some time there 
after, were Profs. R. A. Yoder, J. C. Moser, J. S. Koiner, 
and others. For years Dr. P. C. Henkel remained the lead- 
ing spirit in the school which he had labored so hard to es- 
tablish, and with his strong mind, will-power and good 
judgment, saw Concordia College (the name given the new 
institution) attain to a high degree of efficiency before his 
death. In 1885. he resigned as president of the institution, 
and Prof. J. S. Koiner, of Virginia, was made teacher of the 
theology in his place, while Prof. R. A. Yoder became pre- 
sident of the College. 

The buildings of Concordia College occupy an elevated 
site within the town limits. The College is a two-story 
frame building containing a large hall and the library and 
reading rooms are on the ground floor; above there are four 
lecture rooms with a small laboratory. The Dormitory, situ- 
ated on the campus, is a brick structure containing sixteen 
rooms, and thus offers accommodations for a number of stu- 
dents. In late years, these buildings have been put in gccd 
repair. The campus includes seven acres of grove. Primi- 
tive, uncomfortable benches and desks have given place to 
patent desks, maps and other equipment suitable for the 
time and work. The Chemical and Physical Laboratories 
have been stocked at considerable expense, and now an 
annual appropriation is made for increasing the equipment. 
The Librarv offers to the student means for general and 
supplementary reading, and for reference. The College is 
controlled by a Board of Trustees and discipline is exercised 
by the President of the school and faculty. The discipline 
is mild, but no openly immoral, idle, or disobedient student 
is received or retained in the College. As the institution 
was founded for the purpose of giving adequate religious in- 
struction, so this branch of study remains the main course 
in the school, but is not, however, obligatory, and those who, 
for good and sufficient reasons, wish to be dispensed from 



84 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

all or part of this course, are made welcome and accorded 
every privilege enjoyed by others. Thorough work is insist- 
ed on in all courses, but the abilities and opportunities of the 
individual student are not disregarded. The Faculty of the 
College, by and with the consent of the Board of Trustees, 
has the power of conferring the degree of Master of Arts, 
and the degrees and distinctions of less dignity than Master 
of Arts, which are usually conferred by colleges; but no 
degree is conferred except after honest and successful effort 
on the part of the candidate. 

The death of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., occurred Sept. 
26, 1889, at his late residence in Conover, after a few days 
of intense suffering, at the age of 69 years. He was buried 
at St. Peter's church, Catawba county, September 28, 1889, 
Rev. J. M. Smith preaching the funeral in the presence of 
hundreds of people who came from far and near. Dr. Henkel 
was born August 20, 1820, and was the oldest son of Rev. 
David and Catharine Henkel, of Lincoln county, N. C. He 
was the descendant of a long line of distinguished Lutheran 
ministers. He inherited very great physical and m^ental 
powers from both of his parents. On the 5th of September, 
1343, he married Rebecca Fox. the daughter of David Fox, 
of Randolph county, N. C. 

Dr. Henkel was a man of extraordinary mental powers; 
original of thought, and a logician of fine acumen. Thus in 
debate and controversy he proved to be a formidable anta- 
gonist because of his sound reasoning and the manner in 
which he clinched his every argument. It is known, too, that 
he would never for any consideration go back on his word. 
In his manner he was humble and unassuming— humility be- 
ing manifest in all his dealings with his fellow-man. Inte- 
grity was also a salient point in his character. He was rigid- 
ly honest and truthful. His style of preaching was exposi- 
tory, plain and forceful. He preached for forty-six years 
without interruption and wholly in the Tennessee Synod, 
except a few years while in Missouri. At one time he had 
pastoral charge of fifteen congregations, and did an immense 
amount of missionary work. He was always ready to speak 
a word of comfort to the sorrowing, the word of life to those 
seeking a knowledge of the way of life, but he was an un- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 85 

compromising antagonist of error, and boldly and fearlessly 
denounced it wherever he met with it. His influence in all 
the relations in which we have mentioned him was very 
great, and we would add, lasting also. In the Lutheran 
Church of the South, he was, perhaps, the greatest man in 
its history. And as stated, he labored hard to establish the 
school of Conover for his Synod, in which the Word of God 
should be recognized as a factor in education. His influence 
yet today is felt far beyond the limits of his own Synod, even 
throughout the Southern Church. He was in the midst of 
his earnest labors both writing and preaching when he was 
called to his reward. Thus ended his work. A good and 
great man had fallen. 

Some of those who were privileged to receive instruc- 
tion from Dr. Henkel were the Revs. A. L. Bolick, P. C. 
Wyke, Jacob Wyke, Darr, G. E. Long, S. S. Keissler; Profs. 
R. L. Fritz, C. C. Coon, A. P. Whisenhunt, and others well 
known in Catawba and other counties. 

In 1892, Concordia College passed under the control of 
the Synod of Missouri and the States with the Rev. Prof. W. 
H. T. Dau, of Memphis, Tennessee, at the head of the faculty. 
The new management maintained the curriculum already 
provided, only with the change that those having the minis- 
try in view were to graduate in theology at St. Louis, Mo. 
Also suitable courses were provided for those desiring to 
become teachers, and for others a sound education along 
general lines was arranged for, and the institution remained 
coeducational. 

The influence exerted by Prof. Dau, as teacher, instruc- 
tor, and as a preacher and pastor, was of a high order. In 
the latter part of the 90's however. Prof. Dau gave up his 
professorship in Concordia College to accept a call to a charge 
in Indiana, and the responsibilities of President of Concordia 
College, fell to the lot of the present incumbent, Rev. Prof. 
Geo. A. Romoser, of Baltimore, Md. who had been professor 
in the college from 1892 to 1898. 

Professor Romoser has sought to steadily further the 
work which Concordia College has obligated herself to do, 
and quietly and without ostentation the school is making 
good. Associated with President Romoser as instructors in 



86 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

the several departments of the College, are Profs. C. A. 
Weiss, Geo. Luecke and A. Haentzschel. 

Space will not permit us to give a list of all those who 
have received instruction at Concordia College, and who 
have gone forth to labor and to contend with an eye single 
to improve the world. We mention in addition to those 
named above, M. H, Yount, formerly a member of the state 
Legislature; Dr. Eugene Yount, of Statesville; Dr. F. L. 
Herman, of Conover; Rev. E. T. Coyner, of Asheville, and 
Revs. C. 0. Smith and P. C. Henry, of Catawba county. 
Many are in other states, and it is with keen pleasure that 
we can point to them and say that they are striving to pre- 
form the duties assigned them, and which they agreed to do 
when they were once students at Concordia College. Nor 
yet to mantion those others, now aged, many of them, who 
have battled with the monster, ignorance, who is ever with 
us. One, an intimate friend of Dr. Henkel, a man who 
presistantly and incessently preached, admonished, comfort- 
ed and mourned with his paople, well heads the list of those 
Vvhose names, for lack of space, we cannot record now— we 
refer to the venerable Rev. J. M. Smith, of Conover, — who 
was in the ministry for over thirty years, among the people 
of Catawba county. Well it is that he has lived to see 
many of those things accomplished (among them the build- 
ing of Concordia College) for which he had too earnestly 
labored and contended. 

There are two churches in Conover which this sketch 
demands that note be made, viz: Concordia Lutheran and 
Trinity Reformed. The former has a history beginning 
with and closely following that of Concordia College. At 
first, services were held in the school rooms wherever they 
chanced to be, and Revs. P. C. Henkel and J. M. Smith 
conducted the services. Later, Revs. John Moser and R. A. 
Yoder also served the little congregation. When the college 
building was completed, the congregation of Concordia held 
its services in the Chapel of the College, and this served its 
purpose till the year 1894, when the congregation decided to 
build the present church building, the congregation having 
outgrown its quarters in the College, In 1896, Concordia 
church was completed and dedicated, Prof. W. H. T. Dau 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 87 

being the pastor of the congregation. The building is of 
brick, appropriate in architecture, commodious and a credit 
to the members of Concordia congregation by whom, largely, 
it was designed and constructed. The present pastor of 
Concordia is Rev. Paul Bischoff. 

Trinity Reformed Church is the second of Conover's 
church buildings, and is conveniently located on Conover's 
main thoroughfare. It was built in the year 1891, Messrs. 
T. L. Hunsucker, Patrick Cline, Nelson Hunsucker, Noah 
Rowe, E. A. Herman and others being prime movers in its 
construction. Rev. J. C. Clapp, of Newton, was the first 
pastor of the new church. The present pastor is the Rev. 
J. H. Keller, of Hickory. 

A new public school building for Conover was built in 
the beginning of the year 1911. 

Three churches and a public school belong to Conover's 
colored population. 

In closing this sketch, a few remarks are again neces- 
sary. Though Conover is beautiful as to location, human 
effort there, as elsewhere, has always been handicapped by 
the prevailing drawbacks incident to every section in the 
land. We are to have these— then which we have no choice. 
Yet there are many considerations obtaining at Conover 
which make for much that is fair and good in the future. 
In the first place Conover is well situated. It lies on two 
railways; the Memphis Division of the Southern, and the 
Carolina & North-Western. Mail and transportation facili- 
ties are, therefore, adequate so far as these concern the 
success of business enterprises, and the welfare of a resident 
population. Then the elevation of the land at this point is 
about eleven hundred feet above sea level, and so Conover 
is not subject to the fevers and the enervating influences of 
the lowlands further towards the east. Outlaying spurs and 
chains of the Blue Ridge are within easy range of the eye, 
even the particular and interesting mountain sights, like 
"Table Rock" being seen from the town when there is a 
clear horizon. And the water supply, much of which con- 
tains valuable medical properties, is excellent; the tourist 
readily appreciate its superior qualities. It is not strange 
then, that from the first beginning of the town, that Con- 



88 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

over has been visited by tourists and health-seekers both 
from the North (in winter), and from the more southernly 
points in the South (in the summer) and the reason given is, 
that dimatic conditions of Conover being markedly equable 
at all seasons, must appeal quite strongly to those seeking 
health and comfort. 

Aware of her advantages for the man with a business 
proposition, and knowing her advantages and inducements 
as a health giving place, Conover may yet conie to realize 
that if her institutions and business enterprises which she 
has founded and advocated in the past have not flourished 
and succeeded as she would have them do, that there must 
have been some very important reason for their not doing 
so, and that it behooves her present citizenship to remove it. 

A. L. BARGER. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 89 

' 'CATAWBA RIFLES," 

"Co. A. 12th N. C. Troops. 

On the 27th day of April, 1861, was organized in Newton 
Catawba county a body of soldiers that would have done 
honor to any cause or country. Composed of the very best 
men of the county, these men were cosmopolitan, that is men 
who can make a home every where they go. The major part 
of these men were descendants from "Pennsylvania Dutch." 
No better citizens c3Jild befound: but few of them owned 
slaves, so it cannot be claimed that they were enlisting to 
fight for slaverv; no, they were enlisting to fight for the 
right of the states under the constitution, and right nobly 
did these Catawba county men do their duty. It is sad to 
think that so many of those brave men never returned. 
Thirty-four were transferred to Ray's Rangers. I estimate 
that of the balance that belonged to the Co. from first to last 
there were 126, and of this number 88 have passed over the 
last river; this includes the killed and those who have died 
during and since the war. I make it that there are 38 living 
yet. When we reached Norfolk, Va. late in the night in May 
1861, it was evident that some of our Catawba men had never 
been near salt water before, for Cain Pope, and others ran 
to the nearest water for a drink, which of course was tide 
water; then they "blessed out the man who was mean enough 
to salt the water. " Frank Huffman, known as "Major 
Frank" had fixed himself a palace out of branches of trees, 
and arranged it so he could enter and close the door to his 
castle; all went well until the leaves became dry, and one 
night in Aug. some parties at the midnight hour set fire to 
the Major's "Palace," and it all burst out in a flash and it 
aroused the Major so he broke forth with a war whoop, and 
the Majors stampede made a meteoric shower to the amuse- 
ment of all the soldiers. Frank Murphy, our Irish comp- 
anion remarked, "Well Major was not careful enough in 
placing his guard; for the enemy surrounded his castle at 



90 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

midnight, and all was lost". Many rich stories could te re- 
lated on Cain Pope, Major Huffman and Franklin Murphy 
et. al. if we had the space to give it. After the transfer to 
other companies the original Catawba Rifles had six men to 
loose arms and six to loose legs. Of the six to loose arms, 
Lieut. H. P. Rudisill is the only one living; of those who lost 
legs— John M. Arnt, Geo. W. Rabb, Henry J. Reitzel, Miles 
0. Sherrill, and Peter Wilfong Whitener, are still livirg. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



93 



paralyzed his arm; for this cause he was retired. He was appointed 
tine collector. After the war he became a bridge builder, and while at 
Neuse River endeavoring to move a raft from the frame of a bridge, he 
fell into the stream and was drowned — February. 1866. 

He was a faithful soldier, and was highly esteemed by his company. 
This sketch was kindly furnished us by his brother-in-law, H. P. Ruda- 
sill. 

Deal, M. S., 2ii(l Lieutenant; promoted from ranks; died since 
the war in the hospitah (See sketch.) 



SYLVANUS DEAL 

t 

Sylvanus Deal en- 
listed with the original 
Company A, and, served 
faithfully with the same 
company till the close. 
He engaged in farming, 
at which he was success- 
ful. He was elected 
Lieutenant and held 
that position to the 
close. In his latter 
days he was much afflict- 
ed, and died some years 
ago. He was a faith- 
ful soldier — a worthy 
and honored citizen of 
the county. 




Ru Usiil, H. P., 2n:l Lieutenant; prom jtecl from ranks, woun- 
detl; lost an arm; living at Maiden, N. C. (S?e sketch.) 

Brown, J. \I., 2nd Lieutenant; pronuted from ranks; now 
livino- in Asheville. (See sketch.) 

Bradburn, T. W., 2nd Lieutenant; promoted from ranks; 
died since the war. 



34 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



HENRY P. RUDA- 
SILL 

I volunteered in vhe 
first company that left 
Catawba coun*^y, Api'il 
27ih, 1861. We were 
sent to Raleigh and 
formed into regiments. 
I belonged to the 2nd 
Regiment N. C. Volun- 
teers. We were in 
Raleigh when the State 
sec ieded. We w 3re 
than sent to Norfolk, 
Va., and stayed there 
about twelve months. 

We fought our first 
battle at Hanover Junc- 
tion. The next were 
battles around Rich- 
mond. I was wounded 
in my right hand in the 
battle of Malvern Hill. 
I got a thirty days fur- 
lough home. I then 
joined my company 
again at Sharps 
Maryland. 

I was in the battle of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, 
and Fredricksburg; from there to South Mountain, Md. ; then down the 
Valley by way of tha Natural Bridge, on to Carlyle, Pa. We then went 
to Gettysburg. We sufl'ered great loss in that battle. Back to Williams- 
port, Md. There we recrossed the Potomac back into Virginia. 

I helped take Winchester twice from the Yankees. On the 19th of 
September, 1854, I was wounded and lost my left arm above the elbow. 
When Gen. Sherman drove Gen. Early from Winchester, Va., 1 was 
taken prisoner and stayed in Winchester one month. I was then sent 
to Baltimore. Then sent from Baltimore to be exchanged; the boat was 
stopped at Fortress Monroe nineteen days; then we got orders to go to 
Savannah, Ga., where the prisoners were exchanged. We were on the 
boat twenty-two days. We stayed in Savannah until we were able to 
come home. Then I went back to the army and resigned as 2nd Lieut. 
Company A, 12th Regiment N. C. Troops. 

In a few weeks after I got back home. Gen. Stoneman came through 
with his cavalry. I was married the 15th of March, 1866, to Olivia C. 
Yount, daughter of Franklin A. and Jemina Yount. Had fourteen chil- 
dred, nine sons and five daughters. I served the County as Treasurer 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 95 

eig-ht years. I am 68 years old, and enjoying reasonably good health. 
From first to last, I was not absent more than 37 days from the army, 
before I lost my arm. 

On the night after the first days fight at Fredricksburg the Aurora 
Borealis was seen very plainly in the North. The soldiers took this as 
an omen of a bloody battle to follow the next day, and consequently, 
were very much excited thereby. The next morning about eight o'clock, 
a red fox was discovered between the picket lines of the two armies, 
which occasioned much amusement on both sides. We had strict orders 
not to fire unless the enemy advanced upon us; but Reynard offered a 
temptation we could not resist. Fired upon by our pickets, the fox ran 
in the direction of the Yankees, and fired upon by them, he rushed back 
toward us, and so on, back and forth, down the line for about three 
miles. Whether the fox was killed, I do not know. 

Our Regiment went into the Gettysburg fight 1400 strong and came 
out with 127. On the retreat we passed up a stream that flowed through 
a gap of a mountain. We crossed and re-crossed the stream about 20 
times. At many places it was waist deep and very cold. Our wagon 
train was in front, our thinned regiment forming the rear guard. Some 
Yankee Cavalry were annoying our wagons in front, taking some and 
riddling others with grape shot and canister. Gen. Iverson said to Capt. 
Wilfong: "Capt. Wilfong, Yankees are annoying our wagon train 
in front; go forward and give them Hell ! Don't you think you can do 
it?" Wilfong answered: "We have but few men. but we will do the 
best we can;" but when we reached the point of trouble, there were 
only about a dozen men with us. We took refuge beside a huge rock 
and lay concealed there until morning. We could hear the enemy walk- 
ing and talking sometimes within five steps of us; but we did not give 
them hell, for we had only two guns at our command. The next morn- 
ing we formed a skirmish line on each side of a road further on from 
this spot. Capt. Wilfong took command of the right and 1 of the left, 
and as the enemies Cavalry charged the rear wagons, we captured about 
a dozen of them. 

An amusing incident occurred at the battle of Sharpsburg. Duncan 
McRea was Col. of the 5th N. C. Regiment. One of his Captains was 
a Baptist preacher, and I believe a good, pious man. He often held 
services for the Regiment and Brigade. Col. McRea was ambitious to 
become a Brigadier General; but in the hottest of the fight his regiment 
faltered and fell back. The next day he said to his clericial Captain: 
"I always thought you were a good man; I have often heard you say 
that you wanted to go to Heaven, but yesterday you had an opportunity 
to go, and D you, you run from it." 

At the battle of Chancelorsville, Maj. D. P. Rowe was mortally 
wounded. We fought on until dark and got badly scattered. About 
six of us got too far to the left and found ourselves within the enemies' 
Picket lines. We saw two of the enemies' pickets lying behind a log 
sighting ready to shoot at us; one of us (a prominent man of this 
county), fired and shot one of the pickets through the head and killed 



96 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

him instantly. He felt very sorry for having killed a man, or rather 
knowing that he had killed a man, and begged me not to tell it on him 
at home. I will not give his name, but if he reads this he will know 
who I mean. 

I lest my arm at Winchester, September 13th, 1864, and was cap- 
tured at the same time and sent to the Federal Hospital. There I re- 
mained for a month and received good treatment. The ladies of the 
town would bring all kinds of delicacies suitable for the sick and wound- 
ed. One month from the time I was captured, our forces attempted to 
re-take Winchester, and all of us prisoners expected to be liberated. In 
the excitement, I walked out of the hospital to a three story Southern 
Mansion, where I was hidden in the third story; but when Sheridan 
drove Early back, I returned to the hospital, where I, with others of 
the wounded prisoners, were reported as deserters. All of us who were 
able to be moved, were sent in wagons to Harpers Ferry, and from 
there on the train to Baltimore Hospital. We were in Baltimore for 
three weeks where we also receivedsplendid treatment, until the day we 
left; the day we left, we were marched out into a very large room where 
all oar cht'iiij, m)i3y, etc., wara all taken from us and we were 
marched out to a large pile of cast off Federal uniforms and commanded 
to dress. The pants that I received were all bloody, and the right leg 
ripped to the knee. One poor fellow from Georgia, wounded in the 
shoulder and with gangrene so bad you could see the bones, had four 
five dollar gold pieces, which he hid in the bowl of a large pipe. He 
filled it with tobacco and began to smoke; but when the Yanks came 
abound to search him, the first place they looked was in the pipe, which 
they confiscated along with the gold. He brooded and worried over his 
loss until he became unbalanced, and while on the boat lying in front of 
Fort Monroe, he jumped over board. We threw a rope lo him, which 
he eagerly seized and was drawn up to the boat again. He evidently 
found out that drowning was worse than the loss of gold. 

From Baltimore we started in a tug boat. When out at sea a storm 
blew us into Annapolis and we landed there for safety. I accidently 
gave the Master Mason sign. One of the spectators, by the name of 
Holden, from North Carolina, came up to me and said: "What will you 
have?" I said to him: "What do you mean by that?" "Why," he 
answered, "you gave me the Master Mason sign." I said to him: "My 
friend, 1 don't want to take advantage of you; I don't belong to the 
Masons or ony of the other orders; if I gave you the Master Mason sign, 
it was not knowingly." He then tried me with several other signs, but 
I could not give the countersign, so he said to me: "If you are not a 
Mason, you are a gentleman; what will you have?" I told him we were 
very hungry. He then went and brought for us a load of bread, beef, 
boiled ham, and other good things, for which we were very grateful. 

After the gale was over, we left for Point Lookout, where we were 
placed on a large boat called the Baltic. There were about 1600 prison- 
ers on board. All were either sick or wounded. From there we went 
to Old Fort, Va., where we were anchored for thirteen days, awaiting 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 97 

orders from the Federal war department. From there we went to 
Savannah, Ga., which took us three days. 

When I left Baltimore I was strong and my arm was doing fine, 
but when I got to Savannah my wound was so swollen and I so weak, I 
had to be carried off the boat. During the twenty-two days I was on 
the boat, my arm was washed but once and that time with a pint of 
stolen water. Silas Smyre, wounded in the leg, bunked just above me, 
says I stole the water, while I have always thought that he stole it. 
We both tried to steal some water after that but never succeeded. 

The physicians on the boat had the prisoners' wounds washed and 
dressed regularly, but all were bathed in the same water, and as quite a 
few of the soldiers had gengrene, Silas Smyre and I refused to have our 
wounds washed in the pointed water. 

As we left Fortress Monroe, Ga., a prisoner who had chronic diar- 
rhoea, went to the doctor's office and asked for medicine. The Doctor 
cursed him and told him there was nothing much the matter with him 
and that he needed no medicine. The poor fellow turned away with a 
broken hearted sigh, with the remark: "Tomorrow at twelve o'clock I 
will be dead." I was present when this occurred. The next day about 
one o'clock, as we were on the hurricane deck trying to get the vermin 
out of our blankets and clothes, we noticed a school of fish on each side 
of the boat as straight as any line of battle I ever saw. They swam as 
fast as the boat ran. Someone shouted: "A dead man on board." A 
search was instantly made and the poor fellow above alluded to was 
found dead. Weights were tied to his feet and he was dropped over- 
board. The moment he fell into the water, the fish turned tails ud and 
followed him to the bottom, and were saw no more until another Vvas 
dead. 

While on boat we suffered a great deal from hunger and thirst. We 
had no water at all during this time and were allowed but one cracker 
and a pint of soup a day. One of the crackers would make about five 
of our ordinary soda crackers; and I have often thought the soup was 
nothing more than the dishwater slightly flavored with vegetables. 

After our exchange we stayed in Savannah until we regained our 
strength somewhat atid obtained better clothing, when we returned 
home. 



98 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



LIEUT. JAMES M. 
BROWN 

He was born in Cat- 
awba County, N. C. May 
19, 1839. He was rear- 
ed on the farm and se- 
cured his education 
the old field schools. 
Catawba College and 
Red Hill Academy, in 
Iredell County. 

He volunteered April 
21 or 22, 1861 and helped 
organize Company A of 
the Second Regiment of 
Volunteers or 12th Regi- 
ment of State Troops. 
He left Newton with the 
Company on April 27th, 
1861 as Fourth Lieut, 
but on reaching Raleigh 
and finding that there 
was no such office, he 
was reduced to the 
ranks. 

This Company was or 
ginally under the command of Capt. C. W. Bradburn, but after being in 
Raleigh a short time, it was reorganized and John Ray was elected cap- 
tain. At this time, Mr. Brown was appointed Corporal and when Capt. 
Ray left the Company to organize his Rangers, was promoted to Fourth 
Sergeant. 

In April, 1862, the Company was again organized, and Mr. Brown 
was elected Third Lieutenant. He served in that position through the 
battles of Hanover Junction, the Seven Days' Fight around Richmond, 
Chambersville, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, and Malvern Hill. 

At the battle of Cold Harbor, a grape shot struck him squarely on 
the thigh, and would have broken Ws leg, had it not struck his saber 
which had a steel scabbard. This scabbard was so badly bent by the 
blow that it had to be hammered straight again before the sword could 
be withdrawn. 

At the battle of Malvern Hill, he was shot through the knee late in 
the evening and lay on the field that night and until about ten o'clock 
the next day. He was then carried ofi" the field by L. R. Whitener and 
G. M. Wilfong, and was laid down in the woods until late in the evening. 
He was then sent to the field hospital where his wound was dressed. On 
the next day he was placed in an ambulance, sent over a pine pole road 
to the station, placed on a flat car and sent to the Moore Hospital at 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 99 

Riehnond. After several we3k3, he was taken home on a litter by Fred 
Smith and John D. Hoke. 

Just after the battle of Malvern Hill, he was promoted to the rank 
of Second Lieutenant and held this position until April, 1863. He was 
assured by many physicians and three examining boards that he would 
never again be fit for active service on account of his wouiid. Feeling, 
therefore, that he was depriving the Company of a position that he was 
not able to fill and not wishing to be transferred to any point the Govern- 
ment might wish to send him, he resigned and was dischai'ged in April 
1863. 

Upon his return home, Lieut. Brown was appointed Assessor of Tax 
in Kind for the Eastern portion of Catawba County under Maj. S. M. 
Finger and served in this capacity until the close of the war. 

On Dec. 2nd, 1863, while still using a crutch and stick, Lieut. Brown 
was married to Miss Elizabeth M. Stevenson, adaughter of J. H. Steven- 
son, of Iredell County. As a result of this union, two boys and two 
girls were born. Both of the girls are dead, while one of the boys, 
James S., is in Guatamala City. Central America, and the other, Malvern 
Hill, resides at Rex, Washington. 

In 1870, he was elected Register of Deeds for Catawba County tak- 
ing office in September of that year. He held this office until Dec. 
1878. In 1882, he was appointed Justice of the Peace and served in 
that capacity until he removed froni^ the County in 1905. 

His wife having died in August, 1872, Lieut. Brown was married 
on Dec. 2nd, 1873 to Miss Mary Williams, daughter of William Williams, 
of Catawba County. Their married life was short as Mrs. Brown died 
in August, 1874. 

In 1877, he married Miss Fannie R. Beall, daughter of Rev. B. L. 
. Beall, who resided at that time in Lenoir but who has since moved his 
residence to Greensboro. From this union, two boys and two girls were 
born, three of whom are now living. One of the girls, Jessie Rankin, 
died in July, 1907 and the pther one, Nettie Remsen, married Mr. J. 
■Louie Eyerhart, of AshevlUe, N. C. With this daughter, Lieut. Brown 
and his oldest son, Paul, reside, Mrs. Brown having died June 17. 1908. 
The other son, Edward, married Miss Bessie Fortune and also resides in 
Asheville being General Secretary of the local Y. M. C. A. 



NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

Yount, M. A., 1st Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '61; promoted 
2nd Lieutenant September 16, '61. 

Shcrrill, John L., 2nd Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '61; wounded 
at Hanover Court' House. (See sketch.) 

Wilfong, T. M., 3rd Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '61; living, 
^ farmer^ 



100 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Abernothy, J. R., 4th Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '61; wounded 
at Cold Harbor; transferrred to 2nd Regiment cvalary; died 
since tha war in Alabama. 

Wilfong, S. T., 5th Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '61; wounded 
at Cold Harbor and Chancellorsville, lost an arm; died since 
the war. (See sketch.) 

SIDNEY THEODORE 
WILFONG 

Sidney Theodore Wil- 
fong, son of John Wil- 
fong and grandson of 
elder John Wilfong (the 
latter a soldier of the 
Revolution), was born 
in Catawba county, N. 
C, February 2nd, 1844 
he being the fifth son 
of a family of two dau- 
ghters and ten sons, six 
of whom were soldiers 
in the Confederate 
States Army. 

At the age of seven 
teen years, in the first 
company of volunteers 
organized in Catawba 
county, he enlisted April 
27th, 1861, as a private 
in Company A, 12th N. 
C. Regiment; and was 
afterwards promoted to 
3rd Sergeant. At the 
battle of Cold Harbor, 

in the seven day's fight before Richmond, Va., in June 1862, he was 
seriously wounded in the thigh. He was cared for in Richmond, where 
his mother, who was an ardent supporter of the Confederacy, went and 
attended him and, when in condition to be moved, accompanied him 
home. As soon as he was able, he returned to the army at Martinsburg, 
Va., in December, 1862. On the 3rd day of May, 1863, at the battle of 
Chancellorsville, he was again seriously wounded in the right arm and 
captured by the enemy. Before being captured, his brother, Capt. 
Milt Wilfong, bandaged the shattered arm and then made his escape. 
Although weak and exhausted from the loss of blood, he was exposed' 
to a heavy rainstorm during the night, and was forced to march under 
threat of being bayonated, until he fell, declaring death was preferable 
to the torture being inflicted, and reminded his captor that under the 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 101 

fortunes of war he might soon become the victim. He was then more 
considerately conveyed to Lincoln Hospital, Washington, D. C. 
Not until ten days after being wounded did he receive medical or surgi- 
cal aid, and then only at the urgent pleading of a nurse was his arm 
amputated on the 13th day of May, 1863, so little probability was there 
of saving his life, the physicians contending that he could only die and 
that he ojght to be buried whole. So grateful was he to the nurse that 
he afterwards nam id his diu^ht^r, Genevieve, far her. By an exchange 
of prisoners he was released from prison July 1st, 1863, and on Febru- 
ary 12th, 18C4 he received a discharge from the Confederate Army. 
Afterwards he visiied the army several times, carrying provisions and 
clothing to his brothers. 

On the 2nd day of January, 1866, S. T. Wilfong was married to 
Miss Belle Gill, of Columbia, S. C, where she had been employed in the 
Treasury department of the Confederate States. From this time he 
lived on his farm in Jacobs Fork Township until January, 1905, when he 
moved to Newton, where he died on the 2nd day of October, 1905, being 
survived by his widow and four children — Summey, Walter and Pierce 
Wilfong and Mrs. Genevieve Gaither. He was buried in East View 
Cemetery, Newton, N. C. 

Always an enthusiastic Confederate, it was largely due to his efforts 
that a Chapter of the Daughters of the Confederacy was organized at 
Newton. 

He was a faithful member and elder of the Reformed Church, first 
at Grace Church, near his farm in Jacobs Fork Township, and later at 
Newton. 

Taking a great interest in education, he was a member of the 
Board of Trustees of Claremont College, Hickory, N. C, from its 
foundation, and was a member of the Board of Trustees of Catawba 
College, Newton, N. C, and at the time of his death was Chairman of 
the Building Committee of the latter institution and actively engaged in 
the work. 

He took a large interest in all public affairs and was called to fill 
public oflficas, among them. Justice of the Peace for many years, mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives from Catawba county in 1901, 
member of the County Board of Education, and at the time of his death, 
a member of the State Board of Agriculture. 

Bost, R. A., 1st Corporal; enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 
46th Regiment. 

Lorance, Wm. E., 2nd Corporal; enlisted April 27, '61; trans- 
ferred to 32nd Regiment; lost a leg. 

Robinson, Geo. W., 3rd Corporal; enlisted April 27, '61; died 
September 27, '62. 

Smith, P. F.. 4th Corporal; enlisted April 27, '61; transferred 
to 32nd Regiment. 



102 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, Patrick E., tMilistod April 27, '61; transferred to 
32nd Regiment. 

Arndt, John M., April 27, '61; wounded at Cold Harbor, lost 
a leg. Living. (See sketch.) . , ■ 

J. M. ARNDT 

I enlisted in Co. A. 
12th Regiment, from 
Catawba County. I 
served first as a private; 
then as a sharpshooter. 
My first little fight was 
at Chancellorsville. We 
unloaded all our bagg- 
age, and thought when 
we got through, w 
would go back and get 
it; but no you don't. We 
had to stampede from 
there to Seven Pines 
and Gold Harbor. The 
last day, I we ■ fought 
there, I was shot in my 
left arm. ' ■ 1 was sent 
home for four months; 
When I went back, I 
found my command at 
Culpepper C. H. Start- 
ing out again, we cross- 
ed the Potomac Rixer 
(waded across) going 
next to Petersburg. 
Had a three days' fight there. 

I lay three days there behind a fence post, trying to hide. Nearly 
starved for water. We then came back and crossed the river, where 
we got into a little tangle with the Yankees at Game's Mill. Was there 
struck with a Minnie Ball and had my leg broken and was then sent to 
Richmond and stayed there two months before I got home, as my leg had 
to be amputated. 

I remained at home until just before the Petersburg Blow Up. We 
were in camp at Petersburg when they started the fight. 

Soon after, I made my way home and there remained until after the 
surrender. 

All these years I have farmed, and have been successful. I am 
still hale and hearty. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



103 



Barringer, A. M., enlisted April 27, '61; killed July 1, '62 at 
Malvern Hill. 

Bost, E. G., enlisted April 27, '61 ; promoted Corporal; living, 
a fanner. 

Bumgarner, T. H., enlisted April 1, '62; living, a farmer. 

Bost, Noah, enlisted April 27, '61; killed July 1, '62 at Mal- 
vern Hill. 

Bost, H. J., enlisted April 27, '61; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville, lost an arm; still living in Texas. 

Bowman, Alonzo, enlisted April 1, '62; killed at Chancellors- 
ville. 

Bowman, Wm., enlisted April 1, '62; missing; no further ac- 
count. 

Bowman, Wilson, enhsted April 1, '62; died in 1902. 

Bowman, Elkanah, enUsted April 27, '61; died in 1906. (See 
sketch.) 

QUINCEY ELCANAH 
BOWMAN 

Enlisted in Co. A. 12th 
Regiment, April, 1861. 
He served faithfully and 
effi:!iently during the 
whole four year period. 
He was brave, therefore 
gentle and kind. He 
was twice wounded. He 
returned and raised a 
family on the farm. He 
lived a very consistent 
church life, — loved and 
esteemed by all. He 
died Sept. 22, 1906. 

The writer of this 
sketch and all his com- 
pany, say that among 
all of its privates, he 
always was the cleanest, 
neatest man in the com- 
pany. "Cleanliness is 
next to godliness" was 
his motto. To honor 
her Grandfather this 
photo and sketch was 
sent by a grand-daughter (Miss Powell) 




104 



THE CATAWBA SOLEIER 



Bolick, Salathiel, enlisted April 27, '61; wounded at Malvern 
Hill; died since the war. 

Brown, Samuel, enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to Merri- 
mac; no further account of him. 

Brown, C. N., enlisted April 27, '61; living. 

Brown, James; enlisted April 1, '62; killed May 27, '62 at 
Hanover Court House. 

Burch, Wm., still living. 

Bradburn, T. W.. enlisted April 27, '61; promoted 2nd Lieu- 
tenant September '62; dead. 

Bradl)urn, J. M., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regiment; died since the war. 

Burns, Wm., enlisted September 1, '62; killed at ('hancellors- 
ville. 

Chne, W. H., enlisted April 27, '61; killed September 19, '64 
at Winchester. 




Y. MILTON WILFONG 

Y. M. Wilfong enlisteLi at 
the 21 April 61. ofin the 
reorganization of the 
connpany he was elected 
second Lieutenant and 
finally to Captain. He 
was in all the engage- 
ments of the company 
to the 12 of May, '64 in 
the battle of Spottsyl- 
vana C. H. in which 
battle he was killed. 
His remains were 
brought home by Reu- 
ben Hoyle some weeks 
after he was exhumed 
and brought home and 
buried in Newton. He 
was a brave boy, and 
kind and considerate of 
his men— all of whom 
loved and respected him. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



105 



C'line, E. P. R., enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Cline, Eli., enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

CHne, Jonathan, enlisted April 1, '62; killed Ma.y 14, '63 at 
Spottsylvania Court House. 

Cloninger, Elkanah, enlisted April 1, '62; lost an arm at 
Malvern Hill; died since the war. 

Corpening-, A. G., enlisted March 14, '63; wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville; died sine? the war. (See sketch.) 



A. G. CORPENING 

Enlisted in Co. A. 12th 
Regiment of N. C, on 
March 14th, '63, and was 
not known to shirk a 
duty. He was wounded 
at Chancellorsville, Va. 
He survived the war, 
and took up farming, at 
which he made good. 
He served as a justice 
of the peace for many 
years, and was certainly 
a peace-maker. He died 
some years ago at an 
advanced age, and was 
buried in Grace Church 
cemetery. 




Conrad, Daniel, enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32 Regi- 
ment. 

Conrad, D. E., enlisted April 27, '61 ; transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment. 

Dailey, Abraham, enhsted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regiment. 

Bellinger, J. H., enliste_d. April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regiment. 



106 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Deal, Henry, enlisted April 27, '61; killed May 3, '63 at (Uian- 
oellorsville. 

Deal, Elkanah, enlisted April 27, '61 ; no record. 

Deal, G., enlisted April 27, '62; died since the war. 

Deitz, J. B., enlisted April 27, '62; killed in war, i)eins run 
over by a horse. 

Eaton, J. A., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd Rej^i- 
ment; living. 

Epps, J. A., enlisted April 27, '61; wounded at Malvern Hill; 
still living, a farmer. 

Finger, Daniel, enlisted April 27, '61; still living; a farmer. 

Fry, Miles, enlisted April 1, '62; killed at Warrenton. 

Harwell, C. C, enlisted April 1, '62; wounded at C'hancellors- 
ville. 

Hallmah, E. D., enlisted October 16, '61; died December 6, '63. 

Heffner, W. S., enlisted October 16, '61; living, a manufac- 
turer. (See sketch.) 



SIDNEY HEFFNER 

Enlisted in Co. A, 12th 
Regiment, April 27th, 
1861. He made one of 
the best of soldiers. He 
went through the war 
"scottfree, " and after 
returning home he en- 
gaged in farming. He 
has accumulated a nice 
little sum by industry 
and economy. He en- 
joys talking of war 
scenes, and has given 
much data for this book. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



107 



Huffman, W. F., enlisted August 17, '61; died since the war. 

Hoke, J. D., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32n 1, Regi- 
ment; dead. 

Hoke, Julius, enlisted April 27, '61; lost a leg since the war; 
stdl living. 

Hoke, P. C, enlisted April 27, '61; hving, a farmer. 

Hahn, E. L., enlisted April 27, '61; hving, a mechanic. (See 
Sketch.) 



E. L. HAHN 

L. R. Whitener, Mac 
Wilfcno-, John Shenil! 
Dan Moose, Churchili 
Sigmon, Noah Setzei 
and n yself , stackt d arms- 
before a Pennsvlvani; 
Reg^im-nt at Afpomat 
tox, April 9lh, 1^65 and 
on our way to North 
Carolina, we got our sup- 
port as best we could. 

Little towns would 
keep a table spread for 
the accommodation of 
the retiring soldiers. 
There was one little 
town, I remember, 
whose name I've for- 
gotten) , where, we were 
told, was a man who 
had plenty of provis- 
ions under lock in a 
Commissary, and would 
not let people have them 
without money. "It 
belongs to us; we need 

it; press him to give it to the rightful owners," were the cries of wo- 
men and children. The nearer we came to the place, the more piteous 
the cry of women and children: "Tear down the door and let us have 
something for our children." On our arrival, we demanded the key, but 
he was obstinate and refused, whereupon L. R. Whitener and myself 
bagan battering down the door, finding plenty of flour and bacon, once 
belonging to the Confederate States. We gave out to the poor, and it 
was well for the man with the key to hold his tongue, or he would have 
met with a misfortune. Such characters were not hard to find at the 




108 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



close of the war; detestable characters they were in the eyes of the 
retiring soldiers. 

Another little circumstance, I must tell: On my way home on a 
furlough, we stopped on train for dinner. We got our tickets, and 
about the time we were filling our plates— "Toot! Toot! All aboard for 
Salisbury!" I scr.:mbled in the train, heard a commotion behind me; 
and there came my pard (an Irishman) with the four corners of the 
table cloth with the contents for dinner, and the landlord and landlady 
begging for even the dishes. "Faith and Bejabbers, you know the 
train would not wait and we will have our dinner." We pulled him in, 
and he invited all who had tickets to come and help themselves, and 
after cleaning the cloth, he divided the delf ; I got a knife. He then 
struck up his banjo and we all want on our way rejoicing. 

Hoover, Adolphus, enlisted April 27, '61; lost an arm; died 
since the war. (See sketch.) 

A. A. HOOVER 

Adolphus A. Hoover 
enlisted in Company A 
12th N. C. Regiment 
April 25th, 1861. He 
was a brave, faithful 
soldier, and in May, 
1864, at Spotts 'Ivai ia, 
he was wounded n t e 
arm, which neces.itated 
amputation. 

He was soon discharg- 
ed from service, and re- 
turning home, married 
and settled down to 
farming. It is remark 
able to narrate but true, 
nevertheless, that he 
did his own work, with 
but one arm. He plow- 
ed, he hoed, he reaped, 
he mowed; indeed, he 
did all kinds of farm 
labor by a strap fasten- 
ed to the stub. He was 
a very industrious man, 
honest, and his word 

Wis his bond. He acquired some property, raised a family of three edu- 
cated and refined daughters. 

Hi died in 1905, triumphing in hope. A good man is gone— one less 
in our rank of old soldiers. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 109 

Hoover, D. B., enlisted April 27, '61; killed May 3, '63 at 
Chancellorsville. 

H(d ick, W. F., enl'sted April 1, '62; died since the war. 

Hunsucker, Philo, enl'sted Oc'ober 16, '61; died in the war. 

Herman, Calv'n, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

He.man, Elkanah, enlisted April 27, '61 ; died since the war. 

Ingold, Elite, en'isted April 1, '62; killed at Gettysburg. 

Ingold, Luther, enli.>ted April 1, '62; died in the West since 
the war. 

Ingold, Fiancis, enlisted April 27, '61; killed May 9, '64. 

Isenhower, Hart, enlisted April 27, '62; moved West, no record. 

Killian, W. S., enlisted April 27, '61; no account. 

Kale, Pinkney, enlisted April 27, '61; died in '61. 

Kale, John, enlisted April 27, '61 ; transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment. 

Long, Wm. A., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regim.ent. 

Loretz, D. P., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment; died soon after the war. 

Lefong, Yodom, enlisted April 27, '61 ; died December 28, '94. 

Lefong, Timothy, enlisted April 1, '62; dead. 

Lefong, Noah, enlisted April 1, '62; died since the war. 

Lowrance, Bartlett, enlisted April 27, '61 ; living, a shoe-maker. 

Murphy, Frank, enhsted April 27, '61; wounded at Gettysburg 
died since the war. 

Miller, J. F., enlisted April 27, '61; wounded June 27, '62 at 
Cold Harbor; died since the war. 

McGee, Jonas, enhsted April 27, '61; promoted Corporal, 
wounded at Gettysburg; living. (See sketch.) 

McNeil, J. T., enhsted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regiment. 

Mize, G. W., enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment; dead. 

Miller, Andrew, enlisted April 27, '61; transferred to 32nd 
Regiment; died recently. 

Moose, D. F., enlisted April 27, '61; still living. (See sketch.) 

Moose, Wm., enlisted April 27, '61; went West after the war. 

Moose, Daniel W., April 27, '61; wounded at Chancellorsville; 
living, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

Moose, Elkanah, enlisted April 27, '61; living, a farmer. 



no 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



J. M. McGEE 

I enlisted in April 
1861, at Ntwton. N. C. 
and left thore and weni 
to Salisbury where 1 
spent two days anr 
nights; fioni ihere ] 
went to Raltigh. Wa^ 
there when the Siatt 
secaeded. From Raleigh, 
we were sent to Rich- 
m >nd: stayed thtre oiu 
day and then went to 
Norfolk, where we re 
mained until some time 
in May. Frcm Norfolk 
we went to Rapidan 
River, then back to 
Richmond, to get into 
the Seven Day's fight. 
I was slightly wound 
ed at Malvern Hill, but 
never left Company A. 
The next battle I vva; 
in- was South Mountain. 
My Lieutenant, M. A. 
Yount, told me if he 

was wounded he wanied me to care for him. After hard tighnng, he 
was wounded in the head, his skull being fi-acturtd. I got help and 
carried him to where I thought we were .^afe. He and I weie left alone 
for a short time. The shebs begin lo come so thick and so fast that I 
did not feel safe there, so I drug him down the mouniain for al.'out half 
a miie to where I obtamed help. I remained all night with him. The 
next morning our army had fallen back, so I got him in a cart aud took 
him to Boonesboro, and there I was taken prisoner. I fared very well. 
Was there 22 days and was then exchanged, being sent to my command 
at Staunton. 

On the train, I was compelled to ride on top of the car, which caused 
a severe case of earache, which compelled me to go to the Hospital and 
there I ran into the small pox, but luckily, I did not take it. 

I was sent to Fredericksburg; was next in the Chancellorsville 
battle, where I was slightly wounded, but did not kave the field; ntxt 
to Brandy Station; from there to Gettysburg, and was badly wounded 
at Rock iPence. 

After the army fell back, I was taken prisoner the first night of 
the march, and for three days 'and two nights I had nothing at al! to 
eat. When I got to Fredrick e ity, Md.. I was unable to sit up for 12 
weeks. As soon as I was able to be up. I was sent to Baltimore, Md., 
and from there •^o Richmond, exchanged: got a 60 days furlough and 
got home December 23rd. When the furlough expired. I got another 
one for 3i) days, and afterwards, went back to the army and was dis- 
charged. I s"rved over three years in active service ?nd never missed 
roll call without being accounted ^or. I am 69 yeai's of age. 




OF THE CIVIL WHR 



111 



DANIEL W. MOOSE 

Daniel W. Moose was 
born Feb. 16th, 1842, 
and enlisted in Co. A, 
12ch N. C. Regiment, on 
April 27th, 1861. 

His first battle was at 
Ashland Court House, 
and he was in all of the 
most important engage- 
ments that the 12th Reg- 
iment engaged in, cross- 
ing the Potomac every 
time Ganeral Laa cross- 
ed. He was several 
times wounded, once be- 
ing at the battle of 
Chancellorsville, where 
he was wounded in the 
left temple. 

He was surrendered at 
Appomattox. Like al- 
most all of his old com- 
rades, he came home 
and has made a living 
on the farm. 




Michael, Henry, enlisted April 27, '61; died August '63. 

Michael, Pete, enlisted March 14, '62; died since the war. 

Michael, L. D., enlisted April 1, 62; nothing obtainable. 

Propst, Noah, enlisted April 27, '61; living, a farmer. (See 
sketch.) 

Mathis, Daniel, enlisted; died since the war. 

Mathis, John, enlisted: cUecl since the war. 

Propst, Harvey enlisted, no record. 

Pope, Elkanah, enlisted April 27, '61 ; died since the war. 

Pool, John, enlisted; lost sight of. 

Perry, John, enlisted April 27, '61; no account. 

Turbyfield, Thomas, enlisted April 27, '61; killed at Chancel- 
lorsville. 

Tubyfield, A., died in '63. 

Rabb, Geo. W. enlisted April 27, '61; wounded and lost 
leg at Strawsburg in '()4. (See sketch.) 



112 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



NOAH E. PROPST 

I enlisted April 30! h. 
1861, in Capt. T. W 
Bradburn's Company, 
which was made Co. K. 
Second N. C. Regiment, 
Volunteers. Was en- 
camjed near Norfolk, 
Va.. until May 1862, 
when we left for Han- 
over Court House; there 
we had our first experi- 
ence in a battle. The 
next was the battle of 
Mechanicsville, Va. ; 

from there to Cold Har- 
bor; then to Malvern 
Hill. There we encamp- 
ed near the old battle 
field for several weeks; 
thence we took up our 
march for Maryland. 

I took sick when we 
reached Lowray, Va., 
and was sent to the 
hospital ; joined the Com- 
pany near Winchester 

after their return from Maryland. I was in the battle of Chancellors- 
ville, in which Jackson was wounded and afterwards died. I was in the 
battle of Gettysburg, Pa., and in a skirmish at Hagerstown, Md., on our 
return to Virginia. I was in the battle near Spottsylvania, C. H., and 
was wounded May 12th, '64; I then received a furlough for 60 days, after 
which I rejoined the company at Winchester, Va., in August. Was 
engaged in several skirmishes in the Shenandoah Valley during the fall 
of 1864. 

We left the Valley a few days before Xmas, passed through Rich- 
mond on Christmas day and encamped near Petersburg. On the 5th day 
of Feb., I was in the battle of Hatcher's Run, where we withstood 17 
assaults of the Federals, and held our lines until evening, when we re- 
treated, having fought all day in the rain, the timber bending with ice. 

We then spent about a month on the Roanoke River, taking up 
deserters. On the 25th of March, we were in a battle in front of Peters- 
burg; and on the 2nd of April, we started on our retreat for Appomattox, 
C. H., where we surrendered, April 9th, 1865. I came home after hav- 
ing spent four years, with ten days exception, in the service of the war. " 

Mr. Propst is one of our best citizens. He is a very young looking 
man for his age, and numbers his friends by the score. May he live 
many more years. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



113 




GEO. W. RABB 

I enlisted in the first 
company that left the 
County April 27rh, 1861. 
I was with the company 
continuously whose man 
euverings may be found 
in other sketches. I 
started in at Mechanics 
ville, and ended at Ma- 
lvern Hill. In the Seven 
Day's, we had thirty 
seven men wounded, bui. 
none killed outright. 
Several, however, died 
of their wounds. We 
then went to the valle> 
and from there to th' 
battle of South Moun 
tain, and wound up that 
c impaign at Shdrpsburj. . 
Here I was impressec 
that this battle was tht 
greatest of the war. On 
our return to Virginia, 
I was in all the batt es 

in which the company engaged till at Chancellorsville, where I was 
wounded twice, on the same evening Jackson was killed. From this 
battle, I received a furlough and remained at home for the summer. At 
Fredericksburg, we had a fine time with the Yankee pickets. We made 
exchanges, bought and sold little things. I had many close calls, but I 
think the closest place I ever was in was at Spottsylvania C. H. Three 
of my company were killed, all within four feet of me. How I escaped, 
I cannot tell. I never surrendered but once; then the Cavalry was over 
us, and one had his sword drawn to split my head, but just before he 
struck at me, I fell to the ground, and he hurried on; then I arose and 
made my escape back to our lines. The grandest charge our Brigade 
ever made was at the Wilderness on the evening of May 6th, and Sept. 
21st, 1864, where I was wounded, riding two miles horseback, with my 
leg broken and crushed from the knee down. I was taken to the hospi- 
tal at Woodstock. Here I remained until January, 1865. While here, 
the ladies of the town prepared our rations, and, indeed, they showed 
their kindness and hospitality in giving us the best. From Woodstock, 
I was discharged, and immediately returned home. Taking all in all, 
I had many narrow escapes, close calls, notwithstanding all this, I 
must confess now, while old, I had a lot of fun, and was lucky to lose 
o.ily a leg, all of which I thank my Heavenly Father for. 



114 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 

At Chancellorsville, I had my first intimation of dread. In rear of 
M. 0. Sherrill, I was wounded. The file of the 23rd re.eiment was on 
our right, two being shot at the same instant and falling across each 
other. I was ordered to the r^ar, already wounded, but I re-loaded, 
fired again, and was again wounded. 

At Spottsylvania, C. H., the enemy charged the breast works oc- 
cupied by an Alabama Regiment and captured it with great slaughtei'. 
artillery and all. Johnson's bridgade was ordered to retake it. Hetock 
it and regained the artillery. This I regard the grandest charge of my 
experience. 

On the morning of the 12th, the enemy captured Johnson's Division, 
and in trying to recapture them, we got mixed, — Dave Setzer, Jake 
Dixon, and Bill Bowman were all killed withm two feet of me in an in- 
stant; and in running out of that close place, the wind from the bullets 
seemed to have helped to blow me out. Ten days after, I slipped off 
alone from the company, so anxious to see that lonely, deserted spot 
where fell so many of my company. I found our dead not bujied, and 
among t?at tall timber, I did not see a place as big vis the palm of my 
hand that was not scarred by balls. 

At the battle of the Wilderness, near Sunset, we filed full length of 
our brigade to the right, charged the enemy, killed Gen. Sedgwick, and 
drove the enemy back. Being a little lost, Bill Cline and myself charged 
a house containing an officer and ten privates, capturing the whole 
eleven. The officer had on a beautiful hat which had had a hole shot in 
it. Bowman, coming up after our capture, demanded the hat. The 
officer said: "Don't take it, please; I have been married but a short 
while, and I want to take this hat back to my wife, that she may see 
how near I came losing my life." We would not allow. Bowman to take 
the hat. This shows there is honor even on the battle field. 

At Charleston, three of us came in contact with a company of 100 
Yankee Cavalry, while we were out on a scouting expedition; we fired 
and dislodged one; the rest ran following them to the river, putting 33 
to flight. 

On the Rappahannock, the river being the dividing line between the 
armies, we made this mutual agreement, —not to fire at each other, 
unless giving due notice; we thus became right familiar for enemies; and 
one day they asked us to come over that night and we would take a 
game of "Seven up." We did so, and while we were intensely engaged 
in a game, the relief came around and demanded our surrender. The 
old Guard said, "No; we invited them over, and promised protection, 
and we mean to see the Johnies back in safety"; so they did. Many in- 
cidents like these I could give, but I desist." 

Geo. W. Rabb was one of the bravest of the boys. He was always 
ready for any command. He took up shoemaking, — one of the- sons of 
Crispian. He pegged many and many a shoe and made some money, in- 
vesting wisely in factory stock; and today, has quite a competency. He 
married soon after the war, and is without bodily heirs; hence, he has 
been a very liberal supporter of his Church and denominational schools. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



115 



He has held somn important County offices, and in 1910-11, hewaschosen 
by his party to represent Catawba in the lower house of the legislature. 
He has made good in both war and peace. 

Travis, Nelson, enlisted April 27, '01; died in the West since 
the war. (See sketch.) 

Rheinhardt, Robt. P., enlisted April 27, '01; discharged; (Hed 
since the war. (See sketch.) 



R. P. REINHARDT 

R. P. Reinhardt en- 
listed in Company A, 
12th Regiment April, 
1861. He served in the 
Company for awhile and 
hired a substitute. He 
was one of the few men 
in the county soon after 
the war that began 
farming on the "inten- 
sive" plan. He also 
introduced fine improv- 
ed stock, and this stim- 
ulated the County to 
getting better cattle, 
sheep and hogs. He, 
during his later life, 
was appointed Post 
Master at Newton, N. 
C. He died in 1902. 




Ritzell, H. J., enlisted April 27, '01; lost a leg July 20 below 
Winchester; living, a farmer, (See sketch.) 

Ritzell A. A., enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Rowe, Lafayette, enhsted April 27, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; died since the war. (See sketch.) 

Rowe, N. I., enlisted September 1, '62; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville; living, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

Rowe, Sidney H., enlisted June 6, '01; transferred from 23rd 
Regiment; died in the war. (See sketch.) 



116 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



HENRY J. REITZEL 

Henry J. Reitzel en- 
listed April 27th, 1861. 
in Company A, 12th 
North Carolina Regi- 
ment. Was wounded at 
Winchester, July 20th. 
1864, and on his return, 
with loss of leg, took 
up farming, at which he 
made an honest living. 

He is now in his 70th 
year, a hale, healthy 
man. 

At the battle of 
Spottsylvania Court 
House, on the night of 
the 21st of May. he 
heard groaning near by. 
He went to see what the 
matter was, and found 
a Yankee shot through 
the head with a ramrod. 
He asked Reitzel to pull 
it out. and it was so 
diffcult to extract that 
he had to put his foot 
upon his chest before he could puli it out. 

Robinson. J. F.. enlisted May 27. 
Spottsylvania Court House. 

Robinson, A., enlisted October 16. 
at Richmond. 

Robinson. Geo. W., enlisted April 27, '61: died in the war. ' 

Smyer, Silas, enhsted April 27, '61; wounded, promoted 3rd 
Sergeant; li\'ing, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

Sigmon, J. C enlisted April 27. '61 : transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment. 

Sigmon. J. E.. enlisted April 27. "61 ; transferred to 32nd Regi- 
ment. 

Sigmon. Albert, enlisted April 27. '61; living, a farmer. 

Sigmon, Marcus, Sr.. enlisted April 27. '61; h\nng. 

Sigmon, Marcus. Jr., enlisted April 27, '61 ; died since the war. 

Sigmon, Wesley, enli.sted April 27, '61 ; living, a farmer. 

Sigmon, Cahin. enlisted October 16, '61; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville ; died since the war. 




"61 : killed Mav 10. '64 at 



61: died September '62 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



117 



DANIEL LAFAYETTE 
ROWE 

Daniel Lafayette 
Rowe was born near 
Newton, N. C, Feb. 12, 
1842. He enlisted in 
April, 1861, as a mem- 
ber of Co. A. 12th N. C. 
rejj^iment, and served 
with fidelity throughout 
the war, being wounded 
twice. He was a splen- 
did soldier, a progressive 
farmer, a good citizen, 
and the father of a large 
family. He died Sept. 
15, 1897. 




Sigmon, M. L., enlisted April 27, '61; living, a farmer. 

Sigmon, Jethro, enlisted March 19, '63; died in the war. 

Sigmon, Sylvanus, enlisted April 27, '61; no record. 

Sigmon, Wm., enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Sigmon, Newton, enlisted October 16, '61; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville ; living, a farmer. 

Shook, Tobias, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Shook, Calvin, enlisted April 1, '62; promoted 3rd Corporal; 
Uving in Newton, N. C. 

Shook, John, enlisted April 27, '61; dead. 

Shook, Jacob, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Setzer, Noah, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Setzer, David, enUsted April 27, '61; died in the West since 
the war. 

Setzer, Jacob, enUsted April 1, '62; died since the war. 

Smyre, Geo. S., enlisted April 27, '61; promoted 5th Ser- 
geant; wounded at Malvern Hill, and killed at Hagerstown by a 
Yankee Sharpshooter from a window. 



118 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



NOAH ISAAH ROWE 




Noah Isaah Rowe, 
who was born near 
Newton, N. C, January 
20, 1S28, enlisted as a 
member of Company A, 
12th N. C. Regiment, 
in April, 1861. On May 
3, 1S63, he was wounded 
in the battle of Chancel- 
lorsvilie. He was taken 
prisoner on May 12, 1864 
at Spottsylvania Court 
House and confined at 
West Point three months 
when he was removed 
to the Federal Prison at 
Elmira, N. Y. At this 
place he was confined 
until the close of the 
war. Beginning empty- 
handed at the close of 
the war, by untiring 
toil he has acquired a 
competency; has brought 
up a large family, and 
is an honored citizen in 

the community. For many years he has been an elder in the Reformed 
Church, and is still an active church worker. At this time (1911) he is 
still in active life and is possessed of excellent health, considering his 
years and labors. He is now in his 84th year. 

SIDNEY HOKE ROWE 

Sidney Hoke Row^e was born near Newton, N. C, November 23rd, 
1838. He enlisted in the fall of 1861 as a member of the company or- 
ganized by T. L. Lowe. In a short time he was transferred to Company 
A, in which he had three brothers. He was in active service until May 
12th, 1864, when he was taken prisoner at Spottsylvania Court House. 
He was confined at Point Lookout and later, in company with his 
brother Noah, was removed to Elmira, N. Y., where he died December 
20, 1864, at the age of 27 years. In the strength and vigor of young 
manhood, nobly sacrificing his life for the Cause, he died, as he said, 
"In the triumph of Faith." 

Setzer, Marcus, enlisted April 27, '61; living. 
Smyre, L. Z., enlisted March 4, '63; killed March 25, '65 at 
Petersburg. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



119 



SILAS SiMYRE 

Silas Smyre enlisted 
in Cumpany A. 12th N. 
C. Regiment volunteers, 
April 27th, 18ol. He 
was promoted Sergeant 
in the early part of the 
war, and proved himself 
to be one of the most 
efficient soldiers of the 
war. He was one of 
the few of Company A 
who surrendered at Ap- 
pomattox Court House. 
On his return home, he 
engaged in farming and 
the manufacture of flour. 

He was always a 
quiet, peacable and in- 
dustrious citizen; and 
by industry and econo- 
my, amassed quite a 
fortune. He honored 
himself, his family and 
his country by his up- 
right life. He died 
New Years, 1911. 

ipe, Jacob, enlisted A}>ril 1, '62; missino;. 

Sipe, Noah, enlisted April 1, '62; living in the west. 

Settlemyre, D. S., enlisted April 27, '61; living. 

Settlemvre, Allen, enlisted April 27, '61; living. (See sketch.) 

Sherrill, M. 0., enlisted April 27, '61; promoted 1st Sergeant; 
wounded May 9, '64 at Spottsylvania Court House; leg amputa- 
ted. (See sketch.) 

Sherrill, John, enlisted April 27, '61; discharged, living. 

Seaboch, John, enlisted April 27, '61; wounded at Malvern 
Hill; killed July 9, '64 at Monocacy River. 
Turner, Joseph, enlisted April 27, '61; discharged, since the war. 

Turbyfield, W. O., enhsted October 14, '62; died April '63. 

Wilkinson, J. M., enlisted August 14, '61; wounded at Mal- 
vern Hill. 

Wilkinson, Hufus, enlisted April 1, '62; woundcnl at Malvern 
Hill; still living. 




120 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



A. M. SETTLEMYER 

I enlisted about the 
first of the year, 1863, 
at Orange Court House, 
Va., in Company A, 12th 
N. C. Regiment. I was 
in the battle of Spottsyl- 
vania Court House, and 
in the battle of Hatch- 
er's Run; also in an en- 
gagement on the 25th of 
March, 1865, in front of 
Petersburg, and saw 
Jncle Jonas Fry struck 
with a shell on the body 
and torn to atoms. I 
was on the Roanoke 
River guarding desert- 
ers prior to the engage- 
ment at Petersburg. I 
was on the retreat from 
Petersburg to Appomat- 
tox Court House. I was 
slightly wounded on the 
6th. I was near Gen. 
Lee when he surrender- 
ed on the 9th of April, 
1865, and marched from there home. 

I began tilling the soil and made quite a success of it. I had noth- 
ing when I came from the war; I now own a good farm and some town 
property. 

Webb, Curtiss, enlisted April 27, '61; went to Florida since 
the war. 

Wilkinson, John, enlisted August 14, '63; died since the war 
by electricity. 

Wilfong, S. T., enlisted August 27, '61; lost an arm; died 
since the war. (See sketch.) 

Wilfong, Maxwell, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Wilson, Henry, enlisted April 27, '61; killed at Malvern Hill. 

Wilson, D. C, enlisted April 27, '61 ;transf erred to 32nd Regi- 
ment; died January 1, 1911. 

Whitener, L. R., enHsted April 27, '61; promoted Sergeant; 
wounded at Gettysburg; living in Hickory, N. C. (See sketch.) 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



121 





JAMES A LBERT 
SHERRILL 

Youngest child of 
Hiram and Sarah 
Sherrill, was born in 
Catawba Co. in 1843. 
In the war of 1861-5 he 
volunteered in Co. A. 
12th N. C, the same 
Co. that his brother 
Miles 0. Sherrill, and his 
nephew James F. Robin- 
son, were in. He was 
in every battle that his 
Company was in from 
Hanover Court House 
and seven day fighting 
below Richmond, Va., 
until the battle of South 
Mountain in Md. in Sept 
1862. where he sacrifi- 
ctd his life. Alfied 
Sigmon, a comrade now 
living in Catawba Coun- 
ty, who was wounded in 
the battles of South 
Mountain, Md. in 1862, 

and captured, says that Sherrill, when the command to fall back was 
given, was the last to leave the line of battle, and while firing a part- 
ing shot, was badly wounded; and when the enemy came one of them 
half drunk stood over Sherrill, and bayonetted the poor fellow to death, 
showing no mercy to the brave boy, but manifested a brute in human 
firm. Sherrill was counted as one of the bravest men in the company. 
His dust has been resting in South Mountain, Maryland, since Sept. 
1862. 

Whitener, P. W., enlisted April 27, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; living in Hickory. (See sketch.) 

White, Wilson, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Yount, Hosea, enlisted April 27, '61 ; died since the war. 

Yount, Joseph, enlisted April 27, '61; died since the war. 

Yount, Sidney L., enlisted April 27, '61; promoted Sergeant; 
wounded at Malvern Hill and Chancellorsville, lost an arm; 
died since the war. (See sketch.) 

Yount, Elcanah, enlisted as recruit; died in the war in '63. 

Total 183. (See sketch.) 



122 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




until he lost his leg in 
May 1864. Sherrill was 
with his command, and 
in the battles bf^ginning 
at Hanover Court 
House, and the seven 
days fighting below Rich- 
mond, Va., on up to and 
including Getty sb u rg. 
Pa., to the time he lost 
his leg at the battle of 
Spottsylvania Court 
House, Va. May, 1864. 
The balance of the war 
was spent in prison. His 
brother Albert and a ne- 
phew, (Ferdinand Rob- 
inson) never returned. 
Miles O. Sherrill married 
Sarah R. Bost, 1st of 
May 1867. She was a 



MILES OSBORNE 
SHERRILL 
Son of Hiram and 
Sarah Sherrill, was horn 
in Catawba county, July, 
26th. 1841. He enlisted 
in Co. K. 2nd, N. C. 
Volunteers April, 1861. 
At the reorganization in 
1862, the 'Catawba Ri- 
fles" became Co. A. in 
the 12th N.C. Regiment. 
In the Fall of 1861, while 
at Norfolk, Va., Sherrill 
was appointed a first 
Lieutenant in another 
regiment, but declined 
to leave his company. 
He was appointed order- 
ly Seargeant, in 1862, 
which position he held 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



123 



daughter of Capt. Joseph M. Bost, who was killed near Petersburg, Va., 
June 1854. They have seven children. Sherrill was elected Judge of 
Probate & Clerk of Superior court of Catawba <.'ounty in 1868, and serv- 
ed fourteen years. In 1882 he was elected to the Legislature and was 
elected to the Senate of N. C. in 1885 and again in 1893. In 1899 he was 
elected State Librarian which position he now holds. 



JOHN A. SHERRILL 

John A. Sherrill en- 
listed in the first com- 
pany organized in Ca- 
tawba county, April 
1861, and surrendered 
with Gen. Lee's army, 
April 9, 1865. During 
this time he was never 
-in the hospital iicr in 
prison, but was in active 
service all the time, ex- 
cept two months which 
he spent at home on a 
furlough, recovering 
from a wound. 

Mr. Sherrill did duty 
at Norfolk during the 
first year of the war. 
When Norfolk was eva- 
cuated he, with his regi- 
ment, (the Second North 
Carolina Volunteers ), 
was transferred to the 
army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. 

He was severely 
wounded at Hanover Junction in May, 1862. After recovering from this 
wound, he rejoined his regiment at Richmond and did service in Virginia 
for the remainder of the war. 

He was in the Marylaiwl campaign in 1862. In the spring of 1863, he 
was detailed as courier to Gen. Iverson and served in this capacity dur- 
ing the Gettysburg campaign, and to the end of the war. 

He did service in Early's campaign, in the valley of Virginia, in 
1864, and returned with Early's command to the army of Northern Vir- 
ginia in the fall of that year in time to take part in the engagement at 
Hatcher's run. Dui'ing this engagement, he saddled his horse Sunday 
morning at sunrise and did not unsaddle him until Wednesday night. 
During these four days and three nights, he was in his saddle more than 
half the time amid a constant downpour of sleet and rain. 




124 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



After the surrender he returned to his native connty and has proven 
an honored and useful citizen. 

He served as county Commissioner from 1894 to 1896, and as County 
Treasurer from 1900 to 19(>4. He was also appointed to fill out the un- 
expired term of Dr. W. E. Wilson on the County Board of Education. 

Mr. Sherrill is still living, and is in fine physical condition, consider- 
ing his age. 

LEROY ROBINSON 
WHITENER 

Leroy Robinson White- 
ner, a veteran of the 
army of Northern Vir- 
ginia, was bom in Cat- 
awba County, N. C 
Nov. 27th, 1837, a de- 
scendant of Henry Weid- 
ner, the first white set- 
tler of the County. He 
entered the Confederate 
service April 2Tth, 1S61. 
as a private in the 2nd 
regiment of volunteers. 
under Col. Williams, 
later known as the 12tr. 
R^ment. The reg- 
ment was organized be- 
fore the Stare seceede : 
and he was in Raleij: 
at the time of the seces- 
sion. 

During his first year's 
duty in Virginia he was 
a witness of the Naval 
encounter between the 

Merrimac and Monitor, and after the evacuation of Norfolk, he fought 
in the Seven Days' banle before Richmond. After the victory at Sec- 
ond Manassas came the celebrated fight of his brigade at South Moim- 
tain. He fought at Fredricksburg; was near the spot where General 
Jackson was mortally wounded at Chancelk)rsville. and at Gettysburg 
shared the gallant service of Rodes' division nntil he was wounded and 
captured by the enemy. 

He was held but a few weeks at David's Island and then paroled. 
Upon his exchange, in October following, he rejoined his regiment, and 
in 1864 was in the battle of the Wilderness, Spottyslvania Court House, 
and Cold Harbor: was with Early at the battle of Mondcacy and the 
demonstration against Washington Citv". and in the fall took part in the 
desperate struggle against Sheridan's superior numbers at Winchester 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 125 

and Cedar Creek. He fought in the Petersburg trenches; was in the 
battle of Hatcher's Run and other engagements, and upon the retreat 
to Appomattox, was surrendered with the remnant of the glorious old 
army. 

In addition to his wound at Gettysburg, he was slightly wounded at 
Cold Harbor and Hatcher's Run. 

Coming back to his old home he engaged in farming. Since 1887 he 
has lived in Hickory, where he is engaged in business. 

He has had a prominent career as a public official; eight years as 
County commissioner, as a member of the Board of Alderman, elder in 
the Reformed church, twice Mayor of the City, six years a director of 
the State Hospital at Morganton and representative of the County in 
the legislature for two terms. He is Justice of the Peace and U. S. 
Commissioner. 

He was married January 12th. 1866, to Miss Martha J. Shuford, 
with whom he lived happily until her death, February 3rd, 1896. He 
was married again June 22nd, 1897, to Miss Alice Ingold Murrill. 

Speaking of his experience, Mr. Whitener said: 

"J walked all the way home from Appomattox Court House, being on 
the way I reached the home of my sister, Mrs. Eli Rhyne, dirty, 
ragged and foot-sore. She said, '"What will you do for clothes?" There 
were no stores, and there was no money to pay, if there had been. I 
said, "I don't know what I will do;" then sister said, "I have a little 
cotton, a little wool and a little bacon; you go to see Millie Reese and 
tell her I will pay her in bacon if she will come here and spin yarn to 
make a suit." Millie came; the cotton and wool were carded together 
and spun and wove, making grey mixed cloth. My sister made the suit 
and then I started out to have a good time. ' ' 

PETER WILFONG WHITENER 

Peter Wilfong Whitener, in April 1861, enlisted in the first company 
organized in Catawba County— Company "A", 12th. Regiment, N. C. 
Volunteers. As a soldier, he performed every service faithfully and 
bravely. He was in many battles. In the "Seven Days Battle" around 
Richmond, on June 27th, '62, he was wounded. While thus wounded he 
was given a furlough, and during his stay home, he married Miss Kate 
Shuford, who proved to be, not only a faithful and loving companion and 
mother, but a model, consecrated, Christian worker, whose unshakened 
faith in God's word was her ever ready weapon in every battle of life 
from which she came out more than conqueror. 

When able he returned to his post in the army and on the battle field, 
and performed every duty with that distinction of faithfulness that has 
ever characterized him in every sphere of life. In the battle of Gettys- 
burg, on July 1st, 1863, he was so badly wounded in the knee that his 



126 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




t>v 



t 



leg had to be amputated 
thus putting him on 
crutches for life. 

As soon as able, on 
November 27. 1S63, he 
came home, and he and 
his faithful companion 
began life together on 
their farm on South 
Fork river. With in- 
dustry and good manage- 
ment, they made farm- 
ing a great success. Tu 
this union were bon- 
seven children, four 
daughters and thre<r 
sons, of whom two sons 
and two daughters are 
still living. 

About five and one- 
half years ago. he sold 
his well improved and 
valuable farm, and mov- 
ed to Hickory. About 
two years thereafter, 
death entered his hom<r 
and took from him his 
beloved companion. Since then, he makes his home principally with his 
two devoted daughters, Mrs. J. F. Abernethy, and Mrs. W. G. Shell. 
This noble veteran is now in his T2d year. Owing to his age and 
weight, he is unable to be out only as he is carried In a rolling chair. 

No man has more friends than he. and none deserve more than he. 
Though he was always ready to do his part in everj- feature of active 
life, yet with the same good judgement and faith in the goodness of God. 
he is fully resigned to his present, inactive state. In this, his last battle 
of life, he is brave and cheerful, feeling assured that when the summons 
comes and he answers the roll call above, the Captain of his salvation 
will say: "Well done thou good and faithful servant: enter thou into 
the joys of thy Lord." 

SIDNEY L. YOUNT 

Catawba countj- sent no braver or better man or nwre loyal soldier 
to the Virginia firing line than Sidney L. Yount. He went as a volunter 
in Company. Twenty-third Regiment, Captain M. L. McCorkle, and 
was among the first to leave for the battlefield. At Chancellorsville he 
lost his left arm and thus incapacitated for further duty, he was returned 
home. 

Following the war he taught school, and a well-known citizen has 



f 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



127 



written of him that he "took his first lesson in the old blue back speli.-r 
from him and h.is never lost that admiration for the man that was form- 
ed in th- old log school house." 

In 1878 Mr. Yount was elected sheriff of Catawba county and served 
continuously in that capacity for a decade. If he was biave on the field 
of battle, he was faithful as a civil officer, and withal considerate and 
merciful to those who in the course of his duties as sheriff he found in 
distress. In fact, as has been often said, he was too tender-hearted, 
too generous, for the place. Rather than force payment of taxes in 
those hard times, he paid the tax himself. His broad sympathies had 
much to do with his finan- 
cial disaster. Honest as 
the day, hs surrendered 
everything to his credi- 
tors. He came out of 
this a poor man, but 
bore himself with char- 
acteristic fortitude, and 
although a crippled 
soldier, he endeavored 
to labor on. 

Under the last admini- 
stration of President 
Cleveland he held a posi- 
tion in the revenue ser- 
vice and it caused no 
surprise among those 
who knew him when it 
was started that he 
made a record that show- 
ed him to be one of the 
best men in the service. 
"Sheriff" Yount as 
the public knew him, 
"Sid" as his war com- 
rades called him, has 
been desci'ibed as "one 
of Nature's noblemen. He was one of those quiet, good-hearted, gener- 
ous men who always command admiration. Generous he was, to a fault 
and tender-hearted as a woman, yet he could be stern on occasion, and 
when duty demand it, he was. 

He passed away on July 12, 1899, being 58 years and five months 
of age, having been born February 12, 1841. He was a son of the late 
Franklin A. Yount, and married Miss Belle Fox, a daughter of the late 
Rev. Albert J. Fux, of Lincoln county, a Lutheran minister widely known. 
His family nu-nbered seven children: Miss Clara Yount, Mrs. Lucy 
Witherspoon, Mr. Zeb H. Yount, Miss Maude Yount, Mrs. George F. 
Coihran, Mr. Floyd E. Yount and Mrs. Grace Haendiges. 




128 



THE CATA'^'^A SOLDIER 




D. F. MOOSE 
D. F Moose en listed 
in Company A 12th Reg^- 
:m.enc. in 1861. He was 
sroonded at Chaneellors- 
■rille. and wa~ afterwards 
shot rwiee throag:h the 
rat— two very namiw 
-icapes. He engaged in 
rarming on his retorn, 
±nd has made a Irrfng 
:herebv. He is now 68 
'ears old- He is a g-ood 
r.zizen^ an industrioas 
- -- i"i a friend to 



ELCANAH TOUNT 

Elcanah Yottnt was 
bom March 9th. ISi 5 
He j*ined Co. A 12th 
Rezin e it, and took an 
active part in all the 
battles of his rejimeit. 
He died at Charlottes- 
ville, Va.. being 39 years 
old. This honcr is con- 
ferred npon him ty his 
son, blowing his esteem 
for a noixle father. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



129 



JAMES FERINAND ROBINSON 
Son of Marion and Margaret Robinson was born in Catawba county 
N.C. in 1842. He enlisted in Co. K. 2nd N. C. volunteers in 1861. At 
the reorganization inthe Co. was made Co. 12th N. C. Regiment, 
Robinson was with the company never failing to be at the post of duty. 
He was killed at Spottsylvania Court House Va., May the 12th, 1864. 
Robinson wrote with a pencil (while in line of battle) to his father, say- 
ing: "Uncle Miles O Sherrill was killed on yesterday'^'; poor boy; his 
uncle got back to read his letter; though 46 years have gone by, the 
uncle is living, while his nephew has been in the ground over 46 years; 
such is war. Robinson was a brave soldier; he was admirtd for his wit 
and humor; he could not be excelled along that line. 




JOHN HOSEA YOUNT 

John Hosea Yount was born May 27th, 1828. He was married to 
Cynthia Killian, Feb. 19th, 1868. He died May 26th, 1888. 

Mr. Yount was a good soldier. He was never on extra duty for 
disobedience. He indeed served his country well. After the close of the 
war, he returned home and made a success at farming, and on his death, 
left his widow and two children, — one son and a daughter, —in easy 
financial circumstances. 



130 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



PATRICK R. CLINE 

Patrick R. Cline en- 
listed April 27, 1861 in 
Co. A 12th N. C. Regi- 
ment. He served in the 
company up to the bat- 
tle of Malvern Hill, 
where he was wounded, 
He survived the war, 
cami home and engag 
ed in the mercantile 
haziness. He d'ed since. 
H^ was a loyal citiztn 
of CatawLa. 





MILES YOUNT 

Miles Yount served as 
1st Lieutenant in Com- 
pany A, 12th Regiment. 
(See sketch under list 
of officers. ) 



OF THE CIVIL WHR 131 

CO. F. 23rd N. C. TROOPS 

By P. A. HoYLE 

In presenting this sketch of Co. F. 23rd regiment N. C. 
T., the author will not attempt a recital of all the brave acts, 
heroic deeds and faithful services already known and acc- 
redited to them. A record of the names alone will fill the 
space allotted and a recital of their marches and battles; their 
wounds and sufferings; their willing sacrifice and patient 
endurace would demand a more accurate knowledge, more 
time and more ability, than the author can command. 

He can only hope that this imperfect sketch will inspire 
and stimulate in the hearts of each survivor a desire for con- 
tinued and increasing patience in the sacrifices, sufferings 
and battles that are yet to come, and that it will help to per- 
petuate in the memories of their relatives and friends and 
their descendants, this fact; that Co. F. did its duty to itself, 
to the state and to the Confederacy, and did it nobly. 

From beginning to ending, there were enrolled 146 men. 
They were representative men of their day and time-the 
true yeomanry of their country. Of this 146-30 are living; 
35 died of disease while in service; 36 have died since the 
war; 36 different ones were wounded. 29 were killed in bat- 
tle, and 17 were prisoners of war. Two of the boys were 
killed in the last battle fought, and two others died on their 
way from prison to their homes. The company was gotten 
up by Capt. M. L. McCorkle and the organization was per- 
fected on the 6th day of June 1861, when commissions were 
issued as follows; M. L. McCorkle, Capt; Jacob H. Miller, 
1st Leutenant; M. L. Helton, 2nd Leutenant; R. A. Cobb, 
3rd Leutenant; L. D. Wilkie, 1st Searg't., H. H. Thornton, 
2nd Seargent; J. M. Leonard 3rd Seargent; Jno. M. Prunes, 
4th Seargent; Peter A. Link 1st Corporal; D. M. McCorkle, 
2nd Corporal; Eli F. Rink 3rd Corporal and Sidney H. Rowe 
4th Corporal. 

With the organization, the company was pushed to the 
front with the Army of Northern Virginia, near Mannasas 



132 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 

Junction. It was first known as Co. F. 13th Reg't of Volun- 
teers, but in the final adjustment, became Co. F. 23rd Regt, 
of State Troops, and was commanded by Col. Jno. F. Hoke. 

The company camped near Manassas during the fall and 
winter of 1861, and while there, several of the most robust 
men succumbed to attacks of typhoid fever. In the opening 
of the campaign, 1862, the command was transfered to the 
penninsula, and shared the hardships and victories that usu- 
ally attended the Army of Lee. 

The first general engagement in which the company took 
part is know^n as the battle of Williamsburg. From that time 
on until after the battle of Seven Pines, and the Seven Days 
Fight, the fighting was almost continous and Co. F. was at 
its post. During the battles, seven of our best boys were 
killed and wounded. The company was with the command, 
and participated in all the marches and battles through 
which the brave commanders led it. Specific battles in which 
the company fought, and heroic deeds they performed, will 
be seen by reference to the individual historical sketches 
that follow this recital. The official rank of the company, 
as well as the private, had been thinned by battles, sickness 
or resignation, and on May 10, 1862, Jacob H. Miller became 
Captain of the company; Thomas W. Wilson, 2nd Leutenant, 
and G. P. Clay, 3rd Lieutenant. At a later date, not now 
remembered, other officers were elected and official changes 
made. W. D. Eckard, A. G. Piopst, W. T. Warlick, W. L. 
Killian and A. A. Shuford became non-commissioned officers 
in the company. And in this connection, I will state a fact 
not recorded in our rosters or histories-that A. A. Shuford 
and W. L. Killian were elected Lieutenants in the company, 
but never served in that capacity, both having been captured 
before they received their commission. It is known to all 
the survivors of the company that W. C. Wall of Granville 
county commanded Co. F. for a time by virtue of his appoint- 
ment by Col. Christie. This was done under the protest of 
our ranking officer, Lieutenant Wilson. I mention this, not 
that any of the company disliked Mr. Wall, for he was a 
brave, good man, but to show Lieutenant Wilson's regard 
for the rights and wishes of his men. Lieutenant Wilson 
would not recognize Mr. Wall as an officer in the company. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 133 

and absolutely refused to sign Mr. Wall's name to any official 
report or document he was required to make. The Col, put 
Lieutenant Wilson under arrest, and during the campaign of 
1864 he followed his company and suffered with them, but 
carried no sword, and commanded no men until just previous 
to the battle of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania Court 
House. The company was greatly bereft and grieved when 
on May 10 1864, Wilson was stricken down, just two years 
after he was commissioned. On that same evening. Serge- 
ant Warlick was also killed. Besides these, Abel Yoder and 
his son. Bob, were killed and buried in the same grave. In 
the campaign into Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the com- 
pany was ever found at its post ready for duty. Many of 
the boys were killed wounded or captured. Capt. Helton 
and his brother, Frank were captured. The Capt. was taken 
to Johnson's Island and Frank to Point Lookout. Both died 
in prison. 

The company returned to Virginia, crippled and reduced 
in number, but buoyant in spirit. The company entered 
camp near Kelly's Ford, and hoped for rest and peace during 
the winter; but the enemy soon appeared on the opposite side 
of the river and it was manifest that a battle must soon be 
fought. This occured the latter part of October 1863. The 
company had just drawn a ration of fresh beef, and it was 
in process of cooking when a shell from the enemy's guns 
came whistling over our quarters. 

The raw beef and the water in which it was cooking 
were divided and distributed among the men just before or- 
ders came to pack up and fall into line. Some of the boys 
ate the meat and drank the broth alloted to them, and some 
dropped their meat into their haversacks. I left my allot- 
ment of broth in a tin can under a pine pole bunk which we 
had built that day. We were soon in full view of the enemy 
and under the range of his guns, but were on the reserve 
line. Late in the evening, we returned to our quarters with 
orders to be ready to march at a moments notice. We found 
our quarters in tact, except that the chimney of one house 
had been demolished by a shell, but my can of beef tea was 
missing. We slept on our arms until about midnight when 
we were ordered to move hastily but quietly. We continued 



134 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

the march all night and through the next day till late in the 
night when we crossed the river and camped the balance of 
the night. All were wet and cold, having waded the river. 
On making a light, we found ourselves in an old field almost 
surrounded by pines and cedars that had been cut and piled 
so as to make a wind break for troops and horses that had 
recently left that place. The wind break was fired and very 
quickly, we had the biggest, the hottest and the most hearti- 
ly welcomed fire I ever saw. From the wet clothes of the 
bog, a great smoke ascended like unto-well it was a sight. 
All were soon comfortable and in sound, sweet sleep. The 
company moved the next day a short distance up the river 
and struck camp. Again, we built quarters but occupied 
them for only a short time. During our stay here, we did 
guard duty along the river with our enemy in full view on 
the other side. We frequently would converse and exchange 
products with our blue-coated fellow guards. A field of nice 
corn lay between the lines and agreements were entered 
into that pretty nearly divided the corn between the two 
governments. Here I ate my only mess of lye homing dur- 
ing my soldier life. Rations were exceedingly scarce during 
this time, but before all of our houses were completed, we 
drew a ration of fine bacon— regular fat back. One of our 
boys, a very hearty fellow, determined to fry his three days 
ration of fat back and enjoy one square meal. Accordingly, 
he secured a canteen frying pan (which was simply one half 
of a canteen with a split stick slipped over the edge for a 
handle), and in this he carefully placed the tempting slices 
of fat back. Holding it gently over the fire, the savory oder 
soon filled the air, and the recital of it to-day, 47 years later, 
makes my mouth water. The fat back was almost wholely 
converted into *'sop"— just the article he desired. His square 
meal was almost ready. We frequently forgot to say grace 
or even to take off our hats before eating in those days. 
This comrade did, I know, on this occassion. Placing the 
precious meal before him. he sat down, and as he thought, 
to get up satisfied, and prepare to go in the strength of the 
meat at least three days. Now, the top of his hat was shaped 
very much like the bottom of his frying pan. A gentle in- 
nocent little breeze just lifted his hat and sat it down square- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 135 

ly in the midst of that square meal. On removing the hat, 
it was found that the "sop" was gone andthe pan "sapped." 
The air was blue and sulphurous around that comrades head 
for some minutes, after this mishap, but his hat always re- 
minded us of the fat back and the square meal. 

The winter quiet of our camp was rudely disturbed by 
Gen. Wade when he began his Mine Run campaign in the 
latter part of November 1863. Being on guard duty when 
the first gun of that campaign was fired, some of the com- 
pany waa not permitted to return to the camp, but at once 
followed the command in its marches through that intensely 
cold December. Our company perhaps fared better than 
most of the commands, as we were placed between the lines 
of battle as a support to our sharp-shooters. Our location 
was in an old pine field just below and behind the brow of a 
hill. The trees and the hill greatly shielded us from the cold 
winds and freezing rain as well as from the wild bullets from 
the picket lines. 

A flock of sheep was ranging between the lines of the 
sharp-shooters and after some private negotiations, small 
parts of both armies engaged mutton chops. We were in no 
general engagement during those days, and in a few days, 
we w^ere moved back on the main line and found apparently 
impregnable breast works that had been built while we were 
at the front. The trenches had been dug during the cold 
rain and the dirt had frozen as it was thrown up so that the 
work appeared as hard as stone, and on top of these large, 
heavy logs extended the full length of the line, with space 
between the dirt and the logs for our rifles to be used, and 
along the line at about 80 yards of each other, cannons had 
been placed. Many of the boys were heard to say, "we 
are ready now and wish Meade would advance." Very soon 
he did, but he was retreating, and we were content to follow 
him in haste. In passing through the deserted Federal camp, 
we saw many discarded horses, and one poor fellow hanging 
to the limb of a tree. We made no halt and no investigation 
as to cause of changing. That hard days march, capturing 
some stragglers, plunder, etc closed our activities for the 
winter, and we were marched to a point about seven miles 
east of Orange Court House, and again built winter quarters. 



136 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Sometime during the winter or early spring, our regiment 
was detached and sent over to Hanover Junction for guard 
duty. We went into good quarters ah-eady built and remain- 
ed there until the active campaign of 1864 began in the 
Wilderness. At Hanover we had a good time for Confeder- 
ate soldiers. The guard duty was not heavy and we did little 
else. We were at a junction of two railroads only 26 miles 
from Richmond, and could occassionally visit the capital city. 
Taylorsville church was right near our camp, and we fre- 
quently attended service there and came in contact with 
many good citizens of the Old Dominion. Soon after we 
came here, we were delighted by the roving and rooting 
through the camp of a litter of beautiful fat pigs weighing 
about 60 or a hundred pounds each, gross weight. The 
owner knew something of a soldier's fondness for pork and 
he soon appeared in the camp hunting his pigs. He was so 
kind and his pigs so pretty that the officers and privates 
seemed anxious to assure him that his pigs should not be 
hurt. I think this man's name was Baker and he said; 
"troops from N. C. camped here some time ago and they 
appropriated a similiar lot of my pigs, and I fear to trust 
you." But he did trust us and so far as I know, his pigs 
never entered any part of the Confederate Army. Mr. Baker 
had some girls, too, and they were as pretty about home and 
at church as the pigs were about the camp. Our boys who 
wore the stars or bars said, this was true, and they deter- 
mined to save the pigs. 

When the campaign of 1864 opened, we left Hanover 
Court House on the 2nd. or 3rd day of May and went into 
battle on the evening of the 5th. On the 6th, 7th and 8th, 
we marched and skirmished in the Wilderness and near 
Spottsylvania, On the 9th, our brigade, under R. D. John- 
son, charged what was said to be a squad of cavalry, but in 
truth was a whole Federal Army corps. We were flanked 
and driven back, but not with a heavy loss. On the 10th we 
were again in battle, being taken in from a reserve after the 
Confederate main line had been broken. As we approached 
the firing line, we saw Gen. Lee and heard that little dia- 
logue recorded in history that closes with these words: "Lee 
to the rear. " That evening, the armies fought at short 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 137 

range, and, in many places, bayonets and clubbed guns were 
used. The Federals were driven back and our line retakeh, 
but not without serious loss. Four of our company were 
killed on the field, as has been previously mentioned. 

On retiring from the field to our reserve camp, we again 
passed Gen. Lee and he was complimenting the passing 
troops. "Go rest, my brave boys, you have saved my army 
to-day," were the words we heard him speak, and they will 
ever be treasured as a rich legacy from this good and great 
man. On the 11th, our company was not in battle, but it 
was a day of bitter experience. Still on the reserve line and 
in a position, as we thought, well protected, we were on the 
exact spot about which many spent and half spent balls from 
a distant howitzer found lodging. We dug and scratched 
holes in which to protect ourselves, and, in one instance, 
only to see the removed dirt replaced by a ball around the 
boys who had dug the hole and were enjoying its protection. 
The day was one of awful dread, but, to our company, not 
of death. 

On the morning of the 12th, the company followed its 
commander into the Bloody Angle where many were killed 
or wounded. Several of our company were captured and 
taken to Point Lookout and other prisons. 

Perhaps the recital of a brave, but rash, act of one of 
our surviving boys will help to strengthen his arm for the 
remaining battles of life. Pardon this personal mention, it 
was Newton Whitener- Newt, as we called him. Remount- 
ed the breast works and stood or kneeled while cursing the 
advancing foe and shooting into his ranks, hurried the boys 
to load and hand him their guns. 

Shattered, thinned and bleeding, without a commission- 
ed officer, the company followed its commander through its 
eventful marchs around Spottsylvania, in the Valley and on 
to Petersburg, where it suffered and endured hardships, the 
half of which has never yet been told. 

In the ditch, in the Crater, in the battles, in the march- 
es, in the surrender at Appomattox, Co. F. bravely bore its 
part. While the company does not claim to be the first at 
Bethel, farthest at Gettysburg and last at Appomattox, it 
was stimulated by the same cause, inspired by the same pa- 



138 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

triotism, and had the same blood coursing in its veins. It 
was only circumstance, with duties just as brave, just as 
noble, that with held that recorded honor. 

Long live the name and fame of Co. F. . and may her 
survivors well and worthily wear the honors and maintain 
the heroic integrity she so dearly bought. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



141 



In that speech he opposed Secession and drew a picture of the blood 
shed, carnage and desolation that would follow such a course. 

When, however, the call came for volunteers— when he saw the 
principal of "States-Rights or Local Self -Government" was threatened, 
he without hesitation, volunteered to defend this principal, which is dear 
to every one who loves liberty. Doubtless if alive to-day, he would 
admit that the principal of "Secession" is forever lost, but that the 
principal of "Local Self-Government or States-Rights" is more firmly 
established than ever before. 

Helton, M. L., 2nd Lieutenant, commissioned June 6, '61; 
promoted to Captain; captured at Gettysburg and died a prison- 
er at Governor's Island. 

Cobb, R. A., 3rd Lieutenant, commissioned June 6, '61; re- 
tired; died since the war. (See sketch.) 

ROBERT ALEXANDER COBB 

Robert Alexander Cobb was born in 
Lincoln County, N. C. October the 1st, 
1839. He was a son of James Cobb and 
Fanny (Helton) Cobb. At the beginn- 
ing of the war, he enlisted in Co. F. 
23rd Regiment, from Lincoln and Ca- 
tawba Counties, and was made Second 
Lieutenant of the Company. This Com- 
pany was apart of Hoke's Brigade; and 
during the latter part of the war, Mr. 
Cobb was detailed to the commissary 
department. He was married July 
27th, 1862, to Matilda Smith Falls, 
daughter of John Z. Falls, of Cleveland 
County. To them were born seven 
children,— three sons, and four daughters; two sons and two daughtei-s 
are now living. In 1868, Mr. Cobb moved from Newton (where he was 
a merchant for two or three years), to Morganton, N. C, — then the 
head of W. N. C. Railroad, where he engaged in the Mercantile business 
for many years. During his residence in Morganton, he was also Post- 
master, Revenue Collector, and afterwards, editor of a newspaper. He 
was State Librarian from 1897-8. He was a member of the Methodist 
Church from his youth until his death. He died in Morganton, March 
26th, 1901. 

Clay, G. P., 3rd Lieutenant, commissioned May 10, '62; re- 
vsigned at Seven Pines; died in 1910. (See sketch.) 




142 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Mr. G. PINKNEY 
CLAY 

G. Pinkney Clay join- 
ed Co. F. 23:d N. C. 
Volunteers in the fall of 
1861, under command of 
Capt. McCorkle; and 
was appointed Second 
Lieutenant. Resigned 
as second Tiieutentiant 
Oct. 8th, 1862. 

Resignation signed as 
Second Lieut, by Jno. 
Withers. Assistant Adj. 
General, through Gen- 
eral Lee; was hit by a 
shot which would have 
proved fatal had it not 
been for a Bible, having 
brass lids, which he 
had found on the battle 
field, and carried in his 
coat pocket. 

He was rescued from 
the water into which he 
fell by a comrade. From 
this injury, hewasgiven 

an order "To return to some hospital or private house, until able to juin 
his regiment", signed by Jordan, Asst. Surg, in charge, Sept. 6th, 1862. 
The accompanying photo was taken after the war. He died -June 
26th, 1910—79 years; occupation, millwright. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

Wilkie, L. D., 1st Lieutenant, enlisted June 6, '61; promoteif. 
1st Lieutenant; resigned at re-election; died since the war. 

Thornton, H. H., 2nd Sergeant, enlisted June 6, '61; died at 
home. 

Pruner, Jno. M., 4th Sergeant,, enlisted June 6^ '61; missing 
at Gettysburg. 

Link, Peter A., 1st Corporal, enlisted June 6, '61; killed at 
Cold Harbor. 

McCorkle, D. M., 2nd Corporal, enlisted June 6, '61; died. 
July 9, '62 at Richmond. 

Rink, Ell F., 3rd Corporal, enhsted June 6, '61; wounded at 
Seven Pines; killed. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



14^ 



PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, John F., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Malvern 
Hill; died since the war. 

Angel, Marcus L., enlisted March 1, '62; wounded at Point 
Lookout; killed April 2, '62 at Petersburg. 

Abernethy, S. O., enlisted December 21, '64; died since the war. 

Baker. Barton, enUsted June 6, '64; now Uving. (See sketch.) 



BARTON BAKER 

Barton Ba':er enlist- 
ed June 6th, 1864, in Co. 
F. 23rd Regiment. At 
the close of the war, he 
returned home, making 
farming his life work, 
at which he succeeded. 
He is a sprightly old sol- 
dier to-day, and bids 
fair to live to a ripe old 
age. 





Bolch, Wni. H., enlisted June 6, '61; living. 

Benfield, Marcus, enlisted June 6, '61; missing. 

Bynum, James M., enUsted June 6, '61; discharged in '61 and 
died. 

Beatty, Tyler, enUsted June 6, '61; prisoner at Gettysburg; 
died in 1908. 

Bost, W. R. D., enhsted June 6, '61; killed at Seven Pines '62. 

Buragarner, Miles, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Freder- 
ick Cit}-; died since the war. 



144 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Bumgaraer, H. P. enlisted June 6, '61; living, a farmer and 
peddler. 

Bolch. Isreal. enlisted June 6. '61: killed at Chancellors\-ille. 

Bolch, Anthony, enlisted June 6. '61: killed at Chancellors- 
viHe. A live wire in the Company for innocent fun. 

Baker. Alfred, enlisted September 1. '61: discharged July 4, 
'62: for wound received at Seven Pines: li\'ing. (See sketch.' 



A. BAKER 

At the ageof ITyears. 
Sept. 3rd. 1861, I start- 
ed to the war. Was 
sent as a recruit to the 
23rd regiment Co. F. . 
Capt. McCorkle's Com- 
pany. The regimen r 
was then at Manassas 
Junction. From that 
time on, I experienced 
the hardships of Camp 
life. 

At Williamsburg (I 
don 't remember the 
date), I was in my first 
engagement. The next 
battle was Seven Pines, 
which commenced May 
31, 1862., the day I was 
wounded. The first shot 
I received, simply shot 
my hat off; never hurt 
me. The second shot 
was through my left 
breast, cutting the end 
of a rib off in front. The 

third shot was on my left coiiar bone, doing little harm. Ail three shots 
were in less time than five minutes. I was color bearer at the time I 
was wounded. From 3 O'clock Saturday I lay on the battle field until 
Sunday 12 o'clock, then hauled to Richmond in a two horse wagon, and 
lay in the hospital seven weeks; then went home about July 28th, ,62. 
and remained at home eleven months; then was sent to Camp Holmes, 
near Raleigh, sometime in June, '63; remained there until October the 
10c h, '63. Then I was carried to Camp Vance, and was there imtil June 
the 16th, '64. Then I was sent from Camp Branch to my old regiment, 
23rd Company F., which was near Ljmchburg: then soldiered in the 
Valley of Virginia until 3ept. 19th, 1864, and was captured in the battle 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



145 



of Winchester and carried to Point Lookout prison and remained there 
until March 15th, 1865. ("Had a tough time while there). 

Was then exchanged and sent up James River to Drewry's Bluff, 
where we got on the Rebel boat and went up to Richmond. The day we 
arrived in Richmond (the 18th day of March), I was twenty-one years 
old; was a free man and free from the war, but did not know it; but I 
got a parole home for thirty days, and Lee surrendered before it ex- 
pired. 

Burnes, Eli, enlisted March 10, '63; prisoner at Winchester; 
died in 1900. 

Cline, Wm. T., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville, May 3, '63; living, a walking encyclopedia of war records. 
(See sketch.) 
W. THORNTON CLINE 

W. Thornton Cline is 
to day a walking encyc- 
lopedia of the war. We 
are indebted to Mr. Cline 
for valuable data in this 
book. He was a brave 
soldier, and performed 
his part well. He was 
in the battles of Seven 
Pines, Seven Day Battle, 
Battle of Boonesboro, 
Sharpsburg, Frederick 
City, Fredricksburg, 
and Chancellorsville. He 
was wounded May, 3rd, 
1863, and did no more 
duty that summer; but 
on his return, he was in 
the battle of Orange, 
C. H., and from that on 
until the end, it was a 
continual skirmish. He 
was captured at Fowl- 
er's Creek, released 
June 27th, 1865. 

He has made a honest 
living at farming, and, like Josh. Billing, likes the funny side of all 
things. We do not think there is an old soldier in Catawba County but 
that knows "Thornt. " Cline as an amusing and jolly companion. One 
can sit for hours without even thinking of getting tired, listening to 
both the jovial and serious side of war life, as he tells of those days 
of the sixties, which brings the tears to the eyes of even the hard- 




146 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



hearted; while the next minute, he may strike the "Funny Side", and 
you will be holding your sides, at some ridiculous yarn, made interesting 
indeed by Thornt. Cline's gestures and expression and his original wit. 

Cline, Eli, enlisted June 6, '61; killed May 31, '62, at Seven 
Pines. 

Crawford, W. J., enlisted June 6, '61; discharged and died. 

Cline, Calvin, enlisted June 6, '61; killed July '63 at Gettys- 
burg. 

Christopher, E. A., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven 
Pines; killed on railroad in North Carolina. 

Ciay, David E., enlisted March 1, '62; killed July 28, '62 at 
Malvern Hill. 

Deal, J. A., enhsted June 6, '61; missing. 

Dellinger, Thomas J., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville; died since the war. (See sketch.) 



J. T. DELLINGER 

J. T. Dellinger enlist- 
ed in Co. F. 23rd Regi- 
ment. He was a me- 
chanic before he enlist- 
ed. 

He was a jolly good 
man, and all who knew 
"Tom Dellinger" loved 
him. He died May. 1878. 

Having no near rela- 
tives living, his photo 
was kindly sent us by 
his cousin, Mrs. Ann B. 
Dakin, of Newton. 




Dellinger, W. P., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettysburg; 
died in 1910. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



147 



D^gerhardt, Pinkney, enlisted September 1, '01; died May '62. 
D-^gerhardt, John, enUsted June 6, '61; died soon after the war. 
Deitz, J. S., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettysburg; 
living, a farmer. 



JACOB S. DEITZ 

Jacob S. Deitz enlist- 
ed in Company F. 24rd 
Regiment, June 6lh, 
1861. He made an ideal 
soldier. He was wound- 
ed at Gettsyburg. He 
came home after the 
surrender and began to 
farm. To-day, he has 
quite a number of acres 
of land. 




Eckard, W. D., enlisted June 6, '61- promoted Sergeant; 
wounded at Seven Pines; living, a farmer. 

Fisher, James C, enlisted June 6, '61; died April 2, '62 at 
Fredericksburg. 

Fry, John C, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven Pines; 
killed at Chancellorsville. 

Fisher, Joel H., enlisted Septembei- 1. '61 ; living, a nHM-hanic. 
(See sketch.) 

Fisher, Harrison, enlisted Dec. '64; living at McAdtnsvilk-. 

(libson, James W., enlisted June 6. '61; detailed as ])laok 
smith; died since the war. 



148 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



JOEL H. FISHER 

Enlisted in Co. F. 23 
Regiment, Sept. 1st, 
1861. The drilling from 
the first year, or nearly 
so, worried me more 
than anything else. It 
was not long after I was 
out that I found out I 
was in the war. 

Our first winter was 
spent near Fairfax, 
C. H. During the first 
winter all was quick 
stout marching. We 
were sent down to York 
town to check the enemy 
who had moved around 
to that point by water. 
We soon began to fall 
back toward Richmond 
to avoid the flank move- 
mont at Williamsburg. 
Here we had our first 
taste of battle in a skir- 
mish. As we passed 
through the streets of 

Williamsburg, one of our boys got into a mud hole, and it took several 
men to pull him out. I marched all night and finally I got so sleeply 
that I lay down and went to sleep — when I awoke, the sun was burning 
in my face— I rose, started and found my company not faraway in camp 
asleep. We went through the motion of breakfast as our wagons were 
ahead of us. On this march I suffered for bread as it was about three 
days before we overtook the wagon train — during these three days we 
parched corn, peas, and wheat, boiled the peas and wheat. Did you ever 
try to eat boiled wheat? We soon learned to eat anything without salt 
or grease. While in camp at Chickahominy we reorganized the Co. Capt, 
Miller; 1 Lieut. Quint Tom Wilson, 3rd; Pink Clay; Dow Wilkie, Orderly 
Sergh; Capt. Miller having been killed at seven Pines, Capt. Helton was 
elected — the old officers retiring. Soon after this came the battle of 
seven Pines, too terrifying to describe. After the battle of seven Pines, 
we went into camp near Richmond, and my being a Dutchman, baking 
bread one day. Dr. Hicks, our Surgeon passed by where I was; says he 
'Fisher, I want just such a man to take care of my sick, will you ser- 
ve"? I was delighted to be with the sick and cook for them. I re- 
mained with the medical department till 1864, last of the year, when I 
went back to ranks and remained with my company till the close of war. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 149 

While in the medical department, at the battle of Cold Harbor, I held 
the leg of John Arndt while it was amputated, at the Gettysburg battle, 
I held for amputation Anderson Lofton's and at the battle of Fisher's 
Hill, George Cobbs. Had I space, I would tell future generations much 
that I saw while in this department. 

On my return after the war, I began life without anything, tutgccd 
health and a hearty good will. I soon after married a good woman with 
whom I have lived for fourty-four years, and raised a family of seven 
children, and now it is "Grandpa" here, "Grandpa" there ard "Grand- 
pa" everywhere. I am a happy and fortunate man — a man who has no 
enemies, but have strickly fulfiMed the Proverb, "A man that hath 
friends, must show himself fr endly. " I hereby greet all the con rjdfs, 
and may our last days be our best, that we may all re- assemble btyc rd 
the River where wars never come. 

Gross, Daniel, enlisted July 8, '62; captured at Gettysburg 
died in 1908. 

Hefner, Timothy, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; died since the war, a chief forager. 

Hayes, Wm., enlisted June 6, '61; dietl September 28, '61. 

Holler, D. S., enhsteil June 6, '61; died July 9, '62. 

Hoyle, Wm C'., enlisted June 6, '61; died January 1, '62 at 
Manassas. 

Hoover, Jefferson, enlisted June 6, '61, M. at Gettysburg. 

Hartzoe, Paul, enlisted June 6, '61; died August 15, '61. 

Holler, Gilbert, enlisted June 6, '61; died since the war at 
8tatesville. 

Hoyle, Phillip A., enlisted October 2, '63; living, a farmer. 
(See sketch.) 

Hudson, W. H., enlisted February 16, '64; killed by being 
thrown from horse, in '72. 

Hufman, M. A., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville and Winchester; living, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

Hall, John C., enlisted June 6, '61 ; discharged and died Sep- 
tember '61. 

Holler, N. A., enhsted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven Pines, 
discharged March 13, '63; living, a local preacher in M. E. 
("hurch. 

Huffman, L. C, enlisted September 1, '61; died July 17, '63. 

Helton, M. A., enlisted March 1, '62; living, a farmer in 
York count}^ S. C. 

Holler, Elliott, enhsted during the war; living in South 
Carolina. 



150 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



P. H. HOYLE 

P. A. Hoyle wrote the 
Introductry to Company 
F 23rd Reg-iment. It 
contains his war record. 
It is only necessary to 
give a sketch of his hfe 
since. 

H3 attended school 
after his return from 
the war for a time, and 
fitted himself for teach- 
ing. He taught for 
quite a number of years, 
when he was elected to 
the County Court Clerk 
ship. In this capacity, 
he served several terms. 
He was afterwards ele- 
cted as Representative 




:^ 




of the Lower House of 
the Legislature. He 
was afterwards on the 
Board of County Com- 
missioners. He is now 
on the County School 
Board. 

Phillip Hoyle, as he is 
known, has been a-n 
honor to his wife, his 
children, his county and 
his state. He is always 
on the right side of 
moral questions. He 
lives on his farm just 
without the corporate 
limits of Newton. He 
has always lived unim- 
peachable. Who could 
do more, and what bet- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



151 



ter could be said of anyone? "I have been young, and now am old; yet 
have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread." 



M. ADLEY HUFFMAN 

M. Adley Huffman 
joined Company F, 23rd 
Regiment in May, 1864, 
at the age of 23 years. 
He was in all the battles 
of the Company, and 
was twice wounded — 
once at Chancellorsville 
and again at Winchester, 
where he was captured. 
He remained in prison 
two months. He was 
with his company at 
Appomattox. 

After the surrender 
he began farming and 
has followed same until 
now. He is an honest, 
industrious citizen, be- 
ing highly respected and 
loved by all who know 
him. 




Helton, A. F., enlisted February 28, '63; died in the war a 
Point Lookout. 

Isenhour, M. J., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettysburg; 
died October 9, '64. 

Jones, Isaiah E., enlisted June 6, '61; captured ai Winches- 
ter; returned but no account since. 

Johnson. Geo., enlisted March 1, '62; woundetl at Gettys- 
burg; captured returning from prison. 

Johnson, Maxwell, enlisted March 10, '63. Died in November 
'64; returning from prison. 

Jarrett, Geo., enlisted March 1, '62; wounded at Gettysburg, 
prisoner at Winchester; no\v living in Des Moines, Iowa. 

KiUian, Wm. F., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven Pines 
and Gettysl)urg: killed since the war while logging, near Beat- 
ties Ford. 

Kilhan, Wm. L., enhsted June 6, '61; promoted 1st Sergeant; 



152 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Captured; living, a nurseryman. (See sketch.) 

Killian, John, enlisted, return3d, but not accounted for. 

W. L. KILLIAN 
W. L. Killian enlisted 
in Company F, 23rd 
Regiment N. C. Volun- 
teers on July 1, 186L 
He was reared under 
adverse circumstances, 
being destitute of means 
for an education. He, 
however, by industry 
and economy, managed 
to enter RutherfortI 
College before the war, 
at which he was when 
he volunteered. He 
went with his company 
to the army of North- 
ern Virginia, arriving 
at Manassas Junction 
on the night of the clos- 
ing up of that first bat- 
tle. The army was 
stationed at that point 
until the spring of 1862. 
It was then transferred 
to Yorktown, at which 
place there was very 
little military service done. Then the army evacuated Yorktown, and 
marched back on the peninsula towards Richmond; but was overtaken 
by the enemy at Williamsburg— the old capitol of Virginia. At this 
place there was a pretty hard contest for a short time. No more trouble 
occurred until the Seven Pines battle near Richmond. Here the contest 
was fiercer than at Williamsburg, but the Confederates succeeded in 
driving the enemy back. In a short time after the battle of Seven 
Pines, came the memorable Seven Day's fight around Richmond, in 
which the Confederates were successful in repelling the opposing forces. 
It is needless to relate more of the engagements in which Mr. Killian 
was engaged. Hoyle's introductory to the Company will show that, up 
to the battle of Gettysburg, that he was in all; and in that memorable 
battle of Gettysburg, where so many of the company were either killed, 
wounded or captured. Among the captured was Comrade Killian, who 
was taken to Fort Deleware; thence to Point Lookout, where he he re- 
mained until the close of the war. Thus ending his military career. 
On his return home he was, like ail his comrades, destitute of clothing 
or any way to make a living; but being of Catawba German stock, he 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



153 



daterminsd to continue his edu?ation, and spent several years at Cata- 
wba College under Clapp and Finger, where many of us by an arduois 
struggle with poverty, prepared ourselves for teaching. He taught 
for many years in the common schools in the winter and farmed in the 
summer. He worked hard and soon gained financially, buying him a 
farm. He then married, and some years ago entered in the nursery 
business, and by honesty, fair and honest dealings, he made money. 
He educated his children (two sons a daughter) in the State institutions. 
In addition to this, he started them off well in the world, having give 
them land and bank stock. Today, he is an honored citizen, and labors 
with his own hands, carrying on his nursery. 

"Billy." as he is familiarly called, is found on the right side 
of all questions. He is now in his sev.n y th'rd year, and is a hale, 
healthy and active man; and if he will permit us, we desire to say for 
the encouragement of poor young men, his commercial rating is twenty 
thousand dollars, aside from fifty shares in the First National Bank. 
Young men of Catawba you can do as well by industry, economy and 
good judgement. Try it. 



JOSEPH W. GAULT 

Joseph W. Gault en- 
listed March 25, 1862, in 
Company F, 23rd regi- 
ment. He was wound- 
ed at Harper's Ferry, 
Sept. 17, 1862, the ball 
passing through a part 
of his head. The chil- 
dren have his Bible in 
which the stains of his 
own blood are visible. 

In 1907, a good man 
passed over the river, 
and is now resting 
"Under the Shade." He 
is gone, but not for- 
gotten. 




Lutz, Sydney, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven Pines 
and near Richmond; died since the war. (See sketch.) 
Leonard, D. P., enhsted June 6, '61; died October 9, '62. 



154 



THE CATA^^^A SOLDIER 



JOSEPH S. LUTZ 

Joseph Sidney Lutz 
was born January 15th, 
1S40. He volunteered 
June 1. 1861, in Capt. 
McCorkle's Company, 
which was afterwards 
Company F, 23rd i>J. C. 
Regiment. He was 

twice wounded during 
the war; slightly at the 
Horse Shoe, and at 
Winchester, Va. He 
was captured once dur- 
ing the war, and was a 
prisoner at Point Look- 
out. He came home 
after the surrender and 
married Mary Catherine 
Setzer, of Newton, and 
worked on the farm un- 
til his death,— July 9th, 
1897. 




Lofton, Eli, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettysburg, 
losing a leg, the only limb lost by company F; now living. 
(See sketch.) 

ELI A. LOFTIN 

Eli A. Lof tin, son of Thomas Loftion, w-as born in Lincoln county in 
1845. He volunteered in the spring of 1861. He became a member of 
Company F, 23rd N. C. Regiment. He was shot in the knee at Gettys- 
burg, July 1, 1863, and lost his left leg, which w^as cut off half-way be- 
tween the knee and hip. He lay on the battlefield several days and 
nights, not being moved until after the battles of Gettysburg were all 
over. The leg, eowever, was removed or cut off by a surgeon on the 
field. He, with his crutch, has long been, and is yet a familiar figure 
in Oast Catawba and at local reunions. 

Lofton, Pinkney, enlisted June 6, '61; died Srptember 6. 
'61, at Fairfax Station. 

Lofton, Wm., enlisted June 6, '61; died October 20, '61. 

Lail, Alex, enlisted June 6, '61; missing during the war: 
living. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



155 



Lail, Lawson, enlisted October 13, '63; missing during; the 
war; li"\nng. 

Moose, George A., enlisted June 6, '61; no account. 

Michael. Noah, enlisted June 6, '61; died July 6, at Yorktown. 

Martin, M. P., enlisted June 6, '61; killed July '63 at Gettys- 
burg; ensign. 

Mitchell, Thomas, enlisted June 6, '61; died September 23, '61 
at Manassas. 

Mays, Wm., enlisted June 6, '61; died in the war. 

Mosteller. Lawson. enlisted June 6, '61: died in 1907. (See 
sketch.) 



LAWSON MOSTELL- 
ER 

Lawson Mosteller en- 
listed in Co. E. 23rd Re- 
giment, June 6th, '61. 
He made a good soldier. 
On his return home, he 
successfully engaged in 
farming. He died seve- 
ral years ago, leaving 
two sons and two daugh- 
ters, who are doing w^ell 
in the world. He was 
an honorable citizen. 
and his death left a gap 
among friends and loved 
ones, which can never 
be filled. 




McGinnis, Albert. enUsted June 6, '61; killed June 1, '62 at 
Seven Pines. 

]McXeil, Georp-e C., enlisted June 6, '61; discharged; died 
since the war. (See sketch.) 

Miller, Robt., cnhsted June 6, '61; discharged October 8, '62; 
gored to death in 1907. 



156 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Miller, Jno. R.. enlisted Jime o, bl: lost in Maryland. 
Miller. J. M.. enlisted April 3. "61; captured May 13. "64: 
liWng. a farmer. (See sketch.) 



J. MONROE MILLER 

J. Monroe. Miller en- 
listed in Co. F. 23 Regi- 
ment in the year lSt>o. 
He was in the battle of 
Spottsylvania, C. H. He 
was captured on May 
12th. imprisoned at Point 
Lookout — from there to 
Elmyra. N. Y. He was 
exchanged, returned to 
the Company, and was 
in all the final engragre- 
ments around Richmond. 
After his return he en- 
gaged in farming with 
nearly all of Catawba's 
returned soldiers, and is 
one of many who have 
the honor of ad\ ancing 
agriculture to its pre- 
sent improved state. He 
is still living, and here- 
by erects his monument 
for his posterity. 




Mosteller. J. B.. enlisted March I. '62; died May 16. '62. 

McCorkle. F. M., enlisted June 5, '61; died June 17. '62 in Va. 

Marshall. E. \V., enlisted July 8. '62; died February 2, '63. 

Miller, Wesley, enlisted July 4, '62: died in the war. 

Miller. EUcanah. enlisted in '62: dieti in the war. 

Moose, Geo., enUsted June 6, '61; killed at Appamattox aft^r 
the surrender. 

Pool. James L.. enlisted June 6. '61: prisoner and released 
after the war in July. 

Pool. John, transferred from 12th Regiment in *62: no record. 

Pool. Alex., enlisted June 15. '63: killed May "63 at Chancel- 
lors\'ille. 

Parker. Jacob, enhsted June 6, '61 : tiled in the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 157 

DR. GEO. c. McNeill 

Dr. Geo. C. McNeill was born in Robinson, Co., N. C, in 1837. In 
1857, his father, S. R. McNeill moved to Catawba Co., and located near 
where Claremont is now. In early life, he taught school and also 
clerked in a drug store in the City of Wilmington, N. C. After coming 
to Catawba, he took up surveying, at one time being appointed County 
Surveyor of Catawba County. Not liking this occupation, he went to 
reading medicine, and was ready to enter this prcftsson when the war 
broke out. He enlisted in Co. F. 23rd regiment where he remained until 
the close of the war. 

Being a physician, he was never engaged in many active battles, 
but was retained in the hospital to take care of the sick and wounded. 
Almost all of his time in the war was spent at Richmond, Va., and 
Wilmington, N. C. 

After the war, he married and located three miles southwest of 
Catawba Station, where he lived until his death. He continued practic- 
ing medicine all his life, and was considered a successful physician of his 
time, having a large practice. 

His health failed in 1884, and he discontinued riding, but kept up his 
practice at his office and around his home. 

He was a good writer; at one time was editor of a small paper print- 
ed in the town of Catawba; was also correspondent for the Newton En- 
terprise for many years. 

He died Sept. 5th, 1890, at the age of 53 years, leaving a widow and 
three children— two sons and one daughter. All his children survive him. 
His wife lived only 11 years after his death. 

Prost, A. G., enlisted September 1, '61; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville; promoted Sergeant. 

Parker, Albert, enlisted March 1, '62; died in the war. 

Propst, John H., enlisted March 21, '62; discharged October 
20. '63. 

Payne, J. S., enlisted July 8, '62; captured July 10, '64. 

Rheinhardt, E. F., enHsted June 6, '61; killed July '63 at 
Gettysburg. 

Rink, George F., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; living, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

Ramsey, Daniel, enlisted March 1, '62; wounded twice. 

Rheinhardt, Abe, enlisted July 8, '62; killed July '63 at Gettys- 
burg. 

Reinhardt, Levi, enlisted March 10, '63; killed at Spottsyl- 
vania. 

Reinhardt, Elias, enlisted March 10, '63; wounded and died 
at Chancellorsville, 



158 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



GEO. F. RINCK 

"I enlisted in Co. F. 
23rd Regiment early in 
the war. The first bat- 
tle I was in was at 
Williamsport; thence to 
Seven Pines; from there 
to Cold Harbor; then to 
South Mountain; from 
there to Gettysburg. In 
this battle, I was sever- 
ely wounded in shoulder 
and hip, and being un- 
able to get away, I was 
captured and remained 
a prisoner two months. 
After my release, I was 
furloughed for 30 days, 
finding my Company on 
my return, at Win- 
chester. I got there on 
my birthday, and on the 
9th, I was again wound- 
ed and captured. 1 was 
wounded at another tim e 
near Gordonsville, 
through the left lung, 
being shot by a sharpshooter. 

From there, we went to Point Lookout. I came home again on an- 
other furlough, and then came the surrender. 

I had quite a varied experience during the war. I feel that I acted 
my part well. Thrice wounded, twice captured. 

I am a farmer and have spent forty-five years at labor on my little 
farm. I am now 74 years old and am still tilling the soil for a livmg. " 

Mr. Rinck is one of Catawba's quiet, peaceable, industrious and 
noble sons. 

"He that keepeth his mouth, keepeth his life." 




Spenser, Daniel, enlisted June 6, '61; died March 15, '62 in 
North Carolina. 

Seitz, Julius, enlisted June 6, '61; still living in Buncombe 
county. 

Shell, William, enlisted June 4, '61; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville and at Gettysburg; living, a farmer. 

Setzer, John F., enlisted June 6, '61; suicided at Newton 
since the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



159 



Sherrill, Henry, enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Seven Pines, 
])risoner. Major; died since the war. 

Seitz, David, enlisted June 6, '61; died July 7, '62 of wound at 
Malvern Hill. (See sketch.) 



D.A.VID M. SEITZ 

Da\ id M. Seitz, son of 
Darius and Rebecca 
Link Seitz, was born in 
1841; enlisted in Co. F. 
2ord Regiment. June 
6th, 1861. He was mor- 
tally wounded at Ma- 
lvern Hill, and died in 
Chimborazo Hospital, 
July 7th, 1862. He was 
a Christian young man, 
a devoted Lutheran, a 
good soldier, and died in 
defence of his country's 
cau.^e. Thus, with many 
<^)thers, many noble 
youths passed away. 

"Old men for coun- 
sel, young men for war" 




Sigmon, C. C, enhsted June 6, '61; died since the war. 

Shuford, Phillip, enlisted March 1, '61; died of wound at 
Lynchburg. 

Shuford, A. A., enhsted June 6, '61. (See sketch.) 

Shuford, Solomon, enlisted March '61; hving in Caldwell, a 
farmer. 

Seitz, G. L.. enlisted JNIarch 1, '62; died August 3, '63 of wound 
received at Gettysburg. 

Scronce, William A., enlisted June 6, '61 ; wovmded at Seven 
Pines; living in Missouri. 

Sigmon, Miles S., enhsted June 6, '61; Uving, a mechanic. 

Sigmon, G. P., enlisted June 6, '61; died December 4, '61 in Va. 

Smith, W. H., enli.sted June 6, '61; del November 20/61, 



160 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Abel A. Shuford, of Hickory, N. C, Manafacturer and Banker, was 
born in Catawba county in 1841, son of Jacob H. Shuford, a farmer and 
native of the same county. After receiving his education in the Old 
Field Schools, he made his debut in business life as a clerk in Hickory, 
an occupation which was interrupted in 1861 by the call for troops for 




ABEL, 



SHUFORD 



defence of the State. At the age of 19 be enlisted as prviaate in Com- 
pany F, 23rd N. C. Regiment under command of Col. J. F. Hoke. He 
was soon promoted to Corporal, then to Second Sergeant. With his 
regiment, he was in Manassas Va., until the spring of 1862, and wa? 
then ordered to the peninsula, where in his first battle, Williamsburg, he 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 161 

carriad the colors of his regiment. He fought at Seven Pines and in 
the Seven Day's campaign, up to the battle of Cold Harbor, where he 
was severely wounded. After a season in the Hospital and at his home 
he was again with his comrades at Martinsburg, Va., after their return 
from Maryland, and engaged in the battle of Fredricksburg and 
other battles. Some days before the battle of Gettysburg his friend, 
the late Sidney T. Wilfong, found a letter F which he gave to him. He 
wore this letter on the front of his cap and it was shot off in the battle 
of Gettysburg. At the battle of Gettysburg he was wounded in the 
first days fight and was captured by the enemy. He was held as a 
prisoner of war for twenty-one months at Fort Delaware and Point 
Lookout. Then being exchanged he was given a furlough during which 
the war came to an end. 

After the war he farmed for awhile, then went to Hickory and en- 
gaged in business with a capital of $500.00. In 1891 he became Presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Hickory and at this writing is still 
President of this institution. He is also President of the Shuford 
National Bank of Newton, N. C, and a director of the First National 
Bank of Morganton, N. C. He is President of the Hickory Manufactur- 
ing Co., President of the Hickory Electric Co., Secretary and Treasurer 
of the Ivey Mill Co. and Granite Falls Mfg. Co. (Cotton Mills) and 
Treasurer of the A. A . Shuford Mill Co. He is Vice-President of the 
Piedmont Wagon Co., and is a Trustee of Catawba College and Clare- 
mont College. He served for fifteen years as Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic County Executive Committee. He is a Director of the State 
Hospital at Morganton, being a memember of the Executive Board. 
He was elected a member of the State Legislature in 1884 and 1885. 
He says the greatest honor ever paid him was by the Daughters of the 
Confedracy in naming the Chapter at Hickory the "Abel A. Shuford 
Chapter." 

He was married in 1873 to Alda V., daughter of Dr. O. Campbell, of 
Newton, and niece of Col. Reuben Campbell, of Statesville. To this 
union were born three sons and five daughters, all of whom are living, 
except one son who died in early childhood. 

The subject of this sketch who is now living is, at the age of 69, a 
hale and hearty man, actively engaged in his official and business duties, 
taking an active interest in public aff'airs and especially church work 
and educational institutions. 

Seagle, Adam, enlisted June 6, '01; wounded at Gettysburg; 
living in South Carolina. 

Towell, Wm., enlisted June 6, '61; killed May '63 at Chancel- 
lorsville. 

Warlick, G. W., enlisted June 6, '61; wounded at Chancellors- 
ville. (See sketch.) 

Warlick, W. T., enlisted June 6, '61; promoted Sergeant, 
wounded at Gettysburg and killed at Spottsylvania Court 
House, May 10, '64. (See sketch.) 



162 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




WILLIAM T. WAR- 
LICK 

William T. Warlick 
enlisted June 6, 1861, in 
Company F, 23rd Regi- 
ment. He was promot- 
ed Sergeant; wounded 
at Gettysburg, and also 
near Richmond. He 
was killed at Orange 
Court House. 

The author is indebt- 
ed, through the patriotic 
spirit of Mrs. Lafayette 
Mostella, for the photos 
and short .sketches of 
her grandfather, J. C. 
Sides, and her uncles, 
Logan aiul William War- 
lick. 



WILLIAM D. SHELL 

William D. Shell en- 
listed in Company F, 
23rd Regiment. He was 
twice wounded; at Chan- 
cellorsville and at Get- 
tysburg. He returned 
home and has spent his 
life farming. He has 
honored himself, his 
family and his county 
by an upright life. He 
has been active in the 
prosecution of this book. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



163 



Whitener, D. W., en'isted June 6, '61; killed below R'chmond, 

Wingate, Albert, enlisted June 6, '61; d'ed Ju'y 13, '62. 

Wilson, T. W., enlisted June 6, '61; promoted 2nd Lieutenant 
May 10, '62 and killed May 10, '64 at Spottsylvania Court House. 

Whitener, G. W., enlisted S;ptember 1, '61; died September 
20, '62 at Shepperdstown. 

Weaver, John, enlisted March '62; died since the war in Ala. 

Weaver, J. S., enlisted July 8, '62; no record. 

Whisenhunt, WiUiam, enlisted March 1, '62; prisoner May 
12, '64; living, a farmer. (See sketch.) 

WM. WH IS AN ANT 

Wm. Whisnant enlist- 
ed March 1st; pris- 
oner May 12, '64. This 
photo represents a man 
who began life with an 
axe aftei his return from 
the war. His father was 
a laboring man, who 
raised a large family, 
having three daughters, 
triplets, —and supported 
them mainly by rail 
splitting, ac which he 
was a greater expert 
than Abe. Lincoln. On 
his return from the war. 
engaged in farming am' 
soon after began tht 
manufacture of lumber 
on a small scale. He be- 
gan to enlarge his busi- 
ness by buying timbei- 
land and manufacture it 
into lumber, and thus he 
continued until, today, 
Dec. 31, 1910, he owns 

more land in Jacob's Fork Township than any other man in the County, 
the lands lying on Jacob's Fork, containing nearly two thousand acres. 
He is one of the few clean men; he neither chews nor smokes tobacco, 
neither has he ever tasted liquor. He owes no man, but has a strong 
bank account. Let young men learn a lesson of energy and tact from 
this sketch. 




164 



THE CATAWBA SOLEIER 



Warlick, M. H., enlisted February 28, '62; wounded and died 
at Gettysburg. (See sketch.) 



MAXWELL H. 
LICK 



WAR- 



Maxwell H. Warlick 
enlisted February 28, 
1863, in Company F, 
23rd Regiment. He was 
wounded at Gettysburg 
August 1, 1863. He 
died at Point Lookout, 
where he was a captive. 
He was nursed by a 
Federal officer, Benj. 
O. Wade, who w rote 
his father of his trium- 
phant death, and sent 
him a lock of his hair 
and his bible. 




Workman, Daniel, enlisted March 5, '62; died in 1908. 
Whitener, Newton, enlisted March 10, '62; wounded at C'han- 
cellorsville. (See sketch.) 

Yoder, A. M., enUsted September 1, '61 ; wounded three times, 
killed May 10, '64 at Spottsylvania. 

Yoder, Robert, enlisted September 1, '63; killed May 10, '64 
at Spottsylvania. Father and son buried in same grave. 

Cobb, Columbus, enlisted in '62; died in the war. 

Whitener, John A., enlisted February '65; died in 1908 in 
Hickory. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



165 



NEWTON WHITENER 

Newton W h i t e n e r, 
son of Phillip Whitener, 
and Malinda Gross Whi- 
tener, entered the ser- 
vices in Co. F. 23rd Re- 
giment, soon after its 
organization. He is 
said to be the Bravest 
of The Brave. At one 
time, in the thickest of 
the battle, he mounted 
the breastworks and 
told his comrades behind 
to load guns; he would 
do the shooting, and thus 
. levelled many a Federal. 
He was captured at 
Chancellorsville, and re- 
mained a prisoner until 
the close of the war. 
Some years ago, at one 
of the Hickory Fairs, 
Col. Gaither Hall, boast- 
ed his pedestrain feats, 
and offered a wager to 
any one who could out- 
walk him around the race track. Newton Whitener accepted the chal- 
lenge, and came out far ahead of Hall, holding aloof the five dollar bill 
in great glee. He has been a hard worker all his life, and is now old and 
feeble being in his 74 th year. 




166 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



COMPANY C, 28TH REGIMENT VOLUNTEERS 

Company C. 28th Regiment Volunteers, was organized 
by Thos. L. Lowe at Newton, N. C, in the summer of 

1861, numbering- about 130 men. Left Newton August 13th, 
went to High Point, was organized into the 28th Regiment, 
and left there that fall to go into winter quarters at Wil- 
mington. Remained there during the winter of 1861 guard- 
ing that section of the coast. In the spring of 1862 was 
called to Newbern, arrived there just in time to be in the 
evacuation, as Burnside's Fleet was already landing. We 
marched back to Kinston and there was organized into 
Branche's Brigade. After a short stay there we were called 
to Richmond. Va.. and there organized into Gen. A. P. 
Hill's division and later, into Gen. Stonewall Jackson's 
corps, and then was engaged in the battle at Hanover Court 
House, where we had a sharp fight with the enemy. After 
this fight we took up camp west of Richmond, and then, on 
the 26th of June, we broke camp, crossed the Chickahominy 
and engaged McClelland's army on their right flank on 
Thursday evening above Mechanicsville, and was in all the 
great Seven Days battles— at Mechanicsville. Cold Harbor, 
Frazier's Farm and Malvern Hill from June 26th to July 1st, 

1862. Was engaged in battle every day until the next Tues- 
day evening at Malvern Hill where McClelland's army, after 
a dreadful defeat, took shelter under cover of their gun 
boats on the James River, July 1st. This is known as the 
Seven Days battles around Richmond. Federal losses were 
over twenty thousand. Confederate losses were nineteen 
thousand, five hundred and thirtj- three. (See Life of Gen. 
Lee, page 166.) 

McClelland's army numbered about two hundred thous- 
and troops, well armed, well equipped, well drilled and was 
inspected just before the battle by an English officer and 
pronounced to be the finest army in the world. We defeat- 
ed this grand army of Gen. McClelland, this "young Napo- 
lean." as Gen. Lee called him. "met his Waterloo." After 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 167 

a short stay in camp, east of Richmond, the first Maryland 
campaign was planned. And then taking up a long line of 
march, encountering the enemy at Cedar Run, where we 
had a sharp fight, defeating the enemy and driving them 
from the field. This was the 7th, 8th and 3th of August. 
Federal losses were one thousand and eight hundred. Con- 
federate losses were one thousand, three hundred and 
fourteen. Continuing our march, we arrived at Manassas 
and engaged the Federal troops in battle. After two hard 
days fighting, we won a complete victory, driving the enemy 
in the direction of Washington. This is known as the sec- 
ond Manasses, or Bull Run battle. Hill's men fought with 
rocks from a railroad cut. Many men were killed by having 
their skulls broken with rocks. Federal losses were seven- 
teen thousand; Confederate losses eight thousand. This 
was like unto the first Manasses battle. 

When Scott and Wool did at us pull. 

Across the country level. 
We met them there and foujiht them fair. 

And whipped them like the devil. 

Continuing our march, we encountered the Federals at 
Ox Hill, near Leesburg. After a hard fight we drove the 
enemy from the field. After this battle, we crossed the Po- 
tomac River near Leesburg into Maryland, making a little 
stop at Fredrick, Md., and planting a battery on the hill 
directed solid shot against a railroad bridge. It soon yielded 
to our shots and tumbled into the stream. Continuing our 
march through Maryland, crossing the Potomac River back 
into Virginia near Williamsport, marching down the river via. 
Martinsburg to Harpers Ferry capturing about twelve thous- 
and troops, and more arms and ammunition than we could 
get away with. This was a very important place as the 
United States had an arsenal here. It was also noted as 
the place where John Brown raised the first insurrection. 
John Smith first settled Virginia at Jamestown. John 
Brown first unsettled it at Harpers Ferry. 

Now for Sharpsburg or Antietum. Then a double 
quick up the river to Shepard's town, crossing the Potomac 
River back into Maryland, engaging the enemy so as to re- 
lieve Gen. Longstreet and D. H. Hill ^vho were in a deadly 
struggle with the enemy, with-driving them from the field 
that night. Federal losses eighteen thousand. Confederate 
three thousand. Crossing the Potomac at Shepard's Town, 
the enemy following us. We fought them to a finish, back 



168 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

in and across the river. The broad surface of the Potomac 
was floating with dead bodies. Federal losses were three 
thousand, Confederate losses two hundred and sixty-one. 
We then tore up the Baltimore and Ohio railroad near 
Martinsburg; then took up camp at Bunkers Hill. After 
a short stay there, the cry was "for Fredricksburg. " We 
broke camp at Bunker Hill and marched up through the 
Shenandoah Valley, where the destruction of war was visible 
everywhere. Crossing the Shenandoah River near Winches- 
ter, winding our way up the mountains, a distance of about 
nine miles, I saw we had reached the top. The army halt- 
ed, and as I looked around me, I saw the cloud capped 
mountains of the Blue Ridge heaving her lofty peaks and 
smoky teritsin the very clouds of heaven and basking her 
towering spires in the dazzling sunlight of eternal day. As 
we looked back over the blood stained valley, we beheld the 
Shenandoah, as she rolled her sporting waters through the 
valley, fertilizing thousands of acres of the most productive 
land, and yielding broad fields of sparkling water for the 
broad-billed duck and silver-scaled fish. Oh, what a scene! 
A valley once of peace and plenty now all laid to waste and 
dessolation. Now continuing our long and tedious march, 
we arrived at Fredricksburg and engaged the Federals in 
battle on December 13, 1862, and after a hard fought battle 
defeated the Federals, driving them back across the Rap- 
pahannock River. I shall never forget the scene of the 
women and children as they passed through our lines, some 
with babies in their arms. What became of them I never 
knew. Confederates lost four thousand, two hundred and 
one. Federals lost twelve thousand, three hundred and 
twenty-one. Then we went in camp below Fredricksburg 
for the winter of 1862-63. 

Breaking camp in the spring of '63, we arrived at 
Chancelorsville and engaged the Federals in battle on the 
2nd and 3rd of May. This proved to be one of the bloodiest 
battles of the war. Gen. Stonewall Jackson was wounded 
on the evening of the 2nd, and died at Guinea Station on 
Sunday, May 10th. I shall never forget that memorable 
day— May 3rd. The second shell that was thrown from the 
enemy busted in our ranks, just to my left. I turned my 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 169 

eyes and saw the mangled bodies of Marcus Seitz, Jones 
Smyre and Laban Yount— all perished- and Solomon Honey- 
cutt badly wounded. This impressiveness of my surround- 
ings hushed my voice and filled my eyes with tears. Leav- 
ing our dead behind 

Steadily we step adown the slope; 

Steadily we climb the hill; 
Steadily we load, steadily we fire, 

Marching right onward still. 

Confederate losses were ten thousand, two hundred and 
eighty-one, Federal losses were seventeen thousand, one 
hundred and ninety-seven. The writer of this sketch had 
his right ar.n brokan in front of the Chancelorsville 
House, near the plank road. Now a second invasion of the 
North was planned. Leaving Chancelorsville, crossing the 
Blub Ridge and the Shenandoah river, marching down the 
valley, driving the Federal scouts out of the way. Crossing 
the Patomac near Williamsport, we marched through Mary- 
land, arriving at Gettysburg, Pa., and engaging the Fed- 
erals on July 1st, 2nd, and 3rd. This battle was one of the 
most deadly conflicts of the Civil war. The map of the 
battle field shows that Lane's Brigade went as far as the 
farthest. Losses in the battle of Gettysburg were heavy on 
both sides. Confederate losses were over twenty thousand, 
Federal losses were twenty- three thousand, one hundred 
and ninety. 

We withdrew from the battle field on July 4th, and in 
returning from that great battle, we intercepted the Feder- 
als at Falling Waters. After a sharp fight we gave the 
Federals to understand that we only wanted time to recross 
the Potomac back into Virginia, And after a strenuous 
march we finally arrived at Liberty Mills, near Gordons- 
ville, and went into camp for the winter of 1863-64. After 
spending the winter here, we broke camp on May 1st, and 
on the 5th, 6th and 7th, we engaged the Federals in the 
Wilderness. True the name; a wilderness it was. After 
three days battling with the enemy we were led out of the 
Wilderness — not by Joshua of old, but by Gen. Robt. E. 
Lee, —but only to be engaged in a more deadly conflict at 
Spottsylvania Court House on the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th 



170 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 

of May, it being the fortune, or misfortune, as it was, on 
the 12th, for the 28th Regiment to be placed where they 
fell into that historic bloody angle where hand to hand con- 
flicts ensued, and where blood flowed like water. No wonder 
Gen. Sherman's definition of war was "hell." In the bat- 
tles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania Court House, Gen. 
Grant's losses, since passing the Rapidam, from May 4th 
to May 16th, were more than forty thousand men. In Spot- 
tsylvania county there were five great battles fought: The 
first and second Fredricksburg, Chancelorsville, Wilderness 
and Spottsylvania Court House. All in a radius of fifteen 
miles. Men gave their lives by the thousands and poured 
out their blood in torrents. We have nothing in history to 
equal it. This Regiment, the 28th, Lane's Brigade, was in 
all these battles and suffered heavily, and was compliment- 
ed highly by Gen. A. P. Hill and Gen. Lane for their 
bravery and good behavior. 

Now the march to Chickahominy on May 21st, 1864. 
Gen. Grant withdrew from Spottsylvania and commenced 
his move towards Richmond; Gen. Lee moving paralel with 
the enemy, determined to force him east of Richmond. We 
had a sharp engagement at North Anna river and near 
Noel's Station on the 22nd and 23rd of May, also at Jericho 
Ford. Arriving on June 2nd at Cold Harbor Ridge, and on 
the morning of the 3rd, just at the break of day, there was 
just light enough to guide the troops, the second great bat- 
tle of Cold Harbor Ridge began. This was the same ground 
that was contested by Gen. Lee and McClelland two years pre- 
vious. A fearful struggle took place in the works soon after 
the battle began. The enemy was repulsed time after time 
and driven back with fearful loss. The attack ended at 
12 o'clock. Every attack of the enemy had been successful- 
ly repelled, and the battle closed with the Confererates in 
full posession of their works. Confederate losses were 
twelve hundred. Federal losses thirteen thousand. This 
ended the campaign north of the James river. The Federal 
losses since the passing of the Rapidan river were more than 
sixty thousand men, ten thousand more than Lee's total 
strength. Confederate losses eighteen thousand. 

Passing south of the James River, we took up our posi- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 171 

tion in front of Petersburg where we were in many hard 
fought battles during the summer, fall and winter of 1864 
and 1865, until the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond 
on April 2rd 1865. One of our hardest fought battles in 
defence of Peteisburg was on July 25th 1864 at Ream's and 
Malone's stations. Heath's division and Lane's Brigade were 
advanced under cover of guns of Pegram's battery, until 
directly in front of the works, when a rush was made which 
resulted in the capture of the whole line — not however, be- 
fore the enemy had been driven off in a desperate hand to 
hand struggle in the works, in which clubs, muskets and 
bayonets were used freely. The Confederate losses were 
seven hundred and twenty. Federal losses two thousand. 
After retiring from this battle constant skirmishing occurred 
between the two armies, and many sharp encounters took 
place between the hostill cavelry forces, the most brilliant 
of all those affairs was the dash made by Gen. Hampton into 
the Federal lines in September. It was known that Gen. 
Grant had a large drove of cattle grazing in Prince George 
county. This information was gained by Gen. Hampton 
from a letter to Gan. Grant which he intercepted. The letter 
stated that the cattle had been sent to the neighborhood of 
Sycamore Church, and that they were in splended condition. 
Hampton, at once, determined to secure the beeves which 
were much needed by our army. Hampton leaving Peters- 
burg on the 14th of September and ariving at Sycamore 
Church; and, at daylight on the morning of the 16th, he sur- 
prised and stormed this position, capturing the works and 
camp of the enemy and three hundred prisoners and all the 
cattle, about twenty- five hundred in number were secured. 
And the object of the expedition being accomplished, Hamp- 
ton set off on his return. Fitzhuhg Lee brought up the rear, 
the captured cattle marching between. The beeves stretch- 
ed out over a line of four miles, but were skilfully handled. 
And from time to time, he had to drive off the enemy's cave- 
lry on his way back. He finally succeeded in reaching Peters- 
burg safely with all his captures at 6 o'clock on the morning 
of the 17th, having lost only fifty men during the expedition. 
This was the greatest cattle victory during the war. A nice 
presentation of Hampton to the hungry Confederates. Steak 



172 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

for breakfast, sce.ik for dinner and steak for supper. 

And now during the remainder of the fall and winter of 
1864 and 1865. we were in all the principal battles and 
witnessed all the principal events up to the blowing up of 
the great tunnel which formed a crater and looked hke a 
sacDnd M^unt Vesuvious where the negro troops with the 
whit?3 rLished in to break o:ir line. B.it our artillery being 
trained on the crater, mowed them down by the hundreds. 
They were caught in their own death trap. Now the eva- 
cuation of Petersburg and Richmond. On the morning of 
the 2nd of April. Lee had decided to abandon the cities he 
had so long defended. As we parsed out and looked back we 
saw that which added more to the horror, destruction— great 
clouds of smoke go up from the two great cities, where men 
poured out their life's blood and perished by the tens of 
thousands. We saw our fate was sealed, our cause lost. 
Now our last retreat back to Appomattox court house, where 
Gen. Lee surrendered the remnant of the grandest army of 
lighting men the world ever produced. 

Now in conclusion. I will say the war between the States 
was undoubtedly one of the most interesting events in the 
pages of modern history. Being a veteran of the Civil war. 
I could mention many thrilling narrations of battle scenes, 
daring adventures, narrow escapes and feats of personal 
prowess during the war— all tending to make indelible im- 
pressions upon the tablets of memory. 

The writer feels a willingness to contribute his mite to 
the store of accumulated materials relating to the Confeder- 
ate soldiers now waiting to be molded into finished historic 
shape by one of her gifted sons. Our flag of the Confeder- 
acy is furled, and will live in song and story, though its 
folds are in the dust. 

This company met their responsibilities and performed 
their duties faithfully and courageously: and on all occasiors 
when the fire of the battles spread its deadly pall over the 
battle fields, they proved to be as brave as the bravest. 

J. P. Little 
1st Lieut, and Ensign, Co. C. 28 Regt. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



173 



COMPANY C. 28TH REGIMENT. 

OFFICERS. 

Lowe, Thos. L., Capt. ; commissioned August 31; promoted 
August 13, '61; promoted Major September 21, '61; died in the 
war. (See sketch and Photo.) 

THOMAS L. LOWE 

Col. Thos. L. Lowe 
was born April 27th 
1831. He remained with 
his father, Isaac Lowe, 
-on the farm until 16 
years of age. He went 
to Charlotte and engag- 
ed as clerk for Williams 
& Co., and remained 
there four years, during 
which time he taught 
penmanship, which was 
remunerative. He came 
home and by the aid of 
his father he entered 
Catawba College in 1852. 
During his college 
course, he became quite 
a writer and speaker. 
In the fall of 1854, he 
taught school near Lin- 
colnton. In April 6th 
1854 he was married to 
Anna D. Coulter. After 
that he became a per- 
manent resident of Ca- 
tawba County, teaching school and surveying. When the call came for 
volunteers in 1861, he made up a company of 130 Catawba boys and was 
mustered into service. He was elected Lieutenant Colonel when his 
company was formed into the 28th regiment. He held this command 
until his death which occurred six miles beyond Richmond at the resi- 
dence of Dr. Bulock. His body was brought home and buried in the 
historic grave yard at Grace Church, and which is marked by a monum( nt. 
A great soldier fell before the enemy, death in the very sun light of a 
bright future. 




174 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Linebarger, James T., commissioned May 12, '62; promoted 
from 1st Lieutenant, wounded at Fredericksburg and Gettys- 
burg; now living at Rock Hill, S. C. 

Kent, Jno., 1st Lieutenant, commissioned May 3, '62; died 
July 4, '62. 

Gilbert, Jacob H., Lieutenant, commissioned May 13, '61; 
now living. 

Cline, E. Elkanah, 2nd Lieutenant, commissioned May 13. 
f 1 ; a farmer, living near Granite Falls, N. C. (Transferred to 
57th Company E.) (See sketch.) 

Thornburg, M. A., 2nd Lieutenant, commissioned August 4, 
'62; promoted; died July 1910. (See sketch.) 



J. P. LITTLE 

J. P. Little enlisted 
in company C, at New- 
ton on August 13, 1861. 
He was at this time only 
sixteen years of age, 
and the examining of- 
ficer, thinking the boy 
too young to enlist, re- 
fused to accept him at 
first but through persis- 
tent pleadings of the 
youth to fight for a cause 
that he thought was just 
he was at length accept- 
ed. 

Even at this early age 
he was cultivated to no 
small degree. His man- 
ners were frank and 
candid, and the more in- 
timately he was known, 
the better he was be- 
loved. Never was he 
known to shrink from 
any toil, however pain- 
ful, nor quail before any 
danger. 

He had a high regard for his superior officers, and more still for the 
commission which he filled, as examplified in an anecdote told by his com- 
rades. At the Battle of the Wilderness when the soldiers had become 
somewhat routed, in order to rally them again the brave Captain Lovell 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 175 

reached up to shake the flag that Little was carrying but the fearless 
ensign, reaching for his pistol, gave the Captain to understand that he 
was man enough to carry that flag and for him to let it alone. 

He was in many of the principal battles of the war, namely, Hanover 
Court House, Seven Days' Fight around Richmond, Cedar run, Second 
Manassas, or Bull Run, Oz Hill, Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, or Antei- 
tun, Shepardstown, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and 
Spottsylvania Court House. 

At the Battle of Frazier's Farm he received a wound in the thigh, 
and was also wounded at Chancf.llorsville and Spottsylvania Court House. 
At the latter place he was in the famous Bloody Angle and was taken a 
prisoner here. Later he was sent to Elmira, New York where he was 
held during the remainder of the war. 

He returned home in the summer of 1865 and then completed his 
education. He is now a merchant in Hickory. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

Thornburg, Mathias A., 1st Sergeant, enlisted August 13, '61; 
promoted 2nd Lieutenant August 4th, '62; living near Hud- 
son, N. C, a manufacturer. 

Setzer, Franklin A., 2nd Sergeant, enlisted August 13, '61; 
died since the war. 

Austin, Coleman, 4th Sergeant, enlisted August 13, '61; pro- 
moted 2nd Lieutenant; killed July 3, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Turner, Geo E., 1st Corporal, enlisted August 13, '61; pro- 
moted Sergeant; killed Julj^ 9, '63 at Jordan Springs. 

Little, Joshua, A., 2nd Corporal, enlisted August 13, '61; pro- 
moted Sergeant; wounded at Ox Hill and at White Oak Swamps; 
ilied in City Point. 

Flowers, Noah F., 3rd Corporal; enlisted August 13, '61; died 
July 25, '62. 

Ecard, Rufus, 4th Corporal, enlisted August 13, '61; promoted 
Sergeant; killed, December 13, '62 at Fredericksburg. 

PRIVATES. 

Asbury, Wm., 

Asbury, Sidney; still living. 

Boleh, Marcus, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Manassas 
and at Chancellorsville; now living, a farmer. 

Bolch, Aaron, enlisted August 13, '61; promoted Corporal; 
wounded at Gettysburg; living, a farmer. 

Bolch, Abel, enlisted March 15, '61; wounded at Cold Harbor; 
died since the war. 



176 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Bolch, Emanuel, enlisted ]March lo, '61; died August 15. '62 
at Chancellorsville. 

Bolch, Wm., enlisted Alarch 15. '61; died July 15, '62. 

Bolch, Logan, enlisted March 14, '63; wounded at Gettysburg 
and died of wound. 



NATHANIEL BOLCH 

Nathaniel Bolch en- 
listed in Company C. 
28th N. C. Regiment 
late in the war. He 
was a good soldier. 
Since the war he has 
lived on the farm, mak- 
ing a good, honest liv- 
ing. He is yet active 
and bids fair to live and 
bless his county many 
years yet. So may it 
be. 





Bolick, Henkle P., enlisted March 14, '63; wounded and died at 
Gettysburg. 

Bumgarner, Sydney, enlisted August 13, '61; died August 1, 
'62. 

Bumgarner, Allen, enlisted August 13, '61. (See sketch. 

Bumgarner, David, enlisted ]\larch 15, '62; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville, and captured July 28, '64; died 1910. 

Barger, Moses, enlisted September 9, '61; died May 25, '62 at 
Charlottsville. 

Barger, Josiah W., enlisted ]\Iarch 15, '62; wounded and died 
May 20, '63 at Guinea Station. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



177 



ALLEN L. BUMGAR- 
DNER 

Allen L. Bumgardner 
enlisted in Company C. 
28th Regiment on Aug. 
13th 186L He was count- 
ed one of the bravest of 
the brave. He was 
wounded once, and on 
leaving the battle field, 
he found a friend unable 
to retire. He picked 
him up and carried him 
to a secure place, and 
went and found a litter- 
bearer to care for his 
friend. He came from 
the war with nothing to 
begin life with save a 
kind and energetic soul, 
Today he is a successful 
farmer, having land, 
money and friends. He 
is a jolly, good fellow. 
Everybody likes him. A 
noble Veteran, as brave 
in life's conflicts as in 
the battles of war, and just as sympathetic. 

Barger, Allen, enlisted March 15, '62; died in October 1910. 

Barger, David; living, a farmer, 

Barger, Gilbert; died of wound. 

Barger, Noah, enlisted March 11, '62; died October 3, 1910 

Barger, Marcus, enlisted March 15, '62; a farmer, living near 
Hickory, N. C. 

Bowman, Calvin, M., enlisted March 15, '62; died in the war. 

Bolch, Jordan, enlisted April 4, '64; died since the war. 

CUne, Sylvanus, enlisted March 2nd, '63; a farmer, hving 
near Hickory, N. C. 

Cline, J. Timothy, enUsted February 12, '64; a farmer, living 
near Hickory, N. C. 

Cline, Adolphus, enlisted April 6, '64; living. 

Campbell, Adolphus L., enlisted August 13, '61; died July 18, 
'63 of wound received at Gettysburg. 




178 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Campbell, Wilburn A., enlisted August 13, '61; discharged 
December 20, '61; living at Waynesville, N. C. 

Cook, Abel, enlisted September 9, '62; died of wound at home 
since the war. 

Cook, Lawson, enlisted March 15, '62; died since the war. 

Clippard, John, enlisted March 15, '62; died since the war. 

Carter, Joshua, enlisted March 13, '61; wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville; now living. (See sketch). 



JOSHUA C. CARTER 

Joshua C. Carter en- 
listed in Company C. 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
Aug. 13th 1861. He was 
in the battles of New- 
bern, this State; Har- 
pers Ferry, Chancellors- 
ville and Manasses. In 
the battle of Manasses, 
he received a slight 
wound. He was also in 
other engagements. It 
is said by his officers 
that he was an excellent 
soldier. This is a high 
compliment to a private, 
a man "behind the gun. ' ' 




Cline, Monroe J., enlisted March 13, '61; died at Winchester. 
Cline, Maxwell A., enlisted August 13, '61; died since the war. 
Chne, Jno. L. H., enlisted February 18, '63; killed May 2, '64. 
Cline, Alfred J., enlisted August 13, '61; died since the war. 
Chne, Ambrose, enlisted March 14, '63; killed near Richmond. 
Conrad, A. Henry, enlisted August 13, '61; killed at P. Mills. 
Deal, Junius, enlisted August 13, '61; died of wound received 
at Manassas, August 13, '62. 

Deal, Levi, enhsted March 14, '63; died June 10, '63. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



179 




TIMOTHY CLINE 

Timothy Cline enlist- 
ed late in the war. He 
was quite young but 
served with distinction 
till the close. 

On his return home he 
began life again on the 
farm. Despite many 
obstacles, by industry, 
economy and good tact, 
he ammassed quite a 
competency of those 
things that tend to ren- 
der home comfortable 
and happy. 



HENRY A. CONRAD 

Henry A. Conrad en- 
listed in Company C, 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
Aug. 13th, 1861. We are 
sorry that we could not 
get a full account of 
Henry. There are four 
of the Conrad boys, all 
of whom are said to be 
brave, noble boys. This 
one has been placed in 
this book by one of his 
younger brothers. 



180 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIEK 



Dnnn, David J., enlisted August 13, '61. (See sketch and photo) 
DAVID J. DRUM 

David J. Drum enlist- 
ed in company C. 28th 
Regiment at its forma- 
tion. He was in every 
battle in which his com- 
pany engaged except 
the Second Fredricks- 
burg battle. He was 
sick at the time. At the 
battle of Ream's station 
he was firing from the 
breast works when an 
enemy's ball broke both 
bones in his leg just be- 
low the knee. Trying 
to step, his leg doubled 
up and he fell on the 
enemy's side. He beg- 
ged his captain. Captain 
Lineberger, to have him 
lifted back on the other 
side. He said "If I de- 
tail two men to every 
wounded man, who'll do 
the fighting?" In a 
minute, down came the 

Captain who shamed Drum for begging. The enemy captured the breast 
works, and they carried him to the woods where he lay all night in the 
rain. The Federal army retreated, and he was carried to Petersburg 
where his leg was amputated. In three days he took gangrene. The 
Surgeous said he must die. To make room he was carried to the Dead- 
house- A lady from Gordonsville came through hunting for her wound- 
ed husband. When finding him, she also to( k Drum in her care and 
tenderly waited on them both until they were able to go back to the 
hospital. Drum has never forgotten that kird lady. If this should ever 
fall under her eyes, let her again accept the profound thanks of Dave 
Drum. He was later sent home. In his woi'ds— "Poor as a church 
mouse"-— he began farming. With industry and good management, he 
has made marvelous success. He has lands, stock, tools and everything 
to be found on an improved farm. With money in bank, with the con- 
fidence of the people, proves how good and kind the Giver of all Good 
Ihas been to him and his, for which, they are all glad, and greatful. 

Drum, Joseph M., enHsted March 15, '62; wounded at Cold 
Harbor; killed August 9, '62 at Manassas 2nd. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 181 

T^clvard, Cyrus, enlisted AugUKst 13, '61^ capturfd and died 
June 29, '62 at Governor's Island. 

Fry, Jacob A., enlisted September 2, '61; now living. 

Fry, Ephraim M., enlisted August 13, '61: wounded at (ietty.^'- 
burg. Dead, 

Fry, Andrew J., enlisted August 13, '61; no account. 

Fisher, Geo., enlisted March 15, '62; died in the war. 

Fulbright, Jno., enlisted March 14, '63.; no account. 

Goins, Phillip P., enhsted August 13, '61; wounded at Chan- 
'cellorsville. Died since the war. 

(toodson, James, enhsted August 13, '61; wounded at Fra- 
2;ier's Pond. Dead. 

Griee, James C., enlisted September 2, '61; wounded at Fred- 
ericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Died since the war, 

Grice, H, Lee, enlisted August 12, '63; killed at Reams Sta- 
tion. 

Gabriel, A. Alonzo, enlisted March 15, '62; transferred to 
23 Regiment; promoted Sergeant. No account, beyond this. 

Hefner, Marcus, enlisted August 13, '61; killed May 3, '63 at 
Chancellorsville. 

Hefner, Serenus, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded Septemberj 
20, '64. Living. i 

Hefner, David, enlisted August 13. '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; died since the war. 

Huffman, George, enlisted in '64; wounded and ched at Farni- 
viUe. 

Huffman, Jno. F., enlisted April 13, '61; wounded at Cold 
Harbor; died of wound. 

Huffman, Levi L., enlisted April 13, '61. A farmer; now livingv 

Huffman, Daniel W., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at 
Manassas. (See sketch.) ' 

Huffman, Jeremiah, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Cold 
Harbor; died of wound. 

Huffman, Marcus, enlisted March 15, '62; died July 2, '62; 
prisoner at Governor's Island. 

Huffman, Elijah, enlisted March 15, '62; died December 10, 
'62. 

Hefner, Levi, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Ox Hill and 
Fredericksburg. A farmer, died in 1910. (See sketch and Photo ) 



I^ 



CAXAW9A. 




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OF THE CIVIL WAR 



183 



Huffman, Elijah J., enlisted March 15, '62. Died June 6, 
'63 in Virginia. 



LEVI L. HUFFMAN 

Levi L, Huffman en- 
listed in Company C, 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
August 13, 186L He 
survived the war and is 
another monument to 
Catawba's industrious 
Dutch stock. He is yet 
active on his farm. His 
home is noted for South- 
ern hospitality and good 
things to eat. 




Harmon, Abel, enlisted August 13, 61. Missing at Fall- 
ing Water. 

Harmon, D. Monroe, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at 
Chaneellorsville; promoted corporal. Died since the nar. 

Harmon, Rufus D. , enlisted August 13, '61, wounded. 
Died since the war. 

Herman, Phanuel J., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at 
Gettysburg; promoted Sergeant. A farmer, now living near 
Newton. (See photo and sketch.) 

Herman, Geo. D., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at 2nd 
Manassas; promoted Corporal; killed at Wilderness. 

Herman, D. Alexander, enlisted March 15, '62: died 
March 27, '62 at Gordonsville. 

Herman, W- Henry, enlisted March 15, '62; died July 8, '62. 



184 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



PHAMUEL J. HER- 
MAN 
Phamuel J. Herman 
enlisted in Company C, 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
August 13, 1861. He 
was wounded in the 
battle at Gettysburg. 
For duty well done, he 
was promoted to Ser- 
geant. He survived the 
war, and on his return, 
he engaged in farming 
at which he has been 
successful. He is now 
in declining health. 
When he departs this 
life, Catawba county 
will have lost one of her 
most law-abiding and 
honored citizens. 




NOAH HUITT 

Noah Huitt enlisted 
late in the war, he be- 
ing quite young. At 
the close of the war he 
came home and began 
farming near Conover. 
He is still an active 
man, and has many 
friends all over the 
county. A good soldier, 
a good citizen. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



185 



Houston, Martin L., enlisted August 13, '61; died of wound 
received at Cold Harbor, July 17, '62. 

Houston, John W., enlisted August 13, '61 ; died since the war. 

Houston, Jacob F., enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at Shep- 
ardstown and Gettysburg; promoted Corporal. Now living. 

Heffner, Geo., enlisted March 15, '62; died since the war. 

Heffner, Wilson, enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville ; killed by train since the war. 

Holler, Adley D., enlisted April 11, '62. (See sketch and Photo) 
A. D. HOLLER 

A. D. Holler was a 
carpenter and was at 
work near Chester, 3. C. 
Hence volunteered in the 
Che.ster Rifles on April 
11th 1861. He was thrice 
wounded around Rich- 
mond. He was at Fort 
Sumpter and heard the 
first gjn. Typhoid fever 
kept him in the hospital 
ten months. He was 
transfered from the 6th 
S. C. Regiment to com- 
pany C 28th N. C. Re 
giment. After his sec- 
ond wound at 

, he was carried a 

mile to a place of safety 
by Allen Bumgardner 
who also was wounded. 
He finally surrendered 
at Appomattox. Here- 
turned home, soon mar- 
ried and reared an intelli- 
gent family of children 

in Rock Hill, S. C. where he now lives. A very successful contractor 
and builder, and a jolly good fellow even now at the age of 70. 

Hass, Sydney, enlisted February 6, '64; died since the war. 

Herman, Daniel, enhsted May 6, '61; died in the war. 

Hahn, D. Newton, enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at Gettys- 
burg and died of same. 

Holler, Lemuel, enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; living at Rock Hill, S. C. 




186 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Honeycutt, Solomon, enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at. 
Chancellorsville. Living. 

Hass, Jno, A., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville. Living. 

Harwell, Watson A., enlisted March 13. '63; wounded at 
Gettysburg. Died since the war. 



> 



RUFUS D. HERMAN 

Rufus D. Herman en- 
listed in Company C, 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
Aug. 13th, ifei. This 
faithful soldier was once 
wounded. He was cap- 
tured by the enemy and 
spent ten months in 
prison. He lived to see 
the close of the strug- 
gle. This photo was 
taken when he was at 
the age of forty years. 
He died in 1889, loved 
and honored, a loss to 
the county, one of its 
noblest sons. 




Kayler, Alfred, enlisted in '64; wounded in chin. Living. 

Killian, Elisha, enlisted August 13, '61. Died since war. 

Killian, Calvin M., enlisted August 13, '61. Died July 1, 
'62 of wound received at Frazier's Farm. 

Killian, Joseph, enlisted March 15, '62, Killed. 

Kent, John, enlisted September 9, '61. Promoted 1st 
Lieutenant. Died July 4, '62. 

Killian C. Jasper, enlisted. Living. 

Linebarger, Monroe M., enlisted November 16, '63. Died 
in the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WR 



1£7 



Linebarger, F. Middleton, enlisted October 25, '64; died since 
the war. 

Little, Joshua A., enlisted August 13, '61; promoted Sergeant; 
died of wound in prison. 

Little, J. Pinkney, enlisted August 12, '61; wounded at Fra- 
zier's Farm and Chancellorsville. (See sketch and Fhoto.) 

Linebarger, Levi W., enlisted March 15, '62; promoted 1st 
Sergeant; killed in the war at Farmville. 

Linebarger, Avery P., enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at 
Shepherdstown; died in the war. 

Link, Ephriam M., enlisted Msrch 15, '£2; killed at Gctt.;, sburf . 

Lail, Pollycarp, enlisted March 14, '63; living at Conover. 
(See sketch, and Ihoto.) 

FOLYCARP LAIL 

Polycarp Lail, when 
quiet a youth, enlisted 
for the war on March 
14, 1,-^63. He went light 
into active service. He 
was wounded at Spot- 
tsylvania Court House. 
Before recovering from 
the wound he took fever. 
After returning to the 
army he had some nar- 
row escapes. At the 
wilderness battle he and 
Adley Holler, being 
color guards, and not 
observing the retreat of 
their regiment, stood 
by the colors, Ensign 
Little ha\ ing been wound 
ed. In making their 
escape they weie sa\eo 
by only Providence f rem 
. beirg margled with bul- 
lets. On his return 
home he engaged in 
farming n^ar Conover. He has lived a quiet but industrious life and as 
a reward has a comfortable home and many friends. 

Lail, Abel, enlisted Augu.st 12, '63; now living in Akxander 
county. 




188 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Lail, Cicero, enlisted March 15, '(12; wounded at Ox Hill; 
missing in action, July 28, '64. 

Linebarger, Jacob A., enlisted June 22, '61; transferred from 
23 Regiment; wounded at Chancellorsville; died July 5, '63 of 
wound received at Gettysburg. 

Linebarger, T. James, enlisted August 13, '61; promoted 
Captain; wounded at Fredericksburg, Gettyslmrg and Chan- 
cellorsville. Living. 



LEVI W. LINEBER- 
GER 

Levi W. Lineberger 
enlisted in company C. 
28tii Regiment on March 
15th 1862. No record of 
him has been furnished 
us. Moore's Roster says 
he was promoted to Ser- 
geant which indicates 
his popularity and cour- 
age as a soldier. 




Martin, William A., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; living. 

Martin, James W., enlisted September 5, '61; wounded at 
Manassas; died September 27, '62. 

Martin, Robt., enlisted September 6, '61; died July 15, '62 at 
(Governor's Island. 

Moose, Jno. B., enlisted August 13, '61; died July 11, '62 of 
wound at Hanover's Court House. 

Miller, Marcus, enlisted August 13, '61; died in the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 189 

Miller, Wm. J., enlisted August 13, '61; killed July 3, '63 at 
Gettysburg. 

Miller, Samuel E., enlisted September 9, '61; died June 6, '63 
at Lynchburg. 

Miller, W., enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at Frazier's 
Farm and Gettysburg; dead. 

Miller, Caleb, enlisted March 16, '62; died in the war. 
Miller, David E., enlisted March 15, '63; wounded at Wilder- 
ness; died in '72. (See sketch.) 

Pitts, Conrad, enlisted August 13, '61; wounded and died. 

Pitts, W. Henry, enlisted August 13, '61; died August 31, '62. 

Propst, Alfred, enlisted August 13, '61; died January 29, '63 at 
Lynchburg. 

Punch, Robt. W., enlisted September 9, '61; died December 
16, '63, of wound received at Gettysburg. 

Punch, Joseph L., enlisted August 13, '61; discharged June 
15, '62; dead. 

Punch, Wm. S., enlisted September 9, '61; died July 15, '63. 

Poovey, Josiah A., enlisted March 14, '62; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; Living. 

Poovey, Wm. H., enlisted August 13, '61; wounded at Shep- 
ardstown; Living. 

Poovey, Hiram H., enlisted March 14, '62; living, a farmer. 

Poovey, David A., enlisted March 14, '62; wounded at Chan- 
cellorsville; missing at Gettysburg. 

Poovey, W^m. F., enlisted Septeml)er 1, '62; died December 
10, '62. 

Poovey, Julius A., enlisted January 27, '63; wounded at 
Gettysburg and Wilderness. A farmer, living near Hickory. 
(See sketch and Photo.) 

Poovey, A. Levi, enlisted January 27, '63; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; died since the war. 

Poovey, Henry F., enlisted March 14, '63; killed at Gettys- 
burg, July 3, '63. 

Pollard, Hiram, enlisted September 9, '61; wounded at 2nd 
Manassas; died since the war. 

Rader, W. Pinkney, enlisted August 13, '61. Living near 
Newton, N. C. 

Reynolds, James A., enlisted September 2, '61; missing at 
Gettysburg. 



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OF THE CIVIL WAR 



191 



Sigmon, Maxwell A., enlisted August 13, '61; promoted Cor- 
poral; wounded at Gettysburg. A farmer, now living near 
Hickory, X. C. (See sketch) 



MAXWELL A. SIG- 
MON 
Maxwell A. Sigmon 
enlisted in Company C. 
28th N. C. Regiment 
on August 13th, 186L 
For faithful service, he 
was promoted to Corpo- 
ral. He was wounded 
at Gettysburg. He liv- 
ed through the war and 
came home and has 
spent his life on the 
farm with reasonable 




Sigmon. ^lartin M.. enlisted March 15, '62; wounded at 
Cedar Run: missing in action May 12, '64. 

Seaboch, Geo. W.. enlisted September 9, '61: died since the 
war. 

Seaboch. J. Pinkney. enlisted September 9. '61; killed .June 
27. 62. 

Seaboch, W. H., enlisted March 15. '62: killed. 

Sigmon, J. Isaiah, enlisted March 15, '62; died May 29. '62 at 
Charlottsville. 

Seitz, Marcus, enlisted March 15. '62: killed at Frederick- 
burg. 

Seitz, Lallan M.. enlisted March 15, '62; discharged January 
26. '63 for wound received at Chancellorsville; died since the war. 



192 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Sigmon, Noah, enlisted March 14, '63; killed in the war. 
Starr, Elon M., enlisted March 14, '63; dietl since the war. 
Starr, ,1. Al)el, enlisted M.ircli 14, 63; died since the war. 
Spencer, E. Sydney, enhsted August 13, '61; died since the 
war. (See sketch.) 



E. SIDNEY SPENCER 

E. Sidney Spencer en- 
listed for the war in 
Company C, 28th Regi- 
ment on Aug. 13th 1861. 
His war comradse, who 
were with him through 
and in it all, say Sidney 
was a faithful, brave 
soldier, one always will- 
ing and ready to perform 
every duty assigned him 
however hard or danger- 
ous. 

They also say that he 
w^s a good man. This 
is a high <.'ompliment, 
coming from a high, re- 
liable source. For there 
is no place in which to 
more thoroughly test 
men's souls than in camp 
life, the hungry march, 
or facing bullets. 

He survived the war. 
Coming home, he chose 
farming as his life-work. 
He succeeded in making an honest living, and rearing and educating an 
average good family of children and preparing them for the battles of 
life, and meriting and receiving for himself the love and confidence of 
his neighbors, and all who learned to know him 

About three or four years ago, the death courier came, and, in a 
low, loving whisper, said: faithful one, lay down life's battles, come up 
home and rest; for with you, the war is over, the victory won. Like, 
in every righteous demand of life, whether in war or in peace, Sidney 
obeyed the summons without a murmer. 

The world is better for his having lived in it. May the shouts of 
heaven be sweeter. We miss him, but can ever sing his praises. A 
soldiar, an obliging neighbor, a loving husband and father, and— in its 
truest sense, —a good man rests from his labors. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



193 



Sigmon, Alfred, enlisted April 14, '64; prisoner, (^^ee sketcl 



<etch.) 



ALFRED P. SIGMON 

Alfred P. Sigmon en- 
listed in company C. 
28th N. C. Regiment on 
April 186L After hav- 
ing preformedduty well 
he was missed in action 
May 12th 1864. He came 
home and engaged in a- 
griculture with reason- 
able success. He has 
the confidence of his 
fellow man, a living 
monument of industry. 




JESSE SIGMON 
Jesse Sigmon enlisted 
in Company C, 28th N. 
C. Regiment late in the 
war, being quite a youth. 
He served for the time 
a good soldier. For 
years he was engaged 
as section boss on the 
Southern railway. He 
is now living on the 
farm and engaged in 
agriculture. He was 
not only a good soldier 
but a good citizen. 



194 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Starr, Jones, enlisted died since the war. 

Turner, David H., enlisted October 31, '64; missing and died. 

Turner. Jno., enlisted August 6, '64; died October 27, '64. 

Thomburg, Augustus M., Promoted 1st Lieutenant; died in 
1910, a nurseryman. (See sketch). 

Turner, Geo. L., enlisted August 13, '61 : killed. 

Turner, Laban C, enlisted March 15, '62; died since the war. 

Thornburg, Mathias M.. enlisted August 13. '61: promoted 
2nd Lieutenant: wounded at Cold HarV)or. Now living in 
Caldwell. 

Townsend, Solomon, enlisted March 15. '62; died in the war. 

Townsend, Aron E., enlisted March 15, '62. Living. 

Turbyfield, John A., enlisted March 15, '62. Living. 

Turbyfield, Elkanah, enlisted March 15, '62; promoted Cor- 
l)oral; wounded at Chancellorsville. 

Turbyfield, Jno. L.. enlisted September 10. '62: wounded at 
Mechanicsville. Now living. 

Tuibyfield. Elom. enlisted March 15. "62: died June 12. '62 at 
Richmond. 

Williams. Jno W., enlisted August 13. '61: promoted 2n(l 
Lieutenant September 14, '63. Living. 

Wilson, Benj. F.. enhsted September 10. "61 : died May 31. '62 
at Lynchburg. 

Wagi';er, Thos. J., enlisted July 13. '61: wounded July 28. '()4. 
Died recently. 

Wagner, Noah P.. enlisted March 15. '62: died in the war. 

Wagner, Benjamin, enlisted March 14. '63: killed May 3, "63 
at Chancellorsville. 

Wright. Samuel, enlisted March 15. '63: died since the war. 

Watts. Rufus, enlisted September 2, '61: discharged March 
5, '62 for disability. 

Yount. Lawson M.. enlisted August 13. '61: wounded at Cold 
Harbor: discharged December 5, '62 for disability. Still living. 

Yount, Abel U.. enlisted August 13, '61. Living. 

Yount, Laban A., enlisted September 9, '61: killed ^Slay 3, 
'63 at Chancellorsville. 

Yount. David, tnlisted August 15. '61; discharged !May 1, '62; 
died since the war. 

Yount. Daniel P.. enlisted March 15. "62: discharged June 5, 
'62 for disabilitv; died since the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



195 



D. P. YOUNT 

D. P. Yount enlisted 
on Augrust 15, 1861, in 
Company C, 28th Regi- 
ment. He died about 
three years ago at his 
home in the West. 
Daring his stay here he 
served his county as 
deputy sheriff, and then 
as policeman of the 
town of Hickory. He 
was a good officer and 
quite a detective in 
bringing criminals to 
justice. He had the 
confidence of a host of 
good people. 




Yount. Xoah. enlisted March 14. "62: died since the war. 

Frady. A. J., no account of him except his return. 

Rinck. John, killed April 2. '61. 

Poovey, Lawson A., now living at Hudson. 

Poovey. H. Taylor, died since the war. 

Bolch. X. A., enlisted December '64; a farmer, living. 

Cline. Adolphus, lost a leg. still living. 

Herman. Xoah, enlisted in '64; still living. 



196 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

COMPANIES E AND F, NORTH CAROLINA 

TROOPS 

By M. a. A. 

Companies E and F., both from Catawba, camped mar- 
ched and fought side by side. They may practically be said 
to be one Company. Hence, what is true of one is true of 
the other. Company E. was organized by M. M. Wilson and 
others. We left Newton, August 1st, 1861, and was sent to 
Norfolk, and there were organized into the first N. C. Bat- 
talion. 

In February, '62, we were ordered to Murfresboro, N. C. 
and there remained until May; then returned to Suffolk, 
Petersburg, and Drewry's Bluff, remaining there until some- 
time in 1862. There we were formed into the 32nd N. C, 
Regiment. In the officering of this regiment, there were 
there coincidents worthy of note:— All the Regimental officers 
were elected from one single company; they were all mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church, with one exception; none of 
them ever tasted whiskey. The influence of these men had 
a most happy effect upon the conduct of the whole regiment. 
We were under Col. Brabble. Gen. Junius Daniels, Div. 
Maj. Gen. Rhodes, Div. and Ewell's Corps. 

In Jan. 63, this Brigade was moved to North Carolina, 
and there remained until May '63. Here, while they did not 
accomplish much, yet it was no fault of the soldiers; but to 
the guns and inferior ammunition. The 32nd suffered many 
hardships, wading swamps and bivouacirig in cold wet cloth- 
ing. 

We returned to Virginia and from that on. never shirk- 
ed a duty. The 32nd Regiment has the honor at Carlisle, 
Pa., of hoisting her flag farther North than any other Sou- 
thern Regiment. Here occurred another incident of which 
Company E. shall ever be proud: Congresshad just adopted 
a new design for the Confederate flag, and the ladies, of 
Richmond making a flag of that design, sent it to Gen. Lee 
at Carlisle, with the request that he present it to his most 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 197 

favorite Corps, who should present it to his most favorite 
division, who should presented this to his ideal brigade, who 
in turn should present it to the 32nd, and Co. E. of that Re- 
giment had the honor of carrying it through the battle of 
G3ttyslburg, and they had many compliments made of their 
coolness in battle. From this time on, until the surrender 
at Appomattox, it was one continual skirmish and battle, 
. At Gettysburg, Daniel's Brigade, entered with 2100 men; 
came out the fourth with the loss of 778, making a per cen- 
tum, of loss of 35 per cent., a greater loss, perhaps, than any 
other brigade in those remarkable days. 

While Companies E. and F. did not undergo the hard- 
ships of the Maryland campaign in 1862, they did their full 
share on the Gettysburg campaign of '63. After the battle 
of Gettysburg, and the winding up of the campaigns of that 
fall, the brigade to which we belonged stayed in winter quar- 
ters, that winter, near Orange Court House Va. In the 
spring of ,64, about the first of May, we left our winter 
quarters, the last time, for good. About May 5th, we got 
into it, at the "Wilderness" fight, which lasted till the 7th, 
where history says, we killed 2246, and wounded 12037, 
missing 3383, Unionsoldiers.. A loss, third to the greatest 
of any, during the war, Gettysburg being the greatest, the 
number killed, 3070; wounded, 14497; and missing, 5434, in 
all, or aggregating 23,004. Right on from the "Wilderness" 
on the 8th, we got into the Spottsylvania battle, which lasted 
till the 10th of May. On the morning of the 10th, I think 
it was. Company F., at roll-call, had 52 men. At night, 
after that wholesale slaughter, in what was known as the 
"Horse shoe" (a very crooked place in our temporary breast- 
works,) we had 8 men left. As to the number of company 
E. on that morning, I cannot say, but she came out with but 
few more than company F. And from that day on, the two 
companies were all one. Of course, while a great per cent 
were killed, the most of our men were taken prisoners. 
From this time and place, we were maneuvered along, a- 
head pf the Union army toward Richmond, and at Cold Har- 
bor. On June the first, we got into it again. At this place, 
the battle was on, at first one point, and another, from the 
1st, to the 4th, of June 1864. But on the 4th of June '64, 



198 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Gen. J. A. Early's corps, to which the 32nd belonged, was 
detached from Lee's army, and sentaroundby way of Lynch- 
burg, over the mountains into the Valley of Va., crossing the 
mountains at the Salem Gap, and going down the Valley, by 
Lexington, Va. There we were marched around through the 
Cemetery and was shown Gen. Stonewall Jackson's grave. 
We were in pursuit of Gen. Sheridan's army who had gone 
on ahead of us, and almost literally destroyed every thing— 
along their trial. The tomb-stones of Gen. Stonewall Jack- 
son's (at his grave,) were broken to pieces. On down the 
valley, by Staunton, Va., we followed the trial of Sheridan's 
army, with almost every mill house and farm-house demo- 
lished, many left in ashes. On this campaign, we crossed 
the Potomac river at Shepherds-town, just up a few miles 
above Harper's Ferry; And on by Sharpsburg, through Mary- 
land to the District of Columbia, and so near Washington 
City, that we, some of us, were in the "borders" of "George- 
town.'* But we only spent one night near the City, 
deciding the next day to return to Va. So I guess we struck 
for the nearest point toward the valley, crossing the Potomac 
afoot, below the mountains at a place, I think, called Lees- 
burg. Coming up a few miles on the south side, and again 
crossing back over the mountains, at Snicker's Gap, into the 
valley. Soon after, we forded the Shenandoah river at Sin- 
cker's ferry, where we had an encounter with the Union 
army again. Then Early's Campaign in the Valley of Va. 
lasted till in the winter ,64 and '65, when we evacuated the 
Valley, to spand the balance of our war-days in the "ditch- 
es" around Petersburg, Va. We had many "ups and downs" 
in the fall and winter of '64, and underwent many hard- 
ships, sleeping in the open weather, sometimes in rain and 
sleet, and again wrapping up in our thin blankets at night, 
to wake up next morning, covered head and ears with snow. 
From this once beautiful and rich valley, but now laid 
to waste and desolation, we left in mid- winter, to never re- 
turn. 

On a very cold, rainy, sleety night, after marching up 
the valley to the nearest point to aR. R. which was at Staun- 
ton, foot-sore and tired, we were crowded into box-cars like 
cattle, and transported by Charlottsville and Richmond, to 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 199 

Petersburg, there to fight, more or less, every week, till the 
day, when we were ordered to evacuate, and start on the 
fifial campaign of the Civil war, which ended at Appomat- 
tox Court House. 

The 32nd, Regiment, reduced to a mere skeleton of its 
former self, arrived at Appomattox Court House, on April 
9th, 1865. Soon after arriving, she joined in that memor- 
able charge, driving the enemy back. But all in vain, for 
she was ordered to cease firing, and was filed off at some 
distance, in an old field, on a hill-side, and ordered there to 
stack arms. Very soon it was whispered around, that Gen. 
Lee had surrendered. No one, seemingly, in the least, pre- 
pared to believe it. On Wednesday, after marching us out 
in line of battle, before the Union army, lined up as on dress- 
parade, over on the main high-way leading to the village, 
we were ordered to there for the last time, stack arms, 
(again.) and receive our "parol". How sad. Oh! how sad, 
indeed!— Now the 32nd, and Company E. and F. and all the 
remnant of Lee's army, as noble hearted, brave a little band 
as ever disbanded, started for home, making their way as 
best they could. 

The 32nd then had ceased to exist, but who of her gal- 
lant members shall ever forget her heroic deeds? 

By M. a. a. 



200 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



COMPANY E. 32nd REGIMENT. 

Matthew W. Wilson, enlisted August 14tli, '61; resigned 
May 1, '62. (See sketch and photo.) 

CAPT. M. W. WILSON 

Capt. M. M. Wilson, 
or "Maj. Wilson," as 
he was called, made up 
a company and was 
mustered into service 
August 14, 1861, as Co. 
E, 32 Regiment. 

He served as Captain 
until the re-orginazation 
in 1862, when he resign- 
ed. He commanded his 
company well, a kind 
and efficient officer; and 
the author, whose pet 
he was, shall ever re- 
member him and his pos- 
terity with the utmost 
kindness. 

Cn his return he pur- 
sued his usual calling, 
farming. He raised 
a large family of sons 
and daughters, all of 
whom are doing well in 
the world. 




Manuel E. Shell, Commissioned first Lieutenant May 1, '61; 
died July 9, '62. He was an efficient officer, but physically weak; 
hence his early death. 

Gilbert M. Sherrill, Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant July 9, '61; 
promoted to Captain on the resignation of Wilson. He made an 
efficient officer; stood by and for all his men all the time. He was 
shot through his right breast on the retreat from the last raid the 
Southern army made into Maryland. He lived five days and 
died in Winchester in the summer of '64. 

Joseph E. Smyre, commissioned May 1, '62; promoted from 
2nd Sergeant; survived the war; died since. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



201 



Pinkney C. Shuford, enlisted August 14, '61; commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant July 14, '62; promoted from orderly Ser- 
geant. (See sketch and Photo.) 

CAPT. P. C. SHUFORD 

Capt. P. C. Shuford, 
of Company E, 32 N. C. 
Troops, left home in 
August, 1861. He serv- 
ed all the time and was 
never in hospital or at 
home on a sick furlough. 
He did his duty at all 
times. 

Was at home a num- 
ber of times during the 
war; once as recruit- 
ing officer to enlist men 
to go back with him. 
He held many places of 
trust, and was popular 
with the higher officers. 
Confidence was placed 
in him. He surrender- 
ed at Appomattox Court 
House; received his pa- 
rol to go home. 

A kind man, a faith- 
ful soldier, and a most 
noble citizen. He died 
quite recently in the 

hope of the Glory of God. "A man hath joy by the answer of his 
mouth; and a word spoken in due season, how good it is?" 

Abram Anthony, commissioned 2nd Lieutenant December 
15, '63; wounded at Petersburg April 18, '65 which necessitated 
the amputation of the leg. He was captured, paroled, came home, 
engaged in shoe making and farming. Successful in both. He was 
an esteemed friend of the author. "He that hath friends must 
show himself friendly." 

J. W. A. Payne, enhsted August 2nd, '61; promoted to orderly 
sergeant. He survived the war and became to be one of the 
leading farmers of his community. He was at one time elected 
to the State Senate from Lincoln and Catawba counties. Died 
some 15 or 16 years ago. 




202 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Elisha B. Stiles, enlisted August 14, '61; was chosen 4th Ser- 
geant; killed at Spottsylvania C'ourt House May 10, '04. He was 
a good and faithful soldier. 

William G. P'isher, 5th Sergeant, enlisted August 14, '61. 
He was a good man; a model father at home and reared a model 
family. Died at his home since the war an honored citizen of 
Catawba county. 

Evan Gant, 1st Corporal, enlisted August 14, '61; survived 
the war, lived a quiet life, reared a respectable family of sons and 
daughters; died since the war, leaving his family in good cir- 
cumstances. 

Robert D. Abernethy, second Corporal, enlisted August 14, 
'61; promoted 5th Sergeant. After the war he went to 
Mississippi where he became a drummer and died recently. 
Bob was a live wire in war and in peace. 

Abel J. Cansler, 3rd Corporal, enlisted August 14, '61. After 
returning from the war, he went to Alabama and married. After 
the loss of his wife and two children, he returned to North Caro- 
lina with his only living son with whom he now lives. 

Jacob F. Rudisill, 4th Corporal, enlisted August 14, '61; 
wounded, survived the war; engaged in farming; reared a family; 
was accidently killed by an explosion at Maiden, N. C. about 
15 years ago. 

PRIVATES 

Francis G. Allen (known as Bum,) enlisted December 12, '61 
and was discharged August 17, '62. Lost sight of. 

B. A. Allen, enHsted January 2, '62; died June 20, '63. 

Henry Bangle, enlisted March 31, '63; discharged for disabil- 
ity; died since the war. 

Robert Bolick, enlisted October 18, '61; died June 4, '64. He 
was an innocent, inoffensive good soldier. 

Hosia W. Bridges, enlisted August 14, '61. He survived the 
war, went West where sickness and misfortunes overtook him; 
and afterwards returning to North Carolina, he has had a strug- 
gle to redeem himself. He was a good soldier; an esteemed friend 
of the author. 

Tom C. Brown, enlisted August 14, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg; ciptured and died in prison in '64. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 203 

Reeves Burke, enlisted September 25, '62; was a pretty good 
soldier; survived the war; i»s still living. 

J. J. Caldwell, commonly known as "scrapjx'r Jolin, ' ' enlisted 
^September 25, '62; once captured; returned aft^r the war; en- 
gaged in farming at which he made good. He is still living. 

L. J. C'aldwell, enlisted September 25, '62; survived the war; 
engaged in farming; died recently. 

Gilbert Caldwell, enlisted September 25, '62; survived the war; 
moved to Alexander county; thought to be .still living. 

Henderson Caldwell, enlisted March 31, '63; mis.sing. He re- 
turned home and died since the war. 

J. A. Kanipe, enlisted August 14, '61; died since the war. 

J. L. Carpenter, enlisted October 1, '62; lost sight of. 

A. K. Cline, enlisted August 14, '61; a brave soldier; paroled 
at the surrender; returned home and died since the war. 

W. P. Cline, enlisted March 31, '63; died from the effects of 
wound received at Gettysburg Jul}- 1, '63. 

Henry P. Lippard, enlisted March 31, '63; died during the war. 

Alarcas Lippard, enlisted Alarch 31, '63; died in prison in '64. 

Henry Coonce, enlisted March 31, '63. He was a quiet peace- 
al)le soldier; survived the war; lived by farming; good citizen: 
reared a family and left them in good circumstances; died in 1907. 

HENRY COONCE 

Henry Coonce had as pure native German qualities as Catawba 
sent out, and she sent out no truer man. He was industrious, economi- 
cal and made good this life. He died at a ripe old age, in 1907. 

Lemuel L. Crouse, enlisted September 25, '62; survived the 
war; died at his home since the war an honored citizen. 

H. F. Cornelius, nickname "Old Spike," was a jovial com- 
panion, brave soldier, most excellent citizen. He survived the 
war; died at his home after rearing a family, the sons of which 
are respectable citizens in the county. 

George Pink Cansler, enlisted March 22, '64; He was a good 
soldier; once captured; survived the war; went West where he is 
still living. 

William G. Dixon, enlisted September 12, '61 ; was captured, 
paroled, and afterwards killed in battle. 

Samuel Dixon, enhsted August 14, '61; died at Drury's Bluff 
June 13, '62. 



204 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Dr. Caleb Fink, enlisted October 18, '61 and died of fever at 
Drury's Bluff June 13, '62. In his death, Co. E. lost an excellent 
man 

Miles A. Fry, enlisted August 14, '(il ; a good soldier; survived 
the war but died soon after. 

Thomas B. Hamilton, enlisted October 10. '61: mortally 
wounded at Gettysburg and died. 

Leonidas Hamilton, enUsted March 31, '63; lost sight of. 

G. W. Halm, enlisted August 14, '61; wounded at Gettysburg; 
captured and imprisoned at Fort Deleware. While in prison, he 
contracted a fever from the effects of which he has never fully 
recovered. (See sketch-) 
PROF. GEO. W. HAHN 

Prof. Geo. W. Hahn, 
the author of this book 
and subject of the 
sketch, enlisted in the 
southern army Aug. 1st 
1861. At Gettysburg he 
was twice wounded, and 
to save himself from mu- 
tilation, he improvised 
a breast work out of the 
big j-est corpse at his side. 
— A dead fat Yankee, 
and here remained until 
the enemy were driven 
back. On his return 
from Appomattox ragg- 
ed and dirty— all his 
clothing having been 
sent him at different 
times during the war — 
his mother and sisters 
set to work to provide 
clothing for their three 
returned boys. On the 
way home through 
Greensboro, N. C. they 
snatched from a car run 
out from Richmond a 
piece of gray cloth. Out 
of this and an old yellow 
Yankee tent, a suit was 
made for each and for respectable shirts their sister gave a blue fade- 





MWtf^riLJS^ 



G. W. HAHN 
(The boy soldier of 19) 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



205 



less calico dress. With these provisions they were enabled to go and 
see their ntighbor. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, D. D. volunteered to give a sketch of the author's 
life work as a teacher, since way back in the sixties he was one of his 
pupils. The following are his remarks: — 

The subject of this sketch was born in Catawba County, North Car- 
olira, on the 18th day of December, 1842. He is the son of Christian Hahn 
and Annie Hahn. He is a descendant of that sturdy Geiman race 
which came to this section about the middle of the Eighteenth Century. 
He inherited from his ancestors these sterling qualities which go to 




(The citizen of 68) 

make a ti-ue man-physical strength, industry, energy, soberness, honestly, 
truthfulness, patriotism. 

His early years were spent on the farm, with only the school facili- 
ties which these days afforded -a few months in a year in the Old Field 



206 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

School. His early education was therefore necessarily deficient. How- 
ever with an abundance of native energy, and a quick alert mind, he 
qualified himself to teach school in the times when the standard was not 
so high as it is today. He began teaching his life's work at about the 
age of seventeen. The Civil War interrupted this work. After Ihe end 
of that struggle he attended Catawba College at Newton, N. C, for 
several years to fit himself better for his chosen profession His life work 
has been that of a teacher, one among the highest callings of, life. And 
measured by the number of those whom he has taught, and by arousing 
the latent energies and slumbering faculties in his pupils, and in stimu- 
lating them to their best efforts and striving after higher ideals, he has 
been eminently successful. For forty-five years he has followed without, 
interruption this laudable calling. The territory over which he has taught 
embraces Mecklenburg, Gaston, Cleveland, Lincoln, Catawba, Buike, 
Wilkes, Jackson, and Haywood Counties in N. C. ; and Cliester and 
Columbia in S. C. He numbers his pupils by the thousand. Among them 
are pi'ominent men in all the various professions of life. He has done 
a splendid work for his country. As a former pupil of his and a life- 
long friend the writer of this sketch desires to record this tribute to his 
work. — 

George W Hahn, as he appears to the mind of the writer today, is: 

Physically, small, wiry, quick, alert, sur-charged with energy, gees 
rather fast, takes hold of life as if he were in earnest, has no time to 
wait for the humdrum world about him. 

Socially, agreeable, full of life, jovial, likes to see live people, en- 
joys a good joke at any time. 

Mentally, strong, beats back opposition with a strong will, and docs 
not yield unless compelled by argument or force of circumstances, inde- 
pendent, is not afraid to assume responsibility, leads off, is his own 
master, if others like his course all right, if not they can let it alone. 

Gaorge W. Hahn has rendered valuable service to his country, both 
in war and in peace, and has impressed his strong personality upon this 
generation and upon those to coma as an educator. And may he be 
eminently successful in his labor of love in laying this tribute of respect 
upon the memory of his comrades inarms, "The Catawba Soldier of the 
Civil War." R. A. Yoder 

Lincolnton, N. C, Jan. 20, 1911. 

M. R. Hamilton, enlisted August 14, '61; wounded at Gettys- 
burg and soon after died from its effects. Company E. lost an- 
other brave soldier and splendid young man. 

Peter Hedrick, enlisted March 31, '63; died September 3, '63. 

Levi Hedrick, enlisted March 31, '63, survived the war; made 
his living by farming; still living. 

Logan Huitt, enlisted August 14, '61; killed October 4, '63 at 
Warrenton, Va. A good boy and a brave soldier had fallen. 

A. M. Huitt, enlisted March 31, '63; a good brave young 
soldier; survived the war; was a model farmer; represented the 
county in the Legislature; also once county commissioner; 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



207 



died in middle of life of typhoid fever. 

J. Pink Hunsucker, enlisted Aug 14, '61; made a good soldier; 
survived the war; is still living farming. 

Jonas Hunsucker, enhsted March 31, '63; survived the war; 
engaged in farming in which he was successful; is now living on a 
model farm at Conover, N. C. 

Jarrett, D. P., enlisted December 19, '01. (See sketch.) 



D. PINK JARRETT 

D. Pink Jarrett en- 
listed in Company E. 
32nd Regiment, Decem- 
ber 18, 1861. Notwith- 
standing his corpulency, 
he underwent the hard- 
ships better than other 
men of lighter weight, 
and strange to say, large 
as he was, he was never 
wounded. He was a 
kind-hearted boy, but 
resisted insults or any- 
thing that savored of 
tyranny. 

He survived the war, 
made a good living by 
farming, and is today 
an active fat man. He 
has served his country 
well both in peace and 
war. 



Jonas, G. W., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was discharged 
August 17, '61 ; lost sight of. 

Little, Albert, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was promoted 
to Orderly Sergeant, and survived the war, going to Texas, 
where he entered some of the Texas Conferences. He was 
conceded to be the bravest man in the Company. 

Little, W. S., enlisted February 25, '63; he was wounded 
at Gettysburg; he died since the war. 

Little, John A., enlisted January 2, '62; he made a good 
soldier; he is still living, an independent farmer In Lincoln 




208 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



County. 

Little, M. A., enlisted November 10, '63; lost sight of. 

Lynn, John F., enlisted April 12, '62; he is now living 
on his farm, after a life of hard labor, a paralytic. 

Lynn, Henry B., enlisted August 14, '62; he was pro- 
moted to Corporal; he was killed at Gettysburg; he was a 
brave soldier. 

Loftin, Edmund, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was dis- 
charged in January, '62; he died since the war. 

Lore, David, enlisted March 31, '63; after the war, he 
made a comfortable living farming; he was an extensive 
reader, and a loyal citizen; he died February, 1911. 

McGinnis, Gilbert A., enlisted September 8, '61 ; he was 
wounded at Gettysburg; he engaged in farming after the 
war, and is a good citizen. (See photo and sketch.) 



G. A. McGINNIS 

G. A. McGinnis en- 
listed in Company E, 
32nd Regiment on Sep- 
tember 5th, 1861. He 
served as a good soldier 
until at Spottsylvania 
Court House, where he 
was wounded. Soon 
after his recovery, he 
returned to the war 
where he remained un- 
til the close. On his re- 
turn home he spent his 
life farming, at which 
he was successful. He 
is still living, a good 
quiet citizen. 




Miller, Abram, enlisted March 31, '63; was taken pris- 
oner once; he died recently on his farm. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



209 



Moser, M. M., enlisted March 31, '63; he died melancholy 
during the war. 

Null, Adam, enlisted March 31, '63; he was a quiet, in- 
offensive man, and died in the County Home in 1910. 

Mitchell, William J., enlisted November 3, '64; he died 
during the war. 

Probst, John W., enlisted August 14, '63. (See sketch.) 
.JOHN W. PROPST 

I enlisted in Mallett's 
Batalion near States- 
ville. in the fall of 1882. 
Soon after we were call- 
ed to Kingston, where 
we engaged in battle 
from 9 o'clock until 3 in 
the evening; we were 
forced to retreat to the 
Neuse River where we 
attempted to cross, after 
the bridge was set on 
fire on the opposite side. 
While on the burning 
bridge jammed with 
men, I found to remain 
here, was instant death. 
I managed to get out- 
side the baliisters and 
came back, ran up the 
river and was captured. 
I was exchanged in two 
months thereafter. In 
the Spring of 1863, I 
joined Co. E. 32 Regi- 
ment by transfer. 

On the 15th of September. I. was wounded seven miles below Win- 
chester, which gave me a furlough of two months. On my return, I 
was detailed to govern forage at Petersburg. I was sick in Hospital on 
the 29th of March when the stampede occured at Petersburg, and was 
hastened to Richmond, where I was again captured 

After the evacuation of Richmond, 1 fell into the enemies' hands 
again, and was taken to Newport News where I was detained until the 
surrender, being released in June 1865, after which I returned home. 
I set to work as other men, and by dint of effort and perseverance. I 
made a living that summer. Year after year since, I kept accumulating 
until I made good, raised a considerable family, and am now retu-ed to 
the wide awake little city of Hickory, and for past time, am engaged 
in trucking-a happy and contented old gentlemen. 




210 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Reep, Daniel, enlisted August 14, '61; was taken pris- 
oner ; he died some years ago. 

Reep, Alfred, enlisted March 31, '63; he is a farmer, still 
living. 

Reep, Christopher, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he made a 
splendid soldier; he died since the war. 

Robinson, F, O., enlisted January 2, '63. (See sketch.) 

FRANCIS OSBORNE 
ROBINSON 

Francis Osborne Robin- 
son was born April 15th, 
1843. Was reared upon 
a farm in Mountain 
Creek Township, Cat- 
awba County, N. C. He 
vohinteered at the call 
of his country, June 2, 
1862; Joined Co. E. 32 
Regiment under Capt. 
M. W. Wilson; served 
fifteen months in regular 
field service; was then 
detailed to drive an 
ambulance, at which he 
was captured at Gettys- 
burg, on South Mountain 
Turnpike road at mid- 
night on the fourth and 
fifth of July, 1863, while 
in charge of a load of 
wounded Confederate 
officers. 

He was first sent to 
Fort Delaware where he 

remained for three or four months; thence removed to Pt. Lookout, Md., 
where he remained until exchanged in Feb. 1865. He was then sent to 
Camp Lee, Richmond; thence sent home on a sixty day's furlough, but 
never returned to service, as Lee surrendered before furlough expired. 
He is still living, on a competency acquired by industry and 
economy. 

Sherrill, A. E., enlisted March 31, '62; he died since the 
war, 

Setzer, J. Sidney, enlisted August 14, '61. (See sketch 
and photo.) 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



211 



J. SIDNEY SETZER 

I enlisted at Newton, 
N. C, in August 1861. 
We were the First N.C. 
Batallion ; later Company 
E, 32nd Regiment. I 
was not the bravest of 
the brave, though par- 
ticipated in every en- 
gagement my regiment 
engaged in (until captur- 
ed.) Beginning with a 
slight skirmish at Win- 
ston, N. C, the battles 
of Gettysburg, Wilder- 
ness, and Spottsylvania 
Court House being the 
most disastrous. Dur- 
ing the three days bat- 
tle at Gettysburg I 
witnessed about eight 
men in hand to hand 
struggle over a Federal 
flag, using butts of 
guns; one Confererate 
soldier only securing it. 
Confronting Heights 
third day, in front of Battery, and small arms, I witnessed a number 
of our men torn asunder, threads of flesh thrown into low limbs of over- 
hanging trees. We were on the banks of a deep ravine at edge of 
woods, the front being a steep field, and our only refuge was falling into 
the ravine, crawl to the left to front cover of woods, when we charged 
and dislodged the enemy for a time. At dusk, when both armies began 
to retreat, I was on skirmish between the two and was slightly wound- 
ed, but remained with the command. Our retreat recrossing swollen 
Rappahannock, struck us under arms, compelling us to cling in groups 
of fours to avoid washing down. After hard battles of Wilderness to 
Spottsylvania Court House, half or more of our survivors were captur- 
ed, including myself. The loss of life was appalling. Our captors 
nearly drunk, how!ed;"no quarters." Interference of their ofl^cers saved 
us from massacre. We were rushed through their six lines of battle 
over more dead than I ever witnessed elsewhere. We were conveyed to 
Point Lookout, Md. ; later to Elmyra, N. Y., suffering untold destitution 
at both places. I was paroled February 25, 1865, and sent to Richmond, 
and from there home. Was not exchanged, consequently was at home 
when the war ended. The hardships, dangers, etc., of the four years 
were almost intolerable. 

After returning home I engaged in farming and school teaching in 




212 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



the common schools for a few years. Having no means to begin with 
in the way of money or inheritance of property, I bought a small farm 
in Caldwell County on credit. Was married and settled down where 
wife and I labored together on the little farm until it was paid for. We 
then sold it and bought a better one and later sold it for a profit. I then 
bought a farm and mill in partnership near Lenoir, N. C. and lost 
mjaey. Later was a salesmm and manager in general merchandising 
store for nine years. Made some money out of former dealings, but 
saved little from sales wa^es. Then bought small interest in cotton 
mill. etc. at Granite Falls, N. C. where I worked on salary and accumu- 
lated. I then moved to South Carolina where I lost in a partnership 
neai'ly all. Returned to Hickory and engaged in mercantile business; 
accumulated rapidly for a few years, then suffered a loss of $15,000.00 
by fire. My losses in all aggregated about $15,000.00 or $20,000.00 by 
partnerships and fire. I am now in my 70th year, am in comfortable 
circumstances. Wife still living. Five living children; all married and 
in fairly good circumstances. Two children dead. I am still in the 
mercantile business. 

Shuford, David, enlisted in '63. (See sketch.) 




DAVID H. SHUFORD 

David H. Shuford 
joined Company E, 32 
Regiment at Spottsyl- 
vania in February, 1864. 
He was with his com- 
pany and engaged in all 
the battles it was in un- 
til the surrender. Amid 
all the trying places, he 
was never wounded but 
once — a slight wound on 
the thumb. 

He has spent these 
years in merchandising 
and farming, and is to- 
day a respected citizen. 



Sherrill, M. W., enlisted September 12, '61. (See sketch 
and photo.) 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



21? 



MARCUS W. SHER- 
RILL 

Marcus W. Sherrill 
was born July 31, 1863. 
He enlisted in Company 
E, 32nd Regiment Aug- 
ust 1861. Was at home 
on sick furlough at the 
time of the surrender. 
Was married October 
12, 1865 to Miss Mattie 
Cornelius, who with 
three sons and one dau- 
ghter are living. 

He has been a suc- 
cessful farmer since the 
war. 



.-^ 



^^^^ 




Smyre, Logan, enlisted October 26, '61 ; he was discharg- 



214 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



€d August 17, '62; he was a good soldier; he died since 
the war. 

Turner, John, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was a brave 
soldier; he was killed while carrying the flag at Spottsyl- 
vania. 

Sigmon, J. Churchill. (See sketch.) 

J. CHURCHILL 
SIGMON 

J. Churchill Sigmon 
enlisted at the age of 
18, in 1863; was drilled 
awhile at Camp Vance 
in Burke; from there he 
was sent to Wilmington, 
N. C. ; thence to the 
Valley of Vii-ginia near 
Winchester. He was 
there enrolled in Co. G., 
35 N. C. Regiment. In 
1864, he was in his first 
battle at Bunker's Hill. 
He served as a sharp- 
shooter all the time in 
the Valley. His next 
battle was Fisher's Hill 
where he was knocked 
senseless by a shell, 
from which he still 
suffers with a nervous 
headache. On March 
the 25th, he received a 
flesh wound which kept 
him out of service until 

the surrender; yet he remained with his command and saw Gen. Lee ride 
up to the Apple Tree under whose branches he surrendered. He return- 
ed in company with E. L. Hahn, L. R. Whitener, and others. In 1872 
he married and has raised a family of six children. He owns a good 
farm, and today has all that heart could wish, and a bank account, suffi- 
cient to ease off a life of toil and yet leave his family in good circum- 
stances. A peaceable, industrious and economical man is he. It can 
well be said of tho.se still living, such as he: 

"Ye are better than all the Ballads 
Which were ever sung or said; 
For ye are living poems, 
And all the rest are dead." 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



215 



Turner, Joseph, enlisted March 17, '63 ; he was discharg- 
ed November 1, '63; he died in 1900. 

Wade, W. A., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was captured 
and never returned. 

Wade, L. R., enlisted August 14, '61. (See sketch.) 

R. L. Wade was one of the best soldiers in Co. E. He was a talented 
young man, kept himself posted on the news. At Gettysburg, he was 
struck in the shoulder with a piece of shell, and died the third day after. 
He lay at the author's tent, or nearby, and suffered intensely until death 
relieved him. He was neglected by physicians, until his condition be- 
came such that it is too terrible to describe. 

Warlick, Lafayette, enlisted September 12, '61. (See 
sketch. 

Lafayette Warlick was worth his weight in gold on a long march on 
a hot day. He is a natural born poet, —a live wire. His only fault was, 
he delighted in making one mad. He was the poet laureate of the Re- 
giment, and a skilled "Forrager. " 

Workman, S. E., enlisted August 14, '61. (See sketch 
and photo.) 



SOLOMON WORK- 
MAN 

Solomon Workman en- 
listed August 14th, 
1861, in Co. E. F. 32nd 
Regiment, and served 
faithfully during the 
war. He never shirked 
his duty and was one of 
the bravest boys of the 
company. He made a 
living by hard labor, 
and died some years ago. 




216 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Winebarger, Noah W., enlisted March 31, '63; he died 
since the war on his farm. 

• Winebarger, Silas, enlisted March 5, '63 ; he was wound- 
ed at Gettysburg, and died since the war. 

Whitener, David R. 

Wilkerson, W. A., enlisted October 10, '62; he was once 
a prisoner ; he died since the war. 

Wilkinson, D. D.. enlisted March 31, '63; he was lost 
sight of. 

Wilson, Henry M., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died since 
the war. 

Wilson, Daniel C, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died in 
Hickory, January 14, 1911. 

Wilson, Newton, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died in '63 
from wound received at Gettysburg. 

Wilson, A. S. (See sketch and photo.) 

AUSTIN WILSON 

Austin Wilson enlist- 
ed at the time Co. E. 
32nd Regiment was or- 
i^anized at Newton, 
Aug. 1861. Being physi- 
cally not strong, he 
could not endure many 
hardships. The first 
skirmish, which he en- 
countered was at Wins- 
ton, N. C, taken by sur- 
prise. Abel Cansler, 
the author and Wilson 
were all sick in the up- 
per room of a hotel, and 
when the boats opened 
fire on the town, we all 
three took up our beds, 
and ran, never stopping 
until wie reached Mur- 
freesboro, Wilson arriv- 
ing first. For disability 
he- was discharged some 
time in 1862. He was, 
and is to-day, a feeble 
old bachelor, with as 




OF THE CIVIL WHR 



217 



big a heart as ever beat in the breast of man. No matter who was sick 
in our company, Wilson was by their bunk, attending to their wants. 
The author saw him once hire a wheelbarrow and haul one of his sick 
comrades five miles to Camp. A jolly, good fellow was Aus., now a 
devoted Presbyterian, ready for the call beyond the River. "A hoary 
head is a crown of life if found in the way of Righteousness." 

Wilson, Nathaniel, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died Aug- 
ust 16. '62. 

(The above named brothers were Christians, and kept 
the company instructed in the Scriptures.) 

Yount, Reuben L., enlisted February 25, '63. (See sketch 
and photo.) 
REUBEN L. YOUNT 

I was born and raised a 
farmer. In February, 
1863, I enlisted in Com- 
pany E, 32nd N. C. 
Regiment; joined the 
command near Kinston, 
N. C, and remained 
with it until July 1, 1863, 
when I lost my right 
hand. I also received 
another severe wound 
at Gettysburg, Pa. 

I was captured and 
taken to David's Island 
(east of New York City) 
and kept there until 
September, when I was 
exchanged and sent back 
across the line, landing 
at City Point, near 
Petersburg, Va. I was 
then taken to the N. C. 
Hospital, where I got a 
sixty days furlough. I 
then went home, and 

after the furlough was out, I I'eturned to the command and got my 
charge. 

I took a position as night watchman at Catawba, N. C, for the W. 
N. C. Railway, which I held until the close of the war. After the war 
I worked on the farm and attended the country schools until the fall of 
1868, when I went to Newton and entered Catawba High School, then 
under the management of Rev. .J. C. Clapp and Maj. S. M. Finger. I 




dis- 



218 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



remained there until October 5, 1871, when I left school, owing to a 
bereavement in the family. 

During the time I was in school at Newton, I taught two winters 
and after quitting school I taught during the winter and worked on the 
farm during the summer until 1873. I then went to Missouri where I 
began teaching again, both summer and winter. The schools there were 
from five to six months long in the winter, and in the summer, from 
three to four months. 

I left Missouri in June, 1881, and landed home the 20th of the same 
month. After coming home I began teaching again during the winter, 
and farmed the summer months for several years. 

Took a position as U. S. store-keeper and guager December 18th, 
1885, which I held until I was relieved by another man, September 1st, 
1809. Then I went home, went to farming, and am still following same, 
and suppose I will as long as I live. 

• Cloninger, Postell. (See sketch and photo.) 

J. POSTELL CLON- 
INGER 

I enlisted in May 1864. 
Was sent to Camp Vance 
for drill, and there was 
formed into the 3rd Bat- 
allion, of 16 year old 
boys. From there, I, 
with a few others, was 
transferred to Company 
E. 32 N. C. Regiment, 
in Oct, '64. We found it 
at Winchester. The day 
after, I was introduced 
to the mimmie balls, — 
my first experience. 
After that day, I was in 
all the principal battles 
the 32nd Regiment en- 
gaged in, the fiercest of 
which were Cedar Run, 
and Fisher's Hill. 

We were then sent to 
Petersburg, and here 
my experience was still 
further perfected. I 
was captured at Appo- 
mattox Bridge,— captured because the bridge was on fire preventing our 
crossing over. The number of captured were about 3500. We were 
hastened to Newport News, where we had the toughest time of all. 

We were not released until July 3rd, 1865. On my return, I found 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 219 

destitution at home, but I was sufficiently inured to it, and I discarded 
the venmin Jacket, put on the best I could find and went to work to sus- 
tain life. I was successful on my farm and in the manufacturing of 
flour and am now in very easy circumstances. I have my farm and mill 
leased, and make my home in Hickory, where I own real estate. The 
family I raised are a joy and honor to me. My two sons in Oklahama 
are doing well. I hereby greet the comrades, not only of my own re- 
giment, but of the State and South as well. 

Yount, A. S., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was discharged 
in '63 for disability ; he died recently on his farm near 
Claremont, N. C. 

Yount, M. P., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died January 
13. '62. 

Yount, J. L., enlisted August 14, '61. 



COMPANY F., 32ND REGIMENT. 



OFFICERS. 

Smith, Peter, Captain, enlisted in April, 1861, and joined 
Rapp's Rangers ; he is still living at Conover, N. C. 

Adderholdt, John, 1st Lieutenant, died and was buried at 
his home church (Concord), in 1861. 

Lowrance, W. E., was promoted from Sergeant to 1st 
Lieutenant; he was wounded in the knee in the year '63, 
which necessitated the amputation of a leg above the knee; 
he is still living in Memphis, Tenn. 

Loretts, Daniel P., 2nd Lieutenant, was commissioned 
April 27, 1861 ; he was wounded in the thigh at Winchester 
on September 19, 1863 ; he was captured and paroled, dy- 
ing after the close of the war. 

Fish, Henry, 3rd Sergeant, enlisted April 27, '61, and 
died August 17, '62. 

Kale, Poiser, 5th Sergeant ; died during the war. 

McNeill, Thos. J., 1st Corporal; enlisted April 27, '61; 
he was a genius in drawing, etc. ; he died during the latter 
i>ai't of the war. 



220 



THE CATAWBA SOLEIER 



Bridges, Theo. A., 2nd Corporal; enlisted Awril 27, '61; 

*'fter the close of the war he came home, moved to Texas, 

and died in that State. 

Abernathy, Patrick, 3rd Corporal; enlisted April 27, "61, 

;^nd died April 18, '62. 

Long, J. U., 4th Corporal. (See sketch and photo.) 
J. U. LONG 
J. U. Long was a 
Corporal in Company F, 
32nd Regiment from its 
formation, April 27, 
1861, to the close, April 
9, 1865. He was never 
known to flinch from 
any duty imposed upon 
him. He was wounded 
at Gettysburg in 1863. 
On his return, he, like 
the major part of the 
returned veterans, did 
not hesitate long what 
to do, but went to work, 
and by his industry, 
economy and persever- 
ance, he acquired quite 
a little fortune. He 
has been a leading citi- 
zen of his county, hav- 
ing served as chairman 
of the Board of County 
Commissioners for four 
years, not having miss- 
ed a meeting. He is -^ 
now serving the County as Treasurer, having just been re-elected to a 
second term, which re-election shows his efficiency and popularity. He, 
among many other of his comrades, has been a main factor in the devel- 
opment of the best interests of the county, especially having manifested 
a lively interest in educational and religious matters. "He that is dilli- 
gent in his business, shall stand before Kings; he shall not stand before 
mere men." 




OF THE CIVIL WR 221 

Hunsucker, W. Nelson W. (See sketch and photo.) 



W. NELSON HUN 
SUCKER 

W. Nelson Hunsucker 
enlisted in Company F, 
32nd Regiment, April 
27, 186L He was 4th 
Sergeant. Was a brave 
and good soldier. He 
returned at the close of 
the war and became a 
mechanic (brick layer. ) 

He is another of Ca- 
tawba's good men; hence 
made good his career. 
He is still living, a mon- 
ument inured to hard 
ships. 




PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, M. A., enlisted February 25, '63. (See photo 

Adderholt, Wm. H., enlisted January 1, '63; came home 
from the war at the surrender at Appomattox and lived 
a most excellent citizen and successful farmer; the last 
fifteen or twenty years of his life was lived in Iredell Coun- 
ty, just North of Statesville; he died in 1910. 

Adderholt, Thos. S., enlisted January 1, '64; after the 
surrender he went to Mississippi, where he married and 
still lives. 

Bynum, John G.. enlisted August 14, '61; he was pro- 
moted to Orderly Sergeant; he was captured at Spottsyl- 
vania C. H. ; after the close of the war he came home, set- 
tled down on the farm, where he still lives. 

Bailey, John, enlisted April 26, '61 ; he died since the war. 



909 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



M. A. ABERNETHY 

The subject of this 
sketch was born in Ca- 
tawba county on Sept- 
ember 26. 1844. All the 
education he got, prior 
to the civil war, was in 
the "old field" public 
schools, of the kind that 
existed in that day. He 
enlisted in Company F, 
32nd Regiment N. C. 
Troops early in the year 
1863. He was in all the 
regular fought battles, 
from the battle of Get- 
tysburg to the surren- 
der, on the 9th of April, 
1865, that the army of 
Northern Va. was en- 
gaged in. Was wound- 
ed but once, a flesh 
wound, in the right arm 
on the 19th day of Sep- 
tember, 1864, near Win- 
chester, Va. He was 
in the surrender at Appomattox Court House, Va., and when he receiv- 
ed his parole he started for home, in company with Capt P. C. Shuford* 
Dr. Geo. Tate Powell,* A. B. Powell, Wm. H. Aderholdt,* Thos. 
Aderholdt, A. K. Cline,* Henry D. Hill and Rev. E. W. Thompson.* 
Chaplain of the 43rd Regiment. (Five of whom are now dead. See 
marked * ) All kept together until they arrived at Statesville, N. C. 
There the crowd parted— part going down the way, towards Troutman's 
depot, part up the Western R. R. toward Catawba depot, and three of 
the boys, viz: Abernethy and the two Powells, struck straight for home 
by way of the old "Buffalo Shoal ford" road. The three arriving at 
at their homes at the Long Island Cotton Mills about the middle of the 
day, on April 12, 1885. 

In the army life of this young soldier, (being yet scarcely 21 at the 
close of army life), many things might be related that w^ould doubtless 
be interesting to all who read this sketch, but space does not admit of 
them here. But just one must be allowed, and it is this: On the re- 
treat of the Confederate army from the Gettysburg battle Lee's forces, 
part of them, crossed the Potomac river back into the Valley of Va. 
at Williamsport, and the river was swollen to the extent, that it was 
necessary for him to wade on the lower side of four of the 
largest men in the company to keep his head above the water. This 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 223 

served as a break to keep the water from forcing him down the stream 
(Being like Zaccharus low of statue.) And then the water struck him 
just between the right ear and shoulder. The order was to keep car- 
tridges dry, but this little soldier would have had to held his above his 
head, which he tried for awhile, but could not hold out and survive, and 
consequently, his ammunition got well soaked before he reached the 
Virgin bank of the river. 

This Catawba boy, like most of the Confederate soldiers, landed at 
home penniless, but not without ambition, and unyielding determination 
(that knows no defeat) to be a man and do something in the world. 
Hence he, after working on the farm the first summer, began to go to 
school (again) in order to equip himself for a useful life, notwithstand- 
ing his best days, for this purpose, had been spent in the war. In the 
latter part of the year he went to a private school, taught by Mr. 
"Mark" Robinson, near Catawba Station, (then) for the term of three 
months. In the spring of 1867 he went to a grammar school taught by 
Dr. Brantly York. 

This school of Dr. York's, was conducted in the same little old "log 
school-house", that Robinson taught in the summer before. 

In the latter part of the following summer, in the same old "log- 
house M. A. Abernethy taught his first school; following teaching in the 
public schools, in Catawba and Iredell counties, for more than thirty 
years. At the same time farming principally, for a living; for the salary 
of the teacher, was insufl[icient for this; only coming in as a supplement. 

In the year 1880, the 8th, of October, the M. E. Church South licen- 
sed him to preach, and in some parts of his county, he has been called a 
Local P. E. (presumably because of his being familiarly known in almost 
every nook and corner of the county). 

In 1880, he was appointed by the Census Dept. of the U. S. Govern- 
ment, to take the census of Catawba township, which he performed in 
24 days in June, beginning on the first. 

In the year 1896, he was elected on the Board of County Commis- 
sioners, and was kept on the Board, for three successive terms; the end 
of the third term expiring on Dec. 1st, 1892. 

In 1897, he was elected Sec. & Treas. of The Farmers' Mutual Fire 
Ins. Association, Catawba & Burke Branch, and was in 1900, made Local 
Agt. for the same, taking charge of the office work, that year whose 
office is, and has been in the town of Newton. 

And he has so successfully managed it, that it has grown from about 
three hundred and fifty thousand, in force, to one million and four hund- 
red thousand, up to date, (April 1st, 1911.) in force. 

In the year 1908, he was appointed by the Dept. of Agriculture at 
Washington, D. C. to take charge of the Co-operative Demonstration 
farm-work in Catawba Co. He served under the supervision of Dr. S. 
A. Knapp, of the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, for three years, viz: 1908, 
1909, and 1910; distributing publications on the best and latest improved 
methods of farming, showing by actual demonstrations, in many parts 
of the county, that the yield on one acre, in corn and cotton, can be doub- 



224 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



led, and thribled, if the proper preparation of the soil be made, and the 
right kind of cultivation given throughout the season. He resigned, this 
office, (after serving acceptably, both with the Dept. at Washington, and 
with the best farmers of his county, about March 1st, 1911. 

He is still the Sec. Treas. and Local Agt. and business manager of 
the Farmers' Mutual Fire Ins. in Catawba & Burke counties. Being 
elected to succeed himself, at each annual meeting of the Catawba & 
Burke Branch, since first placed in this responsible office. 

Brother Abernethy, as he is usually called, has been a steward in the 
M. E. Church, South, for more than forty years, as well as a Local 
preacher. And has been holding services, keeping up regular appoint- 
ments at the County Home, once a month, for about twenty years. And 
for many years has made it a habit, to make up, and carry a treat to 
the inmates twice a year. (Viz: Christmas and Easter.) 

He tries to be useful in every sphere of life, when and wherever he 
can do good. Idleness or inactivity has no place in his life. And when- 
ever he can lift humanity to something better, he is always ready, and 
consequently, never finds himself out of a "job" 



M. R. BOST 

M. R. Bost I 

in Company E, 32nd 
Regiment some time 
after the war began. 
He was a quiet good 
soldier, preforming his 
duty well. After the 
war he engaged in farm- 
ing and is still living 
near Maiden, Catawba 
county, and is a worthy 
citizen respected by his 
community. 




Bailey, George, enlisted April 26, '61 ; he died since the 
^^•ar. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 225 

Bradburn, James M., enlisted April 26, '61 ; he was a 
farmer, and died at h^'s home some time about 1892. 

Conrad, John, enlisted April 26, '61 ; he was captured 
and paroled ; he is still living. 

Conrad, Daniel, enlisted April 26, '61 ; he died August 
?1, '62. 

Crawford, Jeff., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was dis- 
charged June 8, '62 for disability; he died by homicide 
since the war. 

Daily, Abram, enlisted November 27, '61 ; he died July 
4, '62. 

Dellinger, John H., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was cap- 
tured, but survived the war, and died at his home in 1908. 

Dellinger, James, enlisted January 1, '63; he was wound- 
ed at Gettysburg, captured, but survived the war, and is 
still living. 

Eaton, James A., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was seriously 
wounded at Spottsylvania on May 10, '64; he was a brave 
soldier, walking off of the battlefield, carrying his gun with 
him, refusing to let the enemy have it; he moved from 
Catawba County since the war, but we think he is still 
living. 

Edwards, Spencer, enlisted April 20, '63 ; he took sick 
and died soon after crossing back from Gettysburg fight. 

Ennis, J., enlisted Aoril 10, '64, and was taken prisoner. 

Fish, Bryson, enlisted April 13, '63 ; he survived the war, 
and is still living. 

Goodman, Martin, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died dur- 
ing the war. 

Harwell, Carnie, enlisted February 25, '63; he died dur- 
ing the war. 

Harwell, Elihu, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died of 
wounds he received, October 4, '63. 

Hefner, Franklin, enlisted October 18, '62; he was 
wounded July 1, '63, from which wound he died. 

Howard, Levi, enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was captured, 
and no further account can be given. 

Howard, Nelson, enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was killed at 
Spottsylvania C. H. 



226 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Hill, Henry D., enlisted December 1, '61 ; after the war 
he was licensed to preach ; he went to Texas and entered 
some Conference there. 

Hill, Jacob, enlisted February 25, '63 ; he diedj&|iay 12, '63. 

Hunsucker, James, enlisted December 1, '61 ; he died No- 
vember 12, '62. 

Ervin, John B., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was promoted 
to Sergeant, but was later discharged for disability; he died 
of cancer since the war. 

James, William, enlisted December 1, '61 ; he went West 
after the war, and was lost sight of. 

Jones, Alfred, enlisted September 20, '61 ; he was wound- 
ed at Gettysburg; after the war, he went West and was 
lost sight of. 

Jones, Burton, enlisted September 20, '61 ; he went West 
and was lost sight of. 

Jones, Manuel, enlisted September 20, '61 ; he went West 
and we can learn nothing further of him. 

Jones, Marcus, enlisted September 20, '61 ; he was pro- 
moted to Sergeant ; he moved West and was lost sight of. 

Jones, Levi A., enlisted December 1, '61 ; he died of 
tuberculosis since the war, and is buried by the roadside 
near the Old Huitt Mill, between Newton and Anderson's 
Mountain. 

Kale, Henderson, enlisted April 27, '61 ; he died since the 
war. 

Kale, Noah, enlisted October 1, '62; he was taken pris- 
oner; we think he is still living. 

Killian, Noah, enlisted October 15, '62 ; he died December 
14, '63. 

Lael, Calvin, enlisted December 1, '61 ; he survived the 
war and is still living. 

Long, William Alex., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was pro- 
moted Sergeant, and killed at Spottsylvania C. H. 

Moore, William, enlisted Apri 27, '61 ; he is still living. 

Moore, Philo, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died since the 
war. 

Mize, Lafayette, enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was promoted 
Sergeant, and afterwards captured ; he died but recently. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 227 

Moss, Julius A., enlisted August 14, 61 ; he survived the 
vvar, and made his living on the farm ; he died of cancer a 
few years ago. 

Moss, William, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was killed at 
Spottsylvan^'a C. H. 

Miller, Andrew, enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was a German, 
and a good soldier; he survived the war, dying in 1908. 

Pone, John, enlisted April 27, '61; he was once captured; 
he returned home, and died since the war. 

Parker, David, enlisted October 15, '62; he came home 
and is still living in South Carolina. 

Robinson, Newton, enlisted February 26, '63 ; he was 
once captured. (See sketch.) 

NEWTON ROBINSON. 
A brother of James F. Robinson, of Co. A. 12th N. C. (who was 
killed at Spottsylvania Court House May 1864) was born near Sherrill's 
Ford Catawba Co. in 1844: Volunteered in Co. F. 32 N. C. Regiment, 
was a true soldier, was in all the battles with his company up to the 
battle of Petersburg where he was captured, and remained a prisoner of 
war until after the surrender. Robinson removed to Iredell Co. some 
years ago, and is still living. 

Sherrill, W. P., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was promoted 
Sergeant, but died in prison after the Gettysburg battle. 

Sigmon, John C., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he was promoted 
Corporal, and taken prisoner; he returned home and died 
in 1909. 

Sherrill, Thomas, Sr., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he sur- 
vived the war, and went West, where he still lives. 

Sherrill, Thomas, Jr., enlisted February 25, '63 ; he went 
to South Carolina or Georgia after the surrender, and was 
lost sight of. 

Sherrill, Nicholas, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was cap- 
tured and died in prison. 

Sherrill, Alexander, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he died 
July 7, '62. 

Sigmon, J. A., enlisted April 27, '61 ; he is still living. 

Shook, Daniel, enlisted August 14. '61 ; he was discharged 
""or disability ; he died since the war. 

Slewman, Chas., enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was pro- 
moted Commissary Sergeant ; he survived the war, teach- 



228 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

ing school and doing carpenter work; he died some years 
ago. 

Sutton, Frank, enlisted August 14, '61 ; he was dis- 
charged for disability, and died since the war. 

Wilson, Pink E., enlisted December 14, '61 ; he survived 
the war, but has since been lost sight of. 

Witherspoon, Henry, enlisted August 14, '61, and was 
promoted Corporal ; he died August 24, '63. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 229 



COMPANY K. 35 REGIMENT C. TROOPS 
By C. L. Hawn 

In writing the sketch of this company, the writer will 
not promise a correct history of the company, as he was not 
one of the original number of the company, having enlisted 
March 1st 1864. 

Suffice to say, the company was organized on Oct. 15th 

1861. in the town of Hickory, N. C, when it was a wilder- 
ness. According to Moore's roster of N. C. T. the total 
rank and file of this company, from first to last, was 156 men. 
It was made up from the western part of Catawba and east- 
ern part of Burke Counties. 

Dr. James R. Ellis, who had just settled down in the 
little village of Hickory tavern (as it was then called) to 
practice medicine, was elected captain. Pinkney Warlick, 
first Lieutenant; Dr. James T. Johnson, second Lieutenant; 
(he was then a young medical student, just from Medical 
College of Baltimore, Md.. having come home from College 
to share the hardships of war with his countrymen. ) 

Wm. Hale Jr, Second Lieutenant (By the way, this gal- 
lent young officer was killed at Newburn, N. C. March 14th 

1862. he being the first person killed in the war from Ca- 
tawba County). 

At the organization of the Regiment Nov. 8th 1861, Capt. 
James R. Ellis was appointed surgeon of the Regiment; Dr. 
James T. Johnson was elected Captain and his brother Phil. 
J. Johnson, was elected first Lieutenant. 

After the battle of Newbern, N. C, upon the death of 
Lieutenant Hale, Julius E. Link was elected Second Lieut. 
At the battle of Malvern Hill. July 1st 1862, this gallant 
young officer was killed. Pinkney Berry was promoted from 
Sergeant to Second Lieutenant. 

At the battle of Fredricksburg. Va. Dec. 13. 1862. Maj . 
John M. Kelly was killed, and Captain James T. Johnson 
was promoted Maj by seniority, and Phil. J. Johnson was 
promoted Captain of the Company. Pinkney Berry first 



230 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 

Lieutenant; J. M. Rocket Second Lieutenant; and D. P. 
Glass, Jr. second. At the battle of Bermuda Hundreds May 
20th 1864, Lieutenant Rockett was killed. Lieutenant Glass 
was promoted, and J. S. Ward was elected Jr. second. At 
the battle of Five Forks, April 1st, 1865, Lieutenant Glass 
was killed. 

The organization of the 35th Regiment, Nov. 8th 1861, 
was at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh. The result of this was 
the appointment of Rev. James Sinclair, Col. ; Marshall D; 
Craton; Lieutenant Col. ; Oliver Cromwell Petway; Maj.; 
Capt. James R. Ellis, of Co. K, was appointed Surgeon of 
the Regiment; Second Lieutenant, Cader G. Cox, of Co. A. 
Ass't Surgeon; First Lieutenant, Wm. M. Black, of Co, 
quartermaster; First lieutenant, John P. Kennedy, of Co. 
I, commissary; T. J. Oats, Adjutant. 

Jan. 3rd 1862, the Regiment was sent to Newburn, N. C. 
At the Battle of Newburn, March 14th, 1862, was the first 
engagement the regiment was in. It was placed on the left 
of the militia. The Federal Commander, seeing a weakness 
at this point, made an assault on the militia and broke the 
line, which left the 35th subject to a flank fire, and they fell 
back in disorder. That it was attributed to leadership, that 
the 35th Regiment did not behave better on this its first field 
of battle, is established by the fact that in every subse- 
quent battle of the war in which it was directly or remotely 
connected, it never failed to act in such a manner as to de- 
serve and win the encomiums of its commanding officers, 
and that the conduct of their Col. and Lieutenant Col. at 
Newburn was such as to cause the officers to. loose all confi- 
dence in their military capacity to lead them, is evidenced 
by the fact, that, at the re-organization of the Regiment 
April 10th, 1862, neither of these officers were re-elected. 

At the re-organization of the Regiment, Matt. W. Ran- 
son, the gallant soldier, eminent statesman and brilliant or- 
ator, (at that time Lieutenant Col. of the first N. C. Regi- 
ment) was elected Col. ; Maj. Patway Lieutenant Col. ; and 
Capt John G. Jones, of Co. E., Maj. This completed the re- 
organization of the Regiment for the war. 

Col. Ransom appointed his regimental state, namely: 
Dr. Chas. J. 0. Hagan Surgeon; Capt. Nicholas M. Long, 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 231 

quarter master; (who resigned in Dec. 1862 and was succeed- 
ed by Capt. Joseph M. Rodgers) ; Dr. Charles J. Gee, com- 
misary; Mr. Nelson, of Waynes, Co. Adjutant; (this gentle- 
man resigned in 1862. His successor being Lieutenant 
Walter Clark, a school boy of 14 years of age; in Nov. 1861 
this remarkable boy whom they called little Clark, became 
drill master for the second time at camp Mangumand acting- 
Adjutant of the 35th Regiment. He went through the first 
Maryland campaign serving with great distinction. On going 
into the battle of Sharpsbury Sept. 16th, 1862, all the field 
oflficers, except Clarke, had dismounted, when a big fellow 
from McDowell Co., "Bill Hall" as the writer recalls ran up 
t3 him and yelled "Get down off this horse you little foci 
or you will get killed" He was wounded in this battle, and 
on a later occasion, as he and Col. Matt Ransom were rid- 
ing along together, a shell from a battery exploded so near 
him as to make his escape from death almost Miraculous. A 
volume might be written about the career of this great son 
of Carolina, who at the age of 17 became a Lieutenant Col. 
of A Regiment and who, since the surrender, in every crisis 
has born himself as a wise and faithful leader of his State 
and of the South; to whose untiring laborand unflagging de- 
votion is due the preservation of the splendid records of our 
people, and who, as jurist, historian, statesman, man of 
letters, social and political philosopher, is one of the most 
versatile, if not the most versatile and gifted, of all living 
North Carolinians. 

The Regiment remained in N. C. after the reorganization 
until June 1862, It was ordered to Va. and was engaged in 
some small minor engagements in and around the battle of 
Seven Pines from the 25th to the 28th of June. It was en- 
gaged in that memorable charge at Malvern Hill, July 1st, 
1862. Here its Gallant Col., Matt W. Ransom, was twice 
wounded, first through the right arm and then in the right 
side by a piece of shell. Turning over the command to Lieu- 
tenant Col. Petway, Col. Ransom lay on the field, to hear in 
a few minutes of his gallant Lieutenant Col. being killed, 
leading the Regiment up the hill. Here fell Lieutenant 
Julius E. Link, Joseph Aiken, Harrison Sides and Captain 
James T. Johnson was severely wounded; and many other 



232 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

of Co. K. Probably no Regiment of magruders command 
suffered more in killed and wounded than the 85th. Being 
its first battle after Newburn, N, C, then and there esta- 
blished its reputation for unsurpassed fortitude and intre- 
pity in battle— a reputation maintained from Malvern Hill to 
Appomattox. 

Maj. John G. Jones now became Lieutenant Col.; Capt. 
John M. Kelly of Co. C. Maj.. by promotion. On the 27th 
of August the Regiment left Richmond on route to join Lee's 
army in the Maryland campaign, wading the Potomac river 
Sept. 7th, 1862, at Cheek's Ford. On the 11th, we recross- 
ed at Point of Rjsks, and marched to Harper's 
Ferry; shelled the enemy until that place surrendered, Sept. 
i5th. That night we marched towards Shepardstown. At 
one a. m..on the 16th, crossed the Potomac the third time in 
nine days. At three a. m., Sept. 17th, 1862, the Regiment 
was marched to take its position in line for the great battle 
of Sharpsburg. The Regiment held a very important posi- 
tion. It was here Col. Ransom carried the colors and charg- 
ed and took a battery, and had to abandon it on account of 
a flank fire. It was here Stonewall Jackson came on the 
scene and ask Ransom to try and retake it, and Ransom told 
him that he could take it, but could not hold it. It was here 
private Wm. H. Hood of Co. H. climbed the hickory tree and 
counted 33 battered flags supporting the battery. 

The next engagement was Dec. 11th, 1862, at Fredericks- 
burg, Va. Here the 35th was posted behind a stone wall 
and did not suffer so severely. Maj. John M. Kelly was kill- 
ed and Capt. James T' Johnson of Co K. was promoted Maj. 
By seniority and first Lieutenant P. J. Johnson of Co. K. 
Capt. 

In the winter of 1862 and '63 the Regiment took up its 
march through Richmond, and took the cars at Petersburg 
for Kemansville, N. C. Here Adjutant Walter Clarke re- 
signed, and on May 13th, 1863, Lieut. Robt. B. Peebles of 
Co. E. 56th Regiment was appointed to succeed him. In his 
Jr. year. Peoples left the university where he was making a 
brilliant record to join the Co.. then being raised in his home 
county of Northampton. From this time forth he was 
practically in every battle or skirmish in which his Regiment 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 233 

was engaged, and they were many; And in the most trying 
crisis, he always bore himself as a man of fine presence of 
mind and superb courage. There was no braver man in 
either army. When Lee surrendered at Appomattox, he was 
Captain and Ass't. Adjt. Gen. on Gen. Matt Ransom's staff, 
having been deservedly promoted from time to time. Peebles 
is another splendid soldier, whose military career deserves a 
much more detailed and extended history than space here 
will permit. One of the greatest lawyers our state has pro- 
duced, now serving his second term as Superior Court 
Judge,- sometimes partisan, but always bold and incorrup- 
tible. The only criticism made by lawyers against him is 
that he can hardly keep out of the fight. This is not to be 
wondered at, for he is a born fighter. His record in war and 
in peace adds lustre to his state. 

The Regiment in the spring of 1863 was in the Dep't of 
N. C. , Gen. D. H. Hill commanding, and stationed at diffe- 
rent times at Goldsboro, Kinston and Wilmington. 

About the first of June, 1863, it was ordered to Virginia 
and camped near Petersburg. On the 15th of June, Col. 
Matt. W. Ransom was promoted to Brig. Gen. ; Lieutenant 
Col. Jones now became Col.; Maj. James T. Johnson, Lieu- 
tenant Col.; Capt. S. B. Taylor, of Co. A. Maj. by seniorty. 
On the 27th July, 1863 the Regiment and brigade had a sharp 
engagement at Boon's Mill, in less than two miles of Gen. 
Ransom's home. The sound of the guns, tremblingly listen- 
ed to by his delicate wife and small children,— Just imagine 
their feeling. During the winter of '63 and '64, the brigade 
was assigned back to the Dep't of N. C. 

The 35th Regiment was on post duty, at Hamilton, 
N. C. on the Roanoke River, Co. K. being on picket duty at 
Foster's Mills, in Martin Co., 

On April 16th, we broke camp at Foster's Mills and set 
out for Plymouth, N. C. On the night of the 17th 1864 we 
slept within a few miles of the town, and was awakened on 
the morning of the 18th by the Federal sunrise gun in the 
town. We took up march and landed in sight of the forti- 
fications in a few hours. That evening (April the 18th), we 
were formed in line of battle; there was some sharp skirmi- 
shing and some artillery firing when Gen. Ransom appeared 



234 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

on the scene in his usual polite way taking off his hat: "There 
is a fort over there I want taken tcnight, and I want you 
men of the 35th to take it" (Just imagine the feeling of a 
lad 17 years old!) We were ordered forward March; went in 
under a heavy artillery fire, our light artillery following. 
We were between the fort and our artillery for some three 
hours that night. When things quieted down and we came 
out, the result was a faint move for Gen. Hoke to take 85th 
Redoubt. On the 19th, we were moved around in front of 
the works viewing the situation by the officers. The writer 
remembers Gen. Hoke and staff out in front with an eye 
glass, when there was a shot fired from Fort Williams. The 
ball fell right under Hoke's horse and came bouncing down 
the line where we were lying down. Late in the evening of 
April 19th, we made a circuitous route to the east end of 
town. After a sharp skirmish. Gen. Ransom forced his way 
across Coneby Creek, a narrow but deep stream, by laying 
down a pontoon bridge. The brigade was marched over and 
formed in line of battle and lay down to rest. The line of 
pickets were sent out and a sharp skirmish resulted. We 
were far enough away that the Yankee bullets would fall 
down as they hit a board fence in our front. We fully rea- 
lized the situation. Next morning (the 20th.) just at the 
break of day, Gen. Matt W. Ransom was in the saddle; we 
heard his ringing voice, come down the line; "Attention!" 
Also, by Col. J. G. Jones of the 35th, and Capt. P. J. John- 
son of Co. K.; "Forward March"! As we went up through 
an open field,it was a dreadful sight to behold. Our artillery, 
just in our rear, firing over us, and the Federal forts be- 
lching on us. The writer would compare it to a big new 
ground on fire. 

Fort Comfort was the first works taken by the 35th. 
Company K. came up right in front of the fort, as was evi- 
denced by her dead around the fort. The Regiment was 
divided by passing around the fort, and got somewhat con- 
fused, as the report was that Col. Jones was killed. About 
this time Gen. Ransom came on the ground mounted, and in 
his usual polite way, taking off his hat; "I am here with you 
boys. Attention 35th"; and we passed on through the streets 
to fort Williams. The engagement here was fierce for 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 235 

awhile, and our loss was heavy. Finally, we fell back. Gen. 
Ransom signaled the Ram Albermarle to advance up the river 
which was done. About the third shot, the commander of 
the fort ran down the stars and stripes, which were about 
18 feet long-, and ran up the white flag. This w-as a bad day 
for the 35th. The loss was 20 killed and 88 wounded. Com- 
pany K's loss was 7 killed and 21 wounded. The killed were: 
Geo. L. Abernethy, David Denton. P. H. Moure, F. W. Con- 
nelly, P. Sidney Whitener, Daniel H. Whitner and John C. 
Whisnant. 

From Plymouth, we went to Washington, N. C, where 
the commander evacuted the place and set fire to it; from 
there by way of Greenville, Pollecksville on to Newburn, 
N. C. Having captured all the out post there wi^h every 
prospect of success. Gen. Hoke under orders from Davis 
to return to Va., withdrew^ his command and reached Peter- 
sburg May 10th, 1864. On May 13th, while occupying the 
outer line of works at Drewys Bluff, the Regiment had some 
sharp fighting with Butler's advance. Company K. of the 
35th was on picket duty east of the bluff at this time. On 
the evening of the 14th, we were charged by a line of battle 
from Butler's army and driven back under a heavy fire after 
our amunition was exhausted. In passing around the hill, 
Anderson Ward was mortally wounded and died in a few- 
days, H. C. Sigmon was slightly w^ounded on the thumb. 
There were five companies, one from each Regiment in this 
skirmish fine, under the command of Maj, Grady of the 25th 
N, C. Regiment, He marched us back to the rear and we 
lay down and rested for the night. Next morning (the 15th) 
we joined the Regiment on the R. R. between Richmond and 
Petersburg, Va, On the evening of the 15th, Maj. Gen. 
Robt. Ransom arrived from Richmond; on the morning of 
the 16th, we were marched out from the work. Gen. Robt. 
Ransom opened the ball down the south side of the James 
River. The 35th was in the second line, and did not get in 
the engagement. The writer well remembers seeing the 
25th Regiment moving out in line of battle on the right flank 
in double quick. Bayonetts glistening in the rising sun, and 
colors flying. I do not think I ever saw anything that equal- 
led it. About this time, Maj. Gen. Robt. Ransom and his 



236 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Staff came riding down the turnpike road. Col. Rutlege of 
the 25th having command of the brigade, jelled out, "Three 
cheers for Gen. Ransom": You bet the 35th gave them. He 
captured everything from the turn pike to the river. He 
came up in the rear while they were looking for him in front, 
arms stacked in the works, guns cocked ready to use. Had 
Gen. Whiting came on from Petersburg with his fifteen thou- 
sand men, there would not have been enough of Butler's 
army left to tell the tale. So ended the Battle of Drewy's 
Bluff. Then we followed Butler on his retreat to Bermuda 
Hundred. On the 20th of May, 6 companies of the 35th were 
ordered to advance the picket line; this was done with heavy 
loss to the Regiment. Our color bearer and color guard were 
all cut down; Col. Jones took the colors in his own hands. 
Capt. Johnson of Co K. called for some one to take the colors 
from Col. Jones; A young lad by the name of Owens, who 
was Col. Jone's orderly took the colors from him. Lieutenant 
Col. Johnson was wounded and was absent from the Regi- 
ment for some time. Lieutenant J. M. Rocket of Co. K. was 
killed and several wounded. We were stationed here in the 
works for sometime. It was here the writer was detailed 
one evening to report at the Fort on James River with gun, 
etc, with instructions that an officer would be there to take 
charge of him. 

I arrived there about dark. Presently an officer and 
citizen came up and asked me if I was the man sent here. I 
told them I was. He took my gun and looked at it, asked 
how many rounds of ammunition I had. I told him 50; he 
said "Don't Speak" and "Followus". We went through our 
line and went down a Bluff to the edge of the water on James 
River where we were in hearing of the Federal Troops. They 
were moving South; we could hear them talking and the 
horses walking on the Pontoon Bridge. We were close to a 
Gun Boat which kept up a fire all night. We could see the 
flash of the guns and hear the shells go over in our lines. 
Stayed there until 3 or 4 o'clock next morning and came out. 
I never heard any talk about it. Am satisfied it was done 
to find out which way Grant's Army was moving. Some 
time in May or June, (the writer does not remember the 
date,) the 35th was sent down on Chickahominy River below 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 237 

Richmond. We were there only a short while, when we came 
back to ChafRns Bluff, were there three or four days. On 
the 15th of June, 1864, at dark, we took up march for Peter- 
sburg-, marched all night; reached Petersburg next morning, 
the 16th, at about sunrise, just in time to see the enemy ad- 
vancing on the inner line of works defending Petersburg. 
The 35th was the first to arrive, and at a run through a storm 
of shot and shell, we succeeded in getting into the works in 
time to repulse the enemy. The Federal forces new in com- 
mand of Hancock numbered over fifty thousand. In the 
after noon of the 16th, we were attacked all along the line 
held by ten thousand confederates. Night closed the contest. 
During the night Warrens corps (17 thousands) reinforced 
the enemy. 

Early on the 17th of June, the fighting was renewed. 
Assault after assault was made only to be repulsed, until 
just at dark, a part of our line was taken. About 10 P. M., 
Ransom's brigade was ordered to take and reestablish the 
line This fell to the 35th Regiment. It struck the heel of 
the salient in the shape of a horse shoe. A hand to hand 
combat took place, the men fighting with the breast works 
only between them. The Gallant Col., John G. Jones, was 
killed; the color bearer of the Regiment was pulled over the 
works with the colors; The loss in the Regiment was heavy. 
It carried into action 28 officers and nearly 800 men, and 
brought out 8 officers and less than 200 men. Company K. 
lost 4 men; Sergt. J. C. Sides, Amzi A. Hawn, John Huntley 
and James Smith were killed; Capt J. Johnson, Lieutenant 
P. Berry, Sylvanus Deal. Levi Yount, Amzi A. Yoder, C. L. 
Hawn and others were wounded. It was here Capt Johnson 
had a hand to hand encounter with a Maj., and as Johnson 
started back to our side, one man threw his gun bayonet 
foremost and missed him; while another raised his gun to 
shoot him, and L. S. Settlemyre killed the Yankee. The 
Regiment finally captured about 300 prisoners, among them 
ware 17 Indians, — Three stand of colors. This left the Regi- 
mant without any field officers. Lieutenant Col. J. T. John- 
son, C3I. by promotion, Maj., S. B. Taylor, Lieutenant Col. 
by promotion, Ciptain Robt. E. Petty of Co. B., Maj. by 
seniority, allof them absent, -wounded. During the night 



238 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Beauregard withdrew to a new and shorter line nearer the 
city of Petersburg. On the 18th of June, 1864, Gen. Mead 
made the last of his assaults, his army numbering seventy 
thousand; The Confederate force about twenty thousand. At 
noon came the attack attack which was promptly repulsed. 
At 4 p. m. they tried it again, but met a signal defeat. Gen. 
Grant now issued an order for the cessation of attacks, and 
the siege commenced. The 35th was in the siege at Peters- 
burg from about the 25th of June, 1864, to March 1st, 1865. 
During this time, it occupied different positions from the 
crater to the city point R. R. It lived in the ground, walked 
in wet ditches, ate cold corn bread, and Nassau bacon; until 
one evening, when that big hearted soldier, statesman and 
orator, (M. W. Ransom,) met the writer and Jim Moore with 
a side of Nassau bacon with a hand spike run through it, 
carrying it into the Company. "Boys what kind of meat is 
that? Is it pork?" The writer remarked: "no Gen. it is not; 
smell of it;" and he did so. "Phew, you can't eat such 
meat" So the next evening, we got country hams. After- 
wards, some of Hampton's beef. Company K. was on re- 
lief to town for a days rest July 30th, 1864, when the explo- 
sion of the Crator occurred. The £5lh August cCth, 
1864, was engaged at the Davis house on the Welden R. R, 
R. C. Hawn was killed; Moses Yoder and several others were 
wounded and captured. Here the Regiment went beyond 
the line intended and had to fall back. Gen, Lee, who witness- 
ed the charge, remarked that he had often heard of men 
straggling to the rear, but never saw men straggle to the 
attack. The writer was on the skirmish line that day and 
was not in this engagement. 

Company K. lost by sharp shooters in the seige; D. 
Sidney Hawn, L3vi Bowman, and Biyard Winkler, besides a 
number wounded. The 35th was engaged March 25th, 1865 
in that memorable charge and capture at Fort Stedman, 
which was such an eye sore to the city of Petersburg. The 
loss and those captured was heavy. At Five Forks, April 
1st, 1865, (that dark day for the Confederacy), The Regi- 
ment suffered heavy. Lieutenant D. P. Glass and P. S. 
Sides of Co K. were killed, and a number wounded and cap- 
tured, the writer being one of the number captured. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 239 

April 9th 1865, Gen. Lee surrenders the army of north- 
ern Va. The 35th was commanded by Maj Robt. E. Petty 
and surrendered with about 80 men. Company K. surrender- 
ed with its gallant Capt. P. J. Johnson in command with 20 
men. 

Company K. lost during the war 35 men, 25 killed, ten 
and from disease; the writer has not been able to get the 
number wounded. 

The writer was one of Six Hawns of the Co. ; four of 
them sleep in unknown graves on Va. soil. One died since 
the war, caused by wounds received in the war; Four of the 
original old company reside in the city of Hickory; Dr. J. T. 
Johnson, P. Berry, H, Cain Sigmon and Rheuben Barger. 
Quiet a number reside in and around Hickory who belonged 
to the company. By the best information we can get, we 
still have yet living 32 men. Some of the most substantial 
citizens of the county were members of this company. 
Among them were 8 Whiteners,all descendants from the old 
Pioneer, Henry Whitener, all of whom are dead except one. 

In the language of Dixon, "Peace to the ashes of these 
brave men who gave their lives for the lost cause; they sleep 
their last sleep; they have fought their last battle, and no 
sound can awake them to Glory again. ' ' 

May God bless the living; some of them are watching 
day by day for the sun sets glow, or stand listening to the 
beat of the surf as it breaks upon the shores of eternity. 
May God give them victory in the last last battle. 
Hickory, N. C. April 24th 1911. 

C. L. Hawn 



240 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



COMPANY K., 35TH REGIMENT. 



OFFICERS. 

Ellis, James R., Captain; enlisted October 15, '61. (See 
;^ketch and photo.) 

DR. J. R. ELLIS 

Dr. James R. Ellis, 
native of Randolph 
county, came to Burke 
county in 1858 and set- 
tled at Philip Warlic s 
to practice medicine. 
Soon after he married 
in that family. In 1860 
he came to the village 
of Hickory Tavern and 
built a dwelling where 
now stands the M. E. 
Church. 

In the organization of 
Company K, 35th Regi- 
ment N. C. Troops he 
was elected Captain. 
At the organization of 
the 35th regiment he 
was appointed surgeon. 
After serving five 
months he resigned and 
came home and took a 
position on the State 
Examination Board. He 
was a Catawbian, and 
served several terms in the General Assembly. He died some years 
ago leaving a widow and two daughters. 

Johnson, J. Theodore, Captain; enlisted December 9, '61. 
(See sketch.) 

Link, Julius E., 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted April, '62; he 
was killed July 1, '62 at Malvern Hill; he was a favorite 
among the Company. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



241 



DR. J. T. JOHNSON 

Dr. J. T. Johnson en- 
listed March 6th, 1861. 
He, tog^ether with J . R. 
EUis, of Hickory, Pink- 
ney Warlick and Rev. 
Alex Stamey, of Burke, 
were instrumental in 
raising this company, a 
half of which were from 
Catawba and half from 
Burke. Dr. J. R. Ellis 
was elected Captain, 
Pinkney Warlick 1st 
Lieut., J. T. Johnson 
'2nd Lieut., Rev. Alex 
Stamey 3rd Lieut. At 
Raleigh, when they 
were formed into a 
regiment, Dr. Ellis was 
elected assistant sur- 
geon, so the company 
had to elect a Captain, 
so the boys ran first and 
second Lieutenants, and 
Dr. Johnson was elected 
Captain by a handsom 

majority. About three or four months later, the regiment was re- 
organized for three years of the war. Dr. Johnson was re-elected 
Captain again by a most handsome majority. About one year later, on 
the battlefield of Fredricksburg, he was promoted to Major of the regi- 
ment and given one-half of the regiment and sent to the front picket 
line. About one year later he was promoted to Lieut. -Col.; and about 
one year later he was promoted to full Col., and commanded the regi- 
ment to the close of the war. He was captured at the battle of Five Fork 
April 1, 1865, and carried to Johnson's Island. Ohio. He returned home 
in June, 1865. 

He received a bad wound on the top of his head at the battle of 
Milvern Hill; also at the battle of Barmuila-Hundreds was wounded 
in his leg and came very near losing it. He was in a great many 
hard fought battles. While Capt., he never had to wade a river- 
Uncle Cain Sigmon, or some of the boys, would say "Captain, jump on 
my back and ride over. " He had a noble lot of good boys and good 
fighters. 

Hale, William, 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted December, '61; 

was promoted from Sergeant ; he was killed March 14, '62 
at Newburn. 




242 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Rockett, J. Monroe, 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted December 
29, '62 ; was promoted from Sergeant ; he was killed. 

Ward, Sidney J., 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted June 30, '64, 
and was promoted from ranks ; he died in 1909. 



NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



'61; 



Link, Julius E., 1st Sergeant; enlisted October 1, 
he was promoted 2nd Lieutenant. 

Hale, William, enlisted October 1, '61, being 2nd Ser- 
geant; he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. 

Rockett, J. Monroe, 4th Sergeant; enlisted October 1, '61; 
he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, and killed in May, '64 
at Wise Bottom Church. 

Seitz, J. C, enlisted July 6, '62 ; promoted Sergeant Jan- 
Liarj'-, '63; he was killed July 17, '64 near Petersburg. (See 
photo and sketch.) 



J. C. SEITZ 

J. C. Sides enlisted 
July 6, 1862, in Company 
K, 35th N. C. Regiment. 
Promoted Sergeant Jan- 
uary, '63. Killed July 
17, '64, near Petersburg, 
Va. He was last seen 
by Dow. Abernethy, 
charging in the thickest 
of the fight. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 243 

PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, L. D., enlisted May 1, '61 ; he was wounded 
i.t Malvern Hill, July 1, '62; he is still living near Maiden. 
N. C. 

Abernethy, Geo., enlisted May 1, '61 ; he was wounded 
and died at Plymouth, April 20, '64. 

Abernethy, John F., enlisted March 1, '63; he died Aug- 
ust 13, '64 at Weldon. 

Arney, J. Franklin, enlisted March 1, '64; he is still 
living. 

Barger, Reuben J., enlisted October 15, '61. (See sketch.) 

Reuben J. Barger was born August 21, 1841. He was raised a 
mechanic. He enlisted in September, 1861, and was captured at Five 
Forks, Va., April 1, 1865; paroled June 25, 1865, at Point Lookout, Md. 
He has worked at the carpenter trade up to the present time. He was 
a member of Company K, 35th Regiment N. C. Troops. 

Brittain, Jonas, enlisted — ; he died but recently. 

Bowman, Timothy, enlisted October 15, '61; he is still 
living. 

Bowman, Levi, enlisted October 15, '61; he was killed 
in '64. 

Chester, W. J., enlisted October 15, '61; he died in De- 
cember, '61 at Raleigh, N. C. 

Dietz, C. Frank, enlisted March 1, '63 ; he was discharged 
October 20, '63. 

Fry, John B., enlisted October 15, '61 ; he is still living 
near Hickory, on his farm. 

Deitz, W. Pinkney, enlisted August 4, '62. (See sketch 
and photo.) 

Fry, Monroe, enlisted August 14, '62. (See sketch and 
photo.) 

Holler, Noah, enlisted October 15, '61; he died since 
the war. 

Holler, Paul, enlisted August 15, '62; he died since th*,' 
war. 

Holler, Elisha, enlisted August 15, '62 ; he died since the 
war. 

Hahn, D. Sidney, enlisted April 8, '62; he was killed at 
Petersburg in '64. 



244 



TftE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



PINKNEY DEITZ 

R. Pinkney Deitz was 
a charter member of 
Company K, 35th Regi- 
ment. He was an ex- 
cellent soldier, and was 
fortunate in that he 
survived the war. On 
his return home he en- 
gaged for awhile at 
carpentry. After his 
marriage he settled on 
the farm. 

He is a quiet, peace- 
able citizen, respected 
bv all who know him. 




Hahn, Alfred M., enlisted April 8, '62 ; he died since the 
war from a wound received in the war. 

Hahn, Amzi, enlisted August 14, '62. (See sketch and 
photo.) 

Hahn, D. J., enlisted March 6, '62; he died during th.3 
war. 

Hahn, R. C, enlisted June 1, '63. (See sketch and 
photo.) 

Hahn, C. L., enlisted March 1, '64. (See sketch and 
photo.) 

Hale, John A., enlisted January 1, '64; he is now dead. 

Mull, Abram B., enlisted August 14, '62; he died since 
the war. 

Miller, -lessee, enlisted March 6, '62; he died since the 
war. 

Miller, Abram. enlisted May 1, '61 ; he died since the v. ar. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



245 



. J. MONROE FRY 

J. Monroe Fry enlist 
ed in Company K, 35th 
Regiment August 14th, 
J862. He served his 
county faithfully as a 
soldier, and honored his 
country on his return, 
by an upright life. 

He engaged in farm- 
ing and followed it as- 
siduously since. He has 
had a successful career, 
and is still residing on 
on the old homestead 
just outside the city 
limits, surrounded with 
plenty. 

He has made what he 
has by strict observance 
of the old adge: "At- 
tend to your own busi- 
ness strictly, and let 
others alone." Look at 
his physiognomy and be- 
hold a quiet man. 

Pitts, Abel, enlisted January 7, '63; he is still living. 

Propst, Riley, enlisted — ; he died since the war. 

Rockett, Pinkney R., enlisted August 10, '62. (See 
sketch and photo.) 

Rockett, A. C, enlisted August 10, '62; he died July 28, 
'63 at Petersburg. 

Steiz, Levi, enlisted March 1, '63; he died since the war. 

Sigmon, E. S., enlisted January 7, '64; he died since the 
war. (See sketch and photo.) 

Elcanah, Sigmon, enlisted October 14, '61. (See sketch.) 

Settlemyre, Harvey S., enlisted August 14, '62; he died 
since the war. 

Turner, W. D., enlisted March 6, '62; he died June, '62 
at Kinston. 

Ward, Anderson, enlisted October 15, '61 ; he was killed 
May 4, '64. 




246 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



AMZI A- haw:: 

Amzi A. Hawn wii< 
K.m Decejuber 31. 1S33, 
on a farm three miles 
5«:>atii of Hickory. X. C. 
At the age of 13 years, 
his fatherdied. and with 
the aid of his widowed 
mother, he took charg-e 
of the affairs of the 
farm. He receive 
coauDon seho<ri ecu j. - 
CioQ in the old log^ school 
hoase of that day. z^^i 
taagfat his first soi 
&z the old fog seh • 
ri«xL=e in his district. jlZ 
the age of IT y- - 
eertiEcate of - 
tioD is well preservt^ 
in the hands of his bro- 
ther. C- L- Hawn. bear- 
ing the date of Novem- 
ber IT. ISSL and signed 
by three old landmarks : 
Q. A- Shofocd, Esq.. 
Dr. O. CampbeU and 
ReT. J. H. Crawford. He wrote a bea 
matfaonatician. 

He was married to Mary M. Yo<ier, 
was bom a daughter. Mrs. Belle Abee. 
Bp to the oatbreak of the Civi] war. 
made stomp speeches to that e^ect. 

He enlisted in Malletts Batallioa August 14. 1882, and was trans- 
ferred to Company K. 3Sth Regitnent N . C. Troops, Sansom's Br%ade. 
and was m a numbex- of aigagements. He was killed Jane IT. 1S64. a.t 
Pet^^sborg. Va., and left oo the laeid, the Union annj hoUii^ the 
tseld. He was a devout Christian and solifier. A ■MMmmeat in 2obs 
C- - i erected to the mesMxy of hfe father and raocher, marks 

h> . his age beii^ 30 years. 5 months and 16 days. 

"He bfee^! He falls! His death-bed is the fidd! 

His £rge the tnxn^iet. and las iMer the shirid! 
His cloaz^ eyes the beam of valor ^teak. 

The flash of ardor lingers on his cheek: 
Serene, he lifts to heaven th>>se cloang eyes. 

Then for his coontry breathes a prayer— AND DIZS. 




November 9, l55«i- To them 
His life was spent on the farm 
He was opposed to secessifKu and 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



247 



Calvin L. Hawn, the 
subjeft of this sketch, 
whose plo 03 appear at 
the ages of 17 and 64 
years, was born and 
reared on the farm three 
miles south of Hickory, 
N. C. He was under 
the care of his widowed 
mother and elder broth- 
er, his father having 
died when he was fifteen 
months old. He receiv- 
ed a limited education 
at the old log school 
hoii.se known as the 
"The Abernethy School 
House." He left school 
at the age of fourteen 
year's on account of the 
Civil war. He enlisted 
in Company K. 35th 
Regiment N. C. Troops, 
Ransom's Brigade, Mar. 



HAHN 

R. C. Hahn was a 
faitliful soldier during 
his term of service. He 
enlisted June 1, 1863. 
He was captured and 
died in prison, and his 
remains rest with thous- 
ands of other good boys 
near Petersburg. 

Robert was a good 
Christain boy, saved by 
grace. 




218 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



1, 1S64. He was in the 
i-apture at Plymouth. 
N. C. by the Ctjnl'eder 
ates, April 18th t.> li(.th; 
Drevvry's Bluff, Va., 
May 16th; Beimuda 
Hundred, Ma/ 20th; 
Avery Farm. June 17th 
(and was slig-htly wound- 
ed), and in all of the 
siege of Petersburg, Va., 
including the charge of 
the enemies' works an 
the Weldon Railroad on 
August 30th, and in that 
memorable capture of 
Fort Steadman, March 
26th, 1865, which was 
such an eyesore to the 
beautiful Virginia City; 
and last, when all was 
lost at Five Forks, 
April 12th, 1865. he was 
captured and carried to 
Point Lookout, Md., a 
prisoner of war. He 
was released June 13lh, 
1865, and came home, 
making a living on the 
farm. In April, 1884, he came to Hickory and engaged in the lumber 
business; later on, in the mercantile business. He was deputy sheriff 
of Hickory township from 1894 until 1898. The last two years he has 
devoted his time to his farm. 

Ward, J. Sidney, enlisted October 16, '61 ; he was pi(i- 

moted 2nd Lieutenant in '65; he died in 1910. 

Ward, Pinkney A., enlisted October 15, '61 ; he was pro- 
moted Corporal December, '61, and promoted Serg-ean*^ 
July, '63 ; he died in 1909. 

Whitener, Pinkney J., enlisted April 8, '62. (See sketch 
and photo.) 

Whitener, Daniel H., enlisted October 15, '61 ; he was 
killed at Plymouth, April 20, '64. 

Whitener, Abel, enli ted March 1, '63; he died since the 
war. 

Whitener, Henry, enlisted March 1, '63; he died recently. 

Whitener, B. F., enlisted October 20, '64; he died since 
the war. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



249 



P. R. ROCKETT 
P. R. Rockett was a 
member of Company K, 
3oth Regiment, having 
joined August 10, '62. 
He made a good record 
in the war, and also 
since— having engaged 
in the manufacture of 
lumber. He is now a 
retired old soldier resid- 
ing in the city of Hick- 
ory. He educated his 
family who honor their 
father bv a moral life. 



ESAIAS SIGMON 
Esaias Sigmon enlisted 
in Company K, 35th 
Regiment in 18fj2. He 
served through the war, 
making a good soldier. 
He returned home at 
the close, and raised a 
family of three children, 
only one of whom sur- 
vive him. He died some 
years ago. He was a 
quiet, peaceable, hard- 
working man, and had 
the respect of his fel- 
lowmen. 




250 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




PINK BERRY 

Pink Berry was not at 
the time of his enlist- 
ment a Catawbian, but 
born and educated so 
near the line, and en- 
listing in a Company 
organized in Catawba, 
and from the further 
fact that he married 
and settled in Catawba 
and became a bona fide 
citizen he claimed en- 
trance into the history 
of the county, and hence 
he here appears as a 
Burke' boy but a Cataw;- 
ba citizen. "Pink." as 
we all call him, was a 



gallant soldier, and did 
well his part in the war, 
since which he has en- 
gaged more or less in 
the mercantile business. 
He is a jolly good fel- 
low, and is recognized 
before he is seen by his 
jolly good laugh. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



251 




H. Cain Sigmon en- 
listed October 15, 1861 in 
Captain Ellis' Cumpai v 
and se--ved faithfully as 
a private until Aprii. 
1863 , when he was pro- 
moted Corporal. He was 
an athelte, and had a 
big, kind heart. He 
was especially fond of 
his Captain, Dr. John- 
son, and whenever they 
came to a stream, or 
other difficult places of 
crossing, he would call 
out: "Captain, mounc 
me I I'll carry you acrt ss 
safely." The Capta'n. 
being a delicate man. 
never failed to obey. 

He has, since the close, 
made a living at car- 
pentry. He is now liv- 
ing in Hickory, and he 
alwavs has been and is 
still the City's "Weath- 
er Prophet. " 



Philip Sidney White- 
ner enlisted in Company 
K, 35th Regiment X. C. 
Volunteers at its orga- 
nization, October, 1861. 
He was killed in the 
charge on the fort at 
Plymouth. N. C. April 
5. 1864. He was an ex- 
cellent soldier, being 
both brave and true. 
Sidnev was a favorite 
of the Company, being 
always jovial and pleas- 
ant. It is sad. indeed, 
to realize at this late 
day that so many brave 
and true Catawbians 
perished on the battle- 
field. May one of the 
iirst to greet us on the 
celestial .shore be our 
friend Philip Whitener. 



252 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




PINKNEY WHITE- 
NER 

Mr. Whitener was 
born on a farm three 
miles south of Hickory. 
N. C, and is seventy 
vears old. He enlisted 
April 4. 1862, in Com- 
pany K, 85th Regiment 
N. ('. Volunteers, and 
was in the following en- 
gagements: Malvern 
Hill, Va.; Fredricks- 
burg, Va.; Sharpsburg, 
Md. : Plymouth, N. C; 
Reams Station, Md. ; 
Drewrys Bluff, Va. ; 
Bermuda Hundred, Va.; 
Arey Farm, Va, ; and all 
the .siege of Petersburg, 
Va., and was in the 
charge and capture of 
Fort Steadman, Maich 
2nd, 1865, and Five 
Forks, Va.. and was in 
the surrender at Ap- 



MOSES YODER 

Moses Yoder enlisted 
in the year 1862 in Com- 
pany K, 35th Regiment. 
He did what he could 
during the war. On his 
return he took to his 
former calling, farm- 
ing, at which he made a 
success and acquired 
some property. Recently 
he disposed of his pi-op- 
erty and retired to the 
city of Hickory, now 
spending his last days 
with his daughters. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



253 



p )mattox Court House, April 9, 18Hr>, and came home on foot April 22. 
1865. He served throug'h the war and was never wounded and never 
captured until the surrender, and was never excused from duty hut two 
weeks, but made several narrow escapes. He has devoted his life to 
work on the farm up to the present time Here is another quiet, ptace- 
ahle, industrious citizen still serving^, and tomparatively a young- 
man. May he live to a great old age. 

Whisenhant, John C, enlisted May 1, '62; he was killed 

at Plymouth, April 20, '64. 
'Yount, Levi F., enlisted March 1, '63; he died since 
Yoiint, Walton C, enlisted December 15, '63; he is still 

living- on his farm near Hickory. 

Yoder, Reuben, enlisted March 1, '64; he died since 
Yoder, Moses, enlisted — . (See sketch and photo.) 
Yoder, Amzi A., enlisted in June, '63. (See sk:tch and 

photo.) 

A. A. YODER 

A. A. Yoder was 
born December 8, 1844. 
He volunteered in Mal- 
Ictt's Batallion as a 
drummer boy, April 1863. 
On disbandment of this 
batallion. he was trans- 
ferred to Company K, 
35th N. C. Regiment, 
June 1863. 

He was wounded on 
Jure 17th, 1863, in a 
battle near Chapin's 
Farm, and, after several 
months, returned to his 
regiment in front of 
Petersburg. Being dis- 
abled in arms, he was 
made Courier for M. W. 
Ransom until the sur- 
render at Appomattox. 

He attended Catawba 
College one year after 
the war, and then went 
to the little village of 
Hickory and engaged as 
a clerk. He was appointed depot agent for the Southern Railway, and 
filled that place for several years. Then he became express agent antl 
served in that capacity for some years. He is now devoting his time to 
a large lot in raising berries, vegetables, grapes and chickens. 
He is one of Hickorv's worthiest citizens. 




254 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



COMPANY F. 38th REGIMENT 

Company F. 38 Regiment was enlisted principally by 
men from Cline's Township. They were of that sturdy Ger- 
man Stock that do things when they determine. This Com- 
pany was organized the Fourth Saturday of September. 1861, 
under the spreading branches of a large hickory tree, which 
was already famous, and thus made more famous-standing 
in the yard of N. E. Sigmon. On Oct. 31st this Company 
was received by the then Governor Ellis. By reference to 
the Roster, the reader can see its officials. 

The Company left the County for active service the 10th 
of November, going directly to Raleigh to Camp Mangum 
for drill and preparation for the on-coming conflict. Here 
they remained till next March (62). From thence to Weldcn 
to guard the bridge, where it remained several months; 
thence to Halifax where it remained a short time. From 
Halifax, the Company had its first experience in marching a 
distance of 22 miles word having been received that the 
enemy were coming from the East. At Clarksville. the Com- 
pany was ordered back to Halifax. From thence, they went 
to Goldsboro, N. C, as the enemy were reported to be ad- 
vancing from the East. While here the Company was re- 
organized, April 18, '62. There it reinained till May, and 
then returned to Guinea Station. Va., where they struck 
camp and remained some time doing picket duty. From 
there the Company went to join Lee, just a few days before 
the Seven Days fight. 

On the 26th of June, on the right of the Mechanicsville 
i'oad,was their first trial in battle. From this time on Co. F. 
followed Gen. Lee through all the campaigns of '63 and '64, 
and was in all the battles being in Gen. Pender's Brigade. 
A. P. Hill's Division, and Jackson's Corps.— a corps of ex- 
!)loits— achievements - victories. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 2^ 

COMPANY F., 38TH REGIMENT. 
OFFICERS. 

Little, John B., CaDtain ; enlisted October 31, '61; he re- 
t-red April 18, '62; he died in 1907. 

Aiken, Joseph, enlisted October 15, '61 ; he was killed at 
Malvern Hill, July 1, '62. 

Roberts, Horace L., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died dur- 
ing the war. 

Yount, Daniel, enlisted April 18, '62; he retired Septem- 
Ijer 18, '62; he is still livine. 

Bozeman, Daniel .F, enlisted September 18, '62 ; he was 
];romoted from 1st Lieutenant ; was wounded June 26, '62 
at Ellison's Mill; he retired March 25, '63, and is still 
living. 

Yount, Joshua, 1st Lieutenant ; enlisted September 18, 
'62. (See sketch and photo.) 

JOSHUA A. YOUNT 

Lieutenant Joshua A. 
Yount volunteered in 
1861, and on the 17th of 
January, 1862, went out 
as 1st Sergeant in Com- 
pany F, 38th Regiment 
of N. C. Troops, and 
served through the en- 
tire four years of war. 
This company was known 
as the "Catawba Wild 
Cats;" and was organiz- 
ed at Camp Mangum, 
near Raleigh, N. C. 

At Camp Mason, on 
the 18th of April, 1862, 
he was made 2nd Lieu- 
tenant, and during the 
last two years of war 
was in command of 
Company F of the 38th 
Regiment. 

Lieutenant Yount par- 
ticipated in all of the 
most important battles, 
and was twice severely wounded. He was first wounded January 26, 




256 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



1862, at the Seven Day's battle around Richmond, and again on the 2nd 
of May, 1863, at Chancellorsville while in command of his Company. 
Lieutenant Yount was with Jackson when he was wounded, and was 
with Lee commanding Company F. when he surrendered at Appomattox. 
Mr. Yount was married in 1869 to Miss Lena Summit, of Newton, 
and has two living children, Mr. M. H. Yount, of Hickory, and Mrs. 
W. C. Feimster, of Newton. In 1908 he again married Miss Anna 
Yoder, the daughter of G. M. Yoder, Esq. 

Deal, Alonzo, enlisted March 23, '63, and was promoted 
I'rom 2nd Lieutenant ; he was wounded June 26, '62 at Elli- 
son's Mill; and again July 1, '63 at Gettysburg; he is still 
living. 

Yoder, G. M., 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted February, '62. 
(See sketch and photo.) 



G. M. YODER 

G. M. Yoder was born on the 
23rd day of August, 1862. His 
mother died when he was six 
years old. He received a pretty 
fair education in the old fashio - 
ed school of his day and time. He 
was a farmer by occupation. He 
volunteered Oct., 1862, into Con- 
federate service. He then was 
the Clerk of and Master of Equity 
for Catawba County, and stepped 
into the ranks as a private in Co. 
F. 38th Regiment. He went to 
Raleigh to Camp Mangum. The 
Company had volunteered for six 
months, but beforn the six months 
had expired, Congress passed an 
act to re-organize the army with 
a conscript act attached to it. 
After a few months in Camp, he 
was elected Second Lieutenant. 
They left Camp Mangum 
their winter quarters, and were 
oidered to Weldon to guard th 
railroad bridge; then to Goldsboro 
where the army was reorganize 

Being Second Lieutenant, he did not run again for the office. He came 
home April, 1863. He was soon elected Captain of the Home Guard of 
the Militia of North Carolina, which position he held until the war closed. 
He was in Camp with the Company to guard the frontiers at Table Rock. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 257 

Was also at Salisbury with the command to guard the arsenal when Gen. 
Stoneman came in and took it with his forces. 

After the war, he was again chosen Magistrate to organize the 
County, and was also again chosen as one of the County Court. In 1866, 
he was dis-franchised from voting or holding office by law, until that 
law was repealed by Congress. In 1876, when the Democratic Party got 
control of the State, he was again made Magistrate, which position he 
held until 1894. In 1880, he took the census of Jacob's Fork Township; 
and in 1882, he again was elected a County Commissioner. In 1890, he 
again assisted in taking the census, — the same year being elected Coroner. 

Since 1890, the Colonel has retired from public life, with the excep- 
tion of writing sketches of family histories of the old settlers in the 
County. His life has been a temperate one, indeed, as he neither chews, 
smokes, drinks,— drinking neither coffee, whiskey, milk, nor eats butter. 
He is now in his 85th year, and is a sprightly old gentleman, loving an 
iimocent joke as well as the younger people. He has spent his life on 
the farm which he owns on the South Fork River. 

Deal, Alonzo, 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted April 18, '62; he 
was promoted from Sergeant, and wounded; he is still 
living. 

Davis, Hiram A., enlisted March 1, '63; he was promoted 
from Sergeant ; he died since the war. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 

Benick, David J., 1st Sergeant; enlisted October 31, '61. 

Deal, Alonzo, 3rd Sergeant ; enlisted October 31, '61 ; he 
was promoted to Captain March 25, '63; he was wounded 
both at Mechanicsville and Gettysburg. 

Hooke, Donald L., 4th Sergeant; enlisted October 31, '61; 
he was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant March 1, '63; he is 
>-itill living. 

Smith, Quintum, 1st Corporal; enlisted October 31, '61; 
was promoted Sergeant, and wounded at both Ox Hill and 
Gettysburg; he is still living. 

Null, Elcanah, 2nd Corporal; enlisted October 31, '61; 
he was promoted Sergeant, and killed June 30, '62 at 
Frazier's Farm. 

Sigmon, Nelson E., 3rd Corporal; enlisted October 30, 
'61. (See sketch.) 

Brinkley, John R.. 4th Corporal ; enlisted October 30, '61 ; 
no account can be given of him. 



258 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




Lee until June 22, 18(54, 
when he fell in battle 
fatally wounded, on the 
right of P( tersburg, Va. 
This stopped his service 
in the army. 

After the surrender, 
he went to the field on 
crutches, determined to 
help build up the waste 
places that were crushed 
by the war, and make 
a living for himself, 
mother and two sisters, 
who fought the battles 
at home and cheered us 
on to the battles for our 
country. He is one of 
the noble sons of Cata- 
wba — still living and 
doing all he can to bring 
Catawba to ihe front 
rank in the State. 



NELSON E. SIGMON 

Nelson E. Sigmon en- 
listed in Company F, 
38th N. C. Regiment <.n 
October 31, 1861, as 
Corporal. Afterwards, 
he was promoted to 
Sergeant, and acted as 
Orderly for a good part 
of the time. He was 
wounded June 26, 1K62, 
during the Seven Day's 
fight around Richmond. 
After recovering from 
his wound he joined his 
regiment at Winchester, 
th(^ September follow- 
ing, and took part in all 
principal battles around 
Fredricksburg, Va.. in 
that year, and followed 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 259 

PRIVATES. 

Arrowood, Gilbert, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he wa>^ 
wounded at Chancellorsville, and killed July 1, at Gettys- 
burg. 

Baker, George H., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was pro- 
moted Corporal, and wounded July 1, '63 at Gettysburg; 
he died since the war. 

Baker, Jacob M., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed 
July 18, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Bost, Miles W. A., enlisted October 31, '61; he died since 
the war. 

Clawson, A., enlisted August 19, '64. 

Crawford, Sidney H., enlisted March 16, '63; no further 
account of him can be gotten. 

Crawford, Anderson M., enlisted August 14, '63 ; he died 
at Point Lookout. 

Cline, Jefferson E., enlisted March 16, '63; he died since 
the war, 

Cline, J. 0., enlisted March 20, '64; he was wounded in 
the war; he died in 1899. 

Cline, Laban, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was wounded 
March, '62 at Weldon. 

Christopher, D., enlisted October 11, '63; he is still living. 

Cloninger, M. H., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died since 
the war. 

Deal, William, enlisted October 11, '63; died at Point 
Lookout. 

Daggenhart, Noah, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died 
March, '62 at Halifax, N. C. 

Drum, Franklin, enlisted October 31, '61; he died in 
January, '62 at Raleigh, being the first death in the Com- 
pany. 

Deitz, Daniel A., enlisted October 31, '61; he was killed 
at Hagerstown. 

Deal, W., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died at Point Look- 
out. 

Fletcher, P. C, enlisted August 19, '64. 

P'ox, Marcus, enlisted October 31, '61; died in April, '62 
at Petersburg, 



260 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 

Fox, Daniel A., enlisted, and came home, and died since 
the war. 

Fox, Adolphus, enlisted Octobfr 31, '62; he was taken 
prisoner; he died since the war. 

Fox, John, enlisted, and was wounded in '64, losing an 
arm ; he is still living. 

Graham, Jacob, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he is still living. 

George, J. F., enlisted August 19, '64 ; no account of him. 

Hoke, George J., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died Feb- 
ruary 14, '63 of wound received at Haruer's Ferry. 

Hoke, Martin L., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was paroled ; 
he died in 1908. 

Hoke, John D., enlisted March 16. '63; he was svounded, 
losing an arm. He is still living. 

Helms, Daniel, enlisted March 6, '63 ; he was killed July 
1. '63 at Gettysburg. 

Hefner, Elcanah R., enlisted October 31. '61; he was 
promoted Corporal, and died on boat from prison. 

Hefner, Hiram, enlisted October 31, '61, and was paroled; 
he died since the war. 

Hefner, Devault, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was dis- 
charged April, '62 for disability ; he died since the war. 

Hefner, Peter, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died Septem- 
ber, '62 at Winchester, Va. 

Holler, Peter, enlisted October 31, '61, and was disc- 
charged April 20, '63 ; he died since the war. 

Holler, David, enlisted October 31, '61, and was paroled; 
he is still living. 

Hedrick, Alfred M., enlisted October 31, '61, and was 
promoted Sergeant; he is still living. 

Hedrick, John C., enlisted October 31, '61. and was pro- 
moted at Mechanicsville ; he is still living. 

Hedrick, Logan, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died No- 
vember 26, '62 in North Carolina. 

Hedrick, Hiram, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died Aug- 
ust, '62 at Richmond, Va. 

Hedrick, Anderson, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he is still 
living in Missouri. 

Huffman, David, enlisted October 31, '61, and was wound- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



261 



cd at Ellison's Mill; he died in 1905. 

Huffman, Allen, enlisted October 31, '91 ; he is still living. 

Huffman, Burwell, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed 
at Chancellorsville May 3, '63. 

Huffman, Alfred, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was wound- 
ed September 14, '62, at Harper's Ferry, and discharged 
January, '63 ; he died since the war. 

Huffman, William S., enlisted October 31, '61; he was 
killed at Petersburg, April, '65, b3ing the last man killed 
in the Company. 

Huffman, Jacob, enlisted October 31, '61; he was killed 
at Mechanicsville. 

Huffman, B. L., enlisted — ; he is still living. 

Huffman, M., enlisted October 31, '61; he was killed at 
Frazier's Farm. 

Hunsucker, Elcanah, enlisted October 31, '61. (See 
sketch.) 



ELCANAH HUN- 
SUCKER 

Elcanah Hunsucker 
enlisted October 31st, 
1861, in Company F, 
38th Regiment. He 
served with fidelity dur- 
ing the war. He return- 
ed and engaged in farm- 
ing. He has raised more 
orphans than, p« rhaps, 
any other man in the 
State, and numbers his 
friends by the scoi-e. 

Uncle "Caney" is 
known far and wide, 
and all love him for his 
familiarity. He is well 
advanced in years, but 
is quite active and alert 
for his age. He is an 
active member of the 
Lutheran Chuj-ch, and 
believes in going about 
doing good. 




262 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Huffman, Ambrose, enlisted October SI, '61 ; he died at 
Richmond, Va., in '62, 

Hunsucker, Marcus, enlisted — ; he died shice the war. 

Hodge, Charles, enlisted — ; he died in 1880. 

Isenhour, Abel, enlisted March 16, '63; he died at Grime's 
Station, June 6, '63. 

Kanup, Miles, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed at 
Spottsylvania, June 13, '64. 

Lael, Jacob, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed July 
1, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Lael, Elias, enlisted October 31, '61; he died in Georgia 
in '63. 

Lael, Lawson, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was wounded 
August 28, '62 at Manassas ; he died since the war. 

Moser, Miles, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was wounded 
August 28, '62 at Manassas, and died. 

Moser, Joe, enlisted — ; he is still living. 

Null, Daniel, enlisted October 31, '61, and was paroled; 
he died at home in '64. 

Little, Peter, enlisted October 11, '63; he died since the 
war. 

Pope, David, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed Sep- 
tember 17, '62 at Sharpsburg. 

Pope, Marcus, enlisted October 31, '61, and was paroled 
m '64 ; he is still living. 

Pope, Miles, enlisted October 31, '61, and was paroled in 
'64 ; he is still living. 

Pope, Elcanah, enlisted March 16, '63; he was wounded 
July 1, '63 at Gettysburg; he died in 1906. 

Pope, George, enlisted^ March 16, '63 ; he was killed at 
Gettysburg July 1, '63. ^ ^^' 

Parks, Augustus, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died in 
the war. 

Phelps, John, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was wounded 
at Sharpsburg, and died from wound. 

Roseman, Marion J., enlisted October 31, '61, and was 
prornoted Sergeant ; he was wounded at Gettysburg, July 
1. '63 ;, he is still living. 

Rector, John E., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died in Feb- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



263 



ruary, '62 at Raleigh. 

Rector, Gilbert, enlisted October 31, '61; he died in 
March, '62 at Goldsboro. 

Romana, Augustus B., enlisted October 31, '61; he is still 
living. (He is an Italian.) 

Sigmon, Adolphus E., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he is still 
living. 

Shook, David, enlisted October 31, '61, and was dis- 
charged in November, '62 ; he died in 1906. 

Shook, Franklin, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he is still 
living. 

Shook, Philo, enlisted — ; he is still living. 

Shook, Daniel, enlisted — ; he is still living. 



DANIEL SHOOK 

There is no record 
given the author, and 
in searching for data in 
Moore's Roster, he finds 
not Daniel but David 
Shook. Hence this 
sketch will not be~§atis- 
factory to his friends. 
The author will vouch tor 
his good qualities as a 
soldier and citizen, how- 
ever, for Catawba furn- 
ished few who were not 
such. 




Shook, Lawson, enlisted — ■; he died since the war. 
Shook, John, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was discharged 
March, '62 at Weldon, N. C. 



264 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Sigmon, Martin, enlisted October 31, '61; he was dis- 
charged April 18, '62; he died since the war. 

Sigmon, Logan H., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he is living 
in Tennessee. 

Sigmon, Alfred L., enlisted April 30, '61 ; he was killed 
at Chancellorsville, May 3, '63. 



ALFRED SIGMON 
Alfred Sigmon enlist- 
ed in Company F, 38th 
Regiment April 30, 186L 
In the battle of Chan- 
cellorsville May, 3, 1873 
he was killed. He was 
one of the true members 
of Company F. Another 
vacant farm, another 
vacant home on account 
of savage war; war that 
carries nothing but de- 
struction and ruin in its 
wake. 




Sigmon, William, enlisted — ; he died in 1908. 

Sigmon, Anson, enlisted March 16, '63 ; he died at Rich- 
mond in '64. 

Sigmon, Devault, enlisted August 14, '62. (See sketch.) 

Setzer, Marcus, enlisted October 31, '61; he was trans- 
ferred May 1, '62 to Company A., 12th Regiment. 

Setzer, Alfred, enlisted October 31, '61; he was wounded 
m '64. (See sketch,; 

Traffentadt, Peter, enlisted March 16, '63; he was 
wounded at Chancellorsville; he is still living, 

Traffentadt, William, enlisted October 31, '61 and was 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



265 




ALFRED SETZER 

Albert Setzer served 
his country well for four 
years. He was once 
wounded in the shoulder, 
the ball never being ex- 
tracted. He surrender- 
ed at Appomattox. He 
has been an active me- 
chanic in the upbuild- 
ing of Hickory since 
then. 

When he enlisted in 
the service, an unseen 
voice told him he should 
not be killed in the ser- 
vice, but on entering the 
battle in which he was 
wounded, he swore an 
oath, and that ; 

voice came to him very 
audibly that he would 
be wounded, but not 
killed. 



DAVAULT SIGMON 

Davault Sigmon was 
wounded at Wilderness. 
After his return he was 
detailed on prisoner 
corps until the surren- 
der. Soon after, he 
went to Indiana and en- 
gaged in the undertak- 
er's business. He re- 
turned to North Caro- 
lina in 1885. and died at 
Conover in 1886. 

Another worthy citi- 
zen has answered the 
last roll call. 




266 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

promoted Corporal; he was wounded at Chancellorsville, 
May 2, '63 ; he died in June, 1910. 

Winebarger, Noah, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he died sinco 
the war. 

Winebarger, Daniel, enlisted October 31, '61, and was 
paroled in '64 ; he is still living. 

Warren, John Q., enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was trans- 
ferred to the 12th Regiment on May 1, '62. 

Yount, Miles, enlisted October 31, '61 ; he was killed July 
1, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Yount, George W., enlisted October 31, '61; he is still 
living. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 267 



COMPANY K, 46 NORTH CAROLINA REGI- 
MENT 

Known as the Catawba Braves, left Newton, Catawba 
County, March 13th 1862, and went in Camp Mangum near 
Raleigh, N. C. The Company was organized and commis- 
sioned on March, 15th 1862. with the following officers: — 

Adolphus T. Bost. Captain was mortally wounded at 
Reams Station near Petersburg and died from said wound; 
Alexander Rowe, 1st Lieutenant was mortally wounded at 
Reams Station and died from said wound; James H. Hoover, 
2nd Lieutenant, was mortally wounded at Reams Station, and 
died from said wound. 

Marcus M. Smyer, 3i"d Lieutenant, was mortally wound- 
ed at Reams Station and died from said wound. Acoinsident, 
all mortally wounded in same battle. 

The total number of the Company at this time was 102. 
The 46 Regiment then went to Goldsboro, and from there to 
Seven Pines near Richmond; but the fight was over at this 
time: thence to Sharpsburg, Md., at which place we only 
lost a few men; thence we returned to the Valley of Virginia 
and on the 13th of December, 1862, we were engaged in the 
Battle of Fredericksburg, vvhere we charged down the 
.Mariy's Heights to a Rock fence, which we used for a breast 
work. This was near the town. The Yankies formed eight 
columns deep in front of the rock fence and we held our 
position. We lost only a few men here, but the Yankies 
were slain by the hundreds in front of the rock fence. The 
enemies vacated the town that night, and we drove them 
across the Potomac River, then we returned to Camp, near 
Petersburg, Va., and was ordered to the South. We went 
in camp at Wilmington, N. C. for a short time; then went 
to South Carolina, below Charleston Mill to a place on the 
coast called Patacaligo, where we were under General Bean- 
regard where we threw up breast works, and after a short 
time we were ordered back to Virginia near Richmond; then 
we went on a march to-wards Manasses, and got in contact 



268 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

with the enemy at Bristow Station. We had a fight: we 
charged on them in a deep rail road cut, but had to retreat. 
There we lost seven men and a number wounded. The enemy 
disappeared that night; then we returned towards Richmond 
and tore up the railroad track and went in camp near Rich- 
mond; then on the first of May, 1864, we left our camp near 
Orangebury C. H. and went to the Wilderness Battle Ground 
May, 4th 1864. 

We formed a line in the thick woods, and about 5 P. M. 
our Pickets came in and the enemies advanced near enough to 
fight, and without any breast works we fought for about two 
hours and we lost heavily. We were out of amunition, our 
ranks got this, and we fell back a few hundred yards until 
reinforcements came in, and we then held our ground. The 
woods changed their appearance; they were trimmed with 
shells and bullets. Then we returned, and after several 
other engagements with the enemy, we went in camp near 
Petersburg, Virginia, in the breast works near the blow up 
of works; thence we moved on the South side of Petersburg, 
and were engaged in a Battle at Reams Station, where we 
captured their works and several hundred Yankies, but had 
to fall back and withdraw from the works. We lost heavily, 
Captain A. T. Bost was mortally wounded, and died in Rich- 
mond, from said wound. Also Marcus Smyre, 3rd Lieutenant 
was mortally wounded, and died at Petersburg, from said 
wound; also Alexander Rowe, 1st Lieutenant; and James 
Hoover, 2nd Lieutenant was mortally wounded, and both 
died from their wounds. 

Sergt. R. A. Bost then took charge of the Company and 
became Captain, and after returning to the breast works 
near Petersburg, remained there until about April, 1st 1865. 
We vacated Petersburg, and went on the march up the James 
River with Lee's Army untill the Yankies surounded us at 
Appomattox Court House, on April, 5th 1865, where the two 
great armies met for the first time in peace, and the last 
time in War; and in a few days we got our Parole and return- 
ed to our homes, a foot. 

The war was over, and peace declared. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



269 



COMPANY K. 4«th REGIMENT. 



Bost, Adolphus T., Captain, enlisted March 15th, 1862. He 
was wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5th, 1864. 
He was killed in 1864. (See sketch). 

CAPT. ADOLPHUS T. 
BOST 

Few men were more 
faithful to their duties 
as a confederate soldier 
than Captain Adolphus 
T. Bost; who command- 
ed Co. K. 46th, N. C. 
Troops, from Catawba 
County. The 46th regi- 
ment was organized at 
Camp Mangum near 
Raleigh, in March 1862. 
Capt. Bost was a son of 
•Jonas Bost of Newton, 
and was universally 
liked for his genial 
spirit, and good qualities 
in general. He was 
with his Company in 
marching and fighting, 
and was twice wounded. 
On August 25th 1864, at 
Reams Station, he fell, 
and was succeeded by 
his brother Capt. R. A. 

Bost. The writer of the sketch of the 46th Regiment, Lieutenant J. M. 
Waddell, (see Vol 3 N. C. Regimental history.) says; "Capt. A. T. Bost, 
fell at Reams Station, and was succeeded by his brother R. A. Bost, 
who as Captain received a severe face wound and was disabled thereby. 
No steadier men ever faced a firing line than these two". A very high 
compliment from Lieutenant Waddell of S. C. The three brothers 
Joseph M., Adolphus T. and Robert A. Bost were all captains and aquitted 
themselves with honor. A. T. Bost had married and settled on a nice 
farm a few miles from Newton; he gave up all, family, home, and his 
life for his country. What a great sacrifice? 

Best, Robert A., Captain, enlisted in 1864, and was promoted 
from Sergeant. He died since the war. 




270 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Routh, Alexander, 1st. Lieut., enlisted March loth, 1862. 
He was wounded at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13th, 1862. He was 
killed in 1864. 

Hoover, James H., 2nd. Lieut., enlisted March loth, 1862. 
He was killed in 1864. 

Smyre, Marcus M., Lieut., enlisted March loth, 1862. He 
was killed in 1864. 

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS: 



Lutz, H. L., 1st Sergeant, enlisted March loth, 1862. He 
died November 2oth, 1862. 

Wilson, M. M., 2nd. Sergeant, enlisted :\Iarch 15th, 1862. 
He died December 15th, 1862 at Richmond. 

Shuford, John Sidne}', 3rd. Sergeant, enlisted March 15th, 
1862. He is still living, on his farm. 

Eckard, Simeon, 1st Corporal, enh.sted March loth. 1862. 
He is still living. (See sketch). 



ABEL S. ECKARD 

Abel S. Eckard be- 
came a member of Co. 
K. 46th Regiment, Sept- 
ember 25th, 1862. He 
was a brave soldier, and 
served his country well. 
He devotes his time to 
agriculture. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



271 



Routh. Levi W.. 4th Sergeant, enlisted March loth. 1862. 
He was killed at Ream'? Station. 

Laefevers. I.=aac. 5th Sergeant, enli.-ted Marfh l.")th. lSfi2. 
Xo further record of him can be found. 

Bollinger. WilHam P.. 2nd. Corporal, enli.sted March loth. 
1S62. He was killed Sept. 9th, 1862 at Sharp.-burg. by his own 
gun going off while crossing the river. 

Rowe. J. Dallas. 3rd. Corporal, enhsted [March loth. 1862. 
See .sketch). 

JOHN DALLAS ROWE 

John Dallas Rowe was 
born Feb. 9th. 184-5. At 
the age of 17 years, he 
joined th2 army, 
(March the 15th, 1862.) 
in Co. K. 46i;h Regiment 
serving it faithfully 
until the surrender at 
Appomattox. 

He was once wounded 
in the left lung, from 
which he never fully 
recovered. 

After the war. he. 
together with quite a 
number of the younger 
soldiers, attended Ca- 
tawba College, and 
later, he was a teacher 
in that institution. He 
held the office of County 
Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, from 
1SS1-18S9. He attended 
the Seminary of The 
Presbyterian Church in 

Columbia. S. C, and afterwards, engaged in the ministrj- of that church' 
He was resi>ected by his company- for his courage in battle, and for this 
was twice promoted. —first a Corporal, —afterwards a Sergeant. 

He and the author were always special friends, and rivals in the 
literary societies of Catawba College. He died Jan. 9th. 19<J6. and. in 
his death, Catawba lost another noble son. 

Shuford, William H.. 4th Corporal, enlisted ^larch loth. 
1 S«j2. He was kiUed at the Battle of Wilderness. 




-yro 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Ha>Ties. Geo. M.. Musician, enlisted March lo'.z.. I^y2. He 
is now living in Alississippi. 

Abemethy. John P.. Musician, enlisted March loth. 1862. 
He is still living. 

Yoder. Marcus. Musician, enlisted March 15th. 1862. He 
died after the war. See sketch . 

MARCUS YODER 
Marcos Yoder senred 
as a musiaan in tbe 
war. After dte dose he 
settled in Hickoiy and 
engaged in tiie mercan- 
tile bastness. in wfaich 
he was reascnaUy soc- 
eessfiiiL He £ed in tbe 
year — . and bequeatiied 
in his win twx>-thirds of 
hts fnupettj . amount- 
ing to SIOOO, to the 
two dmrdhes — Son E. 
L. Chordi (the church 
of yoang»- days) ace 
H<^ TrinitT dnrch : 
Hidcory. in which 1~ 
hdd his membo^up -i.' 
die time of his deatl- 
Part of his moB^ w^ 
to go towards building 
brick dHEF^ at Sor 
provided the c on gTe g^ 
tioD would dopiicmte tr 
amount. They Ad sc 
and today thoe stands 

to hs crofit a h a nds o me brick structure at Sod. He <fied m the £uth 
of the h9peof t^RsurrectiaB<^the just. AnoMeeramiiie tor wail itr. 




PRIV.\TES: 



AbCTnethv. Miles, enlisted March i:Jth. 1862. He is now dead. 
Abetnethv, Caleb, enlisted March 13th. 1862. He is still Kving. 
Aradt. Henry, enlisted March 13th. 1862. He was dtschai^ed 
July loth. 1S62. oa accoant oi <fisabifity. He died ance the war. 
Amdt, Jacob, enlisted March 13th. 1862. He died ^nce tbe 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



273 



Arney, Phillip, enlisted March 13th, 1862. He is still living;. 

Armstrong, Turner, enlisted Oct. 1st, 1862. At Fredericks- 
])urg, he was wounded. He died in the war. 

Bost, Robert A., enlisted June 8th, 1862. He was transferred 
from 12th Regiment, June, 1862, and promoted 1st. Sergeant, 
Nov. 21st, 1862. He was afterwards promoted to Captain. He 
died since the war. 

Bumgarner, H. L., enlisted March 13th 1862. He died since. 

Bost, Alfred W., enlisted March 13th, 1882. He is now dead. 

Barringer, P. R., enlisted March 13th, 1832. He was killed at 
Frederickville, Va., Dec. 13th, 1862. 

Bandy, Jacob W., enlisted March 13th, 1862. He is still hving; 
a mason by profession. 

Burch, William R., enhsted March 13th, 1862. He is still 
living. 

H. H. CALDWELL 

H. H. Caldwell enlist- 
ed in Company K, 46th 
N. C. Regiment from Ca- 
tawba county. He left 
home on the 25th day of 
March, 1862, and went 
to Camp Mangum, near 
Raleigh, N. C, and 
drilled. Later, went to 
Goldsboro, N. C, and 
formed in Gen. Heath's 
Division; and later, to 
Virginia in Gen. Lee's 
army. 

He was in the battle 
of Manassas Junction 
on September 17, 1862; 
and at Fredricksburg on 
December 13; around 
Richmond and Seven 
Pines May 31 to June 5; 
at the Wilderness fight 
May 5. 

On the 26th day of 
March, 1865, he was 

captured at Hatcher's Run, near Petersburg, Va 
Lookout, where he remained until the surrender. 

He is a good citizen, good farmer, and liked by all who know 




and taken to Point 
him. 



274 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



H()l)l)s, John, enlisted Alarch 13th, 1862. He received a wound 
from which he died December 20th, 1862. 
Finjicr, Dock, enlisted March 13, 62. 

DOCK FINGER 

I enlisted in Co. K. 4*i 
Reeriment, March Kith, 
18d2. We were drilleil 
awhile at ."Salisbury: 
thence to Goldsboro; 
thence to Seven Pines; 
thenco to Drury's Bluff; 
thence to Washington; 
tlience to Har))er's 
Ferry, where we captur- 
ed five hundred of the 
enemy. I was then in 
the battle of Sharps- 
burg, where I was 
severely wounded. I 
walked ninety two miles 
back to Staunton with 
an ounce ball in my leg, 
and after fourteen 
weeks, I cut the ball 
out myself. We then 
went sixty-five miles 
below Charleston, up to 
the Coast to the Wilder- 
ness (May 6th, 1864), 
where I received another wound. In the battles of Sharpsburg and 
Bristow's station, I fired as many balls as any man in our Company. I 
was a lucky man throughout the war; but since then, I have not been 
so fortunate Some years ago, I visited some of those grounds, and I 
was made to feel sad when I counted so many of the graves of the enemy, 
feeling, as I did. that some of my balls caused a grave. Now, since 
fifty years have passed, and God has been good to some of us living to 
a good old age, let us be as good soldiers of the cross of Christ as we 
were of the "Lost Cause"; and let our re-union beyond the river be one 
of greater joy than those of earth. 

Hahn, W. P., enlisted March 20th, 1862. He was killed at the 
Battle of the Wilderness. 

Helton, Hosea, enlisted .hdy lOth, 1862. He died since the wai'. 

Huitt, John L., enlisted Septend)er 25th, 1862. (See sketch). 

Isenhour, B. CI., enlisted March 13th, 1862. He died July 24th, 
1862. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



275 



J. L. HEWITT 

I enlisted March 26th, 
1862. I was one of the 
youngest soldiers that 
left Catawba County, I 
was only 16 years old. 
I joined Capt. A. T. 
Bost's Company (Co. K. 
46th Regiment), Cook's 
Brigade, Heath's Divi- 
sion A. P. Hill's Corps. 

We first went to 
Raleigh; then toGreens- 
boi'o; Then to Richmond 
Va., at the Seven Pines 
Battle; to Malvern Hill 
from there; then over 
into Maryland, and up 
into Pennsylvania. 1 
was wounded at Sharps- 
burg, Md., Sept. 13th, 
1862. 

I was in all of the 
battles of Harper's 
Ferry, Fredericksburg, 
and all the skirmishes 
around Richmond and 

Petersburg. I was wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, 
1864. (Space will not permit my giving all my records). 

I came home Sept. 10th, 1864, with a bad wound. I was at home at 
the time of Lee's surrender, still quite ill with my wound. 

After the surrender, I was almost in destitute circumstances. In 
1866, I farmed some; then learned the millwright's trade, and worked 
at that until 1878. I then got in the United States Marshall service; 
was in that two years. I then was storekeeper and gauger in the Rev- 
enue Department, and served that until the Watt's law came into effect. 
Out of all this, I made quite a nice little pile, and am now on my farm. 

I was married in 1866 to a Miss Rabb. I have six children living; five 
boys and one girl. 

I was elected to the office of Justice of The Peace at the age of 
twenty years, and still hold the office yet at the age of 65 years. 

Jarrett, Obediah, enlisted in July, 1862 (See sketch). 

Jones, John A., enlisted March 13th, 1862. He died at Rich- 
mond, Dec. 8th, 1862. 

Keener, James ]M., enlisted March the 13th, 1862. He dit-d 
at home in 1863. from a wound received while in the war. 




May 4th. 



276 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



OBIDA M. JARETT 
Obida M. Jarrett was 
born August 4, 1844 and 
was reared on a farm. 
Received a very limited 
education. Enlisted in 
Company K, 46th Regi- 
ment March 20, 1862, at 
the age of 17 years. He 
served with his com- 
mand in many haid 
fought battles and en- 
dured many hardships. 
At the close of the war 
he came home and serv- 
ed an apprentiieship at 
the carpenter trade with 
his father. On Decem- 
ber 9, 1869, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Jane C. 
Hawn. He was devot- 
ed to his family, which 
consisted of five daugh- 
ters. He died on April 
9, 1903. He was a great 
sufferer in his last years, 
caused by exposure in the war, he having marched through the ice 
and snow barefooted in some of the Virginia campaigns. He was a 
gallant soldier, and above all, a faithful Christian, a devoted husband 
and father. Peace to his ashes. 

Killian, Samuel, enlisted March 13th, 1862. He was wounded 
at the Battle of the Wilderness (See sketch). 

Kistler, J. L., enhsted March 20th, 1862. He was wounded 
at Sharpsburg. He is now dead. 

Keever, Alexander L., enlisted March 20th, 1862. He died 
since the war. 

Link, John C, enlisted March 13th, 1862. He is still living. 

Link, Andrew, enlisted October 1st, 1862. He died since the 
war. 

Leonard, Robert H., enlisted March 13th, 1862. He was 
killed at Bristow Statiou. 

Miller, John, enlisted March 20th, 1862. He was wounded at 
Fredericksburg. He died during the war. 

Miller, Jesse R., enlisted March 13th, 1862. He died Noveni- 
l»er 10th, 1862 at Richmond, Va. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



277 



SAMUEL E. KILLIAN 

Samuel E. Killian was 
br>rn September 9, 1843, 
and enlisted March 13, 
1862, in Company K, 
46th N. C. Regiment. 
He was in the first 
Fredricksburg battle, 
and many other noted 
battles, and was wound- 
ed at the Wilderness 
fight. April 5, 1864; and 
afterwards served as 
Sergeant in the Divis- 
ion Commissary until 
the end of the war. 

He was in Lee's sur 
render at Appomattox 

Court House. 

Since the war, he fol- 
lowed farming; later 
merchandising; and has 
served as a Magistrate 
for thirty years; Notary 
Public for ten years, 
and filled many other 
places of honor. 

He is a friend to the old soldier, and is consulted by many persons 
for advice; is a peace-maker, a Christian and a law abiding citizen. 

He is a school-mate and life long friend of the author. "Sam" 
Killian. as we know him, has served his country well in peace and war. 
He is a model man in his life. 

He published a valuable pamphlet on Points of Law, which has a 
wide circulation. He has been, and is an honor to his county and ^tate. 
He is endowed with more than ordinary talent. 

"Mind is the Master- power that moulds and makes. 

And Man is Mind, and evermore he takes. 
The tool of Thought, and, shaping what he wills, 

Brings forth a thousand joys, a thousand ills: — 
He thinks in secret, and it comes to pass: 

Environment is but his looking-glass. 

McNeill, James F., enlisted March L3th, 1802. He was killed 
at Fredericksburg^, Deceml)er, 1862. 

Martin, Marion, enlisted March 13th, 1862. H(> died at Peters- 
))urg, August lOth, 1862. 

Moore, WiUiani. enlisted March 13th, 1862. He was trans- 
ferred June 8th, 1862 to 12th Regiment. He is now dead. 




278 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Moore, Martin, enlisted :\Iarch 13th, 1862. He was killed at 
Fredericksburg, December 16th, 1862. 

Moiiser, William H., enlisted :\Iarch 13th, 1862 (See sketch). 



WILLIAM H.MOUSER 

William H. Mouser, a 
Private in Company K. 
46th Reg^iment, passed 
through the war, having 
discharged his duties 
faithfully. He was en- 
gaged in many battles, 
and, in all, escaped 
Scott free. 

After his return, he 
spent his life in farming, 
at which he made good. 
He served his County 
for a time as Justice of 
the Peace. He is as 
hale, and hearty a 
gentlemen as may be 
seen at this stage of 
life. 




Norwood, Robert M., enhsted March 13th, 1862. He was 
promoted Corporal. He is still living. 

Poovey, Silas B., enlisted :\Iarch 14th, 1862, He died after 
the war. 

Parker, Charles, enhsted ]March 13th, 1862. He is still living. 

Parker, John, enhsted ^March 13th, 1862. He was wounded at 
Fredericksburg, and is now dead. 

Propst, William, enlisted March 13, '62; he died since 
the war, in Haywood County, N. C. 

Parker, Samuel, enlisted March 13, *62; he received a 
wound from which he died, January 15, '63. 

Propst, John, enlisted March 13, '62; he died at home on 
April 7, '63. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 270 

Perkins, Henry, enlisted March 13, '62; he died at 
Petersburg, December 14, '62. 

Robinson, H. H., enlisted March 13, '62; he is still living. 

Rink, C. R., enlisted March 20, '62; he was discharged 
March 17, '63, on account of wound received at Sharpsburg. 
(See sketch.) 



C. R. RINCK 

C. R. Rinck, a mem- 
ber of Co. K. 46 North 
Carolina Regfiment, en- 
listed March 20th, 1862. 

He was wounded at 
Sharpsburg and was dis- 
charged March 7th, 
1863. He died at the 
age of fifty-two. 

He was a quiet, peace- 
able man, who, by in- 
dustry and economy, 
made a good living on 
his own farm. 

"Better is the poor in 
his integrity, than he 
that is perverse in his 
lips and is a fool." 



Rhinehardt, William A., enlisted March 13, '62; he died 
at Petersburg, August 19, '62. 

Reep, Adam, enlisted March 13, '62; he was wounded at 
Predericksburg ; he died in the West. 

Smyre, Cicero M., enlisted March 13, '62; he died Oc- 
tober 8, '62 at Winchester. 

Smyre, Robert A., enlisted March 13, '62; he died since 
the war. 

Smyre, John R., enlisted March 13, '62; he was discharg- 
ed at Goldsboro, May 28, '62; he is now dead. 




280 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Rowe, A. H., enlisted March 13, '62. (See sketch.) 

ALONZO HARTMAN 
ROWE 

Alonzo Hartman Rowe 
was born in Iredell 
county, N. C. , April 30, 
18M9, and was reared in 
Catawba county near 
Newton. He was edu- 
cated in the common 
schools of his native 
state. He began life as 
a carpenter. He went 
to South Carolina and 
Florida, where he fol- 
lowed his trade. 

In 1860 he went to 
Louisiana, where he 
volunteered in the Con- 
federate service, joining 
Cc. 1, 3d Louisiana Volun - 
teers. In the battle of 
Pea Ridge he was wound- 
ed in the right hip, and 
fell into the hands of 
the enemy; but, after a 
few days, escaped and 
inade his way to the hospital at Little Rock. Later, was honorably 
discharged from the service on account of his wounds. 

He afterwards re-enlisted in Company K, 46th Volunteer Infantry. 
He was in some of the most important engagements of the war. He 
served faithfully until the surrender. In 1869 he went to Texas and 
settled in Jefferson, Marion county, where he engaged in business. He 
went to Ennis, Ellis county, Texas, in 1875, and engaged in cotton 
ginning. He ginned perhaps more cotton than any other man in Ellis 
county; and always maintained the fullest confidence of his customers. 

He was a successful business man and accumulated good property. 
He was married in 1869 to Miss Sarah G. Deal, of Lenoir, N. C. To 
this union were born ten children. His wife and seven childi'en survive. 
He was a devoted Christian gentleman, a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, in which he was a ruling elder. He was a mem- 
ber of Camp James Longstreet, U. C. V. He died at his home. No. 
304 W. Knox St., Ennis Texas, Wednesday evening. July 10, 1901. 

"The steps of a good man are ordered by the Lord; and He delight- 
eth in his way." 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



281 



Seitz, John Q., enlisted March 13, '62; he died since the 



war. 

Setzer, Calvin, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he is still living. 

R. C. SETZER 

I entei'ed the service 
at the age of seventeen 
years in Company K, 
46th N. C. Regiment in 
the fall of 1864. I found 
the Company at or near 
Petersburg, Va. I was 
in several engagements, 
and on the25th of March 
(the same day Lee made 
his raid at Petersburg) 
was captured on the 
picket line with Mark 
Boyd, Mark and Lank 
Poovey, all being in a 
rifle pit. We wert 
taken to City Point: 
from there to Washing 
ton City; then to Point 
Lookout. We remained 
there until the surrender 
and fared reasonably 
well. On the 14th of 
May we were sent to 
our homes, making our 
way as best we could. We found destitution here. No shoes or cloth- 
ing; rations were scarce, but we were grateful that we were at home. 
I took hold of the dilemma, and during the summer made enough of 
provisions for the next year; all I lacked was money. Time passed; and 
finally I married and continued to acquire little by little, and today I am 
at ease, surrounded with plenty— a jolly, active citizen. 

Setzer, D. A. enlisted March 13, '62; he was killed at 
Fredericksburg, December 13, 62. 

Setzer, W. S.. enlisted March 13. '62; he was wounded 
at Sharpsburg; he died in 1908. 

Shuford, M. C, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was promoted 
Corporal ; he died September 8, '62. 

Summit, Pinkney, enlisted March 13, "62; he died at 
Petersburg, July 4, '62. 




282 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



WILBUKN SETZER 

Wilburn Setzer enlist- 
ed in Co. K. 46 Regi- 
ment March 27, 1862. 
He made good during 
his term of service. He 
was wounded several 
times during the w&r. 
After his return home, 
he tilled the soil, and is 
one of Catawba's good 
farmers. Still living. 




Summit, Isaac L., enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was pro- 
moted Corporal ; he died during the war. 

Sherrill, Robert, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he died since 
the war, 

Sherrill, Henry, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he died at Win- 
chester in '63. 

Sherrill, Christopher, enlisted March 13, '62 ; we have no 
further account of him. 

Smith, Isaac, enlisted March 13, '62; he died at Martins- 
burg in '63. 

Sigmon, Lafayette, enlisted March 13, '62; he was killed 
at the Wilderness battle. 

Sigmon, Reuben, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was killed at 
Sharpsburg, September, '62. 

Scronce, Joseph, enlisted March 13, '62; he was wounded 
at Sharpsburg; he died at Orange Court House. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 283 

Settlemyre, Adolphus, enlisted March 13, '62; he was 
killed at the battle of the Wilderness. 

Setzer, Daniel, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he died quite r;- 
cently. 

Smyre, Walter G., enlisted March 13, '62; he died sinc.^ 
the war. 

Sigmon, Loirs, enlisted March 13, '62; he died but re- 
cently. (See photo and sketch.) 



LEWIS SIGMON 

Lewis Sigmon enlist- 
ed in Co. K., 46th Regi- 
ment March 13th, 1862. 
He was another faith- 
ful soldier of the war, 
and came out of the 
war sound bodied. He 
was a successful farmer, 
and was never known to 
have about him poor 
stock of any kind, es- 
pecially horses. "The 
righteous man regard- 
eth the life of his 
beasts, but the tender 
mercies of the wicked 
are cruel." 




Tucker, Geo., enlisted March 20, '62 ; he was wounded at 
both Fredericksburg and McPhernell, S. C. ; he is still living 

Thornburg, L. L., enlisted March 13, '62; he died since 
the war. 

Travis, Levi, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was wounded 
at Fredericksburg ; he died since the war. 

Whitener, Leander, enlisted September 25, '62; he is now 
dead. 



284 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Whitener, Miles M., enlisted March 16, '63. 

Whitener, Geo. L., enlisted March 16, '63. 

Whitener, William D., enlisted March 13, '62. 

Wilson, David, enlisted March 20, '62; he was killed at 
Bristow. 

Wilson, Geo., enlisted March 20, '63; he was wounded 
at Fredericksburg-; he is still living. 

Wilson, James L., enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was wound- 
ed at Fredericksburg; he died since the war. 

Watts, John, enlisted March 13, '62; he died at Jordan's 
Springs, Va., October 2, '62. 

Witherspoon, A. H., enlisted March 13, '62; he died Oc- 
tober 5, '62 at Richmond. 

Workman, H. J. K., enlisted March 13, '62 ; he was 
wounded at Fredericksburg; he died since the war. 

Weaver, Henry, enlisted March 13, '62 ; he is now dead. 

Weaver, Frederick, enlisted March 13, '62; he has been 
dead for some years. 

Walker, Elisha, enlisted March 13, '62; he died at his 
home on March 9, '63. 

Whitener, Logan G., enlisted March 13, '62 ; he died since 
the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 285 

HISTORY OF COMPANY I., FORTY-NINTH NORTH 
CAROLINA REGIMENT. 

In reminiscent mood, we undertake the incumbent duty 
of giving to our friends and posterity a brief history and 
I'ecord of each member of Company I., 49th North Carolina 
Regiment. It is both, alternately, a pleasant and painful 
task. When we think of the time back yonder, when our 
bleeding Southland was calling to her young manhood to 
come and defend her; and how grandly each member of 
Company L, 49th North Carolina, like all their true com- 
rades, barkened to her call and dedicated their lives to 
her cause, then it is that our hearts swell with admiration, 
and no duty could be so pleasant as to relate how nobly 
they marched away from home and loved ones to the battle- 
fields of Virginia, bearing themselves like true heroes born 
of the pure and incomparable heroines of the South. When 
our mind goes back down the corridors of time, and we 
recall how each member of Company I., 49th North Caro- 
lina Regiment, filled with life's hope and fidelity, left every- 
thing behind him and bravely turned his face to the enemy, 
that was devastating his beloved country, then it is that 
our enthusiasm arises and our duty remains a pleasant one. 
But when we think of so many of those who, forgetting all 
things else, intrepidly marched away to return nevermore, 
then the meditations of our heart grow serious and there 
lingers with us a pang that only time will efface, which 
time shall be when we hear their long-hushed voices from 
out the past calling us to come and join them in that great 
innumerable army "Over There," Nor shall the remaining 
few of our Company have long to wait the final summons, 
for we are fast travelling towards life's sunset, and one 
by one we are entering into the gathering shadows. 

Company I., 49th North Carolina Regiment was organ- 
ized March the 19th, 1862, at Catawba, N. C, with the 
following officers, viz : 

W. W. Chenault was elected Captain. He was a brave, 



286 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

efficient and faithful officer; especially was he khid and 
■ onsiderate to his men and proved his fidelity to the South- 
ern Cause by discharging every obligation required of him. 
He lived only a short time after going into the service, but 
h's valor was none the less dimmed, for he gave up his life 
10 the country he loved so well. No man can do more. 
The memory of him will be cherished by the members of 
Company I. as long as there is one of this band remaining. 
He died at Petersburg, Va., February, 1863. 

Jeptha Sherrill, elected 1st Lieutenant, heh:ed to raise and 
')rganize the Company, and was in the fi"ht at Malvern 
Hill. He disDlayed marked courage, carrying and using 
pn Enfield rifle like a private soldier. He died at Peters- 
hurg, July, 1862. 

C. F. Connor, elected 2nd Lieutenant, was as brave and 
cool in battle as ever drew a sword. He was always at his 
oost of duty, ever ready to lead his men in the thickest of 
the fight or wherever ordered by his superior officers. He 
v/as promoted to 1st Lieutenant in July, 186'^, and then to 
(Captain of the Company in February, 1863, succeeding 
Captain Chenault, who died, and remained its Captain until 
"he close of the war, after which he engaged in agriculture. 
He left behind him a record both in war and private life 
of which his descendants and friends can justly be proud, 
one of a pure and exemplary character, imuarting to those 
who mingled with him the great principles of brotherly 
love and Christian fellowship. He died on his farm, in 
March, 1901. Peace to his ashes. (See sketch and photo.) 

Jacob Sherrill, elected 3rd Lieutenant, was wounded at 
Sharpsburg in 1862, which disabled him from further 
service in the army. He resigned his commission in Feb- 
ruary, 1863. He died in January, 1911, a respected and 
worthy citizen. (See sketch.) 

Stephen Witherington, elected Orderly Sergeant, was a 
quiet and deliberate soldier. He resigned and was elected 
3rd Liutenant. He was badly wounded at the storming of 
Fort Steadman, called by the Confederates "Fort Hell." 
He is now living in Tennessee. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



287 



CHAS. F. CONNOR 
Lieutenant Charles F. 
Connor, son of the Hon. 
Henry W. Connor and 
Lucy Hawkins Connor 
(a daughter of Governor 
Hawkins,) was born at 
•'Greenwood," near the 
Sherrill Ford in Cataw- 
ba County, in 1840. His 
father, H. W. Connor, 
served as major in the 
War of 1812, and was a 
member of Congress 
•for twenty years. He, 
Charles F. Connor, vol- 
unteered in the North 
Carolina Cavalry in 1862 
and was elected 2nd 
Lieutenant. He served 
with his command along 
the Roanoke river in 
North Carolina and Vir- 
ginia — a very important 
line between the two 
armies— but when the 
end came he was at 

home. A very sad thing occurred in connection with young Connor. 
Just as the war was closing in 1865, he went to Newton to have a set- 
tlement with Mr. Moses, a Jew living there at the time. While there 
the Federal troops came into Newton, and Connor and many others fled 
to keep from being captured, and poor Connor was shot at long range 
and killed. He was a fine man and but few, if any enemies. He left a 
widow and three children, namely, T. Frank Connor, doing a large busi- 
ness at Terrell in Catawba County, and Etta, who married the Rev. 
W. L. Sherrill, now living in Charlotte. The baby, Charlie Emma, 
married Dr. W B. Ramsay of Hickory. She died some years ago and 
is survived by Dr. Charles Ramsay and Mrs. Nina Hall and their father 
Dr. W. B. Ramsay. 

J. W. Sigman was elected 3rd Sergeant. He was a brave, 
good soldier, one in whom his superior officer could place 
implicit confidence. He possessed a lovely disposition, 
which is characteristic of him in his old days. He was 
wounded at Petersburg. He is still living and is one of 
our most excellent citizens, and will leave his impress upon 
chose around him of a beautiful and well-spent life, which 




288 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



like the waves created by a pebble thrown into the sea, 
grow larger and larger long after the pebble has sunk, so 
will the influence of his life expand more and more long 
after he has entered into rest. (See sketch and photo.) 

J. W. SIGMON 

J. W. Sigmon enlisted 
in Company I, 49th 
Regiment on March 19, 
1862, and was elected 
5th Sergt., later promot- 
ed 4th Sergt. He serv- 
ed faithfully during the 
war, and on his return 
engaged in farming, 
making a good and hon- 
est living. 

One thing must be 
said of him— he lived a 
goodly life, and was 
always found on the 
right side of every moral 
issue. The reader may 
see in the photo a ripe 
subject for the King- 
dom. 

"I have been young 
and now am old, yet 
have I not seen the 
righteous forsaken, or 
his seed begging bread. ' ' 




B. F. Moody was elected 4th Sergeant. He had previously 
served in a South Carolina Regiment, and was at the bom- 
bardment of Fort Sumter. At the expiration of his term 
he was honorably discharged and then joined Company I. 
He was the first Color Bearer of the 49th Regiment. He 
became sick after the battle of Malvern Hill and died in the 
hospital at Richmond, Va. 

Freeman Jones was elected 5th Sergeant and filled the 
office faithfully and honorably. He was captured at Five 
Forks, and carried a prisoner to Point Lookout. He is 
still living and is an upright, exemplary citizen. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



289 



ACOB SHERRILL 

Jacob Shenill was 
born March 27, 1832, 
and enlisted in Company 
I, 49th Regiment April 
1st, 1862, and was 
wounded at Sharpsburg 
Sept. 17, 1862, which 
disabled him for the rest 
of the war. In 185.5 he 
was married to Miss 
Harriett Sherrill. After 
her death he was mar- 
ried again to Miss Susan 
Robinson in 1887. 

He was a good farmer 
and devoted his life to 
that calling. He died 
Jan. 27, 1911; leaving 
six daughters. He was 
a good man and will be 
greatly missed in his 
community. "For Me 
to live is Christ, but to 
die is gain." 




Hosea Brown was elected 1st Corporal. He made a 
.splendid and lojal officer, always at his post of duty. He 
was killed at Petersburg in 1864. 
I>eing an old man, he died at home soon after the war. 

W. T. Long was elected 2nd Corporal and was promoted 
to 2nd Sergeant. He filled that office through the remainder 
of the war. He was a valiant officer, always looking out 
after his duties. He died at his home in Lincoln County, 
after having spent a life beneficial to his community. 

G. W. Moss was elected 3rd Corporal, which office he held 
throughout the entire period of the war. He was an excel- 
lent soldier, ever ready to obey all orders intrusted to him 
with cheerfulness. He was wounded at Sharpsburg. He 
IS still living, being a useful citizen and helpful to his 
country. 



290 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



James H. Sherrill was elected 2nd Sergeant, and pro- 
moted to Orderly, which office he filled with honor to him- 
self and gratification to his Company until he was elected 
2nd Lieutenant, and then promoted to Captain of Company 
A. of his Regiment, which office he filled until the close of 
the war. He was a brave soldier, ever kind to his men 
and never shirking any duty imposed upon him. It was 
with regret that Company I. gave h'm up, as he was loved 



'#fe''!WI''""^'^L'i 



i' jit; i ^i ' «u"jyi 




hy them all. It is recorded in the history of the 35th North 
Carolina Regiment that Captain Sherrill, assisted by Cap- 
tain Johnson, rushed forward and extricated Gen. M. W. 
Ransom from a perilous situation when his horse had fallen 
on him at the battle of Five Forks. He was at the sur- 
render at Appomattox. He is still living and engaged in 
agriculture. He is as good citizen as he was a soldier, ever 
ready to help those in distress, more ready to give than 
receive. (See photo.) 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 291 

J. S, Lee was elected 4th Corporal. He was an intrepid 
soldier and was Color Bearer when killed at Brewery's 
Bluff in May, 1864. Thus another one of the many from 
our number spilled his blood upon the battlefield for our 
common cause. 

PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, Milton, was promoted to Corporal and then 
to Sergeant. He was a courageous soldier, doing his duty 
without a murmur. He is still living. He was captured at 
Five Forks and carried to Pomt Lookout as a prisoner. 
His record as a soldier is excelled by none. 

Bumgarner, Monroe, was wounded at Malvern Hill. He 
served throughout the war, leaving an excellent record to 
redound to his credit as a soldier. He died at home. 

Brown, Thompson, was killed at Brewery's Bluff the 
"16th of May, 1864. He served his country under very 
great difficulties, being hampered with a physical defect 
which caused blindness at night. 

Brown, Jacob, served through the war. He was captured 
at Brewery's Bluff May 16th, 1864, but was exchanged and 
I'ejoined the Regiment and was captured again at Five 
Forks. He is now dead. 

Brown, William, was an enthusiastic though obedient 
soldier. He was captured the 25th of March, 1865, and car- 
ried a prisoner to Point Lookout. He came home and died. 

Benfield, W. P., known as "I Cott," being a dutchman, 
Avas unexcelled as a soldier. A better one never carried a 
musket. He went into the battle at Fredericksburg bare- 
footed through the snow. He was captured at Five Forks, 
and taken a prisoner to Point Lookout, and came home. 
He is now dead. 

Brady, George, was a good m.an and a splendid soldier, 
t'ver at his post of duty without murmuring. He was cap- 
tured at Fort Steadman. He came home and died, mourned 
as an excellent citizen. 

Brady, John, was a kind-hearted soldier, eager to per- 
form every detail of his duty in a manner becoming one 
who wore the gray. He was captured at Fort Steadman, 
laken to Point Lookout. He died at home. 



292 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Brown. A. E.. was a Musician, later promoted to Orderly 
>er§reant. finally being promoted to Lieutenant. He was 
recognized as one of the best soldiers of the Cgmpany. al- 
ways cheerful and well disposed, and constantly vigilant as 
to the interests of his men. He was ever ready to lead them 
in combat, and would go where any other soldier dared to 
iTO. He was captured at Foit Steadman the 25th of March, 
1865. and carried a prisoner to Point Lookout. He came 
home from prison and is still li\-ing. He is \'alued as one 
of the best citizens of the county. ( See photo.) 



LIEinTENAXT A 
BROWN 



E. 




Lieut. A E. Brow:: 
enlisted in Company L 
-49ch Regiment, and dur- 
i:ig: the si^re of Peters - 
burgr. he had a most 
wonderful esca]>e froi:: 
death, his life beinc 
slaved by a Bible whicr. 
he had in his pocket. .A. 
ball struck the lowe: 
comer of the book a : 
exactly the iirst chapter 
of Xehemiah. breaking-. 
at the same time, 50 !«.' 
75 pasres more. At the 
point reached by the 
balL and immediately 
under it were the worvis : 
'Stand ye fast, ar.o 
prepare!" 



Blakely. William L.. served throughout the entire period 
of the war. He was captured at Fort Steadman and taken 
io Point Lookout. He was a ver>- good soldier. He died 
at home after having served his country- justly in peace as 
well as in war. 

Bandy. Quin. was a very old man. He was with us only 
• little while. He came home and soon died. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



293 



Brotherton, Hugh, first served with Mallett's Battalion 
until it was disbanded, then he joined the 49th Regiment. 
Kis every act as a soldier was marked with valor. He was 
^o badly wounded at Fort Steadman that he was captured 
at the hospital at Petersburg, and then was taken to New- 
y.ort News. He came home and died in 1905. He was one 
ot those men whose lives brighten the pathway of mankind 
and leave a lustre that time cannot corrode. 




HUGH BROTHERTON 

Hugh Brotherton was 
born March 12, 1829. He 
enlisted in Company I, 
49th Regiment, and was 
wounded in the leg short- 
ly afterward, which 
caused him great suffer- 
ing until his death. It 
was a great delight to 
him to have his friends 
visit him, and especially 
did he enjoy those visits 
to the Reunion, where 
he could hear his old 
comrades talk of gone- 
by days. He died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1904, being 74 
years 11 months and 1 
day old. 



Blakely, James M., bore a most satisfactory record as a 
man and soldier. There was no necessity to urge him to 
J) is duties, for he was always there doing what he conceived 
to be right. He. died at Richmond in the year 1863. 

Brawley, Peter, was with us but a short time when he 
was transferred to the 18th North Carolina Regiment. 
While with us though, he evinced a desire to do well his 
part, which his record sustains. 

Caldwell, Abel, was a remarkable soldier, always cheer- 



294 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



ful and ever ready for a chance to strike the enemy. He 
was wounded at Drewry's Bluff. He was taken prisoner 
at Fort Steadman, Came home and is still living. He is 
one of the country's most sturdy and respected sons. 

Connor, Augustus, enlisted in the 6th North Carolina 
llegiment, but was transferred to Company I. during Oc- 
tober, 1862, and was promoted to Lieutenant, which office 
he retained to the end of the war. Like his brother, Cap- 
tain Connor, he was a cool and courageous officer, and was 
loved by all his men. He was often on the picket line, his 
;^uperiors having the utmost faith in his ability to execute 
all orders. No man has a better record as a soldier and 
i-itizen tha Gus Connor. He is still living, possessing hosts 
of friends and no enemies. 



C. A. CONNOR 

C. A. Connor enlisted 
in the 8th Regiment on 
March 28, 1861, and was 
transferred to Company 
I, 49th Regiment on 
October 6, 1862. He was 
promoted 2nd Lieut, on 
March 16, 1863. He 
survived the war, and 
today is an honorable 
citizen and worthy man. 




Caldwell, James, Jr., was a teamster during the war. He 
came home and is now living in Caldwell County. 

Caldwell, William J., was a fearless soldier and always 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 295 

ready for action. He was promoted to Sergeant. He was 
captured at Fort Steadman and carried a prisoner to Point 
Lookout. He came home and was the father of sixteen 
( hildren. He is now dead, having rounded out a well-spent 
life as a model citizen. 

Caldwell, Lawson, took sick after the Seven Days battle, 
in which engagement he served valorously. He died in the 
Brigade hospital near Brewery's Bluff. 

Caldwell, James, Sr., was with us but a very short while 

Clark, David, was a true soldier. He survived the war. 
oame home and is still living, a useful man in his com- 
munity. 

Collins, Henry, was a brilliant soldier, always offering 
lijs services freely when a call for volunteers was an- 
nounced. When out on videt, he picked up a shell that 
was thrown into his rifle pit and threw it back over to the 
other side before it bursted. He was wounded at Peters- 
burg June 22nd, 1864, and died the next day. 

Collins, James P., was a daring soldier. He was wound- 
ed at Drewery's Bluff and at the Yellow House. He was a 
sharp-shooter when captured at Five Forks. He survived 
the war, came home and went West. He now lives in Ok- 
lahoma. 

Davis, James, was know as "Ash Cat," but he was ever 
iiue to his colors. He went through the entire war, came 
},ome and is now living in South Carolina. 

Davis, Andrew, died in some hospital. He was a very 
good soldier. Like all true soldiers, he died upon the altar 
o/ his country in sacrifice for her. 

Day, William, was a dignified and illustrious soldier, ever 
having his mouth black from biting off cartridges. He 
drew more cartridges than any other man in the Company, 
lie was daring in executing orders. Often he was a sharp- 
shooter, and just before the surrender he and a Yankee 
took it shot about for seven rounds, the Yankee having a 
Repeating rifle and he an Enfield rifle. He is recognized 
as one of the leading citizens of the country, and has filled 
the important office of County Treasurer for four years to 
the satisfaction of all. He is the only private in North 



296 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Carolina that has written a history of his Company, oT 
which they are justly proud. He is still living and is en- 
■jaged in his trade as a -blacksmith. He is a man with a 
Vreat big heart, which vrbrates with love for all his com- 
rades. 

Drum, Phillip, was known as "Dry Fip." He bears the 
excellent record of never having missed a march and was 
in every engagement the Company participated in. A bst- 
ter soldier never carried a gun. He surrendered at Ap- 




pomattox and then came home, and is now living. He is 
cV noble citizen. What grander tribute could any soldier 
have than to have it recorded of him that he never missed 
a march nor engagement? His private life is as perfect 
as his war record. (3ee photo.) ' '^- 15 '. 

Drum, John, was in the service but a very short ^vhile, 
l»ut he did his duty nobly. He was killed at Bootte's Mill 
soon after .fbrhing the army. . . .. .!^.- • • 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



297,. 



Drum, Thomas, was another courageous soldier of whom,^ 
100 much cannot be said. He was wounded at Malvern 
Hill, and while he was disabled for further duty, he was 
never discharged. At the battle of P^^tersburg on June 
18, 1864, he brought in the Company rations. While thsre 
th.e enemy advanced and he did as noble service as any 
man on the line. He is still living and is a grand old man. 
(See sketch and photo.) 

THOMAS F. DRUM 

Thomas F. Drum en- 
listed in Company I on 
April 1st, 1862, and 
joined the 49th Regiment 
at Raleigh, and went 
from there to Goldsboro. 
After drilling at Golds- 
boro for sometime he 
went with his Company, 
which formed a part of 
the 49th N. C. Regi- 
ment, to Petersburg, 
and went into camp at 
Dunn's Hill. After 

leaving there he went to 
Richmond, arriving just 
after the battle of Seven 
Pines, but in time to 
take part in the Seven 
Day's Fight around 
Richmond. 

On July 1st he was in 
the thickest of the fight 
at Malvern Hill, Where 
he received a severe 
wound in the thigh. 

After being wounded he lay all night on the battlefield in the hardest 
kind of rain. He was then taken to a horse stall, in which he lay two 
days, after which he was moved to Richmond and placed in the hospital. 
After remaining there about a month he was given a furlough and sent 
home. After being at home a considerable time he returned to his 
Company at Weldon, N. C,, and remaii ed w.th it until the close of the 
war. ' 

Owing to the fact that his wound resulted in a stiff knee for many 
weeks, he was detailed, part of the time as cook for his Company; 
but, notwithstanding his lameness, he took part in several hard fought 




298 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

en^jaments. He was near the famous "Blow-up" at Petersburg, and 
was on the spot in a few mmutes after it occurred. 

From Petersburg he went to Appomattox, and was present at the 
surrender, at which place he received an honorable discharge, and re- 
turned home to his native county. Thomas is still alive and in good 
health for a man of his age— 82. 

Banner, Monroe, was a superb soldier. He gave his life 
lor the cause, being killed at Petersburg. His comrades all 
mourned his death. He was an even-tempered man, and 
no man stood any higher in the estimation of the officers 
and men. 

Banner, John, was a magnificent soldier. He answered 
every call made upon him without a murmur. Like his 
orother, he was even-tempered and always in good spirits. 
He was wounded at the Yellow House and was captured at 
Fort Steadman, then taken to prisor* at Point Lookout. He 
came home and is now one of our most substantial and un- 
assuming citizens, liked by everyone. 

Brum, Peter Monroe, was an old man, but was an excel- 
lent soldier. The Yankees ran over him twice, but he got 
away from them each time. Up until a month or two ago 
he was the oldest man of the Company living, but has since 
died. 

Brum, Rufus, was an old man, but valiantly did his duty 
as a soldier. He died at home. 

Bouglass, Elam, was with us but a short time also, being 
transferred to the 6th North Carolina Regiment. 

Elliott, John, was known as "Long John," and always 
:stood at the head of his Company. He was captured at the 
battle of Five Forks, taken as a prisoner to Point Lookout, 
and came home. He is still living. 

Eller, Alexander, was with us but a little while. He was 
nt the engagement at Malvern Hill, and died at Brigade 
Hospital, at Brewery's Bluff. 

Edwards, Abel, died at Raleigh soon after enlisting. 

Edwards, Simon, died at Raleigh soon after enlisting. 
Had he lived to enter active engagement, he would have 
done his part well. 

Fisher, Reuben, was killed at Malvern Hill. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



299 



W. H. ELLIS 

W. H. Ellis enlisted 
late in the war in Com- 
pany I. 49th Regiment. 
On his return he engag- 
ed in the mercantile 
business in the then vil- 
lage of Hickory. In this 
he acquired quite a com- 
petency, and at his death 
a few years ago he left 
a widow and two daugh- 
ters and a handsome 
i it tie fortune. 




Fisher, Thomas, was as meek as a lamb. He was a mag- 
:-!ificent soldier. He served under physical difficulties, be- 
ing blind after dark. He was captured at Fort Steadman, 
carried to Point Lookout and came home and died. 

Fisher, Joseph, served only for a short period. He was 
killed at Petersburg by a mortar shell which tore him all 
to pieces. 

Fisher, Elkanah, was an excellent soldier, always doing 
his duty cheerfully and uncomplainingly. He was captured 
i nd taken to prison at Point Lookout. He same home and 
is still living. 

Fisher, William, was with us but a little while. He was 
captured at Fort Steadman, carried as a prisoner to Point 
Lookout, came home and is still living. 

Fish, Elkanah, was promoted to Corporal. He was a 
daring and bold soldier, never swerving from his duty. He 
was wounded at Petersburg, came home and was a good 
and useful citizen until his death. 



300 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Freeman, John, was discharged on account of old age. 
He died at the Soldiers' Home, 

Fox, Allison, was another excellent soldier. He was 
wounded at the Crater at Petersburg and honorably dis- 
charged. He died at home. 

Gilleland, Reuben, died at Raleigh soon after enlisting. 

Gilleland, Marcus, was known as "Stuttering Mark." 
However, his impediment of speech did not deter him from 
doing his complete duty, for he was always at the front 
until killed at Fort Steadman. He was loved by all his 
comrades. 

Gilleland, Thomas, was with us only for a short time. 
He was captured at Fort Steadman and taken to Pomt 
Lookout as a prisoner and died. 

Gilleland, Elbert, was a recruit, nevertheless he respond- 
ed nobly to all his tasks. He was captured at Fort Stead- 
man and taken io Point Lookout. He came home and livv^d 
a useful life. Now he is dead. 

German, John, was known as "Old Zip." He waded he 
Potomac river twice after brandy, after our nriny had re- 
treated. He was as good soldier as ever shoulderod a t,un. 
He surrendered at Appotomax, came home and is supposed 
to be dead. 

Goble, Lawson, was an old man. He was killed at 
Petersburg, 

Goble, Davidson, served with us only a limited while as 
he was a recruit. He is now living in Caldwell County. 

Goodman, Frank, died at Raleigh soon after enlisting. 

Harwell, James T., was a dignified yet daring soldier. 
He could always be found at his post of duty, a cheerful 
all-round good fellow. He was wounded twice. Once bid- 
den, he did nobly what was planned. All of his comrades 
liked him very much. He went through the war, came 
home and is now a good and useful citizen. He will be 
long remembered by the younger generation for the in- 
i^truction they receive'] from him in the school room. He 
is now, and has been, a magistrate for several years. He 
takes a lot of interest in the history of his Company. (See 
sketch and photo.) 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



SOI 



JAMES T. HARWELL 

James T. Harwell was 
born on the 15th of May 
1843. Enlisted as a Con- 
federate soldier under 
Capt. W. W. Chenault. 
Company I, 49th N. C. 
Regiment, in March, 
1862, and was in the 
Seven Day's fight below 
Richmond in June of the 
same year. He was 
wounded at Sharpsburg, 
Md., and at Grade's 
Dam in front of Peters- 
burg; also November 24, 
'64. in the trenches. 

He was captured at 
-Five Forks on the first 
day of April, 1865. 




Harwell, Robert, was another remarkably good soldier, 
lie went with his command to Maryland and was lost sight 
of. He is evidently dead, as he was true to his colors and 
faithful in duty. 

Harwell, John, was one of the liveliest of soldiers. He 
cooked part of the time for the officers of his Company, 
though always ready to respond to any call and go wher- 
ever ordered. He was wounded at Malvern Hill, and also 
.slightly at Fredericksburg. He survived the war, and died 
at home beloved bv all his neighbors. While on picket duty 
lie shot a Yankee out of an apple tree. 

Harwell, Elbert, was a fine soldier, ever at his post of 
duty and faithful to his colors. He survived the M'ar and 
died at home. 

Hamilton, Leonidas, was honorably discharged. He was 
afterwards killed in the 32nd North Carolina Regiment. 

Hager, John, was Commissary for a while, and then 



302 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



-t rved the Ambulance Corps until his death at Weldon, X. 
C. in 1863. His record as a soldier is unimpeachable. 

Hager. William, was a soldier with an enviable record, 
lie was killed at the siege of Petersburg in 1864. 

Hager, Thomas, was another one who wore the gray 
V- ith honor to himself and country. He died at home from 
vounds received at Malvern Hill in 1862. 

Hager, James, died at Goldsboro in 1862 soon after en- 
listing. 

Hill, Isaac, was detailed at Richmond to make shoes for 
Mie soldiers, and was captured in the Stoneman raid on 
Richmond and remained North until after the war. 

Hill, John, was as game a boy as we had. He was killed 
at Drewry's Bluff in May, 1864. 

Hunsucker. Calvin, was a good soldier. He served through 
the war, came home and is a good citizen. (Photo.) 

CALVIN A. HUN- 
SUCKER 

Calvin A. Hunsucker 
entefed the army with 
the first conscripts, be- 
tween the a^e of 21 and 
35 years. He was de- 
tailed with the State 
Troops in August. 1S62. 
The first battle he was 
in was atKinston. N.C.. 
on December 12th. 1862. 
He remained in the 
State Guards 16 months, 
and -.vas then assigned 
to Company I. 49th Reg- 
iment. He was in the 
Petersburg siege. June 
16. and remained there 
nine months to the day. 
The most important 
tight was that of the 
Crater on July 30, 1864. 
He was captured April 
1st, 1865. and sent to 
Point Lookout, where 
he remainedt wo month? 
He returned home June 20, 1865, and is one of our best citizens. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



303 



Holdsclaw, William J., was a jolly good fellow and sol- 
dier ; the hea\'ier the duties the more cheerful he was. He 
served through the war, came home and is still living. His 
character as a man is irreproachable, for he is well liked 
by everyone. He has made more good grain cradles than 
jiny other man in the State. In his old age, he is as jovial 
and humorous as he was when a young man. 

Jones, William, was another good soldier. He was once 
wounded, survived the war, and is now living in Lincoln 
County, a prosperous and industrious citizen. 

Jones, Pinckney L., was wounded at Malvern Hill. He 
possessed a fine reputation as a soldier and beautiful dis- 
position as a man. He survived the war and died at home. 

Jones, Wilson, died at home on sick furlough soon after 
entering the service. 

Jones, Milton, died in the hospital at Petersburg soon 
after enlisting. (See sketch and photo.) 



MILTON H. JONES 

Milton Jones enlisted 
in Company I, 49th N. 
C. Regiment April 1st, 
1862, and died at Peters- 
burg, Va. June 10, 1862. 

His war career was, 
indeed, short but. had 
he lived, he would have 
done much good for his 
Country's cause. 




304 ■ THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Jones, Julius, died at Goldsboro soon after entering the 
service. 

Jones, Bedford, was known as "Kildee." He was a very 
delicate man, but served his country well and faithfully 
until he died in the hospital at Gordonville. 

Jones, Jer)tha, known as "Doctor," was a spendid soldier. 
He survived the war, came home and lived an existence as 
useful to his neighbors as was his help to his Company in 
the war. He is now dead. 

Jones, Elbert, was a courageous soldier. He, too, sur- 
vived the war, came home and has since died, honored and 
respected by all who knew him. 

Jones, Evelin, enlisted late in the war, but what time he 
was there, he served valorously. He came home and today 
is an excellent citizen. 

Jenkins, William, was known as "Colonel." In the whole 
of Lee's army, there was no braver soldier than he. He 
was wounded at Malvern Hill. He survived the war, came 
home and is still living. 

Kale, Ephriam, was discharged on account of his age 
soon after entering the service. 

Kale, Sidney, was a good, easy soldier. He was captured 
at Fort Steadman. He came home and lived a quiet, useful 
life. He is now dead. 

Kale, Jefferson, was wounded at Petersburg and was 
retired from further service. He came home and moved to 
Texas, where he has since died, 

Kirksey, William, was another soldier that bore a repu- 
tation for good service. He survived the war, came home 
and is still living. 

Kirksey, Jackson, was taken sick at Fredericksburg and 
claimed to be disabled the remainder of the war. 

Keever, Andrew, died at Petersburg soon after entering 
the service. 

Lowrance, Clinton, was one of our men who could be re- 
lied upon on all occasions. He was as brave as a warrior 
could be. He gave up his life to his country, being killed 
at the seige at Petersburg. He was faithful to his friends 
and loved by his comrades. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 305 

Lowrance, Nelson, possessed traits as a soldier which 
could be commended in any quarter. He carried horse- 
shoes and pebbles from the Potomac river to Wilmington, 
N. C. ; also carried the biggest knapsack of any man in the 




Regiment. He was always at his post of duty. He sur- 
rendered at Appomattox. Was wounded at Malvern Hill. 
He came home and died after having lived a life that was 
l^eneficial to his country. (Photo.) 

Litten, Elijah, was a magnificent soldier. He died at 
the Brigade Hospital at Brewery's Bluff after the battle 
of Malvern Hill. 

Litten, Elkanah, was a brave soldier. He died at the 
Hospital at Gordonsville. 

Litten, Jackson, was another excellent soldier. He sur- 
vived the war, came home and died in Iredell County. 

Lee, Robert G., was a member of the Ambulance Corps. 



306 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

He gave most of his time to this duty, and did it well. He 
is still living and noted for raising big hogs. In every re- 
-spect, he is a good man. 

Lee, Bird, entered the service late in the war, as he was 
an old man. He survived the war and died at home. 

Loftin, Franklin, was a fine, cheerful and kindly disposed 
.'^oldier. He was killed at Drewry's Bluff in 1864. 

Lackey, Theopholis, entered the service late in the war, 
though did his duty well. He survived the war and died 
at home. 

Marshall, Clark, was a soldier of the right material. He 
survived the war and died in Alabama. 

McCoy, James, was first a member of the 4th North 
Carolina Regiment. He was wounded, discharged, and aft- 
erwards joined the 49th Regiment. He was also a good 
soldier. He came home and died recently. 

Null, George, was wounded at Malvern Hill and died a 
prisoner of war at Fort Delaware. 

Powell, Tate, was Orderly for Colonel Ramseur. and was 
afterwards discharged. He came back to the Regiment in 
1863, was wounded at Drewry's Bluff in 1864, and later 
transferred to the Band. He came home, studied medicine, 
and died in Florida. 

Pool, William, was promoted for bravery, being made 
Corporal. In action he would go where any dared to lead. 
He was captured at Five Forks and carried a prisoner to 
Point Lookout. He came home and is now living in Lincoln 
County, being one among her best citizenship. 

Pope, Silas, was one of our very best soldiers, always 
ready for any emergency and cheerful under all circum- 
stances. The harder the duties, the more cheerful he seem- 
ed to be, and when everyone was worn out and cross, Silas 
would sing his little song, "Let it rain, hail or snow, we 
l)oor soldiers are bound to go.' He was wounded at Mal- 
vern Hill, but survived the war, came home and died in 
South Carolina. 

Pope, David, was a soldier of good repute. He was in 
the battle at Malvern Hill, then took sick and died at 
Brigade Hospital, at Drewry's Bluff. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



307 



Powell, Andrew, was another brave soldier, always lively 
and full of fun. Late in the war, he was transferred to the 
Band, and after the war he came home and then went to 
Arizona where he has prospered. He is still living. (See 
sketch and photo.) 

A. B. POWELL 

The subject of this 
sketch entered Company 
I, 49th Regiment N. C. 
Volunteers when but a 
boy at Weldon in the 
fall '63. He served 22 
months regular and did 
efficient service. He 
was wounded at the 
"Blow-up," and also in 
the battle of Weldon R. 
R. , both being very 
slight wounds. He was 
at the surrender at Ap- 
pomattox, and came 
home in company with 
Uncle Pink Shuford, his 
brother— Tate Powell,— 
Kerr and Rome Cline. 
and Miles A. Abernethy, 
reaching home ten days 
after the surrender. 

"Soon after, " he says, 
"I went west, following 
mining and prospecting, 

but always on the frontier, and was in two fights with the Indians, (in 
'69 and '72.) 

"I married in Colorada -a Miss Flora Walls,— who was born in New 
Zealand, being of English and Scotch parentage. There were born to us 
eleven children — five sons and four daughters are still living, all of whom 
are doing well. 

"I have not made a fortune, but am in my own home, no debts and 
a bank account. I have been, and am still, in the employ of the Arizona 
Copper Company, being on the A. & M. R. R. for the last eight years. 

"I had the honor of speaking to Lee once, as I was returning, 
wounded, from the battle of Weldon R. R. in 1864. At another time 
Silas Pope and I slipped up to a rifle pit and found there two Federals 
dead. One had an open Bible in his hand. I reached over, took the 
Bible, Pope remarking: 'Too late now to read the Bible; if you're kil)- 




30g THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

ed todiay youu'll go to h anyway." Soon after We had to retreat, 

and hearing a familiar voice, I looked and heard Pope praying, and 
behold, a shell had cut off a sapling and it had fallen on Pope, holding 
him fast. I had to guy and laugh, until Pope got to swearing instead 
of praying. I called to several Federal prisoners to help me loose him. 
"Once at a hospital, Shuford and my brother Tate came to see me, 
and as I had picked off the battlefield a pocketbook with $26.00, (two 
ten dollar greenbacks and six dollars in silver,) I took the boys to the 
market house for each of us a square meal. On our way a Jew banker 
gave me $600.00 in Confederate for one $10, and the meals cost me 
$545.00, leaving me $55 for $10, plus three square meals. " 

Pope, Franklin, was transferred late in the war from 
the 18th North Carolina Regiment to the 49th. He sur- 
vived the war, and died in South Carolina. 

Richardson, John was lost sight of after the battle of 
Malvern Hill. 

Reynolds, William, was a true and noble soldier, and lost 
his life at the seige at Petersburg. He was much liked by 
all his comrades. 

, Rufty, Michael, entered the service late in the war. He 
Was captured at the storming of Fort Steadman. He was 
■<i very old man, and after coming home, he accumulated a 
comfortable fortune before he died. 

Robinson, James, was discharged at Raleigh, N. C, came 
home, and is still living a useful life. 

Sherrill, Wodford, was a fearless soldier. He was 
wounded at Malvern Hill. He was constantly with his 
command, and prepared for any emergency. The enemy 
captured" him at Five Forks, and took him to Point Look- 
out a prisoner. He came home and is still living, a good 
and useful citizen. 

Sherrill, Elliott, was the youngest member of our Com- 
pany. He was Orderly for Gen. M. W. Ransom. His rec- 
ord as a soldier was as good as the best. He was captured 
at Five Forks, then taken to Point Lookout. He came 
home and became one of the leading citizens. Now he is 
dead. 

Sherrill, David J., was a very old man when he entered 
the service, but a splendid soldier. He was discharged, 
honorably, and died at home a respected citizen,, 

Sherrill, WycklifF, was discharged at Raleigh, and after- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 3,09 

wards reinstated in Company A., 49th North Carolina 
Regiment. He made his escape at the surrender, came 
home and was a useful man to his community. He is now 
dead. 

Stewart, Jeptha P., possesses a record as a soldier that 
cannot be surpassed. He was our last Color Bearer, and 
never let his colors trail in the dust until surrended and 
captured at Five Forks. He was wounded at Petersburg. 
Surviving the war, he came home and is now loved and 
honored by all his comrades. 

Stewart, Franklin, was wounded and captured at 
Drewry's Bluff and was never with the command after- 
wards. 

Setzer, Pinkney, was lost sight of after the first engage- 
ment at Petersburg until near the close of the war. He is 
now dead. 

Sigman, Henry, was an intrepid soldier. He was killed 
at Malvern Hill. 

Sigman, Martin, was a good soldier. He was on detail 
service most of the time during the war. He came home 
imd proved his worth by the life he lived. Now he is dead. 

Sigman, Julius, bore an enviable record during the war. 
He was courageous, and daring in battle. After the war, 
he came home and when he died, left behind him an excel- 
lent name. 

Stiles, John, was a magnificent soldier. He was wounded 
cit Malvern Hill, from w^hich he died at home. 

Stiles, Marcus, was an excellent soldier. He was lost 
sight of during the Maryland campaign, and is evidently 
dead, as we have heard nothing from him since the war. 

Shelton, Meek, was Musician during the whole period of 
the war. 

Turner, James, died at Raleigh soon after enlistment. 
He was a very old man, but was determined to enlist. 

Traff"enstrat, Noah, was a fearless soldier. He was 
wounded at Malvern Hill, from which he died. 

Traffenstrat, Absolum, was another brave soldier. He 
survived the war and came home and died. 

Traffenstrat, Daniel, died in the hospital at Petersburg. 



310 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Turbyfield, Jackson, was in the engagement at Malvern 
Hill. Afterwards he died at Brigade Hospital, at Drewry's 
Bluff. His record as a soldier was excellent. 

Wilfong, John, sustained the reputation of a record in 
war which was as good as the best. He was wounded at 
the Crater at Petersburg. He came home and was as good 
citizen as he was soldier. 

Wycoff, Wesley, survived the war, came home and was 
murdered. 

Wycoff, Andrew, was another excellent soldier. He was 
wounded at Bermuda Hundreds. He came home and died. 

Ward, James, entered the service as an Assistant Surg- 
eon. He resigned at Petersburg, came home, then went to 
Missouri and died. 

Wilson, Israel, came in just before the close of the war, 
being an old man. He died soon after the war. 

Webb, Noah, was with us but a very short time, but was 
a brave yet obedient soldier, ever performing each duty 
imposed upon him. He survived the war, came home and 
niade an exemplary citizen. He died September 13, 1910. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 311 

55TH REGIMENT. 
OFFICERS. 

Mull, Peter M., Captain, first enlisted as a private in 
Captain W. H. Propst's Company, in Lincoln, N. C, known 
as "Southern Stars,' and left with the Company on the 
29th of April, '61, for Raleigh, N. C, where they were or- 
ganized into the first regiment of North Carolina Troops, 
with D. H. Hill, of Charlotte, as Colonel. They enlisted for 
six months; went by way of Richmond to Yorktown, and 
not long after their arrival, they were under fire at the 
battle of Bethel Church. At the expiration of six months, 
the Regiment disbanded at Richmond, and returned home. 
After remaining at hotne for six months, Peter M. Mull 
organized a Company and was elected Captain on the 19th 
of April, '62. This Company was made up of men from 
Burke, Catawba, Cleveland and Lincoln County; and con- 
sisted of one hundred and thirty men, and three officers. 
The following is a list of the Catawba County men : 

Bivens, Peter M., enlisted April 22, '62 ; he was wounded 
at Gettysburg, July 3, '63; he died in a hospital in Penn- 
sylvania. 

Boyles, William, enlisted April 22, '62 ; he was wounded 
at Ream's Station ; he died in a hospital in Petersburg. 

Barton, Massenburg, enlisted May 29, '62; he died since 
rhe war. 

Brindle, David A., enlisted April 4, '62 ; he is still living. 

Brindle, Wesley, enlisted May 13, '62 ; he is still living. 

Goodson, Callaway, enlisted May 10, '62 ; he is still living. 

Goodson, Miles, enlisted April, '62 ; he died at home De- 
cember 11, '81. 

Gross, Ephriam, enlisted April 22, '62 ; he was promoted 
Sergeant May 16, '62 ; he died from sickness, August 17, '62. 

Hull, William, 1st Lieutenant; enlisted April 19, '62; 
he was killed at Drewry's Bluff. 

Hicks, Robert J., enlisted April 22, '62; he died since 
the war. 



S12 



THE CATAWSA S40!L3>IEI 



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OF THE CIVIL WAR 313 

Hudson. Hiram, enlisted February 15, '63 ; he died in '64. 

Hicks, William, enlisted February 12, '63 ; he died since 
the war. 

Johnson, Andrew J., enlisted April 24, '62 ; he died in the 
army, March 5, '63. 

Johnson, Richmond, enlisted April 19. '62; he is still 
living. 

Keever, James M., enlisted May 23, '62. 

Martin, Leander, enlisted January 29, '63; he is still 
living. 

Mull, Ezra, enlisted April 24, '62 ; he was promoted Ser- 
geant in May, '62 ; he was wounded and died at Petersburg, 
^'a.. in February, '65. 

Mull. John M., enlisted May 23, '62 ; he was a ?.Iusician ; 
he was captured at the Wilderness ; he died a prisoner at 
Elmira. N. Y. 

Pope, Lafayette, enlisted April 21, '62; he died in the 
army on September 24, '62. 

Seagle. William S.. enlisted Auril 22. '62; he was wound- 
ed and died in prison, August 20, '64. 

Shuford. Franklin, enlisted April 22, '62 ; he is still liv- 
ing. 

Shuford, Peter, enlisted April 24, '62; he is still living. 

Smith, John, enlisted May 10, '62 ; he died since the war. 

Stamey, James P.. enlisted April 24, '62; he was a Music- 
ian ; he died at home after the war. 

Walker, James P., enlisted October 11, '62; he died at 
iiis home since the war. 

Wise, Levi, enlisted April 24, '62 ; he was killed at Falling 
Water, Md., July 14, '64. 

Young, Samuel, enlisted April 22, '62 ; he was killed at 
^Vashington, N. C, September 6. '62. 



314 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



COMPANY E., 57TH REGIMENT. 



This Company was organized at Salisbury, N. C. ; hence, 
the error in Moore's Roster. Captain Daniel Rhyne took 
a number of Catawbians to Salisbury to guard prisoners ; 
and soon thereafter, organized them into a Company, with 
the following officers : 

Rhyne, Daniel, Captain. 

Yount, Lafayette, 1st Lieutenant. 

Cochran, William, 2nd Lieutenant. (Photo.) 



WILLIAM COCHRAN 

William Cochran, a 
brother of G. W. Coch- 
ran, enlisted in Company 
E, 57th Regiment, and 
was elected 2nd Lieut. 
We have no record as to 
his length of service, 
save that he, like his 
three brothers that 
were in the service, was 
true and brave. After 
the war he married a 
Miss Rhinhardt and set- 
tled in the Grace Church 
neighborhood. The au- 
thor there had the pleas- 
ure of teaching his eld- 
est son. He was a very 
companionable fellow. 
He afterward moved to 
Washington Territory, 
now a state, and has 
done well there. So far 
as the author knows he 
is still living. 

Wycoff, William, 3rd Lieutenant. 

Huffman, Joel, 1st Sergeant. 

Cline, Elcanah, 2nd Sergeant. (Photo.) 

Yount, Patrick, 3rd Sergeant. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



il5 



E. E. CLINE 

E. E. Cline enlisted in 
Co. E. 57 Regiment for 
12 mjnths, in which 
company he held the 
office of 2nd Lieutenant. 
This regiment was form- 
ed at High Point, the 
13th of August, 1861. 
From there, they went 
to Wilmington to 
winter, where the regi- 
ment enlisted for the 
war. His next enlist- 
ment was at Salisbury, 
in Capt. Rhine's Com- 
pany — C. 57th Regi- 
ment." From there, 
says Mr. Cline, "We 
went to Richmond, 
where we were introduc- 
ed into the ravages at 
Fredericksburg, where 
I was severely wound- 
ed, carrying a minnie 
ball for ten months. We 
were marched to Bris- 

til Station, but our Regiment did not engage in that battle. On my re- 
t'lrn, my wound bacame inflamed and had to be operated upon, extract- 
ing the minnie, I thus saving me from a life-long cripple. This was just 
before the battle of Rappahannock, where all of my company was cap- 
tured, save the sick left in camp. 

Our next move jy^as to Kingston, N. C, where we spent the winter 
of 1863, until early in the Spring. There the picket moved upon New- 
bern and captured 23 of our men who had deserted. They were court- 
martialed and executed, —an appalling sight. 

From there, we went to Richmond again. Here, when Hunter made 
his raid on Lynchburg, Early was ordered to look after him. We then 
set out for th? Valley of Virginia to Harper's Ferry; then to Fi-ederick 
City, Md., on by way of Washington, which drew heavy reinforcements 
from Richmond, and thus the ball was opened. 

The first was on the Shenandoah River next below Winchester then 
at Fisher's Hill; then on Sept. 19th, at Wii ..haster, the enemy attacking 
us at day break. We hald our own, however, until Generals Rhodes and 
Gordon were killed. We then retreated up the valley to Fisher's Hill 
taking position after day light. We here captured many prisoners, 
wagons, and artillery, gaining a complete victory only to be lost on the 




316 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

evening of the same day. Again we went to Richmond and Petersburg 
the battle of Mine Run determining the fate of these cities. 

Here we lost our brigade by capture, except the sharpshooters on 
the morning of April the 6th. 

It is difficult at this late hour for us old soldiers to think and revive 
all our experiences, but let the little we can give be saved for our pos- 
terity. 

I have spent these 50 years at farming in which I have been success- 
ful. I am now called old, but I am a well preserved man, as you can 
see, and like lively wires as my companions. I am living my days in 
plenty and hereby greet my old comrades. 

Gilbert, Jake, 4th Sergeant. 

After organizing as above, the Company took some pris- 
oners to Richmond, Va., and there went into Camp of in- 
struciton. Captain Rhyne resigned in '62, and the Com- 
pany made the following changes : Gilbert was elected 
1st Lieutenant; W. W. Sherrill, 2nd Lieutenant; Cain Cline, 
1st Sergeant ; Frank Rabb, 2nd Sergeant, and William Car- 
penter, 3rd Sergeant. The Company went through the war 
with few other changes. 

PRIVATES. 

Anthony, Daniel, enlisted July 4, '62; he died in the war; 
he was a good soldier. 

Anthony, Jacob, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken pris- 
oner July 20, '64 ; he is still living on his farm. 

Bost, Amzi, enlisted July 4, '62; he died in camp at Win- 
chester. 

Beard, J. W., enlisted July 1, '62; he died since the war. 

Bolick, A. E. L., enlisted July 1, '62 ; he died since the war. 

Bolick, E., enlisted July 4, '62; he was a valiant soldier; 
he is still living. 

Burns, F. A., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died since the Vv^ar. 

Bost, J. C, enlisted July 4, '62; he was killed at Gettys- 
burg. (Bost was Color Bearer). 

Barger, B., enlisted July 4, '62; he died while in prison. 

Baker, Henry, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died since the war. 

Conrad, W. J., enlisted July 4, '62. 

Coulter, P. A., enli«>ed July 1, '62. (See sketch.) 

Cline, Eli, enlisted July 4, '62; he died in camp. 

Cline, Cicero, enlisted July 4, '62. (See sketch and 
photo.) 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



317 




PHILLIP A. COULTER 

Phillip A. Coulter, 
born June 15th, 1834; 
died, January 17, 1903. 
Joined Co. E., under 
Daniel Rhine, in the 
Spring of 1862, 57th Re- 
giment. 

He was a successful 
farmer, a quiet, peace- 
able man. 



EPHRAIM BOLICK 
Ephraim Bolick enlist- 
ed in Co. E. 57th Regi- 
ment, July 4th, 1862. 
He was in the battles of 
Fredricksburg, Chancel- 
lorsville, Winchester, 
Gettysburg, Culpepper, 

C. H., and some other 
minor battles. At the 
battle of Culpepper, he 
was taken prisoner, 
carried to Washington, 

D. C, then to Point 
Lookout, where he was 
parolled March, 1865; 
after the war he went on 
the farm and has made 
quite a success. 



318 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



CICERO CLINE 

Cicero Clins enlisted in Co. E. 57th Regiment, July 1st, 1862. He 

was one of the bravest of tli3 Company. In one battle, he did not 

observe the Company falling back, and continued to fire until he ex- 




hausted his cartridge box, and narrowly made his escape after finding 
his Company had retreated. Cicero is now engaged in getting out, a 
family record of the entire Cline family— a task as difficult as the "Ca- 
tawba Soldier of the Civil War." 

Campbell, E., enlisted July 1, '62; he was wounded at 
Fredericksburg, losing an arm. 

Cansler, G. W., enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken pris- 
oner November, '63 ; he is still living on his farm. 

Deitz, Fred., enlisted July 4, '62; he substituted, but re- 
turned, and died in the war. 

Drum, Joshua, enlis'ed Tuly 4, '62 ; he died since the war. 
Drum, Miles, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was killed at Fred- 
ericksburg. 

Fry, William, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died in camp. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 319 

Flowers, Henry, enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken pris- 
oner November 7, '63 ; he died in the war. 

Fry, Cain, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died in the war. 

Fry, William, enlisted July 4, '62; was taken prisoner 
July 7, '63 ; he died in camp. 

Frazier, H. D., enlisted April 4, '63 ; he was missirg at 
Brandy Station ; he died since the war. 

Frazier, William, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died during the 
war at Petersburg. 

Frazier, C. J., enlisted November 1, '63 ; he died since 
the war. 

Gilland, H. A., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63 ; he was a good soldier, and is still living. 

J. A. GANTT 

The subject of this sketch was born in Catawba county, August 
15, 1845, and enlisted in Company F. 57th Regiment in February, 1845. 
He served until the end of the war and was with Lee at the sur- 
render at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Mr. Gantt escaped without a 
wound, but had several narrow escapes. He was in the battles of Brew- 
ery Bluff, the Wilderness, and all the battles around Richmond, Peters- 
burg, and in the Shenandoah valley. Upon his return home he went 
to farming, and has followed it ever since. Mr. Gantt was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Lee, daughter of Mr. R. G. Lee, of Catawba county, in 
1871, this being his second marriage, having married Miss Molly Wike 
first, who died in less than a year thereafter. A private who never 
shirked duty in the war, Mr. Gantt, as a private citizen since the war, 
has done his full duty, and is esteemed and respected by his fellow 
citizens 

Hauss, W. G., enlisted July 4, '62; he died in Savannah, 
Ga., in '63. 

Huffman, Hosea, enlisted July 4, '62. 

Huffman, Marcus, enlisted July 4, '62; he died since the 
war. 

Harbison, Henry, enlisted July 4, '62; he died since the 
war. 

Hallman, E., enlisted July 4, '62; after the war closed he 
went West, where he died. 

Hoke, G. A., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he is still living. 

Huffman, Daniel, enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken pris- 
oner July 20, '64 ; he is still living. 

Hallman, R. L., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he made a good sol- 
dier ; he is living and doing well in Greenville, S. C. 



320 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



MAX HUFFMAN 

Max Huffman enlisted 
in Co. E. 57 Regiment, 
and was engaged with 
the company in all its 
conflicts. He survived 
the war, and has lived 
by farming. He is now, 
like all the old soldiers, 
rapidly declining in 
health. .^Ictt ^^^"^ 




Halman, Laban, enlisted July 4, '63 ; he died since the 
war. 

Huffman, Hosea, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken pris- 
oner July 9, '64; he died since the war; he was a good, 
brave man. 

Holler, G. W., enlisted July 4, '63 ; he was taken pris- 
oner November 7, '63 ; he died in 1909. 

Hunsucker, S. A., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken pris- 
oner November 7, '63 ; he is still living. 

Hartzoe, Lawson, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken pris- 
oner November, '63 ; he died since the war ; he was a good 
soldier. 

Isaac, Levi, enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken prisoner 
July 20, '64 ; he is still iiving. 

Isaac, John, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died during the war. 

Killian, L. S., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63; he died since the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



321 



Leonard, Dankl, enlisted July 4, '62; he died while in 
prison ; he was a good soldier. 

Leonard, Eli, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he is still living. 

Leatherman, L. M., enlisted March 1, '64; he died since 
the war. 

Lutz, M. C, enlisted July 4, '63 ; he was captured, and 
died at Fortress Monroe, in November, '63. 

Leonard, J. M., enlisted June 25, '62; he was transferred 
from the 23rd Regiment to the 57th Regiment ; he is still 
living on his farm. 

Michael, Ambrose, enlisted July 4, '62; he died during 
the war. 

Michael, Jacob, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died in a hospital. 

Miller, D. A., enlisted July 4, '62. (See sketch.) 



DAVID A. MILLER 

David A. Miller, en- 
listed July 4th, 1862, in 
Daniel Rhine's Com- 
pany, and was wounded 
first at Appomattox 
Court-house, in the hip, 
and again at Gettys- 
burg, in the face, at 
which place he was cap- 
tured, and remained in 
the enemies' prison five 
months, then returned 
to his command and re- 
mained until the sur- 
render. 

While charging the 
enemies through the 
streets of Gettsyburg, 
he saw a lady lying in 
the street with the top 
of her head shot off; her 
babe lying near by cry- 
ing; a heart-rending 
sight to him, even 
though charging the 
enemy. 

Miller, G. W., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63; he died at home during the war. 




32* 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Miller. J. M.. enlisted S. *d2: he wa^; taken prisoner July 
S. >>o : he died in 1909. 

MoCaslin. A. C enlisted July 4. '62; he was taken pris^- 
oner November 7. '63 : he died since the war. 

McCaslin. H. F.. enlisted July 4. '62: he was taken pris- 
oner November 7. '63: he is still living, and runs a good 
farm. 

Mauney. J. S^ enlisted Juh- 4. *62: he died since the war; 
he was a good soldier. 

N&u^le, Levi, enlisted July 4. d2; r.r /. r ' " :hf -- .i-jh 
to Gett\"sbur§:. 

Null. Jo^m. enlisted July 4. '62 : he was .. " ; 

he died since the war. 

Pitts, David. «ilisted Ju'v 4. '6:1 .< :w:c^ : 

he died since the war. 

Pn^pst. WiUiam, enlisicvi April 1. "o4. t 



WILUAMP- PROPSr 

WUfiwBH. Profet join- 
ed Co. E. diT RefrnMBt 
and serred slKreki 
tlunwgii tike vnu-. He 
retcmed to las aatrre 
comtr. and sfvent kis 
fifie in ImnBiagr and tke 
■anofatetare of fknr. 
He kas no apologiKS to 
BBBike for las Im»k^ 
look as lie vas standby 
in firoat of las Bsill m & 
ataBKr's dress^ He still 
&res. ausui is active- 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



323 



Propst, Frank, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died in camp. 

Propst, F. L., enlisted March 13, '64 ; after the war he 
went West, where he has since died. 

Pro'^st, W. A., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '64. (See sketch and photo.) 



WALLACE A. PROPST 

Wallace A. Propst en- 
listed in Co E. 57th 
Regiment, July 4th, 
1862, and was captured 
November the 7th, 1863. 
After the war, he re- 
turned home, and took 
up farming for a livli- 
hood. Today, in add! 
tion to valuable farming 
lands, which he owns, 
he has some valuable 
property in the City of 
Hickory. He is an 
honored Citizen of Ca- 
tawba, up in years, de- 
clining in health. 



i^Tv 



X 




Pope, Daniel, enlisted July 4, '62; he was wounded May 
4, '64; he died since the war. 

Pope, Frank, enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken prisoner 
July 20, '64, at the first fight at Fredericksburg; he is still 
living. 

Robinson, A. J., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was a substitute 
for Conrad. 

Rhinehardt, John J., enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken 
prisoner November 7, '63 ; he died since the war. 

Roderick, C, enlisted July 4, '62; he died since the war. 

Raby, William, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63 ; he died but recently^ 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



FRANK RABB 

I enlisted July 4. 1862, 
inXo. E. 5Ti:h Regriment. 
Went to Salisburj- to 
guard prisoners. There 
we were organized into 
a company, and was 
o Richmond with 
prisoners. We remain- 
ed in camp of instruc- 
tion until fall; fron: 
there we were sent : to 
Culpepper; thence to 
Fredericksburg, where 
the 57th made one of the 
most memorable 
charges during the war. 
Here I was wounded in 
my side. There we 
went into winter quar- 
ters. Next to the 
Chancellorsville fight: 
next we were on the 
Gettysburg campaign. 
In the City of Gettys- 
burg. I had my hat brim 
shot by a lady, from the 

window of a house. In the second day's cnarge. at rne turr.taoie on the 
railroad. I ordered a yankee nearby to surrender, and he ordered me to 
surrender, both having unloaded guns. I got mine loaded tirst: he ran 
into the cellar and I captured him. On our return to Virginia, we re- 
mained in the valley all that fall, being engaged with Sheridan. X<rxt 
the raid to Washington City, crossing tiie Pocomac to Shepherdstown. ; 
here I got a little away from my Company. I ran upon four Yankees, 
among them a Captain, all of whom I took prisoners myself: thence to 
Washington, passing the residence of Postmaster General Stevens. Here 
I entered the house and got a dish of honey, no one being at home. As 
sharpshooters, we spent the night in the suburb of Washington. Next 
day. we were on picket all day and at night: Gen. Early got us out 
safely on our retreat; marched all night, crossing the Potomac; next 
day into Virginia. At Winchester. I was wounded in the head. In fall- 
ing back to Richmond. I with four men. was detailed one night to make 
a rifle pit and drive the en?-ny from a battery that was annoying us. 
We carried that night into this pit several boxes of cartridges. In mak- 
ing the pit. I had access to an old fence, and made a porthole above the 
pit; here, during all next day. I fired the five guns loaded by the foiu- 
men. and kept the battery silent. After the enemy fell back, we ex- 
amined the place where the battery was and fotmd many graves. For 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



325 



days after, I was so sore with the re-coil of the gun that I was unable 
to shoot. At Petersburg, I missed but one battle, in which our regi- 
ment engaged. I was on the skirmish line for fifteen months, and was 
granted, therefore, a complimentary furough for constant duty. 
After the surrender, I came home. Am now in lumber business. 

Self, W. R., enlisted July 4, '64. (See sketch and photo.) 

WILLIAM R. SELF 

William R. Self en- 
listed in Company E. 
57th Regiment N. C. 
troops in January, 1862. 
The first engagement hv 
was in wasat Fredricks- 
burg, Va., where he 
was slightly wounded in 
the head; next engage- 
ment was at Chancel- 
lorsville, Va. ; third at 
Gettysburg, where he 
was wounded the first 
day of battle while 
carrying the flag, and 
J. C. Bost seizing the 
flag was killed. 

At Lynchburg he was 
wounded the second day; 
he was also engaged in 
the battles of Winches- 
ter, Harper's Ferry, 
Culpepper and Newbern. 
At Winchester he was 
taken prisoner. For 
five months he was 
absent from the Company with small-pox. The closest place he was 
ever in was Hickory, N. C— he came home from prison in March, 1865; 
the enemy came through soon after his return. In order to save the 
stock, he to3k thirteen head of horses of Maj. Bost's, his falher-in-law, 
and concealed them in the forest. A few days afterwards Maj. Best 
thought that he should take them home that he might start the plows. 
To be sure that the enemy was not near, Self rode up near Hickory and 
stopped for a drmk of water. On his return to his horse, he looked up 
the road and saw quite a number of their Yankee pickets; in an instant 
he was mounted, and, "Halt, Halt, Bang, "came the balls, but he made 
his escape untouched, after having been shot at at least seventy-five 
times. 

After the surrender, he farmed several years, then moved to New- 
ton, where he has kept a boarding house since. 




326 



THE CATAWBA SOLLIER 



Smyre, F'rancis, enlisted July 4, '62. (See sketch and 
photo.) 




SILAS SMYRE 
Francis S. Smyer en- 
listed as a junior in the 
57th regiment. He was 
in the battles of Wilder- 
ness and Cold Harbor; 
being a sharpshooter, 
was captured June 1st, 
'64, carried to Pt. Look- 
out. Here he was guard- 
ed by foreigners and 
fa)ed badly. Was pa- 
roled March 4, '65, just 
before the surrender. 
He is still living at Con- 
over, and is engaged in 
the manufacture of 
shoes. 



Simmons, John, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he is still living on 
his farm. 

Starr, Marion S., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died since the 
war. 

Setzer, M. E., enlisted July 4, '62; he was made prisoner 
November 7, '63 ; he died since the war, 

Sherrill, Wesley, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he is still living. 

Shepherd, John, enlisted July 4, '62; he was killed at 
Petersburg, by a sharpshooter ; he was a Musician. 

Setzer, P. S., enlisted July 4, '62; he was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63 ; he is still living. 

Setzer, J. H., enlisted July 4, '62. (See sketch.) 

Setzer, J. C, enlisted July 4, '62; he was missing; he is 
still living. 

Setzer, W. A., enlisted July 4, '62. (See sketch.) 



OF THE OIVIL WAR 



327 




HARVEY SETZER 

Harvey Setzer enlist- 
ed in Co. E. 57th Regi- 
ment, July 4th, 1862. 
He was captured Nov. 
7th, 1863, and died in a 
hospital, a prisoner, 
meeting the fate of 
many a young man of 
Catawba. 



William Setzer enlist- 
ed in Company C. 57 
Regiment in 1862. He 
was in five hard-fought 
battles. He was captur- 
ed and carried to Point 
Lookout and retained 
for sixteen months. He 
was at one time wound- 
ed. He is now living. 



328 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



Stowe, W. L., enlisted July 4, '32; he died in the war. 

Scronce, Logan, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he died since the 
war. 

Sipe, Sidney, enlisted -July 4, '62 ; he was taken prisoner 
May 22, '64; he died while in prison. 

Sipe, F. C, enl'sted July 4, '6^; he died since the war; 
he was a good soldier, and a good citizen. 

Witherspoon, J. H., enlisted July 4, '62; he died since 
the war; he was a good soldier. 

Witherspoon, M. C, enlisted January 1, '64; he died since 
the close of the war. 

Weaver, Daniel, enh'sted July 4, '62 ; he was taksn pris- 
oner November 7, '63 ; he d^ed since the war ; he was a good 
soldier. 

Wagonner, William, enlisted July 4, '62; he died in camp. 



PINKNEY SHUFORD 

Pinkney Shaford enlist- 
ed in Co. F. 57th N . C. 
Regiment May 10th, 
1862. He was elected 
4th Sergeant. 

He survived the war, 
and returning home en- 
gaged in farming near 
Wesley's Chapel. 
He was noted for his 
activity in Church mat- 
ters. He was a good 
citizen and noted for his 
piety. 

He died some ysars 
since, and was greatly 
missed in the community 
in which he lived. 




Yoder, J. M., enlisted July 4, '62 ; He was taken prisoner 
November 7, '63 ; he died since the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



329 



DAVID L. WARLICK 

David Logan Warlick 
enlisted in the 57th Re- 
giment in '62. He was 
once wounded and im- 
prisoned: returned home 
after the surrender and 
engaged in farming, 
since which time he 
died. Another excellent 
young man was not 
permitted to remain 
long in the country for 
which he sacrified. 




33(1 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

72XD REGIMENT. COMPAXY E, NORTH 
CAROLINA VOLUNTEERS 

This Company was cd npDsed of the seventeen year old 
bDys: nev^artheless. it was a ca.iioany, and deserves the same 
honor as the older companies. It was enlisted and officered 
fron the Coanty, and was. therefore, composed of noble 
sons. They were di'illed at Camp Vance, and had left theie 
when Stoneman made hi? raid into the Western part of the 
State. They were taken to Raleigh; then to Wilmington; 
then to Wrightsville. where they remained for some time. 
Then to Stony Creek; then to Tarboro; then to Fort Fisher. 
where they were nearly all captured, and taken to Washing- 
ton; then to Foit Del ware, from which prison they were 
sent home after Lee's surrender. In the battle at Fort 
Fisher, and other minor engagements, they manifested the 
spirit of a Tar-heel. -that means, they stood to their guns, 
and fought like well drilled men. All honor, say the old 
soldiers to those boys for acquitting themselves so bravely 
in the only hard fought battle in which they were engaged. 
Their record is short, since they were soon captured, and 
were not paroled until after the war. These are the facts 
as gathered from one of the officers of the Company. 



OFFICERS. 

Gaither. J. R.. Captain; enlisted May 21. "64; he was 
killed in Ne"«-ton. by a train. 

La^vrence, -J. M.. 1st Lieutenant; enlisted May 21. o4 ; 
he is living in Hickoiy. 

Bandy, J. M.. 2nd Lieutenant; enlisted May 21, "64; he 
■- r."w li\ing in Greensboro. X. C. 

XOX-COMMISSIOXED OFFICERS. 

Sniyre. J. F., ist Sergeant; enlisted May 21. "64; he is j 
now a merchant in Xewton, X. C. % 

Lore, G. M.. enlisted May 21, '(>4; he is li\-ing in Con- 
cord. X. C. 



OP" THE CIVIL WAR 



331 



Huett, N., 3rd Sergeant; enlisted May 21, '64; he is a 
Notary Public. 

Hawn, J. L., 4th Sergeant; enlisted May 21, '64; he died 
in 1900. 

Wyantt, T. H., 5th Sergeant ; enlisted May 21, '64 ; he is 
now living in Texas. 

Moser, R. A., 1st Corporal ; enlisted May 21, '64. 

Roney, W. P., 2nd Corporal; enlisted May 21, '64; he is 
still living, farming for a livelihood. 

Shuford, J. M., 3rd Corporal; enlisted May 21, '64. (See 
sketch and photo.) 

JOHN W. SHUFORD 

John W. Shuford en- 
listed in Co. E. 72 Regi- 
ment, and in the battle 
of Kingston was captur- 
ed.- On his return after 
9th of April, he engag- 
in farming on the old 
homestead. He finally 
moved to Hickory, and 
engaged in merchand- 
ising. He afterward 
retired to his lots on the 
out-skirts of the city, 
and engaged in trucking 
and fancy poultry. He 
makes these two pay 
well. He has served 
the county for a term 
of years as Commission- 
er—ever against his pro- 
test. He married Miss 
Alice Wilson, daughter 
of Maj. M. M. Wilson 
from which Union 
then were two sons and 
two daughters, the 

younger son being a most successful surgeon. He has recently com- 
pleted an up-to-date Hospital in the city of Hickory. The other son 
is the Senior Druggist of the city. 




Helton, J. W., 4th Corporal ; enlisted May 21, '64. 
sketch and photo.) 



(See 



332 



THE CATAWBA SOLDILR 



JOHN W. HELTON 

John W. Helton, a 
member of Company E. 
72nd Regiment of Junior 
Reserves, enlisted with 
the seventeen year old 
boys, and vi^as, with 
nearly all of them, cap- 
tured at Kinston, N. C, 
December 25th, 1864. 
He remained in prison 
until April or May, 1835. 
He became a farmer 
after the war, and also 
engaged in the manu- 
facture of jugs. 




PRIVATES. 

Abernethy, J., enlisted May 21, '64 ; he is still living. 

Angel, A., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Arndt, L. A., enlisted October 16, '64. 

Berry, M. N., enlisted May 21, '64. 

Bolick, G., enlisted December 2, '64. 

Bolick, C, enlisted January 4, '64; he is still living. 

Ballard, J. F., enlisted October 16, '64; he died in 1908. 

Burns, W., enlisted October 14, '64 ; he is still living. 

Bushbee, F. H., enlisted February 24, '64. 

Carpenter, A. A., enlisted May 24, '64 ; he was taken 
prisoner December 25, *64 at Point Lookout, and paroled 
January 17, '64. 

Childress, M. A., enlisted May 24, '64. 

Clay, E., enlisted November 24, '64; he is still living. 

Coulter, J. Summey, enlisted May 21, '64. (See sketch 
and photo.) 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



333 




J. SUMMEY COULTER 

J Summey Coulter en- 
listed as a Junior Re- 
serve, and hence is 
found in the 72 regi- 
ment. On Xmas day, 
1864, he was captured 
at Kingston, carried to 
Point Lookout, and 
paroled, therefrom. As 
he attempted to return, 
he found the enemy near 
his home; he kept in 
concealment with his 
father's stock until the 
enemy left. He engag- 
ed in farming, and like 
many others, made a 
success of it. 



L. A. BOLLINGER 

L. A. Bollinger join- 
ed Company E, 72nd 
Regiment Junior Re- 
serves and served out 
the term of enlistment, 
though the latter part 
was in prison He is 
still living, having spent 
all these years farming 
near Newton. 
In his calling he has 
been in the front, and 
has therefore succeeded. 
A good and respected 
citizen. 





:«4 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Cantrell. D. C. enli.-ted November 16. '64. 

Campbell. L. A., enlisted May 21. '64. 

Chester. C. enlisted January 20. '65. 

Christopher. D.. enlisted October 16. '64. 

Crawford. F. 0.. enlisted October 2. '64. 

Cranford. J. E., enlisted December 20. '64. 

Chapman. G. W.. enlisted May 21. '64. 

Cline. J. C. enlisted November 10. "64; he is still living. 

Drum. W. A., enlisted May 21. '64. 

Drum. J. M.. enlisted May 21. '64. 

Deal. J., enlisted May 21. '64; he is a mechanic. 

Duncan. W.. enlisted October 16, '64. 

Erwin. E. L.. enlisted May 21. '64. 

Edwards. G. W.. enlisted May 21. "64. 

Eskard. E.. enlisted January 5. '65. , - 

Frazier. F. A., enlisted May 21. '64. 

Finger. A., enlisted October 16. '64. 

Fry. A., enlisted October 30. '64. 

Graham, J. B.. enlisted May 21. '64: he is still living-. 

Gabriel. J., enlisted September 1. '64. 
Huffman. J. M.. enlisted May 21. '64: he died since the 
war. 

Hoke. Poly, enlisted May 21. '64: he is still living. 

Huffman. E., enlisted October 16, '64 : he is still living. 

Heavner, J., enlisted October 4. '64. 

Holler. S. S.. enlisted May 21. '64: he is still living. 

Harbison, H. M.. enlisted May 21. "64: he died at Point 
Lookout. 

Hauss. H.. enlisted May 21, "64. 

Harmon. S.. enlisted January 4, *65. 

Hart, J., enlisted December 20. '64. 

Isenhour, D., enlisted May 21, *64. 

Jarrett, J. F.. enlisted May 21, *64. (See sketch and 
photo. 1 

Jarrett, W. J., enlisted November 20. '64. 

Jones. \V.. enlisted November 20. "64: he died in Tarboro. 
N. C. during the war. 

Keever, C., enlisted May 21. "64. 

Little, Wilbur, enlisted — : he is still living. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



335 



JAMES JARRETT 

James F. Jarrett was 
a Junior Reserve of"the 
72 regiment, having en- 
listed May 21st, 1864. 
He together with nearly 
all of his company, was 
captured at Fort Fisher, 
near Wilmington, N. C. 
They were carried to 
Point Lookout; were re- 
leased on parole and re- 
turned home June 2(>, 
1865. He engaged in 
farming and lumbering, 
at which he acquired 
some means. He is still 
living at the age of 64. 




Lael, N., enlisted October 14, '64; he is still living. 

Leatherinan, S., enlisted November 20, '64; he is .still 
living. 

Leatherman, B., enlisted November 20, '64; he is still 
living. 

Mouser, J. W., enlisted May 21, '64. (See sketch and 
photo. ) 

Martin, H. T., enlisted October 16, '64; he is still living. 

Moore, J., enlisted October 9, '64. 

Miller, L., enlisted January 4, '65. 

Pope, J. D., enlisted May 21, '64. 

Reep, L., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Rowe, A. E., enlisted May 21, '64 ; he died since the war. 

Richie, J. M., enlisted October 14, '64. 

Randall, W., enlisted October 14, '64. 

Rockett, C, enlisted October 14, '64. 



336 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




J. W. MOUSER 

J. W. Mouser enlisted 
with the 17 year boys 
and served with them 
until captured at Kings- 
ton on Christmas Day 
1864. He remained in 
prison until the sur- 
render. On his return 
he engaged in farming, 
and has connected that 
with teaching in the 
public schools during the 
winter, and surveying- 
much for the general 
public. He is a worthy 
citizen and has done 
much to elevate the best 
interests of the county. 

He attended school 
sometime after the war 
in filling himself for 
teaching. He is now 
among the older teachers 
of the county and one 
among her best. 



D. MADISON WHI- 

TENER 
D. Madison Whitener 
enlisted with the seven- 
teen year old boys. Co. 

E. 72 Regiment. He 
was captured at Fort 
Fisher, taken to Camp 
Chase, and released on 
parole June 13th, 1865. 
On his return, like all 
other undaunted sold- 
iers, he laid hold upon 
the distaff and made a 
competency at farming 
ind manufacturing lum- 
ber. 

He has always been 
an industrious and 
peaceable citizen, and 
bids fair to live to a ripe 
old age. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



337 



Rudasill, C, enlisted May 21, '64; he was killed at Fort 
Fisher. 

Ehyne, A. M., enlisted May 21, '34; he died since the war. 

Shuford, W., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

SDeagle, D., enlisted May 21, '64; he is st'll living. 

Shook, W., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Shook, D., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Smith, J. F., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Smith, P., enlisted January 4, '65. 

Sherrill. A., enlisted May 21, '64. 

Simmors, C, enlisted May 21, '64: he is still living. 

Sigmon, J. C, enlisted October 14, '64; he is still l^'vincr. 

Settlemyre, M. P., enlisted May 24, '64 ; he is still living. 

Stine, Daniel, enlisted May 24, '64. 

Seagle, H., enlisted May 24, '64. 

Weaver, W., enlisted May 21, '64. (See sketch.) 



WILLIAM WEAVER 

In the year 1864, on 
the morning of Dec. 
25th, we were ordered 
to Fort Fisher. The 
Federal army opened 
fire on us at nine o'clock 
in the morning. We had 
no protection; the fort 
was full of men. We 
were face to face with 
our enemies. 

They threw shells at 
us fom nine o'clock in 
the morning until three 
in the afternoon, throw- 
ing at the rate of 60 per 
minute. Some of our 
men lost their lives in 
that fierce struggle. At 
three o'clock they land- 
ed and then 
fought with rifles. At 
seven that night, we 
were captured, and put 
on boats. We didn't 
see any land for four 




3« 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



days. We were on our way to Point Lookout, where we were put in 
prison and i<ept there until the surrender. 

Would like to tell of all I saw while in that terrible struggle, which 
was certainly trying. We were taking our Christmas in trying to save 
our lives, while others were enjoying good warm firesides and we were 
in misery with cold. 

It was hard for us then, but I am glad to ?ay that I am an old Con- 
federate soldier. The time is coming when there will not be any left to 
tell the story of the Civil war, so let us leave something to perpetuate 
our memory when we are gone. 

God bless ever old Confederate soldier. 

W Ikinson, W. H., enlisted May 21, '64; he is still living. 

Wilkinson, J., enlisted May 21, '64. 

Whitaker, J. W., enlisted Novembei 16, '64. 

Whitener, D. M., enlisted May 21, '64. 

Whitener, L. S., enlisted May 21, '64. (See sketch.) 

LABON S. WHI- 
TENER 

Born October 31, 1846; 
enlisted as a Junior Re- 
serve in Co. E. 72nd re- 
giment. He was cap- 
tured at Fort Fisher, 
Dae. 25th 1864, and im- 
prisoned at Point Look- 
out, Md. At the close 
of the war, he married 
Miss Amanda Catherine 
Abernethy, to which 
union there were born 
15 children— ten sons 
and five daughters — ten 
of -whom survive him. 
He was by trade a 
blacksmith, and was 
foreman of the Pied- 
mont Wagon Company 
from its beginning to 
his death — a period of 
twenty years. He was 
a ^devoted husband, a 
kind and gentle father. 
By faith, he was a Lu- 
theran, a leading, influential member of Holy Trinity Church. He pre- 
ferred church, service to club service Vvljich is by no means common. 
''Blessed is the man that walketh not in the council of the ungodly; nor 
standeth in the way of sinners; no sitteth in the seat of the scornful." 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 339 



SCATTERED LIST 

The follo'ving is a Roster culled from the four volumes 
of Moore's History of those who enlisted, or were sent by 
authority to other commands in the State, and a few who 
were absent from the State at the time of the outbreak of 
the war, and enlisted from other states, and who, after the 
war, returned to their native State and County. 

We are sorry that we got but little data from this list. 
In this Roster will be found many men who, we doubt not, 
made good records during their term of service, and after- 
wards returned and were active in the development of our 
County, and deserve a better record than we are able to 
give. 

SEVENTH REGIMENT 

j Barger, Joe, enlisted July 7, '61. No further record at 

command. 

i Setzer, Reuben, enlisted June 4, '61. Killed March 14, 

'62 at Newbern. 

EIGHTH REGIMENT 

Rogers, Woodson, enlisted March 21, '62. We can obtain 
nothing further of him. 

BRIM'S ARTILLERY. 

Abernethy, Frank, enlisted in March, '64, at the age of 
17 years, in the North Carolina Cavalry. 

Brown, S. C, enlisted in Arkansas ; he died at Monbo, 
N. C, in 1904. 

Bynum, M. P., enlisted in Arkanas; he returned to North 
Carolina, and is now living at Monbo, N. C. 

Cline, J. Rome. (See sketch and photo.) 

Canipe, John, enlisted, and died since the war. 

Davis, Fulbright, was killed in the wan 

Fulbright, Mark; he died in the war. 

Fulbright, Max, enlisted, and died in the war. 

Fulbright, Joseph, enlisted, and died in the war. 



340 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



J. ROME CLINE 

J. Rome Cline at the 
early age of seventeen, 
like thousands of our 
Southern youth, laid a 
side all his private am- 
bitions, bade farewell to 
his friends and loved 
ones, and took up arms 
to defend his native 
Southland. Hemarchei 
to the great conflict i 
defense of his count r 
with an undying devi' 
tion to her flag, and 
fought valiantly for the 
cause that was espoused 
by all the true and tried 
blood of the S.uth. 
Roman hearts never 
beat truer, nor did Spar- 
tan blood in acts evince 
greater intrepidness and 
loyalty for their country 
than did the Southern 
boys who gathered arms 
to defend her honor. 
The subject of this sketch was one of "The Boys." Mr. Cline says: 

"I joined Company B. Second North Carolina cavalry which was 
composed mostly of Iredell men. Let me say in their behalf, that they 
were as true in their deeds as any company. ^Soon after enlisting. I was 
chosen Orderly to Colonel Clinton Andrews and served him in this capa- 
city until he died shortly after receiving a mortal wound. As I stood by 
and saw his brave life go out like the candle before the blast, power- 
less to aid him, my heart was wrung with grief as I saw his eyes close 
in death and that noble heart cease beating forever. In his death. I lost 
a true and tried friend, and the Army a brave officer. 

I was on the raid against Shei-dian. who was marching into Rich- 
mond, in 1864. in an attempt to destroy the city and release the Federal 
prisoners on Belle Island. Also, I was constantly on duty against Grant 
in his campaign on the James River, and was thtn tii^rsferred to the 
South side of James river, operating on Grants left. In the raid made 
in the rear of Grant"..-; lines, I assisted in capturing 24S6 beeves below 
City Point, and we brought the entire herd of cattle into our lines. 

My company continued doing picket duty until Grant opened his 
campaign in 1865 in which we fought the battle of Chamberlin's Run. 
Here we were placed close to the ford of the creek awaiting the coming 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 341 

of General Custer from a prominent location overlooking the lines. Out 
before us could be seen thousands of troops. Then our company was 
dismounted, and we waded the creek, which was badly swollen, and we 
had a severe engagement that day, in which our loss was very heavy 
both in officers and men. My comrade, I. R. Abernethy, was wounded 
in that engagement. That evening we ran the enemy two miles and sat 
in our saddles all night, awaiting any emergencies that might develop. 

I was also in the battle at Five Forks and participated in an engage- 
ment at Namozine Church where the Yankees thoroughly routed us by 
overwhelmning numbers after which our forces were never reorganized. 
Here, General Barringer and various other officers were captured. In 
this engagement oua colorbearer. Arthur Ramsey, one of the brave 
boys in an effect to restore the chaotic conditions, carried the flag to 
General Roberts and said, "Major, will you stand by the flag"? Every- 
thing was demoralized, so much so that Major Roberts replied, 
"Ramsey, d— the flag, I don't want it" 

In the coming years, when all of us of the Southern Army have 
joined that army that will march on and on through Time eternal and as 
our posterity shall look upon the history of the Sons of the South who 
fought during that sanguinary conflict, they can know that, in their 
forefathers, there coursed the blood of those who were as brave as any 
who ever dared and died. 

Johnson, David; he is still living, 

Ritchie, John ; he was killed in the war. 

Sherrill, W. B., enlisted in a Texas Cavalry; he died in 
April, 1901. 

Smyre, Frank, enlisted in South Carolina ; he held a com- 
mission ; he died since the war. 

Wilfong, Charles, was made 1st Lieutenant in the Junior 
Reserves of the 72nd Regiment; he joined Miller's Cavalry 
at the close of the war; he was captured at Lenoir, N. C, 
and carried t6 Camp Chase, Ohio, where he died. 

Wilfong, G. Henry, enlisted in a Texas Cavalry; he died 
some years ago. 

Wilfong, John M., Lieutenant; enlisted in a Tennessee 
Cavalry. (See sketch.) 

WiLfong, V. P., enlisted in a Texas Artillery; he went 
West after the close of the war, where he has since died. 

Parlier, J. B., enlisted in Company B., 70th Regiment, 
(See sketch.) 

Lael, Adolphus B. (See sketch.) 

Sherrill, William B., enlisted in the 6th South Carolina 
Regiment. ^ . . 



842 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



JOHN MACON WIL- 
FONG 

John Macon Wilfong, 
3rd son of John Wilfong 
and Lavinia Summey, 
was born on Sept. 6th, 
1837, at hte "Rock 
House," he ancestral 
home of the Wilfongsof 
Catawba County, N. C. 

He went to Phila- 
delphia, Pa., in 1856 and 
engaged in business. On 
Sept. 6th, 1859, he was 
married to Susan Aber- 
nethy, also of Catawba 
County, N. C. 

At the beginning of 
the Civil War, he enlist- 
ed at Memphis, Tenn., 
under Gen. Forest. 
He belonged to the 
Cavalry, and later was 
made first Lieutenant 
He served throughout 
the war. 

In 1870, he moved to 
Sedalia, Mo., where he lived until his death, March 5th, 1875. 
Of this union, his wife and three children survive. 

Connor, Ro$well P., enlisted in the 6th North Carolina 
Regiment. (See sketch.) 

Lowrance, Alfred A. 

Witherspoon, Manse, enlisted in an Iredell County Com- 
pany ; he died at Manassas. 

Killian, A. A., enlisted in the Palmetto Sharpshooters. 
<See sketch.) 

Killian, D. E., enlisted in the Palmetto Sharpshooters. 

Settlemyre, Julius, enlisted in the Spartanburg Rifles ; he 
is still living. 

Hunsucker, Abel, enlisted in the 5th South Carolina 
Regiment; he io still living. 

Hunsucker, Martin. 

IITH REGIMENT, BETHEL. 

Hahn, C. S. (See sketch.) 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



343 



J. B. PARLIER 



I was seventeen years 
old when I was forced 
to join, being the last 
year of the war. Our 
Captain (Stevenson) 
ordered us to go to Camp 
Vance. There we were 
drilled for three weeks. 
General Kirk captured 
us and sent us to winter 
quarters. Late one 
evening, Gen. Kirk or- 
dered us out, burning 
down the headquarters; 
also the depot. 

We were then sent in 
a north direction, com- 
ing to the Catawba 
river, where 14 of us 
boys crossed the river in 
a bateau, all at the same 
time. It was about 12 
o'clock at night when 
we crossed. Kirk took 
us up o:i a high ridge, 
keeping us there a 
night, being guarded by Kirk's men. 

The next morning when we started to move, there were 28 Indians 
with Kirk, two Indians, to every twelve of us boys, in the line behind 
to guard us. We were again marched up on a high plane, Kirk riding 
back, giving orders to the Indians if any of us boys left the road three 
steps, to shoot us down. (Kirk was looking for the State Guards to attack 
him.) We had not gone very far when the Militia began on us. Here 
old Major Kirk was wounded; Here we all fled and ran upon a mountain, 
and here I go away. I went home, staying about a month and a half. 
When we went back, we were sent to Salisbury; there I guarded the 
Yankees during three weeks' garrison. The next time we moved, we 
went to Fort Fisher; here we fought three days. Here, they told me, 
260 shells fell in one minute, the Yankees firing with shot and shell in 
every direction. We were on the Island, i being one and a half miles 
wide. 

Null, John T., enlisted March 30, '62. 
Holsclaw, R., enlisted August 14, '62. 





344 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER OF 



ADOLPHUS D. LAIL 

Adolphus D. Lail, Mark 
Pope, Raneus Pope, 
Adley Hollar, Ncah 
McGee and Martin Hun- 
sucker all from Catawba 
County N. C, while 
working: in South Car 
olina, volunteered and 
joined the 5th and 6th 
S. C. Regiments. 

Adolphas D. Lail 
volunteered the first 
day of April 1861 and 
joined the 6th South 
Carolina Regiment. He 
was at the bombardment 
of Fort Sumpter. Then 
he was transferred to 
the army of Northern 
Virginia in time to par- 
ticipate in the first bat- 
tle of Manassas. He 
was with the army of 
Virginia in the Mary- 
land campaign in 1862, 
and was at the battle of 

Fredricksburg. Then he went with Longstreets corps and was in the 
battle of Chickamagua in 1863. Then rejoined the army in Virginia in 
time to paiticipat? in the battle of the Wilderness, also the ergagtmcnt 
at Spotsylvania Court House, and was at the entire seige of Petersburg. 
He was captured twice, first when wounded at Williamsburg he was 
taken a prisoner and carried to Washington and exchanged. The next 
time he was captured on the retreat from Richmond to Appomattox, on 
the 7th of April, 1865, and then taken to Newport News as a prisoner. 
He was wounded three times, first at Williamsburg, next at Sharps- 
burg, and lastly at Spottsylvania Court House. He came home and has 
f jllowad the pursuit of agriculture, living the life of a worthy citizen. 
(The above picture is that of P. C. Lail and not Adolphus. The picture 
of Adolphus appears in another company with the sketch of P. C. Lail. 
We are very sorry of this error, but it came to our notice too late for 
correction.) —Author. 

12TH REGIMENT. 

Miller, A. P., enlisted irom Newton with the 17-year-old 
boys in Company F., 12th Regiment ; he was a good soldier ; 
he is living in Kansas, and doing well. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



345 



R. P. CONNOR 

Rowell P. Connor en- 
listed for services dur- 
ing April 1861 in a Com- 
pany from Burke 
County, and was a mem- 
ber of Company D. 6th 
North Carolina Regi- 
ment, which was or- 
ganized at the Company 
Shops, now Burlington, 
N. C. He was orderly 
Sergeant of the Com- 
pany during the whole 
period of his service, 
From Burlington they 
went to Raleigh to Win- 
chester Virginia, and 
then down to the first 
battle of Manassas in 
which they participated. 
He then went with his 
Company to Richmond 
and participated in the 
seven days Fight. From 
there they marched to 
the second battle of 
Manassas in which he was killed. 

Catawba County gave to the Confederate army several hundred 
magnificent soldiers, and from among this number the name of Rowell 
P. Connor stands out preemimently as one of the best and bravest. In 
the very prime of young manhood, he was killed in defending the homes 
and hearthstones of his own people. 

Towering monuments nor earthly restitution can ever recompense 
them, but as long as there is a true Southern heart, the names and deeds 
of such as the above will live in memory, imperishable as the stars. 

Miller, G. P., enlisted from Newton in the 12th Regi- 
ment, with the 17-year-old boys; he was a faithful soldier, 
and after the surrender, he moved to Kansas, where he 
now lives. 

Propst, J. H., enlisted June 17, 62 in Company C, 12th 
Regiment. 

Brock, H. N., enlisted in May, '64 in Company — , 12th 
Regiment. 




346 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



ALFRED A. KILLIAN 

I was born April 17th, 
1836, near Startown, 
was reared in this 
county on the farm, 
until 1854. I then went 
to South Carolina to 
work at the Carpenters' 
trade. I was there when 
the war commenced. I 
enlisted in Co. A. 5th 
S. C. Regiment., which 
left Union, S. C, on 
April 9th, 1861. 

We got to Charleston 
just in time to hear 
them salute their colors, 
as they were taking 
them down at the time 
of the Surrendar of 
Fort Sumpter. We were 
on Sullivan's Island 
about two months; then 
we went to Virginia and 
were in the first and 
second battles of Manas- 
sas, or Bull run; then 

the Seven Pines; then the Seven Days' Battle around Richmond, and 
many others— about thirty in all, — besides skirmishes and bombard- 
ments. I was in all the battles that my regiment was and never wound- 
ed once. 

At the Battle of Gains Mill, or Cold Harbor, after a hard battle, 
we broke through the Yankee lines and passed the 16th Michigan Regi- 
ment. They rolled up their co lars and undertook to march out refusing 
to unfurl their colors. We fired into them and killed and wounded the 
whole regiment, except about 20. We heard nothing more from that 
regiment until the surrender, when we stacked our arms in front of 
them at Appomattox. 

I knew one young man who went into one of these Bomb Proofs at 
Petersburg the night of the Blow Up. He wasn't near enough to be 
blown up, but the dirt fell all over him and covered him. He heard a 
dim noise like shouting; he indertook to get out, but could not. He took 
his bayonet and dug until he could see the Yankee troops; then he pulled 
back and waited until they were driven away. Then he came out. 

We went through some of the hardest battles in Virginia. The 
reason the Union army could not get to Richmond in '62, was: Because 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



347 



they had— a Lane to go through; a Branch to cross; two Hills to climb a 
Picket to pass; a rough Field to get over, and a Long street to reach 
the end of. With all this trouble in front and a Stonewall in the rear, 
they had to take to the James river. 

CHRISTIAN S. HAHN 
. Christian S. Hahn 
enlisted in the 11th 
feethel Regiment under 
Capr. Haynes in 1862 
When quite a boy, he 
entered the tannery at 
Lincolnton, N. C, where 
he served as an appren- 
tice, from which place 
he enlisted. He was 
severely wounded in four 
places at the battle of 
Gettysburg, and mained 
for life. Immediately 
after the war, he went 
west to Missouri and 
went into business, at 
which place he married. 
He raised a large family 
of unusually intelligent 
children, all of whom are 
doing well. After the 
death of his wife, his 
health, which was never 
good, commenced to fail 
rapidly, and although he 

went from place to place in hopes of gaining strength, he continued to 
grow worse, and in 1908, he quietly fell asleep, -the sleep that knows no 
waking. He was a good, quiet Christian man. 

"Soldier, Rest! Thy warfare' o'er, 

Sleep the sleep that knows no breaking; 

Dream of battle fields no more, 

Days of danger-nights of waking." 

Chapman, W. L., enlisted in April, '61 ; he was promoted 
1st Sergeant, and was once wounded. 

Huffman, A. F., enlisted April 1, '64 in Company F., 
]2th Regiment. 

Home, W. W., enlisted in April, V4 in Company E., 12th 
"Regiment. 

Ingold, F. F., enlisted March 24, '64; he was wounded 
May 9, '64. 




348 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



FRANKLIN SETZER 

The subject of this 
sketch was born in that 
section bf Lincoln which 
was afterward formed 
into Catawba county. 
He came of that sturdy 
Dutch stock which, then 
as now, made up a larg-e 
portion of its citizens. 
He voted against seces- 
sion, the Wi iter of this 
sketch having often 
heard him make men- 
tion of that fact. He 
joined the Army of the 
Confederacy as a pri- 
vate in 1863, becoming 

member of Company 
"D" 49th Regiment 
North Carolina Cavalry, 
and remained in the ser- 
vicb till the close of the 
wai*. His first service 
was in the mountains of 
Western North Carolina 
and East Tennessee. 

One of the most interesting reminiscenses the writer ever heard him re- 
late was one of the capture, in East Tennessee mountains, of a Scouting 
party of which he was a member and which was commanded by General 
Robert Vance. 

The, scouting party had gone from Ashevilleto Seviersville, in Sevier 
county, Tennessee, where they captured a train of wagons and their 
drivers. On their return trip, they were pursued and overtaken by 
Federal soldiers, who greatly outnumbered the scouting party. After a 
stubborn resistance of a few moments duration, it was seen that the only 
way to escape certain death or capture was in fli4ht. The Yankeys re- 
t\)ok all the scouting party had captured the day before in men and 
booty, save one man, who with Franklin Setzer and six of his comrades, 
escaped up the side of a steep, rugged mountain. In addition, about 
forty members of the scouting party were taken prisoners, among which 
number was General Vance. 

Immediately following th£ above incident, he was orderedto Raleigh, 
and in the spring of 1864 was sent into Virginia, and took part in the 
s,trife on the bloody battle fields about Richmond, Petersburg^ Drury's 
Bluff and others memorable for the slaughter of thousands, and as mark- 
ing the closing scenes of the war. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



349 



He was scrupulously honest, an uncompromising Baptist, and a life- 
Ion? D3mocrat. The old soldier no,v peacefully sleeps on the hill-top, 
overlooking the acres for which he toiled. 

GEO. W. COCHRAN 

Among the thousands 
of young men who re- 
sponded to the call of 
the South in the sixties 
were four brothers from 
Catawba county: — Wil- 
liam, George Washing- 
ton Francis Marion and 
John T. Cochran, sons 
of Daniel Cochran, who 
was in turn the son of 
Daniel Cochran, a sold- 
ier of the Revolution. 
William and John enlist- 
ed in the cavalry; Geo. 
W. and Francis M. join- 
ed the infantry. The 
first two came through 
the war uninjured, but 
George W. lost a leg 
and Francis M. was 
killed at the battle of 
Chancellorsville, and his 
body never seen. These 
two were twins and the 
unspeakable grief of the 
surviving one may be imagined. 

Whan thi war broke oat, Gaorge W. was serving an apprenticeship 
with the late Daniel Finger, at his tanyard in Lincoln county; and until 
Mr. Finger released him, he could not enlist. As nocompany was form- 
ing in Catawba at the time of his release, he and his twin brother join- 
ed an Alexander company, at Statesville, and became members of Com- 
pany G, 37th North Carolina Volunteers, about the 1st of October, 186L 
Their age was 21 years. They took their baptism of fire at New Berne, 
and until Chancellorsville served faithfully and bravely. There one met 
a soldier's death, breast to the foe, and the other lost his leg. 

For 11 years after the war, he suffered from his wounds, but even- 
tually recovered. He served 16 years as register of deeds of Catawba 
county, and was honored and esteemed by his fellow citizens for his 
generous and kindly disposition and his sterling honesty. He married 
Miss Laura Puette of Caldwell county and reared a family of seven 
children. March 15, 1908. he passed away at his home in Newton, and 
was buried in that town. 




350 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



He was born September 3, 1840. in Stokes (now Yadkin) county, 
where his grandfather settled when he moved from London County, Va. 
In 1850 his father moved to the Perkins "Brick House" place, on the 
Catawba river, three milas from ths town of Catawba, and there the 
family lived until the children were grown and were married. 

T. B. LITTEN 
T. B. Litten, 5th Ca- 
lvary, left North Car- 
olina in the year 1859, 
and went to Missouri. 
In May 1861. he entered 
service in Co. B. under 
Capt. Jackson, the Com- 
pany belonging to the 
4th Missouri Regiment, 
commanded by Briga- 
dier Jeff. Thompson. 
He received a discharge 
and came back to North 
Carolina and went into 
service in the above 
named Company and 
Regiment In 1862, where 
he served faithfully and 
bravely until the sur- 
render. He was, during 
the service, a good deal 
of his time, a scout and 
Courier for Gen. Barr- 
inner and others. 

In the raid of Jack 
Shops, his command was 

ordered to charge and he being ahead of the rest, ran upon five Yankees 
whom he ordered to surrender; they threw down their guns and he pick- 
ed them up, marched them back, and turned them over to the Infantry, 
and then turned and joined his command. When he captured them, 
there were none of his command in sight. 

At another time, while out on a scout for Gen. Barringer, he saw 
two Yankees enter a house, and he put spurs to his horse, ran up to the 
house and ordered them to surrender, which they did. He then took 
them back to Gen. Barringer's Headquarters. For this brave act, the 
General gave him a furlough. 

At other times 'vhile scouting, he was in some very close places, 
but was successful m getting through with but a very slight wound; but 
he never left the field until the surrender. 

He was a brave and fearless soldier. He was in all the battles 
that his command was in from beginning to end. 

He is still living, and is a good citizen. May he live long. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



351 





J. A. ROBINSON 

Ex-Sheriff, J. A. Rob- 
inson, one of the coun- 
ty's best and most wide- 
ly known citizens, died 
at his home here early 
Tuesday morning. He 
had been in feeble health 
for sometime, but was 
confined to his bed only 
since Saturday after- 
noon. 

John Alfred Robinson 
was a member of the 
noted Robinson family 
which has been conspici- 
ous for the number of 
prominent men and good 
women it has furnished 
to Lincoln and Catawba 
Counties during the last 
century. Some months 
ago we published an in- 
teresting sketch of this 
noted family, written 
by Mr. Yoder, the Ca- 
tawba county philosopher and historian. 

Mr. Robinson was born in Lincoln county, north of Reepsville, Oc- 
tober 29, 1832. In his early manhood he taught for sometime in this 
and Catawba counties. He spent two years in Alabama just before the 
war. When the war between the States was declared, he returned to 
North Carolina, and volunteered in Co. E, 32 Reg. of Catawba county of 
which Cheswell Wilson was Captain, and was promoted to 1st Lieuten- 
ant. The hardships of camp and field life were too great for him and 
his health gave away. He was sent home on sick leave and finally was 
honorably discharged on account of ill-health. His health, however, 
improved and he again volunteered and served until the surrender. He 
made a splendid record as a soldier. He was brave and gallant and 
faithful and, as one of his comrades remarked to The Journal the day 
he died, "he was one of the best soldiers in the Confederate army." 

Returning home after the war, he engaged in teaching and followed 
that profession until he was elected sheriff of this county in 1872. He 
was the first Democratic sheriff elected in Lincoln county after the war, 
and defeated sheriff King, an unusually strong man, in one of the most 
exciting campaigns the county ever had. He served as sheriff for four 
terms— from 1872 to 1880— and was a member of the Board of County 
Commissioners both before and after his term as sheriff, and his record 



352 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

is that of one of the best, most efficient and faithful officers the county 
ever had. While sheriff he had many exciting experiences in breaking 
up gangs of rowdies and law-breakers, but his fearlessness and energy 
soon ridded the county of these toughs. 

After his term as sheriff he engaged in merchandising for a short 
time, but for a number of years before his death ill-health forced him to 
retire from active business. 

He was married to Miss Nancy F. Rhodes, of this county, on Dec- 
ember 17, 1865, and she with the four sons born to them survive him. 
Of these sons, Robert B. Robinson is a prominent business man in 
Dallas, Texas; Henry t^. Robinson is one of Lincolton's leading mer- 
chants; David W. Robinson is one of the leading lawyers of this 
judicial district, and Charles E. Robinson is a prominent business man 
at Hiltmore, occupying a responsible position in the management of the 
great Vanderbilt estate — all of them useful, influential and respected 
men. 

Mr. Robinson was laid to rest Wednesday in the churchyard at 
Daniel's, of which church he was a member, and notwithstanding the 
inclemency of the weather, a large concourse of friends were present. 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, of Hickory, conducted the services. 

Sheriff Robinson was distinguished for his candor and courage. He 
was an uncompromising Democrat and and an indefatigable party 
worker. He was a good man, a useful citizen, a faithful public servant, 
a brave soldier and a kind husband and father. We tender our sympa- 
thy to the bereaved housahold. — The Lincoln Journal, Nov. 18, 1910. 

Miller, A. P., enlisted April 12, '64 in Company E., 12th 
Regiment. 

Miller, Robert, enlisted April 12, '64 in Company E., 12th 
Regiment. 

Moose, G. R., enlisted April 12, '64. 

Scronce, George, enlisted March 12, '64. 

Webb, P. P., enlisted April 5, '64 in Company E., 12th 
Regiment. 

Wycoff, J. L., enlisted March 12, '64 in Company E., 12th 
Regiment. 

18th REGIMENT. 

Beattie, Calvin, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he was wounded 
September 17, '63 at Sharpsburg; we have no further news 
of him. 

Beattie, Wilburn, enlisted August 14, '62, 

Beattie, Cephas, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he was made 
prisoner on May 12, '64. 

Barkley, John, enlisted August 14, '62; we have 
no further information concerning him. "'"■' 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



353 



JOHN T. COCHRAN 

John T. Cochran was 
born at the old homj- 
place in Y&dkin in 1846. 
He volunteered before 
he was 18 years old and 
joined a company sta- 
tioned at Camp Vance, 
in which his brother, 
L. William Cochran was 
first Lieutenant. The 
company operated in 
Western North Carolina 
hunting deserters and 
bushwhackers until 1864 
when it was ordered to 
Raleigh. It was then 
disbanded and assigned 
to the Army of North- 
ern Virginia. The two 
brothers joined the First 
North Carolina Cavalry, 
Company D, then stati- 
oned near Petersburg. 
From then on both 
calvarymen had all they 
wanted of war and came 

home after the surrender fully convinced that what Sherman said abont 
war was not exaggerated. Numerous tragic and humorous incidents 
might be related from, their experiences. John T. Cochran married 
Miss Dorcas L. Sherrill in 1869, and one child, now Mrs. Beulah Hill, 
blessed their union. Mr. Cochran now lives at Leslie, S. C. 

His brother, L. W. Cochran, the oldest of the family, married Miss 
Mary Jane Reinhardt, and five boys were born to them. More than 20 
years ago they moved to the state of Washington, where Mrs. Cochran 
died. Now more than four score years, the old soldier lives quietly in 
his adopted home, far from the scenes of his youth rnd the battle fields^ 
where he fought bravely for the "cause of the storm cradled nation that 
fell." 

It is with a thrill of pride that the children of these three soldiers 
and the relatives of the one buried in an unknown Virginia grave, remem- 
ber that not one of them ever shirked a duty as a soldier, and that all 
four fought for Dixie until death or wounds came or until General Lea 
surrendered. And after the war, the three surs-ivors did their duty as 
citizens and earnest laborers in the upbuilding of the South as they had 
when they fought against the Army of the Potomac. 




354 



TIE CATAWBA SOLE lER 



JOHN JOHNSON 

I left home August 
-n I. 1862, arriving at 
Statesviile, N. C, on 
the 3rd. I was drilled 
there for two weeks in 
Co. A. 18 Rfgirctnt ard 
went from there direct 
to Richmond. Memor- 
anda from this time 
until October 12th, is 
lost, and I cannot give 
details from memory. 
On October 12th, we re- 
crossed the Potomac, 
having, in the mean- 
time, taken part in the 
capture of Harper's 
Ferry. I was in the 
fights of Sharpsburg, 
and Shepards t ow n. 
Frazier's Farm, Ma- 
lvern Hill, Manassas 
Junction, Hagerstown, 
Antietam and Frede- 
ricksburg. I was also 
in the battle of Chancel- 

lorsville; but was sick in the hospital at Lynchburg during the fight at 
Gettysburg. On my recovery, I took part in the Wilderness fight. V^ as 
also in the fights at Turkey Ridge, Spottsylvania and at Petersburg. 
After this date, I was not in any other important engagement, and sur- 
rendered with the original command at Appomattox. 

Bandy, H. L., enlisted August 14, '62; he was missing 
August 16, '64. 

Barringer, H. A., enlisted August 14, '62; he died in No- 
vember, '62. 

Crawford, R. A., enlisted August 14, '62 ; he was missing 
in the latter part of '62. 

Bellinger, J, J., enh'sted August 14, '62. 

(Many of the above Company were from our community, 
and soon after the assignment to the 18th Regiment, they 
were ushered into the Maryland campaign, and were unable 
to endure its hardships.) 

Deal, Jacob, enlisted August 14, '62; he died during the 




war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



355 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH 
MEHEFFY BOST 

The subject of this 
sketch was born near 
Newton, N. C. Bost 
moved to Spartanburg, 
S. C. Previous to the 
Civil war, he had a nice 
home, and good busi- 
ness. The war came on 
in 1861; he volunteered, 
and soon became Capt. 
of the Morgan Rifles, 
and his Co. was attach- 
ed to the "Holcomb Le- 
gion," and for sometime 
was in the army of 
Tenn., but later was 
transferred to the army 
of Northern Va. Capt. 
Bost was always at the' 
post of duty. From 
Vicksburg to Sharps- 
burg where he was 
wounded, he marched 
with his brave men from 
place to place until near ' 

Petersburg, Va. on June the 29th 1864, he received a wound from which 
he died on July 1st, 1864; his brave spiiit left the body and entered 
into the eternal camping ground beyond. His army comrades sent his 
body to Newton, N. C, and it was buried in the Cemetery there. His 
property was sacrificed for confederate money, and what his widow en- 
dured is sufl[icient to place her name along with the bravest of soldiers. 
J.W.Garrett, a soldier in Capt. B's. Co says; "Capt. J. M. Bost a brave 
true, and loveable man" on the R. R. to Petersburg fell at his post." 
That is eulogy enough. 

Deal, William, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died in the war. 

Deal, Quinnon, enlisted August 14, '62; he died during 
the war. 

Fisher, Barnett, enlisted August 14, '62; he died Novem- 
ber 18, '62, (We are informed by witnesses that, as a 
punishment for being sick, he was made to stand upon a 
stump, from which he fell dead. As a general rule, our 
officers were kind and merciful towards their men, but we 
had tyrants, and here is an example.) 




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OF THE CIVIL WAR 



357 



D. A. LANIER 

D. A. Lanier enlisted 
in Co. E. 58th Regiment 
N. C. Troops. He was 
a faithful soldier. Ht 
was wounded twice; once 
in the battle of Chica- 
mauga Creek, and again 
in front of Atlanta, Ga. 
His last wound caused a 
lameness, from which 
he has suffered ever 
since. 

He was honorably dis- 
chai'ged from the field 
services, but remained 
in the Confederate ser- 
vice in the Medical de- 
partment until the war 
closed. 

He was one of six 
.brothers, four of whom 
were lost in the war. 
He has taught school, 
and been preaching in 
the M. E. Church for a 
number of years. 

His modesty forbids his own write up. 
He returned home June 20, 1865, and is one of our best citizens. 

Hawn, Joseph, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died since tho 
war, 

Huntley, J, H. enlisted August 14, '62; he was found to 
be missing. 

Hull, M. F., enlisted August 14, "62; he was wounded 
]May 2, '62 ; he is still living. 

Herman. M. M., enlisted August 14, '62; he died durhi.c;- 
the war. 

Herman, Benjamin, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died No- 
vember 2, '62. 

Huffman, S. A., enlisted August 14, '62; he died but 
recently. 

Holler, Lawson, enlisted October 5, '64; we have no fur- 
ther account of him. 




358 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 






WALLACE P. SHU- 
FORD 

Wallace P. Shuford 
was born Nov. 7th 1842 
in Catawba county, 
N. C. 

He enlisted in Co. B. 
42 Regiment. He was 
engaged in the following 
battles — Burmuda Hun- 
dreds, second Coal Har- 
bor, Siege of Peters- 
burg, second battle of 
Kingston, Fort Fisher 
and Bentonville. 

He surrendered at 
High Point under Gen. 
Joe C. Johnson April 6, 
LS65. 

Soon after his return 
home, he married Emma 
E. Ramsour, Oct. 8, 
1866, and moved to Ark- 
ansas, and engaged in 
business at Hamburg, 
Ashley Co. In 1882 he 
moved to Fort Smith, 
where he still x-esides with his children six in number. 

Ickard, W. A., enlisted August 14, '62; he was killef' 
May 2, '63 at Chancellorsville. 

Lanier, Joseph, enlisted August 14, '62. 

Lanier, Jacob, enlisted August 14, '62. 

(The two above met a sad fate, unjustly.) 

Lafon, Daniel, enlisted September 8, '62. 

Lutz, John B., enlisted October 5, '64; he is living near 
Hickory, and is a prosperous dairyman. 

Lutz, Laban, enlisted October 8, '64 ; he died since the 
war. 

McCaslin, William, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died Jan- 
uary 8, '63. 

Pollard, Samuel, enlisted September 8, '62; we have no 
further account of him. 

Pope, Frederick, enlisted August 14, '62; we have no 
further account of him. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 359 



DANIEL KEEVER 

Daniel Keever enlist- 
ed in the 4th N. C. Re- 
giment of Cavalry, 
(Morgan's) in 1864, and 
served to its close. On 
his return, he engaged 
in various manufactur- 
ing enterprises, mer- 
chandising, and, finally 
drifted to the farm. In 
order to educate his 
children, he moved to 
Hickory in 1S91, where 
his sons are now in busi- 
ness. 

He is, and ever has 
been, every bodies' 
friend. He is now in his 
79th year, -a Christian, 
a philanthropist, a man 
without an enemy, a- 
waiting the final sum- 
mons, "Come up High- 
er". 



Pope, Franklin, enlisted August 14, '62. 

Pollard, Noah, enlisted August 14, '62; he died in the 
same year. 

Rhyne, Eli S., enlisted August 14, '62; he was wounded 
and taken prisoner in July, '63 ; he was promoted Corporal 
and detailed ; he died since the war. 

Starnes, David, enlisted August 14, '62; he died in prison 
September 15, '64. 

Scronce, C. B., enlisted August 14, '62. 

Scronce, Andrew, enlisted August 14, '62; we have no 
further account of him. 

Sigmon, W. B., enlisted August 14, '62. 

Sigmon, L. K., enlisted August 14, '62; he died Novem- 
ber 1, '62. 

Workman, L. H., enlisted September 8, '62; no further 
account of him. 




360 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



PINKNEY D. 
LICK 



WAR- 




Pinkney D. Warlick 
enlisted in the 12th 
Tennessee Infantry and 
was made a commission- 
ed officer, and being 
ODmmissianed, ha was 
allowed to go to a differ- 
ent command at the 
time of reorganizion, 
and came back to North 
Carolina Calvary ser- 
vice. 

By profession, he was 
a contractor and farmer. 
He died at Humboldt, 
Tenn. 

We are indebted Mrs. 
to Dr. J. T. Johnson, of 
this city, for the photo 
graphs and sketches o! 
four of her uncles. 



Weaver, David, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died Decem- 
ber 25, '62. (He was one of the most moral men it har^ 
ever been our lot to know ) 

Weaver, Adam, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died Decem- 
ber 11, '62. 

Weaver, S. M., enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died Novem- 
ber 30, '62. 

20TH REGIMENT. 

Fry, J. G., enlisted April 3d, '63 ; he was wounded in '64 

Starr, John C, enlisted March 18, '62 ; he died during t^o 
war. 

Thornburg, D. M.. enlisted April 3, '63; he died June 
17, '63. 

Vaughn, W. S., enlisted April 3, '63; he was wounded 
May 3, '63 at Chancellorsville. 

Wood, John, enlisted April 3, '63; he died June 14, '63 
at Richmond. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 361 

Young, John, tnlisted April 3, '63; he was taken prisoner 
on July 1, '63 at Gettysburg. 

22ND REGIMENT. 

Bruner, James, enlisted March 25, '63 ; we have no fur- 
ther record of him. 

Burrus, W. P., enlisted April 30, '61 ; we have no further 
record of him. 

23RD REGIMENT. 

Barger, Hosea, enlisted September 6, '62 ; he was wound- 
ed at Chancellorsville; he died since the war. 

Campbell, John, enlisted September 6, '62; missing. 

Eades, J. N., enlisted September 6, '62; he was taken 
prisoner at Gettysburg. 

Eckard, William, enlisted September 6, '62. 

Eddleman, H. M., enl'sted September 6, '62; missing. 

Fisher, James C., enlisted January 21, '61 ; he died April 
2, '63 in Virginia. 

- Gabriel, Abram, enlisted June 22, '61 ; no further ac- 
count can we get of him. 

Gabriel, Alonzo, enlisted June 22, '61 ; he was missing 
July 1, '63. 

Gabriel, Monroe, enlisted June 22, '61 ; he was wounded 
July 1, '63 at Malvern Hill; he died in 1908. 

Hauss, R. M., enlisted September 6, '62; he was taken 
])risoner at Gettysburg. 

Hayes, Jackson, enlisted September 6, '62. 

Herman, Peter, enlisted September 6, '62. 

Keever, Milton, enlisted September 6, '62. 

Killian, A. L., enlisted September 6, '62; he died Feb- 
ruary 14, '63 at Lynchburg. 

Little, James B., enlisted August 20, '62; he died while 
at Richmond. 

Little, George W., enlisted June 20, '61 ; he died at Mount 
Jackson. 

Lafawn, Daniel, enlisted August 14, '62; missing. 

Longcryer, Paul, enlisted September 6, '62 ; he died May 
12, '63 at Lynchburg. 

Mathis, James, enlisted August 20, '62; he was killed 



362 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

July 1, '63 at Gettysburg. 

Mathis, Daniel, enlisted September 6, '62; detailed. 

McCaslin, William, enlisted August 14, '62; he died Jan- 
nary 8, '63. 

McCall, Joseph, enlisted June 22, '61 ; he died April 10, 
'62 at Richmond. 

Munday, Josiah, enlisted June 22, '61 ; he was wounded, 
and died December 21, '64. 

Moore, W. M., enlisted September 6, '62; he died October 
6, '62 at Bunker's Hill. 

Mull, D. F., enlisted September 6, '62; he died January 
13, '63 at Fredericksburg. 

Mull, Jacob, enlisted September 6, '62 ; he was wounded 
and taken prisoner at Gettysburg; he is still living. 

Parker, J. F., enlisted September 6, '62. 

Pollard, Daniel, enlisted September 8, '62. 

Pollard, Noah, enlisted September 8, '62 ; he died the 
same year. 

Pope, Franklin, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he is still living. 

Pope, Frederick, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he is now dead. 

Punch, J. L., enlisted September 6, '62 ; he was taken 
prisoner at Gettysburg ; he died since the war. 

Roney, A. J., enlisted September 6, '62; he died in the 
war, 

Scronce, Andrew, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died since 
the war. 

Scronce, C. B., enlisted August 14, '62; he is now dead. 

Sigmon, W, D,, enlisted August 14, '62, 

Sigmon, L. K., enlisted August 14, '62; he died Novem- 
ber 1, '62. 

Starnes, David, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died while in 
prison, September 15, '64, 

Turner, P. L., enlisted September 6, '62; he was once 
wounded. 

Turbyfield, Francis, enlisted June 22, '61; he was wound- 
ed at Gettysburg. 

Weaver, Adam, enlisted August 14, '62; he died Decem- 
ber 11, '62. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 363 

Weaver, David, enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died Decem- 
ber 25, '62. 

Weaver, S. M., enlisted August 14, '62; he died Novem- 
ber 30, '62. 

Workman, L. H., enlisted September 8, '62; he was killed 
fit Bramley's Station. 

Young, John, enlisted September 6, '62 ; he was taken a 
prisoner at Gettysburg; he died during the war. 

Yoder, Andrew, enlisted in '62. 

26TH REGIMENT. 

Burke, James, enlisted September 28, '62 ; we have no 
further data concerning him. 

Seagle, Noah, enlisted September 28, '62; he was killed 
in the war. 

Wyant, S. W., enlisted September 28, '62; he died Sep- 
tember 27, '64. 

Whisnant, Marcus, enlisted in '62. 

Holler, Max., enlisted in '62. 

Sigmon, Jack, enlisted in '62. 

(The last three above named men went to the Western 
army by choice. They were three brave men.) 

29TH REGIMENT. 

Mauney, Wallace, enlisted August 17, '61 ; he died Aug- 
ust 12, '63. 

37TH REGIMENT. 

Cline, Rufus, enlisted in July, '61 ; was taken prisoner at 
Gettysburg. 

Cochran, G. W. (See sketch.) 

Cochran, Francis M. (See sketch.) 

Dellinger, Marcus, enlisted during the early part of the 
war; he is now living in the West; he was a good soldier, 
and also is a good citizen. 

38TH REGIMENT. 

Hoke, Donald, Quarter-Master Surgeon ; he lost an arm 
in the war; he is still living. 



364 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Rabards, Horace A., Quarter-Master; enlisted February 
18, '62; he retired April 21, '62. 

42ND REGIMENT. 

Burrus, — ; he was said to be a good soldier by his com- 
rades. 

Brock, H. M., enlisted May 2, '64; we have no further 
record of him. 

Chapman, W. L., enlisted April 22, '61 ; he was promoted 
to 1st Sergeant; he was wounded in battle; he died since 
the war. 

Cobb, R. F., Musician ; he is living in Taylorsville, N. C. 

Carpenter, D. E. F., enlisted March 8, '62; he is still 
living. 

Finger, J. M., enlisted February 27, '62 ; he died since the 
war ; he was a good citizen, and a successful farmer. 

Fry, J. P., enlisted February 27, '62 ; he was wounded by 
the loss of an arm. 

Harmon, Adolphus, was promoted 3rd Sergeant ; he prov- 
ed a good soldier throughout the war. 

Huffman, A. F., enlisted April 1, '64; he is still living, 

Isenhour, David, enlisted March 8, '62; he is still living; 
he made an excellent soldier. 

Isenhour, John, enlisted March 8, '62 ; he, too, was an- 
other good soldier ; he is still living. 

Lowrance, J. M., enlisted March 8, '62; he is living in 
Texas. 

McGee, Hosea, enlisted March 13, '62; he was Brigade 
Mail-Carrier. 

McGee, M. M., enlisted March 13, '62; he is now living 
in Pan Handle, Texas ; he was a Courier for General Kirk- 
man. 

Miller, John, enlisted March 20, '62 ; we are unable to 
get any further account of him. 

Moose, G. R., enlisted April 12, '64. 

Propst, J. A., enlisted June 7, '64 ; we have no further 
account of him. 

Reese, George, enlisted February 27, '62 ; he was a splen- 
did soldier; he died since the war. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 365 

Reese, Calvin, enlisted February 27, '62 ; he was a good 
soldier ; he died since the war. 

Simmons, E., enlisted February 27, '62; he is still living. 

Shuford, Wallace, enlisted February 27, '62. (See sketch.) 

Shuford, Avery, enlisted February 27, '62. 

Scronce, Joy, enlisted March 3, '64 ; we have no further 
account of him. 

Sipe, Jacob, enlisted February 27, '62 ; he is still living. 

Sipe, John, enlisted February 27, '62 ; he was a little 
man, but every inch true. 

Webb, P. B., enlisted March 3, '64; we have no further 
account of him. 

Wycoff, J. L., enlisted March 3, '64; we have no further 
account of him. 

Yount, D. P., enlisted March 10, '64. (See sketch.) 

Yount, David, enlisted October 12, '64. 

Yodef, M., enlisted March 13, '62. 

48TH REGIMENT. 

Abernethy, Williford, enlisted August 1, '62; he was 
killed September 17, '62. 

49TH REGIMENT. 

Ellis, W. H., enlisted in '63. (See sketch.) 

Hull, William, enlisted June 1, '63 ; we have no account 
of him after this. 

Sherrill, G. P., enlisted February 11, '63; he died since 
the war. 

Setzer, Franklin D. (See sketch.) 

52ND REGIMENT. 

Higby, George, enlisted March 19, '62 ; not accounted for. 
57TH REGIMENT. 

Cline, L. H. C., enlisted July 4, '62; he died September 
7, '63. 

Carpenter, John, enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was promoted to 
Corporal. 

Dorriter, Christian, enlisted February 20, '64; he was 
wounded September 19, '64. 

Hallman, enlisted May 4, '64 ; he died since the war. 



366 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Smyre, Francis, enlisted in March, '64. (See sketch.) 

Warlick, J. W., enlisted March 4, '63. 

Warlick, D. L., enlisted July 4, '62 ; he was promoted to 
Sergeant; he was wounded during the war. (See photo 
cind sketch.) 

Setzer, Henry. (See sketch.) 

Setzer, William. (See sketch.) 

- 58TH REGIMENT. 

Lanier, D. A. (See sketch.) 

63RD REGIMENT. 

Holsclaw, M. L., enlisted August 16, '62; we have no ac- 
count of him. 

Hull, J. S., enlisted August 25, '62. 

Litten, T. B. (See sketch.) 

Massey, W. F., enlisted August 26, '62; he is living at 
Catawba, N. C. (R. F. D.) 

Matheson, J. F., enlisted August 12, '62 ; we have no 
account of him. 

Monday, O. M., enlisted August 14, '62 ; he died since the 
war. 

Nance, Wiley, enlisted August 26, '62 ; he is still living. 

Robinson, John, enlisted August 18, '62 ; we have nothing 
further from him. 

Sherrill, D. H., enlisted August 7, '62 ; he was promoted 
to 4th Sergeant; we have no account of him. 

Sherrill, M. W., enlisted August 5, '62. (See sketch.) 

Sherrill, D. H., Jr., enlisted August 5, '62; he was de- 
tailed. 

Trafenstadt, W. A., enlisted August 16, '62; he died 
oince the war. 

Cachran, John T. (See sketch.) 

Cachran, William F. (See sketch.) 

Warlick, P. Monroe. (See sketch.) 

Warlick, Daniel W. (See sketch.) 

Warlick, Pinkney D. (See sketch.) 

Bost, Capt, J. Mehaffey. (See sketch.) : 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



367 



DAVID E. 



[ILLER 



David E. Miller join- 
ed Co. C. 28 Re.?iment 
and served faithfully 
until he was disabled by 
a wound. He made some 
narrow escapes. He re- 
turned to his farm, and 
spent his life thereon. 
He was a veryconsis- 
ed church member (Lu- 
theran) and died years 
ago. He left a son 
(James) who now oc- 
cupies the old home- 
stead, a successful far- 
mer and Truckster in 
strawberries. 





■.m^ .jL 




CYRUS YODER 

Cyrus Yoder was born August 5th, 1829, was married to Elizabeth 
Leonard Feb. 22nd, 1855. On the 14th day of July, 1862, he was con- 
scripted into the Confederate service. On August 14th, 1863, he left 
for the camp of instruction near Statesville, N. C, known as Camp Hill, 
where he was elected as one of the "State Guards", as they were called. 
He remained in camp about two months, when the command was moved 
near Raleigh. This camp was known as "Camp Holmes". They then 
went into winter quarters until the Yankee advanced from Newbern to 
Kmston, N. C, under Gen. Foster, known as the Kinston and Goldsboro 
fights. 

Then Maj. Peter Mallett was ordered to defend, with the State 
Guards, Kinston, Dec. 14th, 1862. He and the whole eommand were 
captured, which were about 400 in all. They were paroled with orders 
not to leave Kinston until 48 hours had expired. They again returned 
to Camp Holmes, remained there a few days, and were all sent home. 

He came home and during his parole, was attacked with a severe 
spell of pneumonia, from which he recovered; during his sickness he was 
exchanged as a prisoner of war and returned again to the Camp about 
the 10th day of Mai'ch, 1863. Here they remained until the latter part 



368 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



of the summer of 1863. He was then ordered to Camp Vance near 
Morganton, N. C, with his cammander, Capt. Riciiards, where he re- 
mained with the camp of Instruction, acting as Orderly Sergeant of the 
Camp until the 28th of July, 1864, when that notorious bush-whacker, 
Feiske, captured the whole battalion and made them prisoners of war. 
They were carried to Camp Douglass, and July 28th, following they 
arrived at Camp Douglass near Chicago. He was sick nearly all the 
time, and was again attacked with a severe spell of Pneumonia and died 
Feb. 7th, 1865 in the camp, where he was buried. 

His age was 35 years, 6 months and 2 days. 

"Tenderly bury the fair young dead, 

Bausing to drop on his grave a tear; 

"Carve on the wooden slab at his head: 

"Somebody's darling lies buried here." 



F. M. COCHRAN 
Frances Marion Coch- 
ran enlisted in Company 
G, 37th Regiment on 
Oct. 9, 1861. At one 
time he was promoted 
to Sergeant for gallant 
conduct in battle. He 
was killed May 3, 1863 
at Chancellorsville. He 
was a twin brother of 
G. W. Cochran, Lieut, 
of the same Company. 
Sad to think that so 
many good, brave and 
loyal sons of Catawba 
sacrificed their lives in 
the struggle for South- 
ern Rights. 




LIEUT. CHARLES S. WILFONG 

Lieut. Charles S. Wilfong joined Co. E. 72 F. Reserves was at home 
on sick furlough when the Regiment was captured at F. Fisher. He 
afterwards re'^igned and joined a company of Cavalry near Lenoir and 
was captured by Gen. Stone man and taken to Camp Chose, Ohio where 
he died April 26, 1865. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



369 



ELI RHYNE 

Eli Rhyne enlisted 
July 14, '62. He was 
wounded and taken 
prisoner in '63' After 
his release from prison 
he was promoted cor- 
poral and detailed. He 
returned to his home 
near the "Rocky Ford" 
on South Fork, and lived 
by farming. His children 
now live on the old 
homestead. He died 
years ago. 




MOSES WHITFIELD SHERRILL 

Whitfield Sherrill, son of Hiram and Sarah Sherrill, was born near 
Sherrill's Ford, Catawba County, N. C, in 1834. In the latter part of 
1862, he left his family and Volunteered in Co. K. 63 N. C. Cavalry. He 
was in all the battles and marches with his Company. He was always 
found at the post of duty. 

He had his clothing pierced by minnie balls, but came through to the 
surrender without receiving a wound. Sherrill was a man that his officers 
eould depend upon. 

He is living on his farm near Sherrill's Ford, and has made a succes 
at farming. 

WILLIAM S. SHERRILL 

William S. Sherrill, native of Catawba County, son of Henderson 
Sherrill, went to Texas during 1858. He entered the service of his 
Country early in the war and served during the entire period of the war 
with the army west of the Mississippi River. After the war, he engag- 
ed in agriculture from which he acquired a comfortable fortune. He 
died in Gaudaloupe County, Texas, in 1901 an esteemed and valued citizen. 



370 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




FREDERICK 

MAN 



HER- 



Frederick Herman 
was sent to the 42nd 
Regiment. He served 
through the war, and 
afterwards, came home, 
making his living on the 
farm. He is a good 
citizen of Catawba 
County. 



CAPT. DANIEL 
WARLICK 



W. 



Capt. Daniel W. War- 
lick, was living in Jack- 
sonville, Ala., at the 
beginning of the war, 
on a farm, where he 
was engaged in the tan- 
nery business. He was 
promoted to Capt. in the 
Both Ala. Regiment. 

He is a native of Ca- 
tawba county. 




OF THE CIVIL WAR 



371 




ELISHA SMITH 

E.isha Smith was a 
soldier whose enlistment 
cannot be found. He 
died sometime during 
the war, being either 
killed, or dying from 
sickness. We knew him 
as being a good, noble 
young man. His widow 
honors him by this 
means. 



L. W. CLINE 

L. W. Cline enlisted 
in Co. G. 12th. Regiment 
and served with that 
Company in all her en- 
counters which were 
legion. He came out 
with life, and manifest- 
ed his tact on the farm. 
He is now engaged in 
trucking, and has made 
a success in the culture 
of strawberries. A good 
citizen. 



372 



THE CAAWXBA SOLDIER 




MONROE 
LICK 



WAR- 



P. Monroe Warlick en- 
listed in 12th Tennessee 
Infantry, and after re- 
org-anization, was trans- 
ferred to the engineer 
corp, and remained 
there until he surrender. 

After the war he went 
to Paris, Texas. 

He is a native "of Ca- 
tawba. 



LAWSON MOSTEL- 
LER 

Lawson Mosteller en- 
listed in Co. F. 23 Regi- 
ment June 6, '61. He 
retui-ned and engaged 
in farming, and was 
successful. He died 
several years ago leav- 
ing two sons and two 
daughters who are mak- 
ing good in life. He 
was an honorable citi- 
zen. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



373 




JULIUS A. POOVEY 

Julius A. Poovey en- 
listed for the Civil war 
in Company C. 28th Re- 
giment on Jan. 15th 
1863, and served to the 
close of the war with 
the record of being a 
faithful, good soldier. 

He was in nearly every 
battle of note, after his 
enlistment, and was 
wounded twice, once at 
Chancelorsville, May 
1st 1863, and then in the 
Wilderness battle on 

May 3rd 1864. 

After the battle at 
Fuzzle'smlll, his captain 
Lineberger, sent him 
out as a scout to learn 



LABAN CLINE 

The subject of this 
sketch enlis.ed in Com- 
pany F, 3S.h Regiment 
March 30, '61. He was 
wounded at Weldon in 
'62 Of him we have 
no further account, but 
that one of his company 
says he was an efficient 
soldier. 



374 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



what the enemy was doing. Going down through a thicket, he 
s.iw a Yankee shpping up towards him. He dodged behind a tree. 
When the Yankte got in about eight steps of him, he cocked his gun, 
stepped frun behind the tree ai d look the Yankee a prisontr 

The Yankee had a very pecuHar gun; it had a r^-d stock and a very 
bright barrel. Poovey threw his gun away and adopted the Yankee's 
prizing it very highly, and kept it for a long lime, finally kshig it in a 
battle. 

After tha surrender, he settled on a farm two miles fiom Hickory, 
on which he has hved ever since and fatmed wiih si cctss. Besides 
farming, for thirty five years, he has run a biick } ard, from which at 
least one half of the brick buildings in Hickory have been built. 

He married a Miss Houck. To this union have bt en born eight 
children, four daughters and four sons. All are yet living. Mrs. roovty 
is of a family of twelve children, and the youngest being 40 years old. 
The strange thing is, all thesa are living. 

(Julius Poovey 's sketch should have appeared in the 28th Regiment, 
but was overlooked, hence his appearance here ) 
JOHN W. GOODSON 

John W. Gjodson enlisted in C >. F. 52ad Reg'm.Mit, April 1861. He 
wds ciiptared naar P^jtersbjrg, March 20th, 1865. Since his return 
home, he has farmed in little Mountain section, in Catawba County. 
He is now 6) years old, awaitina: the sumnons to j )in his war-mates of 
the sixties who have preceded him 






LIEUT. M. A. THORN- 
BURG 

He enlisted in Co. F. 
23 Regiment, July 15th 
1868. He served his 
country faithfully dur- 
ing the war, and after- 
ward, he engaged m the 
nursery busii ess. In this 
he made good. He died 
in 19U8 a respected citi- 
zen. His sons are now 
continuing his enterprise 
at Startown. 

(This is another that 
was left out of his origi- 
nal company and had to 
be put in the Scattered. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



375 




HENRY SETZER 

Henry Setzer enlisttd 
in 1862 in Co. C. 57 Re- 
g-iment. He was in five 
battles and was captur- 
ed and held a prisoner 
of war sixteen months. 
He returned and made 
good at farming. He is 
still living. 



JAS. F. ROBINSON 

A sketch of James 
Ferdinand Robinson ap- 
pears on page 122 in 
Company A, 12th Regi- 
ment, in which he serv- 
ed. 




376 



THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 




DR. R. A. YODER 
Dr. R. A. Yoier, the 
author of "The Origin of 
Catawba Dutch," and the 
writer of Prof. G. W. 
Huhn's sketch. His pic- 
ture should have appeared 
just before his artic e. 



HENRY LINCK 

Henry Linck, founder 
of Hickory, should have 
appeared before the 
History of Hickory — 
another error. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 



377 





POLY CARP HENKLE 

Was the founder of 
Concordia College at 
Conover, a sketch of 
which appears else- 
where in this book. 



378 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 



THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. 

When war was declared against the Kingdom of Soain, 
and the President called for Volunteers, Catawba County 
immediately responded; and Colonel Armfield says that she 
furnished more soldiers than any County in the State 
save one. Below is a complete I'st of the mmes : 

Deal, Milton F., enlisted April 27, '98; he was a Musician. 
C-arvin, Frederick T., enlisted A'^ril 27, '98; he was dis- 
charged November 4, '98. 

Campbell, James H., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Keever, Herbert 0., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Wilh"ams, WHliam H., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Yount, Albert O.. enlisted A^ril 27, '98. 

Yoder, Ainslie T., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Yount, Lee C, enlisted June 15, '98. 

Yount, Thomas E., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Yount, William H., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Camobell, William 0., enlisted April 27, '98 ; he was dis- 
charged July 1, '98. 

Sherrill, Charles M., enlisted April 27, '98; he was dis- 
charged April 31, '98. 

McCorkle, Charles M., enlisted April 27, '98; he was dis- 
charged December 31, '98; Corporal. 

Cilley. Gordon H., Corporal ; enlisted April 27, '98 ; he 
was discharged June 31, '99. 

Kale, Avery E., enlisted August 14, '98; he was dis- 
charged April 8, '99. 

(All those who were discharged were discharged with 
honor, in Company A.) 

COMPANY E., 1ST REGIMENT VOLUNTEERS. 

Rufty, Robert D., Sergeant; enlisted April 27, '98. 

Seaboch, Luther E., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Erwin, Erwin O., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Gains, Fleming W., enlisted April 27, '98. 

James, Frank A., enlisted April 27, '98. 

Lafon, Pinkney E., enlisted April 27, '98. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 379 

Lafon, Lawrence A., enlisted April 27, '98. 
Sigmon, John W., enlisted April 27, '98. 
Benfield, Robert E., enlisted April 27, '98. 
Payne, G. W., Cornoral; enlisted April 27, '98. 
Gaimes, Fleming W., enlisted April 27, '98. 
James, Frank A., enlisted April 27, '98. 

COMPANY K., 1ST REGIMENT. 

Pierce, Edward T., enlisted June 15, '98. 

COMPANY M., 1ST REGIMENT. 

Hoke, Charles W., enlisted April 27, '98. 
Arm.field, J. W., enlisted April 27, '98. 

2ND REGIMENT N. C. VOLUNTEERS, COMPANY C. 

Hawn, Perry W., enlisted May 15, '98 ; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Hill, John W., enlisted May 15, '98 ; he was mustered 
-out November 10, '98. 

Isenhour, David B., enlisted May 15, '98 ; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Jones, Joseph, O., enlisted May 15, '98; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Lael, Daniel H., enlisted July 1, '98; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Miller, Thomas C, enlisted May 15, '98 ; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Mull, George P., enlisted June 9, '98; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Pendleton, Horace, enlisted — ; he was mustered out — . 

Tolbert, Charles E., enlisted June 2, '98 ; he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Williams, Ivey, enlisted — ; he died at St. Augustine, 
Fla., in August, '98. 

Williams, Ambrose M., enlisted March 15. '98. 

COMPANY G. 

Hallowell, Herl, enlisted May 11, '98; he was mustered 
out November 10, 98. 



380 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

COMPANY H. 

^NIiill. Frank R.. enlisted ^lay 24. '98: he was mustered 
out November 10. '98. 

Mull, Sidney W.. enlisted May 24. '98 : he was mustered 
out November 10, '98. 

Norton. Henry A., enlisted June 29. '98 ; he was m.ustered 
out November 10, '98. 

COMPANY M. 

Hutfman, Joseph H,. enlisted May 20. '98 : he was mus- 
tered out November 10, '98. 

3RD REGIMENT (COLORED.) 

The Negroes were equally responsive to the call for \'ol- 
unteers, as is sho^^Tl by the organization of the 3rd Regi- 
ment. But few, however, are to be found from Catawba 
County. The list is as follows : 

COMPANY C, 3RD REGIMENT N. C. VOLUNTEERS. 
Holloway, James D., enlisted April 27. '98 : he was mus- 
tered out February 8. '99. 

COMPANY F. 

Bell. Augustus, enlisted June 23. '98 ; he was a ^lusician : 
he was mustered out February 8. *99. 

COMPANY G. 

Evans, Robert, enlisted June 23. '98 : he was mustered 
out February 8. '99. 

Harshaw. Alexander, enlisted June 23. *98 ; he was mus- 
tered out February- 8, '99. 

Lutz. Robert, enlisted June 23, '98 : he was mustered out 
February 8. '99. 

Pickenpack. Thomas, enlisted June 23, '98 ; he was mas- 
tered out February 8, '99. 

Shores, Clarence, enlisted June 23, '98 : he was mustered 
out February S. *99. 

James. Martin, enlisted June 23. *98 ; he died September 
10, '98. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 381 



^^STANDING BY THE STUFF." 



THE WOMEN OF THE CONFEDRACY SHOULD HAVE 
EQUAL HONOR WITH THE SOLDIERS — AC- 
CORDING TO DAVID'S LAW. 

The heading of this article is taken from the law of David. 
Before he was king, David was not only a sweet singer and 
a brave solaier, but a just law giver. David with select 
soldiers left their homes and country to join the army 
of th3 Philistines. Finding thair mistake, they returned to 
their own South-land. On reaching home, instead of meet- 
ing loved ones, devastation and gloom on every hand greet- 
ed them. In their absence, the Amalekites had invaded their 
land, had burned their city and had taken all their property, 
together with their wives and children. 

So, Dav'id and his six hundred soldiers, with their flocks, 
herds and supplies— as was the custom of armies in that 
day — started in pursuit of the enemy. In the rush, at the 
brook Besor, two hundred men broke down and could go no 
farther. Leaving them with their flocks, herds, etc. David 
and the other four hundred crossed over the brook and soon 
came up with their invaders. After a battle continuing from 
one evening until the next, they succeeded in killing all the 
Amalekites, save four hundred young men who fled. 
They not only recovered their property and wives and child- 
ren, but captured all that the enemy had. It was a glorious 
victory, one rich in spoils. 

On their way back the soldiers began to discuss the hon- 
ors, the spoils. They reasoned that as they had won them 
in battle, all the spoils rightly belonged to them. They were 
willing that those who did not go to battle should have their 
own wives and children, but said:" We will not give them 
aught of the spoils that we have recovered. ' ' But David said : 
"Ye shall not do so." David then issued the following law 
which has been in force in righteous code since, viz: "As 



382 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

his part is that goeth down to battle so shall his part he that 
tarrieth by the stuff.'' 

Now, in this connection, the writer desires tocontribute 
a few lines in honor of the wives and mothers of the Con- 
federacy, He was rol in the war, but had two brothers and 
a father there. And one brother never returned home ahve. 
It is true he does not know from experience the many hard- 
ships the soldiers, in camp, in the march and in battle, had 
to endure. But, being the oldest of a large family of child- 
ren, he knows, not only what struggles his miother had, but 
how hard other mothers in like condition, had to battle day 
and night, and often single handed against the greatest of 
all enemies— want, anxiety, sickness and often death in the 
home, and father gone. 

The writer loves the memory of his father and brotheis 
and would not withhold a single honor due them, or any 
other soldier for all they did and endured, yet he feels that 
it would be ingratitude in him to sit idly by and not say a 
word in behalf of the wives and mothers of the Confederacy, 
and divide the honors, so worthily won, equally with them. 
For without what they did, we would have very little of 
which to boast. While the men stood bravely behind the 
musket and cannon, the women more bravely stood by and 
protected the home which was the inspiration and power 
behind the men. But for the work, influence and encourage- 
ment of the women, the war would have ended two years 
sooner, and to our everlasting disgrace. 

Now let us give a brief summary of some of the noble 
deeds they did. They furnished the men— the husbands and 
sons. They cheerfully took care of the homes. They labored 
and not only fed and clothed their children, but sent cloth- 
ing and rations to the men. Many of them had to go to the 
field and plough, or to the woods and chop all day, and then 
card, spin and weave until a late hour at night. Above all 
the anxious care of the children was upon them day and 
night. Many of them actually had to manufacture the salt 
that went in their bread, and that saved their pork. Not 
only this, but they had to be their own physicians and nurses 
in times of sickness. And often they even had to bury their 
own, or each others dead. Yet, in it all, they never des- 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 383 

paired, or even refused to give the tenth of the little they 
made to feed the soldiers. And amid all the hardships, they 
alv^ays wrote cheerful and encouraging letters to those he- 
hind the gun. In no age, and in no country have women oi- 
even men, ever shown more wisdom, faithfulness and en- 
dured more hardships and stood up under it more patriotic- 
ally than did the women of the Confederacy. All we got 
out of the war was honor for our bravery, love of country 
and patient endurance of hardships. And as we honor the 
men who went down to the battle so let us equally honor the 
women who stood by the stuff. 

J. F. Click. 



ADDENDUM IN HONOR OF THE WOMEN OF 
THE CIVIL WAR 

In addition to what the foregoing sketch has said, let 
future generations know all the facts relative to the priva- 
tions, and sufferings endured, and the economy and substi- 
tut93 resorted too to keep body and soul together and thus 
encourage the father, husband, and sons who were standing 
loyal to the guns in defence of the dear homes left behind. 
Let it ever be remembered that soon after the beginning of 
the war in 1861, the ports were all blocked, and further, the 
South was almost wholly an agricultural country, and hence, 
our good women were deprivedof thousands of sundry house- 
hold necessities, —such as sugar, coffee, spices, colorings, 
salt, shoes, delf, and clothing. To supply a substitute, or 
to econpmize, our noble women substituted and resorted 
wholly to "Long Sweetening", by raising sorghum; for 
coffee, rye, wheat, dried sweet-potatoes, etc. ; for coloring, 
or dyes, they raised the indigo plant for blue; walnut leaves 
for brown; many leached the earth dug from old smoke- 
houses and evaporated the liquid for salt; shoes were rudely 
made by a few old cobblers, and perchance, a young lady got 
a "Store" pair, and to make them last would carry them to 



384 THE CATAWBA SOLDIER 

Church or elsewhere, and put them on while there, carrying 
them home on her return; clothing were wholly textile 
fabrics, and sometimes were wonderfully pretty and durable; 
shoes were sometimes made for the children out of squirrel 
hides to protect little feet from the piercing cold, the uppers 
of old castaway shoes being used for soles; and for delf, 
knives and forks, the rudest kind of pottery was used, and 
many of the poorer families used "Adam and Eve's" kind. 
How many good, self-sacrificing mothers, wives, and daugh- 
ters would, after deducting the tithes for the government, 
(tithes of everything they raised) send to the dear ones 
during the winter a box of the best raised on the farm. 
And how tenderly the mothers watched over the 
little ones, although she had the cares of family, farm, stock 
and all on her shoulders. When we look back over these fifty 
years, —years of progress which have not a parallel in history, 
ons sees the privation and destitution, of our wives, moth- 
ers and sisters who should share equally the honors, — 
if honors it be, — of the Civil War. Mothers, the remnant of 
the old soldiers still living cannot forget your heronism, your 
sacrifices, your industry your economy, and above all, your 
devotion to those of us on the front line. We realize your 
anxiety after a hard fought battle, for your dear ones whom 
you knew were in the battle, wondering, watching, waiting 
with bated breath, "Is my husband or my boy safe; or is he 
killed or wounded? What, Oh what, is the result? Will not 
the next mail bring something definite?" And with trembling 
hands in opening the long looked for letter, and finding 
"Killed", we can hear those pitiful wails from thousands of 
mothers, wives, and the dear little children clinging to mo- 
ther's dress, "Dear papa, dear brother, will never come home 
again"; Even to-day, women of the South, the tender heart- 
ed old soldiers weep to realize your poverty, your harships 
and your patient endurance. We gladly and willingly here- 
by share the honors with you, and your descendants, all the 
heroism, the privations, the suffering; it is due you; accept 
it from the trembling hands of an old comrade of your hus- 
band, son, and when you accept it from him, you have ac- 
cepted it from all who are still living. Take it, it is yours— 
you have won it worthily. 



OF THE CIVIL WAR 385 

This book would not be true to its one leading object, 
if it did not acknowledge its indebtedness to M. 0. Sherrill, 
A. P. Hoyle, P. C. Little, A. M. Abernethy, C. L. Hahn, 
W. E. Sigmon, S. E. Killian, James H. Sherrill, Peter Mull, 
and Frank Rabb for their introductions to each of the 12 
companies, made up and organized in Catawba County. 
Thanks to every one who honored the book with his photo, 
and sketch each additional one making the book the Author's 
Ideal— his ideal being photographed and sketched in full. 
And to the boy now in school who shall in 1961 write Vol. 
2 of the Semi Centenial History of Catawba. Look well to 
your opportunity, and keep your record straight through 
these year— that you may be able to give a perfect Record 
of the fifty next years. 

And, finally, Catawba pleads with each county in the 
state to go now, and make a similar record, and let us save 
by counties much valuable history that, if not given this per- 
manent form will be buried with the "Old Soldier." 












Shuford I. Whitencr's 
:-: Page :-: 




His interest in the pub- 
lication of "The Catawba 
Soldier of the Civil War:" 
A check for five dollars to 
aid in the publication, and 
more if needed. 

He IS a son of P. W. 
Whitener, whose photo 
and sketch is contained 
herein. ''Render unto 
Caesar the things that be 
Caesars." 









Phones: Store 99 

Residence 42 



J. W. SHUFORD 

FUNERAL DIRECTOR & EMBALMER 



^ 



Calls Given Prompt 
Attention at Any Hour 



^ HE HICKORY DEMOCRAT is a paper of high character, 
l|l which was established in 1899 and in 1905 was consolidated 
^^ with the old Hickory Press, edited in the past by such men 
as Tomlinson and Murrill. Its editor, Mr. Howard A. Banks, 
was trained on the Charlotte Observer under the late J. P. Cald- 
well, and was awhile managing editor of that paper. Later he 
was for two years on the local staff of the Philadelphia Record. 
His large experience tells in the excellent paper he is making of 
The Democrat. 



—STOP AT— 

Harris & Little 

Hickory - - - North Carolina 

For Dry Goods, Notions, Hats, Shoes, Groceries 

and Provisions. Sell them your produce 

and buy what you want. 



K^lare/nont \Lolleoe 

^ickorij, = = ^J\orf/i Uaro/i'/ia 

(FOR GIRLS AND YOUNG WOMEN) 

7[2 STABLISHED in 1880. Instruction given 
^C ^^ ^11 studies usually taught in High Grade 
"^ Colleges. Muical Department under the 
direction of a Specialist. Thorough course 
in Painting and Expression. 

Charges reasonable. Building well arrang- 
ed. Location unsurpassed. 

For further information, address, 

JOSEPH L. MURPHY, 

President. 



p. E. Isenhower J. A. Isenhower 

P. E. Isenhower & Son 

Dealers in 

General Merchandise, Dry Goods, Notions, Hats, 
Caps, Clothing, Groceries & Hardware 

Country Produce a Specialty Conover, N. C. 



Gloss or Domestic Finish Latest Improved Machinery 

Hickory Steam Launday 

J. L. LEACH, Proprietor 

ALL WORK GUARANTEED 

1208 10th AVENUE HICKORY, N. C. 



C^etzer Or ^Jvussell 

Will sell you up-to-date 
clothing, hats, dry goods 
and notions at lowest 
prices and will give the 
highest price for coun- 
try produce. : : : : 

C^etzer Or ^Jvusse/l 



Hutton & Bourbonnais Company 

Hickory, N. C. 
Manufacturers of Lumber, Boxes, and Mouldings, 

Maple Flooring for Factories a Specialty. 
Rotary Cut Poplar Veneers. 



Box Shocks, Cloth Boards, Dimension Stock, 
Kiln Dried and Dressed Lumber, Ceil- 
ing and Flooring. 



Poplar, Oak, Chestnut, White Pine, North Caro- 
lina Pine Bottle Crates. 



L^oncorc/la iLo/teae 

iLonover, .JY. C 

Co-educational. Full Classical and Elective 
Courses leading to Degrees. Tuition moderate. 
Location Healthful. 

For further information apply to the Presi- 
dent. 

*j/ie xJvev. cfeorge ,>T. i/^a /noser, 

J. nesir^ent 



L. P. Henkle, President David J. Ciaipr, Secy. & Treas. 

H. J. Dunavant. 1st V.-Pres. Thos. L. Hcnl<le, 2nd V.-Pres. 

C. V. Henklf, ;^.id V.-Pres. 

Henkel- Craig Live Stock Co. 

Capital $100,{)00.()0 

Hickory, North Carolina 

Dealers in Horses and Mules, Buggies, Sur- 
reys, Hacks, Wagons, Saddles, Harness and 
Farm Machinery. 

Main Office; STATESVILLE, N. C. 



®I|0 ®tm?s - il^rntrii 

This paper was started by the Farmers Alliance. It made 
its first appearance on March 25th, 1891. It has never missed a 
single issue. All through these years it has stood for the rights 
of all the people, regardless of wealth, class or distinction. It 
advocates honest policies, and moral living and law abiding citizen- 
ship. 

J. F. CLICK, Editor. 



fIRST NATIONAL BANK 



HICKORY, N. C. 



Capital and Surplus $240,000.00 



JTT Large and small accounts 
Til solicited. Foui' per cent 
interest paid on savings ac- 
counts. 

JTT With large capital and sur- 
j\ plus we are in the best 
position to handle ever}' class 
of Banking Business. 



MONEY TO LOAN AT ALL TIMES 



first National Bank 

k. K. Shifonl. Pr«. J. 9. Hfctt, V.-Pres. 

K. C Meuies, Cashier J.L Gky, AssL Cashier 



WE do not want the whole 
country, but we want the 
whole country to know 
that we are headquarters for Brick, 
Lime & Portland Cement. We are 
agents for Cortright Metal Shin- 
gles. Let us have an opportunity 
to quote you. 

(Water, Sewer and Sewage Dis- 
posal a Specialty.) 

EDWARDS CONSTRUCTION CO. 

Hickory - - North Carolina 



ESTABLISHED 1882 



Shuford Hardware Co. 

Hickory, N. C. 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Hardware, 
Paints, Stoves and Mill Supplies. 

Mail Orders a Specialty. -:- "We aim to please." 



Piedmont Foundry & Machine 
Company 

High Grade Machine and Foun- 
dry Work. 

PRICES REASONABLE 



I 

Catawba College 

and 

Preparatory School 

NEWTON, - - - North Carolina 



Founded in 1851, the oldest institution of higher 
learning in Catawba County. An ideal Christian Col- 
lege, though not sectarian. Healthful location. Safe 
environment. All modern conveniences and sanitary 
appliances. Steam heat, electric light, shower baths, 
new Chemical, Physical and Biological Laboratories. 
Personal interest taken in each student with a view 
of inspiring lofty ideals of thorough scholarship, 
broad attainments, sound judgm.ent and Christian 
manliness Best equipment and most efficient service 
for the money in the State. 



STRONG COURSES. 

Classical, Scientific, Business, Music, Art and Expression. 

OUR IDEAL 

The perfection of the individual student. 

OUR AIM 

Knowledge, Culture and Efficiency. 

OUR METHOD 

Careful, personal supervision. 



BOTH SEXES. Rates Reasonable. Write for Cata- 
log and View Book. 

J. F. BUCHHEIT, - President 



Hickory Seed Co. 






We handle The DeLaval Separa- 
tor, closest skimming, easiest 
running Separator on the market. 

We are agents for Cypher's Incu- 
bators and Brooders. Ask for 
prices and catalogues. 



Hickory Seed Co. 



The Young as well as the Old Soldier's friend 

Hickory Banking & Trust Co. 

HICKORY, N. C. 

Deposit your money with them for courteous 
treatment. Four per cent interest 
compounded quarterly. 



THE UNDERSELLING STORE 

Popularly known as the cheapest store in town. We 
give you the same goods for less money. 

We carry a full line of up-to-date Clothing. Shoes, 
Hats, Ladies' and Gent's Furnishings, and also make 
suits to order. Give us a trial and convince yourself. 

THE UNDERSELLING STORE, L. E. Zerdcn, Propriclor 

HICKORY, N. C. 





E. E. 



HIGHT 

EXPERT WATCH MAKER AND 
REGISTERED OPTOMETRIST 



Dealei- in Eyeglasses and Spectacles. Fine Watch 
and Clock Repairing and Prescription Glasses my 
specialties, 1 correct errors of reaction both simple 
and complicated, such as Prysbyopia, Kypernietropia, 
Myapia and Astigmatism, and by the use of Covilles 
Ophthalmic Test Cabinet, I can fit the same by day 
or night. 

Now in regard to Time Pieces. I guarantee to turn 
out the best jobs possible, and that no disease of 
same is incurable if taken to Height's Hospital for 
Sick Watches, Clocks and Eyes. 



The Companies also say that watches and clocks 
should be overhauled once in twelve or eighteen mon- 
ths and never allowed to run over two years. 



Watches 

also 
Demagni- 

tized. 



HICKORY 
N.C 

1230 9th Avenue 



Examina- 
tions 
are 
Free. 



== HARDWARE = 

We try to keep anything* you need in Hardware, 
and our prices will always be found right. Our motto 
is not to see how much we can get for our goods, but 
how low we can sell them and make a living. 



We buy Stoves, Plows, Ranges, Nails, Lime and Cement in 
car load lots and always get rock bottom prices for the Cash, and 
we are always in a position to make rock bottom prices to you. 

PLOWS ! PLOWS ! 

There is no better plow in the world than the Oliver. We 
sell nothing but the Genuine Oliver, made at South Bend, Ind., 
and when you want a good plow get the Genuine Oliver. There 
are more of them in use in Catawba county than all other plows 
combined. 

See us when you want anything in the Hardware line. 



Rhyne Hardware Co, 

Newton, N. C. 



A. A. Shuford, C. H. Cline, W. B. Menzie, 

Pres. Treas. Mgr. & Secy. 

Hickory Manufacturing Comp'y- 

Incorporated 

HICKORY, NORTH CAROLINA 

Manufacturers of high grade Doors, Blinds, Glazed Sash, 
Mantles, Etc. Mill work of all kinds in North ('arolina Yellow 
Pine. Flooring, Ceiling, Siding, P'inishing, Moulding, Etc. 



Hickory Handle & Manufacturing Co. 

Manufacturers of 

Axe, Hammer, Sledge, Pick, Hatchet, Adze, Riviting, Maul, Bush- 
Hook Handles, Plow Handles, Pick Levers and Picker Sticks. 

ALL MADE FROM SECOND GROWTH HICKORY TIMBER 



^^